Igor Stravinsky

Biography

Born: Jun 17, 1882; Russia   Died: Apr 6, 1971; USA   Period: 20th Century
Igor Stravinsky was one of music's truly epochal innovators; no other composer of the twentieth century exerted such a pervasive influence or dominated his art in the way that Stravinsky did during his seven-decade musical career. Aside from purely technical considerations such as rhythm and harmony, the most important hallmark of Stravinsky's style is, indeed, its changing face. Emerging from the spirit of late Russian nationalism and ending his Read more career with a thorny, individual language steeped in twelve-tone principles, Stravinsky assumed a number of aesthetic guises throughout the course of his development while always retaining a distinctive, essential identity.
Although he was the son of one of the Mariinsky Theater's principal basses and a talented amateur pianist, Stravinsky had no more musical training than that of any other Russian upper-class child. He entered law school, but also began private composition and orchestration studies with Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov. By 1909, the orchestral works Scherzo fantastique and Fireworks had impressed Sergei Diaghilev enough for him to ask Stravinsky to orchestrate, and subsequently compose, ballets for his company. Stravinsky's triad of early ballets -- The Firebird (1909-1910), Petrushka (1910-1911), and most importantly, The Rite of Spring (1911-1913) -- did more to establish his reputation than any of his other works; indeed, the riot which followed the premiere of The Rite is one of the most notorious events in music history.
Stravinsky and his family spent the war years in Switzerland, returning to France in 1920. His jazz-inflected essays of the 1910s and 1920s -- notably, Ragtime (1918) and The Soldier's Tale (1918) -- gave way to one of the composer's most influential aesthetic turns. The neo-Classical tautness of works as diverse as the ballet Pulcinella (1919-1920), the Symphony of Psalms (1930) and, decades later, the opera The Rake's Progress (1948-1951) made a widespread impact and had an especial influence upon the fledgling school of American composers that looked to Stravinsky as its primary model. He had begun touring as a conductor and pianist, generally performing his own works. In the 1930s, he toured the Americas and wrote several pieces fulfilling American commissions, including the Concerto in E flat, "Dumbarton Oaks."
After the deaths of his daughter, his wife, and his mother within a period of less than a year, Stravinsky emmigrated to America, settling in California with his second wife in 1940. His works between 1940 and 1950 show a mixture of styles, but still seem centered on Russian or French traditions. Stravinsky's cultural perspective was changed after Robert Craft became his musical assistant, handling rehearsals for Stravinsky, traveling with him, and later, co-authoring his memoirs. Craft is credited with helping Stravinsky accept 12-tone composition as one of the tools of his trade. Characteristically, though, he made novel use of such principles in his own music, producing works in a highly original vein: Movements (1958-1959) for piano and orchestra, Variations: Aldous Huxley in Memoriam (1963), and the Requiem Canticles (1965-1966) are among the most striking. Craft prepared the musicians for the exemplary series of Columbia Records LPs Stravinsky conducted through the stereo era, covering virtually all his significant works. Despite declining health in his last years, Stravinsky continued to compose until just before his death in April 1971. Read less
Stravinsky: The Rake's Progress / West, Garrison, Cheek, Craft, Orchestra Of St. Luke's
Release Date: 05/26/2009   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8660272-73   Number of Discs: 2
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Stravinsky: Histoire Du Soldat (Suite), Etc / Craft, Et Al
Release Date: 01/30/2007   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8557505   Number of Discs: 1
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Oscillations - Beethoven, Stravinsky  / Einav Yarden
Release Date: 08/13/2013   Label: Challenge  
Catalog: 72599   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: Rite Of Spring, Jeu De Cartes / Rahbari, Et Al
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550472   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: Pulcinella, Danses Concertantes / Sanderling
Release Date: 01/23/1996   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553181   Number of Discs: 1
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There are 1,259 Igor Stravinsky recordings available.

