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Great Singers And Musicians In Copenhagen, 1931-1939

Beethoven / Wagner / Mozart
Release Date: 06/08/2010 
Label:  Danacord   Catalog #: 691/96   Spars Code: ADD 
Composer:  Ludwig van BeethovenRichard WagnerBedrich SmetanaWolfgang Amadeus Mozart,   ... 
Performer:  Anny KonetzniLauritz MelchiorZedenka ZikovaViorica Tango,   ... 
Conductor:  Hans WeisbachNicolai MalkoBruno WalterEgisto Tango,   ... 
Number of Discs: 6 
Recorded in: Stereo 
Length: 7 Hours 40 Mins. 

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Notes and Editorial Reviews

Of astounding documentary and musical interest.

Collectors will, I am sure, remember the two LP boxed sets called ‘Great Singers in Copenhagen’ and ‘Great Musicians in Copenhagen’ that were issued in 1983. As the brief booklet note reminds us, part of the latter set has already appeared on CD [DACOCD 303]. Now they both appear, in full, on six CDs augmented by some other material into the bargain.

The instigator of the LP project was the late Hans Hansen. However it’s necessary to go back to Emil Holm (1867-1950) who was Denmark Radio’s Head of Operations, and then to Frederik Heegaard, an engineer of high skill who used a German Neumann double turntable and disc cutting lathe to make recordings of
Read more broadcasts. These were replayed for broadcast but only lasted a few runs; then they were melted down. However to posterity’s great debt he kept copper-plated matrix stampers. In effect then he re-recorded things. 1,000 discs were made, of which 150 contain classical music. The bulk is here, in these six discs. Holm didn’t know about the recordings until he entered the lab unannounced and found the evidence. In 1937 Holm left DR but the recording project had in any case ceased, on his instruction.

That’s the background to these remarkable performances and recordings. They contain tantalising glimpses into performances of the time – leading international singers and instrumentalists and conductors; eminent native musicians. It forms a remarkable portfolio of performances from the early 1930s – such as makes one wish that other organisations or individuals had managed, surreptitiously or not, to record their own broadcasts with as much acuity.

Naturally the frustrating element is that many recordings are fragmentary and some are a touch unevenly preserved. One hears arias largely intact, but obviously the instrumental component is more problematic. However one can say that this set, primarily of interest to specialists of course, offers a hugely impressive example of ‘time and place’ listening – one gets a feel as to the programming of concerts, the kind of invited soloists and instrumentalists employed; the affinity of the various conductors.

Thus, turning to the vocal music making first, we find Konetzi strongly moving in her Fidelio extract. Melchior – of course – sings Parsifal with Malko conducting, whilst soprano Zdenka Zíková (1902-1990), one of the perhaps less well known artists in the collection, proves fresh voiced in Smetana. Bruno Walter accompanies Viorica Tango in Mozart but the lighter muse also reigns in this first disc: Tenna Kraft and Holger Bryding prove charming – he entreating, she commanding - in the Heise extract whilst Helge Rosvaenge essays Grothe’s film music. Kraft meanwhile is to the fore in the three extracts from Don Carlo, where Egisto Tango is the conductor.

Standard repertoire begins the second disc; Il Trovatore, Manon, La Damnation de Faust. But it’s Viorica Tango in Tacea la notte from the first, Enzo de Muro Lomanto in the second – a rare example of this tenor’s art – and Georges Thill and André Pernet in the Berlioz. There are excerpt from Verdi’s Requiem - Tango again, Ingeborg Steffensen, and Emanuel List (not on Wagnerian duty). One of the pleasures in this set is to listen to such as Steffensen and to Niels Hansen, a tenor who trained with Jean de Reske and whose career was largely centred in the Royal Theatre in Copenhagen. He is expressive in Lensky’s aria (in Danish) from Eugen Onegin, but is too much of a good thing in Recondita armonia, again sung in the native language. To finish this disc we have a long, 14 minute extract of the Credo from Palestrina’s Missa Papae Marcello that attests to Mogens Wöldike’s high standards and those of the Palestrina Choir.

The third disc takes us to orchestral and instrumental performances. Fritz Busch starts with Dvorák’s Carnival overture, one of his few avowed areas of interest in the composer’s music. This is followed by Piatigorsky’s recording of the first movement of the Czech composer’s Cello Concerto with Malko a distinguished collaborator. The cellist made a later admired recording of the work with Munch but this early sighting preserves a most interesting rather stolid tempo – a stately tread with nobility and strongly applied rubati. There’s a six minute extract from the first movement of Tchaikovsky’s Piano Concerto with Horowitz and Malko but a far longer, indeed complete example from the first movement of Beethoven’s G minor Piano Concerto where Rudolf Serkin joins Busch. One can measure this outstanding performance with the pianist’s fine live 1936 Toscanini performance (not the 1944; that’s poor). Serkin’s two Chopin Etudes obviously derive from a different concert but are equally excellent. Milstein tosses off two Paganini Caprices in dazzling style; Szigeti performs the G major Beethoven Romance – not part of his commercial discography, though there is a live broadcast with Szell doing the rounds; Landowska plays the second movement of Poulenc’s Concert champ être with the tireless Malko.

