Hallé Orchestra

Biography

Active: 1858 - ; England
The oldest of all of Britain's venerable orchestral ensembles, the Hallé Orchestra of Manchester was formed in 1857 by Charles Hallé, a German conductor and pianist. Hallé was hired to conduct a large orchestra in daily concerts for five months during an art exposition. Hallé found he could not bear to break up the fine orchestra thus created and, at his own financial risk, established the "Hallé Concerts" on January 30, 1858.

The
Read more orchestra played 30 concerts a year, becoming known for high standards and a wide repertory, but eventually it became enmeshed in the great clash between pro-German and anti-German sentiments that marked the British musical scene at the end of the nineteenth century. After Hallé's death in 1895 three Manchester businessmen put up a financial guarantee to sustain the orchestra. They engaged Hans Richter as conductor, but also hired Frederic Cowen as interim conductor. When Richter finally arrived in October, 1899, this aroused the anger of Cowen's supporters, who opposed Richter and his heavily Germanic programming. They remained unhappy when another German, Michael Balling, took over on Richter's departure in 1911.

World War I left he orchestra without a permanent conductor until 1920, when British conductor Hamilton Harty was appointed. He is credited with revitalizing the orchestra's spirits, standards, and repertory, but resigned in 1933 in a dispute over his outside engagements.

Malcolm Sargent was appointed conductor in 1939, but the outbreak of World War II prevented him from actually taking over. Meanwhile, in 1934 a deal had been struck to supply musicians for a new BBC Northern Orchestra, a studio ensemble. Soon the Hallé found it could not control its own schedule because the BBC had first call on these t35 players, who were used extensively in wartime morale concerts. Matters got even worse when the Hallé's home, the Free Trade Hall, was destroyed by bombs.

The orchestra's board severed the BBC contract and announced a 200-concert-per-year schedule. Only four of the players formerly shared with the BBC stayed with the Hallé. The British conductor John Barbirolli, finding New York uncongenial, returned home as conductor. Somehow, despite wartime scarcity and his own long absence, Barbirolli found 30 fresh players, and drilled the orchestra to its highest level yet. He remained at the helm for 25 years, semi-retiring as conductor laureate for life in 1968.

His successor, James Loughran, maintained the ensemble's standards, but did not have the international star appeal of Barbirolli. Loughran was succeeded by Stanislaw Skrowaczeski and, in 1991, by American conductor Kent Nagano.

At the end of the twentieth century, the Hallé had once again had competition from its old rival. In 1973 the BBCNO started playing public concerts, and in 1980 it was renamed the BBC Philharmonic and enlarged to full orchestra size. Both orchestras share quarters in Manchester's new Bridgewater Hall. In 1998, the accounting firm KPMG reported to the Hallé board that chaotic management, huge debts, and an operating loss of 600,000 pounds in the prior financial year threatened the immediate demise of the orchestra. But its four biggest sponsors and another 11 corporations called the "Hallé Family" came to the Hallé's financial rescue.

Nagano improved the quality and international recognition of the orchestra, which received a Grammy award for its recording of John Adams' El Dorado. However, Nagano's contract was not renewed after its expiration in the summer of 2000; Mark Elder was selected as the next music director. Read less

There are 124 Hallé Orchestra recordings available.

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Formats & Featured

Biography

Active: 1858 - ; England
The oldest of all of Britain's venerable orchestral ensembles, the Hallé Orchestra of Manchester was formed in 1857 by Charles Hallé, a German conductor and pianist. Hallé was hired to conduct a large orchestra in daily concerts for five months during an art exposition. Hallé found he could not bear to break up the fine orchestra thus created and, at his own financial risk, established the "Hallé Concerts" on January 30, 1858.

