Hermann Scherchen

Biography

Born: June 21, 1891; Berlin, Germany   Died: June 12, 1966; Florence, Italy  
Scherchen was one of the leading conductors in the middle part of the twentieth century, especially valued for his pioneering performances of the contemporary music of his time. He was essentially self-taught as a musician and became a violist in the Blüthner Orchestra and the Berlin Philharmonic when he was 16. In 1911 he was an assistant to Arnold Schoenberg in the preparation of Pierrot Lunaire for performance. Following its Berlin premiere, Read more the piece was taken on a tour in which Scherchen conducted. He became the conductor of the Riga Symphony Orchestra in 1914, but was soon interned by the Russians as an enemy alien when World War I started. He returned to Germany after Russia left the war to found the Neue Musikgesellschaft and the Scherchen Quartet. In 1919 he founded a militant magazine Melos.

He succeeded Furtwängler as the director of the Frankfurt Museum Concerts in 1922 and in the same year began a long relationship with the Winterthur Musikkollegium in Switzerland. From 1928 to 1933 he was the Generalmusikdirektor in Königsberg. He frequently conducted contemporary music festivals, especially with the International Society for Contemporary Music, with which he was connected from its founding in 1923. Among his premieres in the 1920s and 1930s were the Three Fragments from Wozzeck by Berg and the quarter-tone opera Mother by Alois Haba. He left Germany immediately upon the rise of the Nazis to power in 1933, settling in Switzerland, where he became music director of the Zurich Radio Orchestra and also gave courses in conducting, which became a regular summer school in Switzerland in 1939. In the same year he founded the Ars Viva Orchestra. He married the Chinese composer Hsiao Shu-sien. They had a daughter, Tona Scherchen-Hsiao, born in 1937, who went back to China with her mother in 1949. She became a noted composer, especially after she moved to France in 1972.

Scherchen resumed his continent-wide activities after World War II ended. He was director of the Zürich Radio Orchestra (1944-1950) and in 1950, with the support of UNESCO, opened a studio for electroacoustic research in 1954 in Gravesano, the village where he lived. He continued his writing about new music in the Gravesano Blätter. Unlike many conductors of his generation his "new music" was not merely the new music of his youth, but the continuing evolution of new music. In the 1950s he conducted the premieres of such works as Dallapiccola's Il prigioniero, Dessau's Das Verhör des Lukullus, and Henze's König Hirsch. He was the first to play any music from Schoenberg's Aron und Moses in Darmstadt (1951), edited it for its first performance under his colleague Hans Rosbaud, and led its first performance in Berlin. He did not appear in the United States until 1964 when he conducted the Philadelphia Orchestra.

He was the author of a leading text on conducting and of many articles supporting modern music. He suffered a heart attack while conducting Malipiero's Orfeide in Florence and died four days later. Read less
Schoenberg: Moses Und Aron / Scherchen, Greindl, Et Al
Release Date: 10/09/2001   Label: Opera D'oro  
Catalog: 1321   Number of Discs: 2
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There are 38 Hermann Scherchen recordings available.

