Joseph Rheinberger

Biography

Born: March 17, 1839; Vaduz, Lichtenstein   Died: November 25, 1901; Munich, Germany  
Joseph Rheinberger, influential German composer, organist, conductor, and teacher, was the son of the Prince of Liechtenstein's treasurer Johann Peter Rheinberger. His exceptional musical gifts astounded his first teacher, Sebastian Pohli, who instructed him from the age of five. As a child, Rheinberger progressed so rapidly that by the time he was just seven, he was already an organist in his hometown of Vaduz. By 1848, he had a complete mastery Read more of harmony and had graduated to the piano and organ classes of Philipp Schmutzer, who introduced him to the works of J.S. Bach and the Viennese classicists. Rheinberger's father, who initially resisted his pursuing a musical career, finally submitted to persuasion from the composer Nagiller to permit the boy to study in Munich. He was allowed to settle there in 1851 and the city became his permanent home thereafter.

Rheinberger studied theory with J.H. Maier, organ with J.G. Herzog, and piano with J.E. Leonhard at the Munich Conservatory. By 1853, he was employed as organist at several city churches and supplementing his income offering private tuition. He dedicated every free moment to composition, and during the next few years wrote well over 100 apprentice works; none met with his approval, and they were never published. Rheinberger's four piano pieces, Op. 1, finally appeared in 1859, the same year he joined the staff of the conservatory to teach piano and music theory. In 1864, he also became the conductor of the Munich Oratorienverein, holding the post until 1877.

Rheinberger worked for a while as a coach at the court opera, witnessing Wagner's premiere of Tristan und Isolde. In 1867, he was appointed professor at the conservatory -- a position he would hold until his death. During the same year, he married a former pupil, Franziska von Hoffnaass. Rheinberger was increasingly prone to poor health, but continued to work, almost without interruption. 1877 saw his appointment as hofkapellmeister and in 1894 he was ennobled, receiving the title of privy councillor.

Rheinberger died in 1901, shortly after his retirement. His grave in Munich was destroyed during World War II and his remains were transferred in 1950 to his birthplace. Hans von Bülow, a great conductor and tireless advocate of Rheinberger's music, called him "a truly ideal teacher of composition, unrivalled in the whole of Germany and beyond in skill, refinement, and devotion to his subject; in short, one of the worthiest musicians and human beings in the world." Read less
Rheinberger: Music For Violin & Organ / Denisova, Strzep
Release Date: 06/13/2006   Label: Arte Nova  
Catalog: 589650   Number of Discs: 1
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There are 199 Joseph Rheinberger recordings available.

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Works

Joseph Rheinberger


MOST POPULAR WORKS
Kyrie
Gloria
Credo
Sanctus
Benedictus
Agnus Dei
Prelude in C minor
Fugue in C minor
Prelude
Fugue
I. Phantasie
II. Capriccio
III. Idylle
IV. Finale
I. Praeludium
II. Provencalisch
III. Introduction and Finale
I. Praeludium
II. Intermezzo
III. Pastorale
IV. Finale
I. Pastorale
II. Intermezzo
III. Fugue
I. (Tempo moderato)
II. Intermezzo
III. Fuga cromatica
I. Praeludium
II. Intermezzo
III. Marcia religiosa
IV. Fuga
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Finale
WORKS
I. Maestoso
II. Andante
III. Con moto
I. Grave
II. Andante
III. Con moto
No. 1. Morgenlied: Die Sterne sind erblichen
No. 2. Hymn: Dein sind die Himmel
No. 3. Abendlied: Bleib bei uns
No. 1. Salve Regina
No. 2. Memorare
No. 3. Quam admirabile
No. 4. Inclina Domine
No. 5. Ave maris stella
No. 6. Puer natus in Bethlehem
No. 1. Regina coeli
No. 2. Adoramus te
No. 3. Ave vivens hostia
Kyrie
Gloria
Credo
Sanctus
Benedictus
Agnus Dei
Kyrie
Gloria
Credo
Sanctus
Benedictus
Agnus Dei
Kyrie
Gloria
Credo
Sanctus
Benedictus
Agnus Dei
Kyrie
Gloria
Credo: Patrem
Credo: Et incarnatus est
Credo: Et in Spiritum Sanctum
Sanctus
Benedictus
Agnus Dei
No. 1. Romance in B major: Adagio
No. 2. Scherzoso in B major: Non tropo allegro
No. 3. Upswing in G flat major: Con moto
No. 4. Contemplation in A flat major: Lento
No. 5. Agitato in G minor: Non troppo mosso
No. 6. Improvisation in B flat minor: Andante
No. 7. Solemnity in C major: Maestoso
No. 8. Duet in A major: Andante
No. 9. Ricercare in D minor: Allegro
No. 10. Evening Peace in E major: Andante lento
No. 11. Melodia ostinata in F minor: Alla breve
No. 12. Finale in F major: Maestoso
No. 1. Anima nostra
No. 2. Meditabor
No. 3. Laudate Dominum
No. 4. Angelus Domini
Prelude in C minor
Fugue in C minor
Prelude
Fugue
Fuge: Molto moderato - Fuge
Thema mit Veranderungen: Andante
Fantasie und Finale: Quasi Adagio - Allegro non troppo
I. Fantasia: Maestoso lento - Allegro agitato
II. Pastoral: Andante
III. Introduction and Fugue: Lento - Con moto - Lento
I. Fantasia: Maestoso - Adagio - Tempo I - Adagio molto
II. Canzone: Allegretto
III. Intermezzo: Largo
IV. Fugue: Alla breve
I. Praeludium
II. Idyll
III. Toccata
I. Fantasia
II. Adagio
III. Introduction and Ricercare
I. Fantasie
II. Intermezzo
III. Introduction and Fugue
I. Phantasie
II. Capriccio
III. Idylle
IV. Finale
I. Praeludium
II. Provencalisch
III. Introduction and Finale
I. Praeludium
II. Intermezzo
III. Pastorale
IV. Finale
I. Pastorale
II. Intermezzo
III. Fugue
I. (Tempo moderato)
II. Intermezzo
III. Fuga cromatica
I. Praeludium
II. Intermezzo
III. Marcia religiosa
IV. Fuga
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Finale
I. Allegro
II. Menuetto
III. Intermezzo
IV. Finale: Tarantella
I. Non troppo mosso
II. Romanze
III. Finale
I. Moderato e con espressione
II. Scherzo
III. Poco adagio
IV. Finale
I. Moderato
II. Romanze
III. Intermezzo
IV. Finale alla Tarantella


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