The list of instrumentalists continues in the fourth disc. There’s evocative Gaubert playing his own Nocturne with Paul Paray lending authentic Gallic support. Hindemith is represented by two brief extracts from his Kammermusik 5. It reminds us what we have lost through the destruction of live German broadcast material – acts of deliberate vandalism. Then, rather frustrating this but still fascinating, Szymanowski plays the piano part in a nearly eight minute segment (two excerpts to be accurate) of his Fourth Symphony – with Fitelberg (January 1933). Stravinsky does likewise in the Capriccio for Piano and orchestra – heroic Malko accompanies. The conductor can be heard in Petrushka and other items such as Rimsky’s Tsar Saltan. But it’s Fritz Busch who accompanies his brother Adolf in the finale of Bach’s E major Concerto. The violinist also plays (incomplete) the G minor solo violin sonata; he left no commercial recordings of it and it’s triply valuable as a result, not least because the playing is so nobly conceived and executed.

There is a stellar trio of vocalists for the three extracts from Haydn’s The Creation that grace disc five; Erna Berger (who gropes for notes occasionally), Julius Patzak and Alexander Kipnis. The conductor here is Fritz Busch who employs a piano continuo. The extract from the Missa Solemnis – the whole of the Sanctus - is slightly longer and is again conducted by Busch. This disc also contains an abridgement of Nielsen’s Hymnus Amoris under Tango in 1934, and two other useful adjuncts to anyone’s armoury of this composer’s music; the Prelude to Act 2 of Maskarade under Tango and - excitingly – the Helios overture under Busch (April 1934). Tango encourages some lavish portamenti in his Maskarade extract whilst Busch proves a highly engaging and exciting Nielsen exponent. To end this disc we have something of an anomaly really in the context; cellist Louis Jensen’s performance of Vivaldi’s sonata RV46 in an arrangement for cello and orchestra.

There is more Nielsen in the final disc. This just happens to be rather a remarkable artefact; the first ever recording of a Nielsen symphony, the Fifth, conducted by Georg Høeberg. In the immediate post war period of course things were to change dramatically with commercial recordings of No.2 by Jensen and No.4 by Grøndahl, and Tuxen with No.5. But this February 1933 off-air performance of the Fifth is the first known example. It happens to be a splendid performance, well recorded, and is a hugely important document of a performance by a composer-conductor (1872-1950) who was a slightly younger contemporary of Nielsen. The composer’s Memorial Concert was held on 19 October 1931 and parts of it were recorded. Ten minutes exist of a performance of the Espansiva [No.3] directed by Launy Grøndahl.

The bonus items in this set come from Salzburg and Bayreuth performances which were recorded by the intrepid engineers on the sly, in much the same way that they recorded the rest of this material. Conjecturally these recordings may have been used as tests; they predate the Nielsen Memorial Concert by a couple of months and are the earliest items here.

It hardly needs stating that these performances are of astounding documentary and musical interest. I ran A/B tests of these latest transfers with their LP predecessors. The sound has been brought forward to a significant degree and what was once cloudy has now been made substantially clearer, brighter and far more immediate. De-clicking has also dealt with many of the pops that afflicted the LP sets. One demerit, if such it is, is that sometimes the results can sound just a touch aggressive. That seems to me to be the case with parts of Busch’s and Landowska’s Bach. But in the balance I would much rather the immediacy of tonal qualities with the potential to tame the higher frequencies than listen to the earlier muddiness.

The booklet notes are concise and twelve pages long, so they only concentrate on potted biographies of some of the less well known singers and instrumentalists; and there is appropriate background information on the whole project.

-- Jonathan Woolf, MusicWeb International

Tracklist:

CD 1
Ludwig van BEETHOVEN (1770-1827)
"Fidelio" - Abscheulicher wo eilst du hin, 1. Act [7:24]
Anni Konetzni, soprano
Hans Weisbach, conductor
Rec. December 7, 1933
Richard WAGNER (1813-1883)
"Parsifal" - Amfortas die Wunde, 2. Act [7:07]
Lauritz Melchior, tenor
Nicolai Malko, conductor
Rec. September 28, 1939
Bed rich SMETANA (1824-1884)
"The bartered Bride" - O jaky zal, 3. Act [5:33]
Zdenka Zikova, soprano
Nicolai Malko, conductor
Rec. September 23, 1934
Wolfgang Amadeus MOZART (1756-1791)
"Le Nozze di Figaro" - Dove sono, 3. Act [6:44]
Viorica Tango, soprano
Bruno Walter, conductor
Rec. November 17, 1934
Gioachino ROSSINI (1792-1868)
"Guillaume Tell" - Accours dans ma nacelle (in Italian), 1. Act [4:26]
Thyge Thygesen, tenor
Spartaco Marchi, bass
Ingeborg Steffensen, mezzo-soprano
Viorica Tango, soprano
Egisto Tango, conductor
Rec. April 6, 1933
HEISE
"Drot og Marsk" (King and Marshall) - Hvor er Fru Ingeborg?, 2. Act [12:14]
Tenna Kraft, soprano
Holger Byrding, baritone
Launy Grøndahl, conductor
Rec. June 1, 1933
Giovani Battista PERGOLESI (1710-1736)
"La Serva Padrona" - Stizzoso mio (in Danish) [2:11]
Tenna Kraft, soprano
Nicolai Malko, conductor
Rec. October 19, 1933
Johann STRAUSS II (1825-1899)
"Der Zigeunerbaron" - Wer uns getraut, 2. Act [3:52]
Adele Kern, soprano
Julius Patzak, tenor
Fritz Mahler, conductor
Rec. November 24, 1932
GROTHE
Verlieb dich nicht am Bodensee (Film) - Heute ist für mich die ganze Welt [3:34]
Helge Rosvænge, tenor
Ove Peters, piano
Rec. November 1, 1935
Giacomo PUCCINI (1858–1924)
"Tosca" - E Lucevan le stelle, 3. Act [2:30]
Beniamino Gigli, tenor
Umberto Berettoni, piano
Rec. May 20, 1933
Giuseppe VERDI (1813-1901)
"Don Carlo", Excerpts in Danish - Che mai si fa nel suol francese (Fontainebleu Scene), 2. Act [6:37]
Tenna Kraft, soprano
Ingeborg Steffensen, mezzo-soprano
Holger Bruusgaard, baritone
O don fatale, 4. Act [4:47]
Ingeborg Steffensen, mezzo-soprano
Tu che le vanita, 5. Act [9:15]
Tenna Kraft, soprano
Egisto Tango, conductor
Rec. November 1, 1934
CD 2
Giuseppe VERDI (1813-1901)
"Il Trovatore" - Tacea la notte, 4. Act [3:33]
Viorica Tango, soprano
Egisto Tango, conductor
Rec. February 16, 1933
Jules MASSENET (1842-1912)
"Manon" - En fermant les yeu (in Italian), 2. Act [3:52]
Enzo de Muro Lomanto, tenor
Egisto Tango, conductor
Rec. February 16, 1933
Hector BERLIOZ (1803-1869)
"La Damnation de Faust", Excerpts - Ville entors, Sc. 9 [2:32]
Merci doux crespule, Sc. 10 [4:12]
Esprit de flames inconstantes, Sc. 12 [2:34]
Devant la maison de celui qui t´adore, Sc. 12 [2:05]
George Thill, tenor
Andre Pernet, bass
Danish Radio Choir
Egisto Tango, conductor
Rec. November 2, 1933
Giuseppe VERDI (1813-1901)
"Requiem", Excerpts - Recordare Jesu pie [3:52]
Confutatis maledictis [2:44]
Domine Jesu (incomplete) [2:58]
Hostias [4:42]
Sanctus [2:35]
Viorica Tango, soprano
Ingeborg Steffensen, mezzo-soprano
Jose Riavez, tenor
Emanuel List, bass
Danish Radio Choir
Egisto Tango, conductor
Rec. April 1, 1932
Gioachino ROSSINI (1792-1868)
Stabat Mater - Quando corpus (quartet a capella) [2:53]
Viorica Tango, soprano
Ingeborg Steffensen, mezzo-soprano
Julius Patzak, tenor
Josef von Manowarda, bass
Egisto Tango, conductor
Rec. January 11, 1934
Georges BIZET (1838-1875)
"Carmen", Excerpts in Danish - Pres de ramparts de Seville, 1. Act [4:19]
Ingeborg Steffensen, soprano
La fleur que tu m'avais jetee, 2. Act [3:52]
Pytor Ilyich TCHAIKOVSKY (1840-1893)
"Eugen Onegin" - Lenski's Aria, 2. Act (in Danish) [6:33]
Rec. September 7, 1934
Giacomo PUCCINI (1858–1924)
"Tosca" - Recondita armonia (in Danish), 2. Act [3:45]
Niels Hansen, tenor
Nicolai Malko, conductor
Rec. August 31, 1933
KUULA
Tujotin tilehen kauam, Op. 2 [5:14]
RANTA
Rarahu [3:54]
Hanna Granfelt, soprano
Georg Schneevoigt, conductor
Rec. January 5, 1933
Giovanni Pierluigi de PALESTRINA (c.1525 – 1594)
Missa Papae Marcello - Credo [11:41]
The Palestrina Choir
Mogens Wöldike, conductor
Rec. March 30, 1934
CD 3
Antonín DVO?ÁK (1841-1904)
Carnival Overture, Op. 92 [9:14]
Fritz Busch, conductor
Rec. November 23, 1933
Cello Concerto No. 2, B minor Op. 104 1. movement [16:43]
Gregor Piatigorsky, cello
Nicolai Malko, conductor
Rec. October 13, 1932
Pytor Ilyich TCHAIKOVSKY (1840-1893)
Piano Concerto No. 1, B flat minor Op. 23 3. movement [6:05]
Vladimir Horowitz, piano
Nicolai Malko, conductor
Rec. October 18, 1934
Claude DEBUSSY (1862-1918)
Children's Corner - No. 3. Doll's Serenade [3:00]
Vladimir Horowitz, piano
Rec. October 3, 1933
Ludwig van BEETHOVEN (1770-1827)
Piano Concerto No. 4, G major, Op. 58 1. movement [17:33]
Rudolf Serkin, piano
Fritz Busch, conductor
Rec. February 23, 1933
Fryderyk CHOPIN (1810-1849)
