Johan Helmich Roman

Biography

Born: October 26, 1694; Stockholm, Sweden   Died: November 20, 1758; Haraldsmåla, Sweden  
The "Father of Swedish Music," Johan Helmich Roman, was one of the most influential Swedish composers of his time, not only because of his numerous compositions, but also for his role in moving the music of the great composers from the royal court to public concerts in Stockholm. He was also influential in promoting the use of the Swedish language in sacred texts and in developing an indigenous tradition of vocal writing in secular and sacred Read more music.

Roman spent a considerable part of his life and career in the courts of Sweden's royalty, from Charles XII to Adolph Fredrik and Lovisa Ulrica. Roman received an early education in music. His father served as a member of the court orchestra and at the age of seven, Roman performed as a violinist for the court. At the age of 16, he became a permanent member of the court orchestra. Roman is thought to have mastered many different instruments, but his primary interests were the violin and oboe.

Roman lived and worked in a time where music was in transition between Baroque and Classical styles. His music was influenced by the English and Italians, no doubt due to his contacts with Handel and Geminiani. However, there are also subtle flavors of French and German influence. He traveled abroad twice in his career; first to England from 1715 to 1721, and then an extensive tour of Europe from 1735 to 1737. During his European journey, Roman returned to England and then ventured on to Germany, Austria, France, and Italy. These travels allowed him to experience the music endemic to their region and to study with composers such as Pepusch.

During the reign of Charles XII, in 1721, Roman was appointed vice-kapellmeister of the royal chapel orchestra. On January 23, 1927, he achieved the position of kapellmeister under the reign of Fredrik and Ulrica. It was under this new authority that he instigated the transition of musical performances from the nobles' courts to the bourgeoisie public. In addition to providing a larger audience for his own compositions, these concerts for the common people also served as vehicles with which to introduce foreign musical works.

There is little written record available today that details Roman's compositional career; much of what is written has relied on sources whose accuracy has been called into question. It appears to have begun in the mid-1720s. Roman's earliest known composition is the cantata Festa musicale (1725). During this period (1725-1730), Roman produced a variety of cantatas, sonatas, and suites. In particular, he composed 12 Flute Sonatas (1727), which was followed by Golovin-musik in 1728 and the Suite 8, circa 1730. The 1730s and 1740s were perhaps his most productive years. The suite in E major, a suite in D major, and his most famous orchestral suite, Drottningholmsmusik, were products of this period. Beyond this, it appears that Roman focused on sacred songs.

Roman survived two wives who bore him seven children between them. His first wife, whom he married in 1730, died four years later. He married his second wife in 1738, who died two years after she gave birth to their fourth child. In addition to the burden of raising a household of small children, Roman was afflicted with increasing deafness and later, increasingly poor health. These burdens made it more difficult to continue his duties in the capital, so in the mid-1740s he moved to the Baltic coast, where he translated theoretical works about music into Swedish. Read less
Roman: Flute Sonatas Nos. 1-5 / Dan Laurin, Paradiso Musicale
Release Date: 03/10/2015   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2105   Number of Discs: 1
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Johan Helmich Roman


MOST POPULAR WORKS
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante lento
III. Allegro assai
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. (Allegro)
I. Allegro assai
II. Allegretto
III. Andante
IV. Non troppo allegro
V. Andante
VI. Poco allegro
VII. Allegro
VIII. Lento
IX. Allegro
X. Allegro assai
XI. Allegro
XII. Presto
XIII. (Tempo di menuetto)
XIV. (Trio - Menuetto da capo)
XV. Grave
XVI. Presto
XVII. (Lento)
XVIII. (Andante)
XIX. Allegro molto
XX. Allegro
XXI. (Allegro)
XXII. (Allegro)
XXIII. Vivace
XXIV. Allegro
XXIII. Vivace (da capo)
I. Allegro staccato -
II. Larghetto
III. Allegro assai
IV. Allegro
I. Grave sostenuto
II. Allegro
III. Vivace
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Non tanto (lento)
IV. Vivace
I. Adagio
II. Come alla breve (Allegro)
III. Lento
IV. (Allegro)
V. Tempo di Minuetta
I. (Allegro moderato)
II. (Allegretto)
III. Lento poco
IV. (Allegro)
I. Allegro
II. (Meno mosso)
III. (Allegro vivace)
I. Allegro (moderato)
II. Lento non troppo
III. Allegro moderato
IV. Non troppo allegro
V. Presto
I. Largo
II. Allegro moderato
III. Allegretto
IV. Allegro assai
V. Menuet
I. Lento
II. Carillon: Allegro
III. Non troppo adagio
IV. Allegro moderato
V. Allegretto
VI. Presto
VII. Villanella
I. Con spirito
II. (Allegro moderato)
III. Lento
IV. Vivace
V. Lento
VI. Andante ad libitum
I. (Con spirito)
II. Andante
III. Vivace
I. Moderato
II. Vivace
III. Allegro
WORKS
I. Andante
II. Allegro
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante lento
III. Allegro assai
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. (Allegro)
I. (Allegro)
II. Larghetto
III. Allegro
I. Allegro assai
II. Allegretto
III. Andante
IV. Non troppo allegro
V. Andante
VI. Poco allegro
VII. Allegro
VIII. Lento
IX. Allegro
X. Allegro assai
XI. Allegro
XII. Presto
XIII. (Tempo di menuetto)
XIV. (Trio - Menuetto da capo)
XV. Grave
XVI. Presto
XVII. (Lento)
XVIII. (Andante)
XIX. Allegro molto
XX. Allegro
XXI. (Allegro)
XXII. (Allegro)
XXIII. Vivace
XXIV. Allegro
XXIII. Vivace (da capo)
Frogdens Herranom
Fornimmer at Herren...
Gar in i hans portar
Ty Herren ar god
Ara vare Fadrenom
I. Allegro
II. Largo
III. Allegro
I. Vivace
II. Adagio
III. Allegro assai
IV. Allegro staccato
I. Allegro staccato -
II. Larghetto
III. Allegro assai
IV. Allegro
I. Grave sostenuto
II. Allegro
III. Vivace
I. Allegro staccato
II. Larghetto
III. Allegro assai
IV. Allegro
I. Largo
II. Allegro
III. Larghetto
IV. Vivace
V. Allegro
VI. Non presto
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Non tanto (lento)
IV. Vivace
I. Adagio
II. Come alla breve (Allegro)
III. Lento
IV. (Allegro)
V. Tempo di Minuetta
I. (Allegro moderato)
II. (Allegretto)
III. Lento poco
IV. (Allegro)
I. Allegro
II. (Meno mosso)
III. (Allegro vivace)
I. Allegro (moderato)
II. Lento non troppo
III. Allegro moderato
IV. Non troppo allegro
V. Presto
I. Largo
II. Allegro moderato
III. Allegretto
IV. Allegro assai
V. Menuet
I. Lento
II. Carillon: Allegro
III. Non troppo adagio
IV. Allegro moderato
V. Allegretto
VI. Presto
VII. Villanella
I. Con spirito
II. (Allegro moderato)
III. Lento
IV. Vivace
V. Lento
VI. Andante ad libitum
I. (Con spirito)
II. Andante
III. Vivace
I. Moderato
II. Vivace
III. Allegro
I. Commodo
II. Lento
III. Vivace
IV. Scozzese, Vivace
I. (Moderato)
II. Adagio
III. (Allegretto)
IV. Lento
I. Larghetto
II. Allegro
III. Andante
IV. Allegro


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