The
Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
Symphony No. 2 in E Flat, Op.63 (1993 - Remaster): I. Allegro vivace e nobilmente
Symphony No. 2 in E Flat, Op.63 (1993 - Remaster): II. Larghetto
Symphony No. 2 in E Flat, Op.63 (1993 - Remaster): III. Rondo (Presto)
Symphony No. 2 in E Flat, Op.63 (1993 - Remaster): IV. Moderato e maestoso
Symphony No. 2 in E Flat, Op.63 (1993 - Remaster): I. Allegro vivace e nobilmente
Symphony No. 2 in E Flat, Op.63 (1993 - Remaster): II. Larghetto
Symphony No. 2 in E Flat, Op.63 (1993 - Remaster): III. Rondo (Presto)
Symphony No. 2 in E Flat, Op.63 (1993 - Remaster): IV. Moderato e maestoso
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): Introduction (Slow. Pastoral)
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): I. Theme (with easy movement)
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): Variation 1
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): Variation 2
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): Variation 3
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): Variation 4
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): Variation 5
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): Variation 6
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): II. Interlude (Slow and very quietly)
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): III. Variation 7 (Rather quicker but not hurried)
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): Variation 8
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): Variation 9 (With easy movement)
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): Variation 10
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): Variation 11 (Slow. With solemnity)
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): Variation 12 (Maestoso)
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): Transition
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): IV. Variation 13 (Gaily)
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): Variation 14
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): Variation 15
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): Variation 16
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): Transition (Rather quicker)
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): Variation 17 (Rather slower. Very broadly)
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 - Remaster): Coda (Very quietly)
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1999 Digital Remaster): I: Nun will die Sonn' so hell aufgeh'n
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1999 Digital Remaster): II: Nun seh' ich wohl, warum so dunkle Flammen
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1999 Digital Remaster): III: Wenn dein Mütterlein, tritt zur Tür herein
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1999 Digital Remaster): IV: Oft denk' ich, sie sind nur augesgangen!
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1999 Digital Remaster): V: In diesem Wetter, in diesem Braus
I. Allegro
II. Lento
III. Vivace
IV. Lento - Allegro molto
Capriccio espagnol Op. 34: I. Alborada (Vivo e strepitoso) -
Capriccio espagnol Op. 34: II. Variazioni (Andante con moto) -
Capriccio espagnol Op. 34: III. Alborada (Vivo e strepitoso) -
Capriccio espagnol Op. 34: IV. Scena e canto gitano (Allegretto) -
Capriccio espagnol Op. 34: V. Fandango asturiano
Piano Concerto No. 1 in B flat minor Op. 23: I. Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso
Piano Concerto No. 1 in B flat minor Op. 23: II. Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo primo
Piano Concerto No. 1 in B flat minor Op. 23: III. Allegro con fuoco
Piano Concerto No. 2 in C minor, Op. 18: I. Moderato
Piano Concerto No. 2 in C minor, Op. 18: II. Adagio sostenuto
Piano Concerto No. 2 in C minor Op. 18: III. Allegro scherzando
Norwegian Dances, Op.35 (2005 Digital Remaster): No.1: Allegro marcato