Etudes, Op. 25 - No. 1 A flat major [2:21]
No. 10 B minor [3:54]
Rudolf Serkin, piano
Rec. November 23, 1933
Niccolo PAGANINI (1782-1840)
Caprices, Op. 1 - No. 17, E flat major [3:24]
No. 5, E sharp minor [2:10]
Nathan Milstein, violin
Rec. September 28, 1933
Francis POULENC (1899 - 1963)
Concert champêtre (1928) 2. movement [4:32]
Wanda Landowska, harpsichord
Nicolai Malko, conductor
Rec. September 27, 1934
Ludwig van BEETHOVEN (1770-1827)
Romance No. 1, G major, Op. 40 [6:20]
Josef Szigeti, violin
Nicolai Malko, conductor
Rec. March 22, 1934
Gaspar CASSADÓ (1897-1966)
(attr: Schubert) Allegretto grazioso [3:28]
Gaspar Cassado, cello
Folmer Jensen, piano
Rec. November 22, 1934
CD 4
Philippe GAUBERT (1879-1941)
Nocturne [5:55]
Marcel Moyse, flute
Paul Paray, conductor
Rec. January 4, 1934
Paul HINDEMITH (1895-1963)
Kammermusik 5, Op. 60 4. movement [2:56]
5. movement [2:28]
Paul Hindemith, viola
Nicolai Malko, conductor
Rec. October 19, 1933
Karol SZYMANOWSKI (1882-1937)
Symphony No. 4, Op. 60 - excerpts [4:06]
excerpts [3:42]
Karol Szymanowski, piano
Gregor Fitelberg, conductor
Rec. January 19, 1933
Igor STRAVINSKY (1892-1971)
Capriccio for Piano and Orchestra (1929) 3. movement [4:57]
Igor Stravinsky, piano
Nicolai Malko, conductor
Rec. March 22, 1934
Petrushka (1911) [13:29]
Nicolai Malko, conductor
Rec. March 9, 1933
Le Faune et la Bergère, Op. 2 - La Bergère [3:01]
Else Brems, mezzo-soprano
Nicolai Malko, conductor
Rec. March 23, 1933
Nicolai RIMSKY-KORSAKOV (1844-1908)
Tsar Saltan – Suite, Op. 57 [11:17]
Nicolai Malko, conductor
Rec. September 7, 1933
Johann Sebastian BACH (1685-1750)
Violin Concerto No. 2, E major, BWV 1042 3. movement [2:34]
Adolf Busch, violin
Fritz Busch, conductor
Rec. November 29, 1934
Violin Sonata No. 1, G minor, BWV 1001 - Adagio and Fuga [4:57]
Siciliana [4:39]
Presto [3:20]
Adolf Busch, violin
Rec. January 18, 1934
Italian Concerto, F minor, BWV 971 [6:56]
II. Andante [4:44]
III. Presto
Wanda Landowska, harpsichord
Rec. October 25, 1934
CD 5
Joseph HAYDN (1732-1809):
Die Schöpfung, Excerpts - Auf starkem Fittige [4:36]
Nun scheint in vollem Glanze [4:30]
Mit Würd' und Hoheit angetan [4:20]
Erna Berger, soprano
Julius Patzak, tenor
Alexander Kipnis, bass
Fritz Busch, conductor
Rec. December 6, 1934
Ludwig van BEETHOVEN (1770-1827)
Missa Solemnis, Op. 125 - Sanctus [16:15]
Erika Rokyta, soprano
Ingeborg Steffensen, mezzo-soprano
Koloman von Pataky, tenor
Alexander Kipnis, bass
Danish Radio Choir
Fritz Busch, conductor
Rec. February 14, 1935
Carl NIELSEN (1865-1931)
Hymnus Amoris, Op. 12 (abridged) [14:53]
Viorica Tango, soprano
Marius Jacobsen, tenor
Henry Skjær, bass
Einar Nørby, baritone
Copenhagen Boy's Choir
Danish Radio Choir
Egisto Tango, conductor
Rec. April 19, 1934
"Maskarade" - Prelude to Act. 2 [4:13]
Egisto Tango, conductor
Rec. April 26, 1934
Helios Overture, Op. 17 [12:49]
Fritz Busch, conductor
Rec. April 5, 1934
Antonio VIVALDI (1678-1741)
Cello Sonata No. 6, B flat major, RV. 46 arr. for orchestra - Largo [2:33]
Allegro [1:29]
Largo [2:57]
Allegro [1:06]
Louis Jensen, cello
Egisto Tango, conductor
Rec. January 12, 1933
CD 6
Carl NIELSEN (1865-1931)
Symphony No. 5, Op. 50 1. movement [21:31]
2. movement [17:12]
Georg Høeberg, conductor
Rec. February 2, 1933
Symphony No. 3, "Espansiva" excerpts [7:02]
excerpts [3:49]
Johanne Karstens, soprano
Holger Bruusgaard, baritone
Launy Grøndahl, conductor
Carl Nielsen Memorial Concert
Rec. October 19, 1931
All items with
Danish Radio Symphony Orchestra unless otherwise stated
Bonus:
Wolfgang Amadeus MOZART (1756-1791)
"Die Zauberflöte", excerpts - O zittre nicht mein lieber Sohn. 1. Act (from Ein Bösewicht entfloh mit ihr) [3:25]
Marie Gerhardt, soprano
March der Priester. 2. Act (including Sarastro's recitation) [3:34]
Richard Mayr, bass
William Wernigl, tenor
Karl Ettl, bass
Wie? Wie? Wie? 2. Act (slightly abridged) [3:41]
Hans Fidesser, tenor
Karl Hammes, baritone
Luise Hellertsgruber, soprano
Anne Michalsky, soprano
Gertrud Rünger, mezzo-soprano
Wiener Philharmoniker
Bruno Walter, conductor
Salzburg Festival Performance
Rec. August 25, 1931
Richard WAGNER (1813-1883)
"Tristan und Isolde": Excerpts from 1. Act - Isoldes Erzählunghlung, Sc. 3 (from sicher Mann elend Sterben Lag – to – Das Schwert, ich liess es fallen) [3:14]
So reihte sie die Mutter – to – ans Land ihn zu begleiten, nicht werd. Sc. 3-4 [4:30]
Sc. 5 Müht euch die? – to – dass du nicht dir's (entfallen lasst!) [3:21]
Nanny Larsén-Todsen, soprano (Isolde)
Anny Helm, soprano (Brangäne)
Rudolf Bockelmann, baritone (Kurwenal)
Gotthelf Pistor, tenor (Tristan)
Bayreuth Festival Choir and Orchestra/Wilhelm Furtwängler
Rec. August 18, 1931
Read less