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Biography

Born: June 21, 1891; Berlin, Germany   Died: June 12, 1966; Florence, Italy  
Scherchen was one of the leading conductors in the middle part of the twentieth century, especially valued for his pioneering performances of the contemporary music of his time. He was essentially self-taught as a musician and became a violist in the Blüthner Orchestra and the Berlin Philharmonic when he was 16. In 1911 he was an assistant to Arnold Schoenberg in the preparation of Pierrot Lunaire for performance. Following its Berlin premiere, Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
1. Allegro con brio
2. Adagio [Symphony in E minor, H.I No.44 - "Mourning"]
3. Menuetto (Allegretto) [Symphony in E minor, H.I No.44 - "Mourning"]
4. Finale (Presto)
1. Adagio - Allegro spiritoso
2. Adagio
3. Menuet (Allegretto)
4. Presto
1. Allegro assai
2. Adagio
3. Menuet (Allegretto)
4. Finale (Presto - Adagio)
1. Adagio
2. Allegro di molto
3. Menuet
4. Finale (Presto)
1. Allegro spiritoso
2. Adagio
3. Menuetto
4. Finale (Presto)
1. Adagio - Allegro
2. Largo
3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
4. Finale (Allegro con spirito)
1. Adagio - Allegro assai
2. Largo cantabile
3. Menuetto (Allegro)
4. Finale (Presto ma non troppo)
1. Adagio - Vivace assai
2. Andante
3. Menuet (Allegro molto)
4. Finale (Allegro di molto)
1. Adagio - Allegro
2. Andante
3. Menuet (Allegro)
4. Finale (Spiritoso)
1. Allegro moderato
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Finale (Vivace)
1. Adagio - Allegro
2. Adagio
3. Menuetto (Allegro)
4. Finale (Presto)
1. Adagio - vivace assai
2. Adagio
3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
4. Finale (Vivace)
1. Adagio - Allegro
2. Andante
3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
4. Finale (Vivace)
1. Adagio - Vivace
2. Adagio ma non troppo
3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
4. Finale (Presto assai)
1. Adagio - Allegro con spirito
2. Andante piů tosto allegretto
3. Menuet - Trio
4. Finale (Allegro con spirito)
1. Adagio - Allegro
2. Allegretto
3. Menuet (Moderato)
4. Finale (Presto)
1. Adagio - Presto
2. Andante
3. Menuet (Allegretto) - Trio
4. Finale (Vivace)
1. Largo - Vivace
2. Adagio
3. Menuetto (Allegro)
4. Finale. Presto
Symphony [Messiah - Part 1]
"Comfort ye, My people"
"Ev'ry Valley shall be exalted"
3. Chorus: And the glory of the Lord [Messiah - Part 1]
"Thus saith the Lord"
"But who may abide the day of his coming"
6. Chorus: And He shall purify the sons of Levi [Messiah - Part 1]
"Behold, a virgin shall conceive"
"O thou that tellest good tidings to Zion"
"For behold, darkness shall cover"
"The people that walked in darkness"
12. Chorus: "For unto us a Child is born" [Messiah - Part 1]
13. Pifa (Pastoral Symphony) [Messiah - Part 1]
"There were shepherds... And lo, the angel of the Lord...And the angel said unto them...And suddenly"
"Glory to God in the highest"
16. Air: Rejoice greatly, o daughter of Zion [Messiah - Part 1]
"The shall the eyes of the blind"
"He shall feed his Flock"
19. Chorus: His yoke is easy [Messiah - Part 1]
20. Chorus: Behold the Lamb of God [Messiah - Part 2]
"He was despised"
"Surely He hath borne our griefs"
"And with His stripes we are healed"
"All we like sheep have gone astray"
"All they that see Him"
"He trusted in God"
"Thy rebuke hath broken His heart"
"Behold and see"
"He was cut off"
"But thou didst not leave his soul in Hell"
"Lift up your heads"
"Unto which of the angels"
"Let all the angels of God"
"Thou art gone up on high"
"The Lord gave the word"
"How beautiful are the feet"
"Their sound is gone out"
"Why do the nations so furiously rage together?"
"Let us break their bonds asunder"
"He that dwelleth in heaven"
"Thou shalt break them"
"Hallelujah"
"I know that my Redeemer liveth"
"Since by man came death"
"Behold, I tell you a mystery"
"The trumpet shall sound"
"Then shall be brought to pass"
"O death where is thy sting?"
"But thanks be to God"
"If God be for us"
"Worthy is the Lamb... Amen"
Ouverture. Largo - Allegro
Adagio e staccato
Allegro-Andante-Allegro
Presto
Air
Minuet
Bourrée. Allegro
Hornpipe. Allegro
Without tempo indication
Allegro
Alla hornpipe
Without tempo indication
Rigaudon - w/o tempo indication - Rigaudon
Lentement
Bourrée. Allegro
Menuet
Without tempo indication
Without tempo indication
Without tempo indication
Menuet
1. Largo
2. Allegro
3. Allegro ma non troppo
1. The Adoration of Veless and Ala
2. The Enemy God and the Dance of the Spirits of Darkness
3. Night
4. The Glorious Departure of Lolly and The Sun's Procession
No.1 in F minor (No.14 in piano version)
No.4 in D minor (No. 2 in piano version)
No.3 in D major (No. 6 in piano version)
No.2 in D minor (No.12 in piano version)
No.5 in E minor (No. 5 in piano version)
No.6 in D major (No. 9 in piano version)
The Shrovetide Fair - The Crowds - The Conjuring-trick
Russian Dance
Petrouchka's Room
The Moor's Room - Dance of the Ballerina
Waltz (The Ballerina and the Moor)
The Shrovetide Fair (Evening)
Dance of the Wet-nurses
Dance of the Peasant and the Bear
The Merchant and the Gipsies
Dance of the Coachmen and the Grooms
The Masqueraders
The Fight: The Moor and Petrouchka (The Scuffle)
Death of Petrouchka
The Police and the Charlatan
Apparition of Petrouchka's Ghost
Schoenberg: Moses und Aron: Scene 1
Schoenberg: Moses und Aron: Scene 2
Schoenberg: Moses und Aron: Scene 3
Schoenberg: Moses und Aron: Scene 4
Schoenberg: Moses und Aron: "Dieser Stab fuhrt Euch"
Schoenberg: Moses und Aron: "In der Wuste"
Schoenberg: Moses und Aron: Intermezzo
Schoenberg: Moses und Aron: Scene 1
Schoenberg: Moses und Aron: Scene 2
Schoenberg: Moses und Aron: Scene 3
Schoenberg: Moses und Aron: "Frei unter eigenen Herren"
Schoenberg: Moses und Aron: Scene 4
Schoenberg: Moses und Aron: Scene 5
Schoenberg: Moses und Aron: Scene 1
1. Allegro con brio
2. Marcia funebre (Adagio assai)
3. Scherzo (Allegro vivace)
4. Finale (Allegro molto)
1. Erwachen heiterer Empfindungen bei der Ankunft auf dem Lande: Allegro ma non troppo
2. Szene am Bach: (Andante molto mosso)
3. Lustiges Zusammensein der Landleute (Allegro)
4. Gewitter, Sturm (Allegro)
5. Hirtengesang. Frohe und dankbare Gefühle nach dem Sturm: Allegretto
Mahler: Symphony No.1 in D - 1. Langsam. Schleppend
Mahler: Symphony No.1 in D - 2. Kräftig bewegt
Mahler: Symphony No.1 in D - 3. Feierlich und gemessen, ohne zu schleppen
Mahler: Symphony No.1 in D - 4. Stürmisch bewegt
1. Introitus: Requiem
2. Kyrie
3. Sequentia: Dies irae
3. Sequentia: Tuba mirum
3. Sequentia: Rex tremendae
3. Sequentia: Recordare
3. Sequentia: Confutatis
3. Sequentia: Lacrimosa
4. Offertorium: Domine Jesu
4. Offertorium: Hostias
5. Sanctus
6. Benedictus
7. Agnus Dei
8.Communio: Lux aeterna


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