Karl Richter

Biography

Born: October 15, 1926; Plauen, Germany   Died: February 15, 1981; Munich, Germany  
Karl Richter was regarded as one of the great Bach conductors of the twentieth century, noted for solid regularity in rhythms and a serious approach to the music, though he was not given to following the changing pronouncements of musicologists concerning historical accuracy in performance.

He was brought up in the tradition of German Protestant religious music; his father was a minister in the central German regions near where Johann
Read more Sebastian Bach had lived. Richter learned piano and organ, and as he approached his 12th birthday entered the Kreuzschule school in Dresden. After World War II, he entered the Leipzig Conservatory, where he studied with Rudolf Mauersberger, and also studied at the Leipzig Institute for Sacred Music, where he learned Bach interpretation from Karl Straube and Günther Ramin. Very soon he was appointed choirmaster of the Christuskirche in Leipzig at the age of 20, and in 1947 became the organist of the Thomanerkirche, both institutions with strong Bach traditions.

He left East Germany in 1950 to live in West Germany and settled in Munich, where he was organist of the Markuskirche and started teaching that same year at the Hochschule für Musik of Munich. He organized the Munich Bach Choir in 1951, and in 1953 added to it the Munich Bach Orchestra. His performances naturally centered on Bach and under Richter his musicians and singers became one of the most renowned organizations specializing in the music of the great German master and his era.

The formation of the Munich Bach Chorus and Orchestra reflected a growing international interest in music of the Baroque and, sparked by the advent of the LP record, the notion of integral series of composers' works. Deutsche Grammophon's Archiv label was the first of such historic specialty sub-labels. Richter and his Bach Choir and Orchestra became a major pillar of that label and recorded numerous Bach choral works, gaining international recognition.

They toured frequently, and Richter also played and recorded often as an organist and harpsichordist. In 1968, Richter made one of his most dramatic guest conducting tours when he conducted the St. John Passion and the B minor Mass in both Moscow and Leningrad at a time when religious music of any sort was rarely heard in the Soviet Union.

Although his regularity of tempo (some called it inflexibility) placed him apart from the Romantic manner of performing Bach, Richter's performances otherwise retained the Romantic era's approach, stressing the solemnity of Bach's music and including dramatic large-scale dynamic contrasts. Newer research and the growing popularity of "original" or "period" instrument performances did not affect his interpretations, which used modern instruments. In some respects, younger interpreters who emerged in the 1970s considered him the representative of an approach against which they were reacting.

Later in his career, Richter enlarged his repertory to conduct Classical, and even Romantic, era works, but tended to remain known primarily as a Baroque specialist. He is best remembered for his mastery of Baroque choral/orchestral works of the largest scale, where his architectural approach to the music is most effective. His recordings of the Bach Passions, oratorios, B minor Mass, and Magnificat, as well as Handel oratorios such as the Messiah, are considered his most important contribution to the Baroque discography. Read less

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Biography

Born: October 15, 1926; Plauen, Germany   Died: February 15, 1981; Munich, Germany  
Karl Richter was regarded as one of the great Bach conductors of the twentieth century, noted for solid regularity in rhythms and a serious approach to the music, though he was not given to following the changing pronouncements of musicologists concerning historical accuracy in performance.