Works on This Recording

1. Fidelio, Op. 72: Abscheulicher!...Komm, Hoffnung by Ludwig van Beethoven
Performer:  Anny Konetzni ()
Conductor:  Hans Weisbach
Period: Classical 
Written: Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 12/07/1933 
Length: 7 Minutes 31 Secs. 
2. Parsifal: Amfortas! Die Wunde! by Richard Wagner
Performer:  Lauritz Melchior ()
Conductor:  Nicolai Malko
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1877-1882; Germany 
Date of Recording: 09/28/1939 
Length: 7 Minutes 13 Secs. 
3. Bartered Bride, B 143/T 93: O what grief! by Bedrich Smetana
Performer:  Zedenka Zikova ()
Conductor:  Nicolai Malko
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1863/1870; Czech Republic 
Date of Recording: 09/23/1934 
Length: 5 Minutes 39 Secs. 
4. Le nozze di Figaro, K 492: E Susanna non vien...Dove sono by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Performer:  Viorica Tango ()
Conductor:  Bruno Walter
Period: Classical 
Written: 1786; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 11/17/1934 
Length: 6 Minutes 50 Secs. 
5. Guillaume Tell: Accours dans ma nacelle by Gioachino Rossini
Performer:  Thyge Thygesen (), Ingeborg Steffensen (), Viorica Tango (),
Spartaco Marchi ()
Conductor:  Egisto Tango
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1829; Italy 
Date of Recording: 04/06/1933 
Length: 4 Minutes 32 Secs. 
6. Drot og Marsk (King and Marshall): Act 2. Hvor er Fru Ingeborg? by Peter Heise
Performer:  Tenna Kraft (), Holger Byrding ()
Conductor:  Launy Grondahl
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1875 
Date of Recording: 06/01/1933 
Length: 12 Minutes 20 Secs. 
7. La serva padrona: Stizzoso, mio stizzoso by Giovanni Battista Pergolesi
Performer:  Tenna Kraft ()
Conductor:  Nicolai Malko
Period: Baroque 
Written: 1733; Naples, Italy 
Date of Recording: 10/19/1933 
Length: 2 Minutes 17 Secs. 
8. Der Zigeunerbaron: Wer uns getraut by Johann Strauss Jr.
Performer:  Adele Kern (), Julius Patzak ()
Conductor:  Fritz Mahler
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1885; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 11/24/1932 
Length: 3 Minutes 58 Secs. 
9. Heute ist fur mich die ganze Welt viel zu klein by Franz Grothe
Performer:  Ove Peters (Piano), Helge Rosvaenge ()
Period: Modern 
Date of Recording: 11/01/1935 
Length: 3 Minutes 40 Secs. 
10. Tosca: E lucevan le stelle by Giacomo Puccini
Performer:  Beniamino Gigli (), Umberto Berettoni (Piano)
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1900; Italy 
Date of Recording: 05/20/1933 
Length: 2 Minutes 36 Secs. 
11. Don Carlos: Che mai si fa nel suol francese by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Tenna Kraft (), Ingeborg Steffensen (), Holger Bruusgaard ()
Conductor:  Egisto Tango
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1867/1884; Italy 
Date of Recording: 11/01/1934 
Length: 6 Minutes 43 Secs. 
12. Don Carlos: O don fatale by Giuseppe Verdi
Conductor:  Egisto Tango
Date of Recording: 11/01/1934 
Length: 4 Minutes 53 Secs. 
13. Don Carlos: Tu, che la vanitá conoscesti del mondo by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Tenna Kraft ()
Conductor:  Egisto Tango
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1867/1884; Italy 
Date of Recording: 11/01/1934 
Length: 9 Minutes 17 Secs. 
14. Il trovatore: Tacea la notte placida...Di tale amor by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Viorica Tango ()
Conductor:  Egisto Tango
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1853; Italy 
Date of Recording: 02/16/1933 
Length: 3 Minutes 40 Secs. 
15. Manon: Instant charmant...En fermant les yeux "Dream of des Grieux" by Jules Massenet
Performer:  Enzo de Muro Lomanto ()
Conductor:  Egisto Tango
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1883-1884; France 
Date of Recording: 02/16/1933 
Length: 3 Minutes 58 Secs. 
16. La damnation de Faust, Op. 24: Villes entourées "Soldiers' Chorus" by Hector Berlioz
Performer:  André Pernet (), Georges Thill ()
Conductor:  Egisto Tango
Date of Recording: 11/02/1933 
Length: 2 Minutes 36 Secs. 
17. La damnation de Faust, Op. 24: Merci, doux crépuscule! by Hector Berlioz
Performer:  André Pernet (), Georges Thill ()
Conductor:  Egisto Tango
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1845-1846; France 
Date of Recording: 11/02/1933 
Length: 4 Minutes 18 Secs. 
18. La damnation de Faust, Op. 24: Esprits des flammes by Hector Berlioz
Performer:  André Pernet (), Georges Thill ()
Conductor:  Egisto Tango
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1845-1846; France 
Date of Recording: 11/02/1933 
Length: 2 Minutes 39 Secs. 
