Johann Joachim Quantz

Biography

Born: January 30, 1697; Oberscheden, Hanover, Germany   Died: July 12, 1773; Potsdam, Germany  
One of the most significant figures in the early history of the transverse flute, composer and performer Johann Joachim Quantz as a youth had the capacity to master nearly any instrument. Only late in his development did he specialize in the flute, an instrument that would lead him to a highly paid and highly honored position with King Frederick the Great of Prussia.

By age eight, Quantz was already playing double bass in village
Read more festivals. When he was 10, upon his blacksmith-father's death, he was apprenticed to his uncle, a town musician, and then his uncle's son-in-law. This apprenticeship led Quantz to proficiency on oboe, trumpet, and most string instruments. He spent some time in the Dresden town band, and in 1717 studied counterpoint in Vienna with Jan Dismas Zelenka. The following year he became oboist in the Polish chapel of Augustus II, King of Poland, spending time in both Warsaw and Dresden. But in 1719, realizing how few opportunities for promotion he faced as an oboist, Quantz took up the transverse flute.

The following years found Quantz traveling through Europe in the entourage of Augustus II, performing and studying counterpoint when he could. As a composer he was already strongly influenced by the concertos of Vivaldi. In 1728, the same year he became a member of the Dresden court chapel, Quantz was engaged to teach Crown Prince Friedrich in Berlin. He commuted between Berlin and Dresden, where he also made flutes starting in 1739. When the Crown Prince became King of Prussia in 1740, he soon summoned Quantz to Berlin to supervise private evening concerts and continue serving as his flute teacher. Quantz's salary was increased by 150 percent, and he received extra payment for each flute and composition he produced. (He was also the only person authorized to criticize the king's flute playing.)

In all, Quantz wrote more than 200 flute sonatas and 300 flute concertos, among other works, as well as an important treatise on flute playing. His music, while influenced by Vivaldi, marks a transition from late Baroque to early Classical styles. Read less

There are 70 Johann Joachim Quantz recordings available.

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Works

Johann Joachim Quantz


MOST POPULAR WORKS
I. Allegro
II. Arioso - Mesto
III. Allegro vivace (Presto)
I. Allegro assai
II. Arioso e mesto
III. Presto
I. Adagio
II. Presto
III. Vivace
I. Presto ma fiero
II. Grave -
III. Vivace
I. Allegro di molto
II. Affetuoso
III. Vivace
I. Allegro ma con brio
II. Cantabile
III. Presto
I. Allegro assai
II. Arioso
III. Alla Forlana ma presto
WORKS
Capricio I in D Minor, QV 3:1.8
Capricio II in E Minor, QV 3:1.10
Capricio III in F Major, QV 3:1.12
Capricio IV in G Major, QV 3:1.15
Capricio V in G Major, QV 3:1.17
Capricio VI in G Major, QV 3:1.14
Capricio VII in A Minor, QV 3:1.19
Capricio VIII in B Major, QV 3:1.21
I. Allegretto
II. Piu tosto Andantino
III. Presto
I. Allegro
II. Arioso - Mesto
III. Allegro vivace (Presto)
I. Con spirito
II. Affetuoso
III. Vivace
I. Allegro assai
II. Cantabile
III. Vivace
I. Allegro assai
II. Arioso e mesto
III. Presto
I. Allegro asssai
II. Arioso
III. Prestissimo
I. (Allegro)
II. Larghetto
III. Allegro
Sonata No. 4 in D Major: I. Grave e Sostenuto
Sonata No. 4 in D Major: II. Presto
Sonata No. 4 in D Major: III. Allegro
Sonata No. 5 in E Minor: I. Cantabile
Sonata No. 5 in E Minor: II. Presto
Sonata No. 5 in E Minor: III. Vivace
I. Adagio
II. Presto
III. Vivace
I. Grave
II. Allegro
III. Lento
IV. Tempo di Minuetto
I. Andante moderato
II. Allegro
III. Allegro
I. Grave -
II. Allegro
III. Lento -
IV. Tempo di menuetto
I. Larghetto -
II. Allegretto
III. Presto
I. Allegro
II. Largo
III. Vivace
I. Presto ma fiero
II. Grave -
III. Vivace
I. Allegro
II. Alla Siciliana
III. Grazioso ma vivace
I. Allegro di molto
II. Affetuoso
III. Vivace
I. Allegro ma con brio
II. Cantabile
III. Presto
I. Allegro assai
II. Arioso
III. Alla Forlana ma presto
I. Arioso -
II. Allegro assai
III. Presto
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto -
III. Vivace
I. Allegro (con brio)
II. Adagio
III. Allegro


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