He was brought up in the tradition of German Protestant religious music; his father was a minister in the central German regions near where Johann
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WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
Ricercar a 3
Canon perpetuus super Thema Regium
Canon 1. a 2: Canon cancrizans
Canon 2. a 2 Violini in unisono
Canon 3. a 2 per Motum contrarium
Canon 4. a 2 per Augmentationem, contrario Motu
Canon 5. a 2 per Tonos
Fuga canonica in Epidiapente
Ricercar a 6
Quaerendo Invenietis: Canon a 2 (version A)
Quaerendo Invenietis: Canon a 2 (version B)
Canon a 4
Trio: Largo
Trio: Allegro
Trio: Andante
Trio: Allegro
Trio: Canone perpetuo
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Allegro
I. Allegro maestoso
II. Adagio ovvero largo
III. Fuga
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Allegro
Brahms: Eleven Chorale Preludes (1896, published 1902), Op.122 - Mein Jesu, der du mich
Brahms: Eleven Chorale Preludes (1896, published 1902), Op.122 - Herzliebster Jesu
Brahms: Eleven Chorale Preludes (1896, published 1902), Op.122 - O Welt, ich muss dich lassen
Brahms: Eleven Chorale Preludes (1896, published 1902), Op.122 - Herzlich tut mich erfreuen
Brahms: Eleven Chorale Preludes (1896, published 1902), Op.122 - Schmücke dich, o liebe Seele
Brahms: Eleven Chorale Preludes (1896, published 1902), Op.122 - O wie selig seid ihr doch
Brahms: Eleven Chorale Preludes (1896, published 1902), Op.122 - O Gott, du frommer Gott
Brahms: Eleven Chorale Preludes (1896, published 1902), Op.122 - Es ist ein Ros entsprungen
Brahms: Eleven Chorale Preludes (1896, published 1902), Op.122 - Herzlich tut mich verlangen
Brahms: Eleven Chorale Preludes (1896, published 1902), Op.122 - Herzlich tut mich verlangen
Brahms: Eleven Chorale Preludes (1896, published 1902), Op.122 - O Welt, ich muss dich lassen
Handel: Harpsichord Suite No.5 in E HWV 430 "The Harmonious Blacksmith" - 1. Prélude
Handel: Harpsichord Suite No.5 in E HWV 430 "The Harmonious Blacksmith" - 2. Allemande
Handel: Harpsichord Suite No.5 in E HWV 430 "The Harmonious Blacksmith" - 3. Courante
Handel: Harpsichord Suite No.5 in E HWV 430 "The Harmonious Blacksmith" - 4. Air con variazioni ("The Harmonious Blacksmith")
J.S. Bach: Italian Concerto in F, BWV 971 - 1. (Allegro)
J.S. Bach: Italian Concerto in F, BWV 971 - 2. Andante
J.S. Bach: Italian Concerto in F, BWV 971 - 3. Presto
J.S. Bach: Chromatic Fantasia and Fugue in D minor, BWV 903 - Fantasia
J.S. Bach: Chromatic Fantasia and Fugue in D minor, BWV 903 - Fuga
J.S. Bach: Toccata and Fugue in G minor, BWV 915 - Toccata
J.S. Bach: Toccata and Fugue in G minor, BWV 915 - Fugue
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Aria
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 1 a 1 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 2 a 1 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 3 Canone all'Unisono a 1 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 4 a 1 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 5 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 6 Canone alla Seconda a 1 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 7 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 8 a 2 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 9 Canone alla Terza a 1 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 10 Fughetta a 1 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 11 a 2 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 12 Canone alla Quarta
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 13 a 2 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 14 a 2 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 15 Canone alla Quinta in moto contrario
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 16 Ouverture a 1 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 17 a 2 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 18 Canone alla Sesta a 1 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 19 a 1 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 20 a 2 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 21 Canone alla Settima
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 22 Alla breve a 1 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 23 a 2 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 24 Canone all'Ottava a 1 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 25 a 2 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 26 a 2 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 27 Canone alla Nona
