Juilliard String Quartet

Biography

Active: 1946 - ; New York, NY
The Juilliard String Quartet was founded in 1946 by William Schuman, who was the president of the Juilliard School in New York. The original members of the quartet were violinists Robert Mann and Robert Koff, violist Raphael Hillyer, and cellist Arthur Winograd. The members of the quartet have changed a number of times over the course of the ensemble's career, but after more than fifty years of performances and recordings, the Juilliard Quartet Read more has remained one of the most famous and well-respected string quartets in the world.

The Juilliard Quartet was born out of a need for committed performances of modern music, and for a revitalized approach to the standard string quartet repertoire. When William Schuman, then the new president of the Juilliard School, proposed the formation of a resident string quartet to the board of directors in 1947, it was with the understanding that this group would, in his words, "embrace the entire repertoire of music," with the only stipulation being that its name would not be changed, no matter who the players were. The debut performances of the Quartet were astonishingly successful, and critics remarked on the group's vigorous, dynamic playing, and the overwhelming intensity of each performance. More recent reviews continue to cite the Juilliard Quartet's passion, but also its "homogeneity" and "secure" sound, no doubt a product of its long and distinguished history.

The Quartet has been recognized for giving equal reverence to both twentieth-century music and past masterworks, and has successfully performed not only works by Beethoven, Mozart, Haydn, and Brahms, but also less standard repertoire, including the music of Berg, Schoenberg, and Shostakovitch. The Quartet is well-known in particular for its performances of the Beethoven string quartet cycle, but, it is also recognized as an important champion of contemporary American music, on average premiering one new work each year, if not more. Its American repertory includes music by Elliot Carter, Aaron Copland, Roger Sessions, and Milton Babbitt.

The Juilliard Quartet is, of course, the quartet in residence at Juilliard, but also at the Library of Congress (since 1962), and at Michigan State University (since 1977). The Library had loaned the Quartet its set of Stradivarius instruments as part of the residency. The quartet members are not only performers, but also apologists for modern music and teachers at Juilliard. They have helped nuture many other quartets, including the Emerson, Tokyo, La Salle, and Lark Quartets. The ensemble has toured extensively throughout the world, and was the first American string quartet to visit the Soviet Union in 1961.

The Quartet's discography includes recordings of the complete cycle of Beethoven string quartets, the Mendelssohn quartets, the string quartets of Haydn, Verdi, Schubert, and Sibelius, and the quintets of Mozart and Brahms. The Quartet has also recorded music by Schoenberg, Webern, Beach, Barber, Carter, Smetana, Gould, Franck, and numerous other modern composers. For its recordings, the group has received four Grammy awards, a German Record Critics lifetime achievement award, Musical America's Musician of the Year (1996), and been inducted into the National Academy Recording Arts and Sciences' Hall of Fame. Read less
Juilliard Quartet - Live At The Library Of Congress Vol 1
Release Date: 01/06/2004   Label: Doremi Records  
Catalog: 5701   Number of Discs: 2
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Live At The Library Of Congress Vol 2 / Trampler, Juilliard
Release Date: 11/02/2004   Label: Doremi Records  
Catalog: 5703   Number of Discs: 2
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Live At The Library Of Congress Vol 3 / Juilliard Quartet
Release Date: 02/14/2006   Label: Doremi Records  
Catalog: 5705   Number of Discs: 1
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Library Of Congress Vol 4 - Mozart: Quartets / Foss, Baker
Release Date: 06/13/2006   Label: Doremi Records  
Catalog: 5706   Number of Discs: 1
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Biography