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Composition Types

Igor Stravinsky


WORKS
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps - Part 1: The Adoration of the Earth - Introduction - The Harbingers of Spring
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps - Part 1: The Adoration of the Earth - Dance of the Adolescents
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps - Part 1: The Adoration of the Earth - 3. Mock Abduction
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps - Part 1: The Adoration of the Earth - 4. Spring Rounds
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps - Part 1: The Adoration of the Earth - 5. Games of the Rival Tribes
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps - Part 1: The Adoration of the Earth - 6. Procession of the Sage
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps - Part 1: The Adoration of the Earth - 7. Adoration of the Earth (The Sage), Dance of the Earth
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps - Part 2: The Sacrifice - 1. Introduction
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps - Part 2: The Sacrifice - 2. Mystical Circle of the Adolescents
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps - Part 2: The Sacrifice - 3. Glorification of the Chosen One
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps - Part 2: The Sacrifice - 4. Evocation of the Ancestors
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps - Part 2: The Sacrifice - 5. Ritual of the Ancestors
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps - Part 2: The Sacrifice - 6. Sacrificial Dance (The Chosen One)
Introduction
Prelude & Dance of the Firebird - Variations
Pantomime I
Pas de deux
Pantomime II
Scherzo: Dance of the Princesses
Pantomime III
Rondo
Infernal Dance
Lullaby
Final Hymn
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Introduction
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Kashchei's enchanted garden
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Appearance of the Firebird pursued by Ivan Tsarevich
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Dance of the Firebird
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Ivan Tsarevich captures the Firebird
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Supplication of the Firebird
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Game of the Princesses with the golden apples
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Sudden appearance of Ivan Tsarevich
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Round dance of the Princesses
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Daybreak
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Magic carillon, appearance of Kashchei's guardian monsters and capture of Ivan Tsarevich
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Dance of Kashchei's retinue under the spell of the Firebird
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Infernal dance of all Kashchei's subject's
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Lullaby of the Firebird
Stravinsky: The Firebird (L'oiseau de feu) - Ballet (1910) - Collapse of Kashchei's palace and dissolution of all enchantments - Reanimation of the petrified prisoners - General rejoicing
Stravinsky: Petrouchka - Version 1947 - Scene 1 - The Shrovetide Fair - The Crowds - The Conjuring-trick
Stravinsky: Petrouchka - Version 1947 - Scene 1 - Russian Dance
Stravinsky: Petrouchka - Version 1947 - Scene 2 - Petrouchka's Room
Stravinsky: Petrouchka - Version 1947 - Scene 3 - The Moor's Room - Dance of the Ballerina
Stravinsky: Petrouchka - Version 1947 - Scene 3 - Waltz (The Ballerina and the Moor)
Stravinsky: Petrouchka - Version 1947 - Scene 4 - The Shrovetide Fair (Evening)
Stravinsky: Petrouchka - Version 1947 - Scene 4 - Dance of the Wet-nurses
Stravinsky: Petrouchka - Version 1947 - Scene 4 - Dance of the Peasant and the Bear
Stravinsky: Petrouchka - Version 1947 - Scene 4 - The Merchant and the Gipsies
Stravinsky: Petrouchka - Version 1947 - Scene 4 - Dance of the Coachmen and the Grooms
Stravinsky: Petrouchka - Version 1947 - Scene 4 - The Masqueraders
Stravinsky: Petrouchka - Version 1947 - Scene 4 - The Scuffle
Stravinsky: Petrouchka - Version 1947 - Scene 4 - Death of Petrouchka
Stravinsky: Petrouchka - Version 1947 - Scene 4 - The Police and the Charlatan
Stravinsky: Petrouchka - Version 1947 - Scene 4 - Apparition of Petrouchka's Ghost
Song of the Nightingale: Presto
Chinese March
Song of the Nightingale
The Mechanical Nightingale
The Emperor's displeasure at the departure of the real nightingale
The Emperor's sickroom
The real nightingale returns to thwart Death
Funeral march and Finale
Symphony of Psalms (Rev, version, 1948): Part I
Part II
Part III
Stravinsky: Violin Concerto in D - 1. Toccata
Stravinsky: Violin Concerto in D - 2. Aria I
Stravinsky: Violin Concerto in D - 3. Aria II
Stravinsky: Violin Concerto in D - 4. Capriccio
I. Overture. Allegro
II. Andante - Interlude: L'istesso tempo
III. Con moto
The Charlatan's Booth
The Russian Dance
Petrouchka's Room
Grand Carnival
Dance of the Wet Nurses
Dance of the Peasant and Bear
Dance of the Gypsy Girls
Dance of the Coachmen
Part I: I. The Soldier's March
Part I: II. Soldier: Phew... this isn't a bad sort of spot...
Part I: III. Airs by a Stream
Part I: IV. He is a little old man...
Part I: V. The Soldier's March (Reprise)
Part I: VI. Soldier: Hurray, here we are!
Part I: VII. Pastorale
Part I: VIII. Narrator: In the Market Place...
Part I: IX. Pastorale
Part I: X. Narrator: He took the book and began to read
Part I: XI. Airs by a Stream (Reprise)
Part I: XII. Soldier: They have nothing - and yet they have it all.
Part I: XIII. Airs by a Stream (Reprise)
Part II: I. The Soldier's March (Reprise)
Part II: II. Narrator: Now he comes to another land
Part II: III. The Royal March
Part II: IV. Narrator: They gave the word for the band to play
Part II: V. The Little Concert
Part II: VI. Narrator: The princess is lying on her bed
Part II: VII. Tango
Part II: VIII. Valse
Part II: IX. Ragtime
Part II: X. Narrator: The Soldier and the Princess are in each other's arms
Part II: XI. The Devil's Dance
Part II: XII. Narrator: The Devil falls exhausted
Part II: XIII. Little Chorale
Part II: XIV. The Devil's Song
Part II: XV. Great Chorale
Part II: XVI. Narrator: 'Suppose, suppose we went there!'
Part II: XVII. Triumphal March of the Devil


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