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 28 a 2 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 29 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Var. 30 Quodlibet a 1 Clav.
J.S. Bach: Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variations" - Aria - Da Capo
J.S. Bach: Toccata And Fugue In D Minor, BWV 565 - Toccata
J.S. Bach: Toccata And Fugue In D Minor, BWV 565 - Fugue
J.S. Bach: Sonata No.2 In C Minor, BWV 526 - 1. Vivace
J.S. Bach: Sonata No.2 In C Minor, BWV 526 - 2. Largo
J.S. Bach: Sonata No.2 In C Minor, BWV 526 - 3. Allegro
J.S. Bach: Prelude And Fugue In D Major, BWV 532 - Prelude
J.S. Bach: Prelude And Fugue In D Major, BWV 532 - Fugue
J.S. Bach: Prelude And Fugue In A Minor, BWV 543 - 1. Prelude
J.S. Bach: Prelude And Fugue In A Minor, BWV 543 - 2. Fugue
J.S. Bach: Prelude (Fantasy) And Fugue In G Minor, BWV 542 - "Great" - 1. Fantasy
J.S. Bach: Prelude (Fantasy) And Fugue In G Minor, BWV 542 - "Great" - 2. Fugue
J.S. Bach: Prelude And Fugue In E Flat, BWV 552 - 1. Prelude
J.S. Bach: Prelude And Fugue In E Flat, BWV 552 - 2. Fugue
J.S. Bach: Prelude And Fugue In E Minor, BWV 548 - 1. Prelude
J.S. Bach: Prelude And Fugue In E Minor, BWV 548 - 2. Fugue
J.S. Bach: Sonata No.1 In E Flat, BWV 525 - 1. (Allegro moderato)
J.S. Bach: Sonata No.1 In E Flat, BWV 525 - 2. Adagio
J.S. Bach: Sonata No.1 In E Flat, BWV 525 - 3. Allegro
J.S. Bach: Sonata No.5 In C, BWV 529 - 1. Allegro
J.S. Bach: Sonata No.5 In C, BWV 529 - 2. Largo
J.S. Bach: Sonata No.5 In C, BWV 529 - 3. Allegro
J.S. Bach: Prelude And Fuge In B Minor, BWV 544 - Prelude
J.S. Bach: Prelude And Fuge In B Minor, BWV 544 - Fugue
J.S. Bach: Prelude And Fugue In C Minor, BWV 546 - 1. Prelude
J.S. Bach: Prelude And Fugue In C Minor, BWV 546 - 2. Fugue
J.S. Bach: Toccata (Prelude) And Fugue In F, BWV 540 - 1. Toccata
J.S. Bach: Toccata (Prelude) And Fugue In F, BWV 540 - 2. Fugue
J.S. Bach: Toccata And Fugue In D Minor, BWV 538 "Dorian" - 1. Prelude (Toccata)
J.S. Bach: Toccata And Fugue In D Minor, BWV 538 "Dorian" - 2. Fuga
J.S. Bach: Passacaglia In C Minor, BWV 582 - Passacaglia
J.S. Bach: Passacaglia In C Minor, BWV 582 - Fugue
J.S. Bach: Brandenburg Concerto No.5 In D, BWV 1050 - 1. Allegro
J.S. Bach: Brandenburg Concerto No.5 In D, BWV 1050 - 2. Affetuoso
J.S. Bach: Brandenburg Concerto No.5 In D, BWV 1050 - 3. Allegro
J.S. Bach: Brandenburg Concerto No.6 In B Flat, BWV 1051 - 1. Allegro moderato
J.S. Bach: Brandenburg Concerto No.6 In B Flat, BWV 1051 - 2. Adagio ma non tanto
J.S. Bach: Brandenburg Concerto No.6 In B Flat, BWV 1051 - 3. Allegro
J.S. Bach: Concerto For Flute, Violin, Harpsichord, And Strings In A Minor, BWV 1044 - 1. Allegro
J.S. Bach: Concerto For Flute, Violin, Harpsichord, And Strings In A Minor, BWV 1044 - 2. Adagio ma non tanto e dolce
J.S. Bach: Concerto For Flute, Violin, Harpsichord, And Strings In A Minor, BWV 1044 - 3. Tempo di Allabreve
J.S. Bach: Toccata And Fugue In D Minor, BWV 538 "Dorian" - 1. Prelude (Toccata)
J.S. Bach: Toccata And Fugue In D Minor, BWV 538 "Dorian" - 2. Fuga
J.S. Bach: Organ Concerto in A minor, BWV 593 after Vivaldi's Concerto Op.3 No. 8 - 1. -
J.S. Bach: Organ Concerto in A minor, BWV 593 after Vivaldi's Concerto Op.3 No. 8 - 2. Adagio
J.S. Bach: Organ Concerto in A minor, BWV 593 after Vivaldi's Concerto Op.3 No. 8 - 3. Allegro
J.S. Bach: Sonata No.5 In C, BWV 529 - 1. Allegro
J.S. Bach: Sonata No.5 In C, BWV 529 - 2. Largo
J.S. Bach: Sonata No.5 In C, BWV 529 - 3. Allegro
J.S. Bach: Sonata For Flute Or Violin No.1 In B Minor, BWV 1030 - 1. Andante
J.S. Bach: Sonata For Flute Or Violin No.1 In B Minor, BWV 1030 - 2. Largo e dolce
J.S. Bach: Sonata For Flute Or Violin No.1 In B Minor, BWV 1030 - 3. Presto
J.S. Bach: Sonata No.2 In E Flat Major, BWV 1031 - 1. Allegro moderato
J.S. Bach: Sonata No.2 In E Flat Major, BWV 1031 - 2. Siciliano
J.S. Bach: Sonata No.2 In E Flat Major, BWV 1031 - 3. Allegro
J.S. Bach: Sonata For Flute No.3 In A, BWV 1032 - 1. Vivace
J.S. Bach: Sonata For Flute No.3 In A, BWV 1032 - 2. Largo e dolce
J.S. Bach: Sonata For Flute No.3 In A, BWV 1032 - 3. Allegro
J.S. Bach: Sonata for Violin or Flute and Continuo, No.1 in G Minor BWV 1020 - 1. (Allegro)
J.S. Bach: Sonata for Violin or Flute and Continuo, No.1 in G Minor BWV 1020 - 2. Adagio
J.S. Bach: Sonata for Violin or Flute and Continuo, No.1 in G Minor BWV 1020 - 3. Allegro
1. -
2. Grave
3. Presto
1. -
2. Adagio
3. Allegro
1. -
2. Recitativ adagio
3. Allegro - solo
1. (without tempo indication)
2. Grave
4. Largo e spiccato
4. Finale
1. -
2. Gigue


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