19. La damnation de Faust, Op. 24: Maintenant Chantons...Devant la maison "Serenade" by Hector Berlioz
Performer:  André Pernet (), Georges Thill ()
Conductor:  Egisto Tango
Period: Romantic 
Date of Recording: 11/02/1933 
Length: 2 Minutes 11 Secs. 
20. Requiem Mass: Recordare by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  José Riavez (), Emanuel List (), Ingeborg Steffensen (),
Viorica Tango ()
Conductor:  Egisto Tango
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1874; Italy 
Date of Recording: 04/01/1932 
Length: 3 Minutes 57 Secs. 
21. Requiem Mass: Confutatis maledictis by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  José Riavez (), Viorica Tango (), Emanuel List (),
Ingeborg Steffensen ()
Conductor:  Egisto Tango
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1874; Italy 
Date of Recording: 04/01/1932 
Length: 2 Minutes 47 Secs. 
22. Requiem Mass: Domine Jesu by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Viorica Tango (), Ingeborg Steffensen (), Emanuel List (),
José Riavez ()
Conductor:  Egisto Tango
Period: Romantic 
Date of Recording: 04/01/1932 
Length: 3 Minutes 4 Secs. 
23. Requiem Mass: Hostias et preces tibi by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Viorica Tango (), Ingeborg Steffensen (), Emanuel List (),
José Riavez ()
Conductor:  Egisto Tango
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1874; Italy 
Date of Recording: 04/01/1932 
Length: 4 Minutes 45 Secs. 
24. Requiem Mass: Sanctus by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  José Riavez (), Emanuel List (), Ingeborg Steffensen (),
Viorica Tango ()
Conductor:  Egisto Tango
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1874; Italy 
Date of Recording: 04/01/1932 
Length: 2 Minutes 31 Secs. 
25. Stabat Mater: Quando corpus by Gioachino Rossini
Performer:  Josef von Manowarda (), Viorica Tango (), Ingeborg Steffensen (),
Julius Patzak ()
Conductor:  Egisto Tango
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1841; Italy 
Date of Recording: 01/11/1934 
Length: 2 Minutes 59 Secs. 
26. Carmen: Près des ramparts de Seville "Seguidilla" by Georges Bizet
Performer:  Niels Hansen (), Ingeborg Steffensen ()
Conductor:  Nicolai Malko
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1873-1874; France 
Date of Recording: 08/31/1900 
Length: 4 Minutes 23 Secs. 
27. Carmen: La fleur que tu m'avais jetée "Flower song" by Georges Bizet
Performer:  Niels Hansen ()
Conductor:  Nicolai Malko
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1873-1874; France 
Date of Recording: 08/31/1900 
Length: 3 Minutes 58 Secs. 
28. Eugene Onegin, Op. 24: Lensky's aria by Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Performer:  Niels Hansen ()
Conductor:  Nicolai Malko
Written: 1879 
Date of Recording: 08/31/1900 
Length: 6 Minutes 39 Secs. 
29. Tosca: Recondita armonia by Giacomo Puccini
Performer:  Niels Hansen ()
Conductor:  Nicolai Malko
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1900; Italy 
Date of Recording: 08/31/1933 
Length: 3 Minutes 51 Secs. 
30. Tuijotin tulehen kauan (Long I Stared into the Fire), for voice & piano, Op. 2/2 by Toivo Kuula
Performer:  Hanna Granfelt ()
Conductor:  Georg Schnéevoigt
Period: Modern 
Written: Finland 
Date of Recording: 01/05/1933 
Length: 5 Minutes 20 Secs. 
31. Rarahu, song by Sulho Ranta
Performer:  Hanna Granfelt ()
Conductor:  Georg Schnéevoigt
Date of Recording: 01/05/1933 
Length: 4 Minutes 0 Secs. 
32. Missa "Papae Marcelli": Credo by Giovanni Palestrina
Conductor:  Mogens Woldike
Period: Renaissance 
Written: by 1567; Italy 
Date of Recording: 03/30/1934 
Length: 11 Minutes 43 Secs. 
33. Carnival Overture, Op. 92 by Antonín Dvorák
Conductor:  Fritz Busch
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1891; USA 
Date of Recording: 11/23/1933 
Length: 9 Minutes 21 Secs. 
34. Concerto for Cello in B minor, Op. 104/B 191: 1st movement, Allegro by Antonín Dvorák
Performer:  Gregor Piatigorsky (Cello)
Conductor:  Nicolai Malko
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1895; Bohemia 
Date of Recording: 10/13/1932 
Length: 16 Minutes 49 Secs. 
35. Concerto for Piano no 1 in B flat minor, Op. 23: 3rd movement, Allegro con fuoco by Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz (Piano)
Conductor:  Nicolai Malko
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1874-1875; Russia 
Length: 6 Minutes 13 Secs. 
36. Children's Corner: no 3, Serenade for the Doll by Claude Debussy
Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz (Piano)
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1906-1908; France 
Date of Recording: 12/03/1933 
Length: 3 Minutes 6 Secs. 
37. Concerto for Piano no 4 in G major, Op. 58: 1st movement, Allegro moderato by Ludwig van Beethoven