Active: 1946 - ; New York, NY
The Juilliard String Quartet was founded in 1946 by William Schuman, who was the president of the Juilliard School in New York. The original members of the quartet were violinists Robert Mann and Robert Koff, violist Raphael Hillyer, and cellist Arthur Winograd. The members of the quartet have changed a number of times over the course of the ensemble's career, but after more than fifty years of performances and recordings, the Juilliard Quartet Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
I. Fantasia: Maestoso (quarter note=72) {m.1} *
Allegro scorrevole (quartet note=135) {m.356
II. Allegro scorrevole (quarter note=135) {m.1)
Adagio (quarter note=36) {m. 57} Variations (quarter note=72){m.167
III. Variations (quarter note=120) {m.1
Introduction (quarter note=105) (m.1)
I. Allegro fantastico (quarter note=112) (m.35)
Cadenza for Viola (m. 135)
II. Presto scherzando (quarter note=175) (m.171)
Cadenza for Cello (m.243)
III. Andante espressivo (quarter note=175) (m.286)
Cadenza for Violin I (m.373)
IV. Allegro (m.427)
Conclusion (quarter note=105) (m.599)
Duo II: Maestoso (giusto sempre) - Pause - Grazioso - Giusto, meccanico ; Duo I: Furioso (quasi rubato sempre) - Leggerissimo - Andante espressivo - Pause
Duo II: Giusto, meccanico (cont.) - Pause - Scorrevole; Duo I: Giocoso - Pause
Duo II: Scorrevole (cont.) - Giusto, meccanico - Grazioso; Duo I: Leggerissimo - Furioso - Pause
Duo II: Grazioso (cont.) - Maestoso - Pause; Duo I: Giocoso - Andante Espressivo
Duo II: Largo tranquillo - Appassionato - Largo tranquillo; Duo I: Andante espressivo (cont.) - Pause - Leggerissimo - Giocoso - Furioso
Duo II: Scorrevole - Appassionato - Coda; Duo I: Furioso (cont.) - Andante espressivo - Furioso - Coda
Appassionato (half note=63) {m.1
Scherzando (stesso tempo) {m.118
Lento (stesso tempo) {m.214
Presto (half note=94.5) {m.312
Introduction
Giocoso
Interlude I
Lento espressivo
Interlude II
Presto scorrevole
Interlude III
Allegro energico
Interlude IV
Adagio sereno
Interlude V
Capriccioso
I. Allegretto
II. Moderato con moto
III. Allegro non troppo
IV. Adagio
V. Moderato - Adagio
VI. Epilogue (Adagio)
Adagio
Allegretto; Adagio
String Quartet No. 15 in E-flat minor, Op. 144 (1974): I. Elegy (Adagio)
II. Serenade (Adagio)
III. Intermezzo (Adagio)
IV. Nocturne (Adagio)
V. Funeral March (Adagio molto)
Allegretto
Adagio
Allegretto; Adagio
III. Scherzo. Allegretto
IV. Intermezzo. Lento
V. Finale. Allegretto
No. 1: Modere
No. 2: Anime
No. 3: Modere
I. Allegro non troppo ma con brio
II. Grave ed appassionato - Allegretto vivace - Tempo I - Presto - Tempo I
III. Allegro energico - Presto
Quintet No. 2 in G Major for Strings, Op. 111: I. Allegro non troppo, ma con brio
II. Adagio
III. Un poco allegretto
IV. Vivace ma non troppo presto
I. Adagio non troppo - Allegro non tardante
II. Canzonetta. Allegretto
III. Andante espressivo
IV. Molto allegro e vivace
String Quartet No. 2 in A minor, Op. 13: I. Adagio - Allegro vivace
II. Adagio non lento
III. Intermezzo. Allegretto con moto - Allegro di molto - Tempo I
IV. Presto - Adagio non lento - Adagio come I
I. Allegro vivace
II. Lento
III. Finale
Quintet in G minor for Piano and Strings, Op. 57 (1940): I. Prelude. Lento
II. Fugue. Adagio
III. Scherzo. Allegretto
IV. Intermezzo. Lento
V. Finale. Allegretto
I. Allegro vivo appassionato
II. Allegro moderato alla Polka
III. Largo sostenuto
IV. Vivace
Quartet in D Major for Strings: I. Poco lento
II. Scherzo. Vivace
III. Larghetto
IV. Finale. Allegro molto
I. Adagio, ma non troppo; Allegro
II. Presto
III. Andante con moto, ma non troppo. Poco scherzoso
IV. Alla danza tedesca. Allegro assai
V. Cavatina. Adagio molto espressivo
String Quartet No. 16 in F Major, Op. 135: I. Allegretto
II. Vivace
III. Lento assai, e cantante tranquillo
IV. Grave ma non troppo tratto; Allegro
String Quartet No. 2 "Intimate letters": I. Andante
II. Adagio
III. Moderato
IV. Allegro
Lyric Suite (1925-6): I. Allegretto gioviale
II. Andante amoroso
III. Allegro misterioso - Trio estatico
IV. Adagio appassionato
V. Presto delirando - Tenebroso
VI. Largo desolato
I. Allegro
II. Romanze. Poco adagio
III. Allegretto molto moderato e comodo
IV. Allegro
String Quartet No.3 in B-flat Major, Op.67: I. Vivace
II. Andante
III. Agitato (Allegretto non troppo)
IV. Poco Allegretto con Variazioni
String Quartet No.2 in A minor, Op.51, No.2: I. Allegro non troppo
II. Andante moderato
III. Quasi Minuetto, moderato
IV. Finale. Allegro non assai
I. Vivace
II. Andante
III. Agitato (Allegretto non troppo)
IV. Poco Allegretto con Variazioni
Contrapunctus I
Contrapunctus II
Contrapunctus III
Contrapunctus IV
Contrapunctus V
Contrapunctus VI in stile francese
Contrapunctus VII per augmentation et diminutionem
Contrapunctus VIII a 3
Contrapunctus IX alla duodecima
Contrapunctus X alla decima
Contrapunctus XI
The Art of the Fugue, BWV 1080: Canon alla ottava
Canon alla decima in contrapunto alla terza
Cana alla duodecima in contrapunto alla quinta
Canon per augmentationem in motu contrario
Contrapunctus XIII a 3 rectus
Contrapunctus XIII a 3 inversus
Contrapunctus XII a 4 rectus
Contrapunctus XII a 4 inversus
Contrapunctus XIV
Choral: "Vor Deinen Thron tret ich hiermit."
Fünf Sätze für Streichquartett, Op. 5: I. Heftig bewegt
II. Sehr langsam
III. Sehr bewegt
IV. Sehr langsam
V. In zarten Bewegung
Six Bagatelles for String Quartet, Op. 9 (1911-13): I. Mäßige
II. Leicht bewegt
III. Ziemlich fließend
IV. Sehr langsam
V. Äußerst langsam
VI. Fließend
Quartet for Strings, Op. 28 (1936-38): I. Mäßig
II. Gemächlich
III. Sehr fließend
I. Décidé
II. Sicilienne
III. Grave
IV. Finale - Trčs animé


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