Born: November 28, 1898
Died: 1944, Holocaust
Country: Austria / Poland
Period: 20th Century
Likely the earliest Polish composer of 20th-century avant-garde music, Józef Koffler was the first in Poland to write music in the twelve-tone technique. He studied in Vienna. Among his noted classmates at the Lwów Conservatory was Roman Haubenstock-Ramati. Koffler dedicated his "Variations on a Waltz by Johann Strauss", Op. 23 (1935) to British conductor Edward Clark, who was a champion of modern music of the time. AfterRead more the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany in 1939, Koffler was arrested with his wife and son and forcibly relocated in the Wieliczka ghetto. He likely died in 1944 during the destruction of Wieliczka in the Holocaust. Many of his unpublished scores did not survive the war and today we are fortunate to at least have some of his published works. Read less
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