Performer:  Rudolf Serkin (Piano)
Conductor:  Fritz Busch
Period: Classical 
Written: 1806; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 02/23/1933 
Length: 17 Minutes 39 Secs. 
38. Etudes (12) for Piano, Op. 25: no 1 in A flat major by Frédéric Chopin
Performer:  Rudolf Serkin (Piano)
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1836; Paris, France 
Length: 2 Minutes 21 Secs. 
39. Etudes (12) for Piano, Op. 25: no 10 in B minor by Frédéric Chopin
Performer:  Rudolf Serkin (Piano)
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1832-1836; Paris, France 
Length: 3 Minutes 59 Secs. 
40. Caprices (24) for Violin solo, Op. 1: no 17 in E flat major by Niccolò Paganini
Performer:  Nathan Milstein (Violin)
Period: Romantic 
Written: circa 1805; Italy 
Date of Recording: 09/28/1933 
Length: 3 Minutes 24 Secs. 
41. Caprices (24) for Violin solo, Op. 1: no 5 in A minor by Niccolò Paganini
Performer:  Nathan Milstein (Violin)
Period: Romantic 
Written: circa 1805; Italy 
Date of Recording: 09/28/1933 
Length: 2 Minutes 15 Secs. 
42. Concerto Champêtre for Harpsichord: 2nd movement, Andante by Francis Poulenc
Performer:  Wanda Landowska (Harpsichord)
Conductor:  Nicolai Malko
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1927-1928; France 
Date of Recording: 09/27/1934 
Length: 4 Minutes 38 Secs. 
43. Romance for Violin and Orchestra no 1 in G major, Op. 40 by Ludwig van Beethoven
Performer:  Joseph Szigeti (Violin)
Conductor:  Nicolai Malko
Period: Classical 
Written: 1802; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 03/22/1934 
Length: 6 Minutes 26 Secs. 
44. Transctiption for cello & piano of Schubert's Allegretto grazioso by Gaspar Cassadó
Performer:  Folmer Jensen (Piano), Gaspar Cassadó (Cello)
Period: Modern 
Date of Recording: 11/22/1934 
Length: 3 Minutes 30 Secs. 
45. Nocturne for flute & harp by Philippe Gaubert
Performer:  Marcel Moyse (Flute)
Conductor:  Paul Paray
Period: Modern 
Date of Recording: 01/04/1934 
Length: 6 Minutes 2 Secs. 
46. Kammermusik no 5 for Viola and Orchestra, Op. 36 no 4: 4th movement, Variante eines Militärmarsches by Paul Hindemith
Performer:  Paul Hindemith (Viola)
Conductor:  Nicolai Malko
Date of Recording: 10/19/1933 
Length: 2 Minutes 56 Secs. 
47. Kammermusik no 5 for Viola and Orchestra, Op. 36 no 4: Excerpt(s) by Paul Hindemith
Performer:  Paul Hindemith (Viola)
Conductor:  Nicolai Malko
Date of Recording: 10/19/1933 
Length: 2 Minutes 34 Secs. 
48. Symphony no 4, Op. 60 "Symphonie concertante": Excerpt(s) by Karol Szymanowski
Performer:  Karol Szymanowski (Piano)
Conductor:  Grzegorz Fitelberg
Date of Recording: 01/19/1933 
Length: 2 Minutes 48 Secs. 
49. Capriccio for Piano and Orchestra: 3rd movement, Allegro capriccioso ma tempo giusto by Igor Stravinsky
Performer:  Igor Stravinsky (Piano)
Conductor:  Nicolai Malko
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1928-1929; France 
Date of Recording: 03/22/1934 
Length: 5 Minutes 3 Secs. 
50. Pétrouchka: Three movements for Piano by Igor Stravinsky
Conductor:  Nicolai Malko
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1921; France 
Date of Recording: 03/09/1933 
Length: 13 Minutes 35 Secs. 
51. Faun and shepherdess, Op. 2: no 1, Shepherdess by Igor Stravinsky
Performer:  Else Brems ()
Conductor:  Nicolai Malko
Date of Recording: 03/23/1933 
Length: 3 Minutes 7 Secs. 
52. Tale of Tsar Saltan: Suite, Op. 57 by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
Conductor:  Nicolai Malko
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1903; Russia 
Date of Recording: 09/07/1933 
Length: 11 Minutes 23 Secs. 
53. Concerto for Violin no 2 in E major, BWV 1042: 3rd Movement, Allegro assai by Johann Sebastian Bach
Performer:  Adolf Busch (Violin)
Conductor:  Fritz Busch
Period: Baroque 
Written: 1717-1723; Cöthen, Germany 
Date of Recording: 11/29/1934 
Length: 2 Minutes 40 Secs. 
54. Sonata for Violin solo no 1 in G minor, BWV 1001: 1st movement, Adagio by Johann Sebastian Bach
Performer:  Adolf Busch (Violin)
Period: Baroque 
Written: 1720; Cöthen, Germany 
Date of Recording: 01/18/1934 
Length: 4 Minutes 56 Secs. 
55. Sonata for Violin solo no 1 in G minor, BWV 1001: 3rd movement, Siciliano by Johann Sebastian Bach
Performer:  Adolf Busch (Violin)
Period: Baroque 
Written: 1720; Cöthen, Germany 
Date of Recording: 01/18/1934 
Length: 4 Minutes 41 Secs. 
56. Sonata for Violin solo no 1 in G minor, BWV 1001: 4th movement, Presto by Johann Sebastian Bach
Performer:  Adolf Busch (Violin)
Period: Baroque 
Written: 1720; Cöthen, Germany 
Date of Recording: 01/18/1934 
Length: 2 Minutes 17 Secs. 
57. Italian Concerto, BWV 971 by Johann Sebastian Bach
Performer:  Wanda Landowska (Harpsichord)
Period: Baroque 
Written: 1735; Leipzig, Germany 
58. The Creation, H 21 no 2: On mighty wings by Franz Joseph Haydn
Performer:  Alexander Kipnis (), Erna Berger (), Julius Patzak ()
Conductor:  Fritz Busch
Period: Classical 
Written: 1796-1798; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 12/06/1934 
Length: 7 Minutes 57 Secs. 
59. The Creation, H 21 no 2: Now heaven in fullest glory shone by Franz Joseph Haydn
Performer:  Alexander Kipnis (), Erna Berger (), Julius Patzak ()
Conductor:  Fritz Busch
Period: Classical 
Written: 1796-1798; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 12/06/1934 
Length: 4 Minutes 32 Secs. 
60. The Creation, H 21 no 2: In native worth by Franz Joseph Haydn
Performer:  Julius Patzak (), Alexander Kipnis (), Erna Berger ()
Conductor:  Fritz Busch
Period: Classical 
Written: 1796-1798; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 12/06/1934 
Length: 4 Minutes 26 Secs. 
61. Missa solemnis in D major, Op. 123: Sanctus by Ludwig van Beethoven
Performer:  Erika Rokyta (), Ingeborg Steffensen (), Koloman von Pataky (),
Alexander Kipnis ()
Conductor:  Fritz Busch
Period: Classical 
Written: 1823; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 02/14/1935 
Length: 16 Minutes 26 Secs. 
62. Hymnus amoris, FS 21/Op. 12 by Carl Nielsen
Performer:  Viorica Tango (), Einar Norby (), Henry Skjar (),
Marius Jacobsen ()
Conductor:  Egisto Tango
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1896-1897; Denmark 
Date of Recording: 04/19/1934 
Length: 15 Minutes 2 Secs. 
63. Maskarade, FS 39: Act 2 Prelude by Carl Nielsen
Conductor:  Egisto Tango
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1904-1906; Denmark 
Date of Recording: 04/26/1934 
Length: 4 Minutes 21 Secs. 
64. Helios Overture, FS 32/Op. 17 by Carl Nielsen
Conductor:  Fritz Busch
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1903; Denmark 
Date of Recording: 04/05/1934 
Length: 13 Minutes 2 Secs. 
65. Sonata for Cello and Basso Continuo in B flat major, Op. 14 no 6/RV 46: Largo by Antonio Vivaldi
Performer:  Louis Jensen (Cello)
Conductor:  Egisto Tango
Date of Recording: 01/12/1933 
Length: 2 Minutes 57 Secs. 
66. Sonata for Cello and Basso Continuo in B flat major, Op. 14 no 6/RV 46: Allegro by Antonio Vivaldi
Performer:  Louis Jensen (Cello)
Conductor:  Egisto Tango
Date of Recording: 01/12/1933 
Length: 1 Minutes 8 Secs. 
67. Symphony no 5, Op. 50: Excerpt(s) by Carl Nielsen
Performer:  Holger Bruusgaard (), Johanne Karstens ()
Conductor:  Launy Grondahl
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1921-1922; Denmark 
Date of Recording: 10/19/1931 
Length: 3 Minutes 55 Secs. 
68. Symphony no 5, Op. 50 by Carl Nielsen
Conductor:  Georg Hoeberg
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1921-1922; Denmark 
Date of Recording: 02/02/1933 
69. Die Zauberflöte, K 620: O zittre nicht...Zum Leiden bin ich by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Bruno Walter
Period: Classical 
Written: 1791; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 08/25/1931 
Length: 3 Minutes 27 Secs. 
70. Die Zauberflöte, K 620: March of the priests by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Performer:  Richard Mayr (), Karl Ettl (), William Wernigk ()
Conductor:  Bruno Walter
Period: Classical 
Written: 1791; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 08/25/1931 
Length: 3 Minutes 36 Secs. 
71. Die Zauberflöte, K 620: Wie? Wie? Wie? Hier an diesem Schreckensort by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Performer:  Aenne Michalsky (), Hans Fidesser (), Gertrud Runger (),
Karl Hammes (), Luise Hellertsgruber ()
Conductor:  Bruno Walter
Period: Classical 
Written: 1791; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 08/25/1931 
Length: 3 Minutes 46 Secs. 
72. Tristan und Isolde: Wie lachen sie mir "Narrative and Curse" by Richard Wagner
Performer:  Anny Helm (), Gotthelf Pistor (), Nanny Larsen-Todsen ()
Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1857-1858; Germany 
Date of Recording: 08/18/1931 
Length: 3 Minutes 18 Secs. 
73. Tristan und Isolde: So reihte sie die Mutter by Richard Wagner
Performer:  Anny Helm (), Nanny Larsen-Todsen (), Gotthelf Pistor ()
Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
Date of Recording: 08/18/1931 
Length: 4 Minutes 34 Secs. 
74. Tristan und Isolde: Müht euch die? by Richard Wagner
Performer:  Anny Helm (), Nanny Larsen-Todsen (), Gotthelf Pistor ()
Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
Date of Recording: 08/18/1931 
Length: 3 Minutes 23 Secs. 

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