Norwegian Dances, Op.35 (2005 Digital Remaster): No.2: Allegretto tranquillo e grazioso
Norwegian Dances, Op.35 (2005 Digital Remaster): No.3: Allegro moderato alla Marcia
Norwegian Dances, Op.35 (2005 Digital Remaster): No.4: Allegro molto
Lyric Suite Op. 54 (2005 Digital Remaster): No.1: Shepherd Boy
Lyric Suite Op. 54 (2005 Digital Remaster): No.2: Norwegian Rustic March
Lyric Suite Op. 54 (2005 Digital Remaster): No.3: Nocturne
Lyric Suite Op. 54 (2005 Digital Remaster): No.4: March of the Dwarfs
Premier Tableau: La Croix: Un peu vif - "J'ai peur, sur la route" - 1ère strophe (Frére Léon, Saint Francois)
"J'ai peur, sur la route" - 2e strophe (Frère Léon, Saint Francois)
"J'ai peur, sur la route" - 3e Strophe (Frère Léon, Saint Francois)
S'il se met a pleuvoir (Saint Francois)
Saint Francois et Frère Léon remettent leur capuchon...
Deuxième Tableau: Les Laudes: Un peu lent
Loué sois-tu, mon Seigneur, pour frère Vent (Saint Francois, frères Sylvestre, Rufin & Bernard, choeur)
Loué sois-tu, mon Seigneur, pour soeur Eau (Saint Francois, frères Sylvestre, Rufin & Bernard, choeur)
"Loué sois-tu, mon Seigneur, pour soeur notre mère la "
Saint! Saint! Saint! (choeur)
G Toi! Toi qui as fait le temps! (Saint Francois)
Troisième Tableau: Le Baiser au Lépreux: Bien modéré
Comment peut-on vivre une telle vie? (le Lépreux)
Entre Saint Francois... "Dieu te donne la paix, frère bien-aimé!" (Saint Francois, le Lépreux)
"La pénitence! la pénitence! Enlève-moi d'abord mes "La
Lépreux, ton coeur t'accuse (l'Ange, le Lépreux, Saint Francois)
Pardonne-moi, Père, je récrimine toujours (le Lépreux, Saint Francois)
Miracle! Regarde, Père (le Lépreux)
"Père, Père, j'ai tellement protesté contre mes "Père,
Quatrième Tableau: L'Ange voyageur: Un peu vif
J'ai peur, sur la route (Frère Léon, Frère Massée)
Frère Massée rentre dans la salle conventuelle...
Qui peut frapper de la sorte? (Frère Massée, l'Ange)
Pourquoi me dérange-t-on sans cesse? (Frère Elie, l'Ange, Frère Massée)
Mais, il frappe encore! (Frère Massée, l'Ange)
Dieu te donne sa paix, ô bon Frère! (l'Ange, Frère Bernard)
Puis-je à mon tour te poser une question? (Frère Bernard, l'Ange)
L'Ange fait un petit geste de la main...
Cinquième Tableau: L'Ange musicien: Bien modéré
Toutes ces gloires dont parle l'Apôtre me ravissent (Saint Francois)
Montre-moi combien est grande l'abondance de douceur (Saint Francois)
Chant de la fauvette Gerygone...
Que me veux-tu, frère gheppio, faucon crécerelle? (Saint Francois)
Francois! Francois! (l'Ange)
Pardonne ma prière, bel Ange de Dieu... (Saint Francois, l'Ange)
L'Ange se prépare à jouer de la viole...
J'ai peur, sur la route (Frère Léon, Frère Bernard, Frère Massée)
Mes petites brebis, merci de vos soins (Saint Francois)
Sixième Tableau: Le Prêche aux oiseaux: Un peu vif
Père, te souviens-tu du jeune homme de Sienne? (Frère Massée, Saint Francois)
Une louange! un point d'exclamation! (Saint Francois, Frère Massée)
Petit concert d'oiseaux
Toute chose de beauté doit parvenir à la liberté (Saint Francois)
"Frères oiseaux, en tous temps et lieux, louez votre "F
"Il vous aime, Celui qui vous accorde tant de "Il vous
Grand concert d'oiseaux
"Avec quel respect ils se sont tus, dès que tu as "Avec
Septième Tableau: Les Stigmates: Bien modéré
Seigneur Jésus-Christ, accorde-moi deux grâces (Saint Francois)
Les miens, je les ai aimés (choeur)
"faiblesse!... me très méprisable!... (Saint Francois)
Une lueur rouge et violette enflamme toute la scene...
Si tu portes de bon coeur la croix (choeur)
Huitième Tableau: La Mort et la Nouvelle Vie: Trés modéré
Adieu, créature de temps! Adieu, créature d'espace! (Saint Francois, frères Bernard, Massée & Léon)
Loué sois-tu, mon Seigneur, pour soeur Mort (Saint Francois, frères Sylvestre, Rufin & Bernard, choeur)
J'appelle: Ha! et ma voix: Ha! (coeur)
Francois! Francois! Rapelle-toi (l'Ange)
"Seigneur! Seigneur! Musique et Poésie m'ont conduit "S
il est parti... comme un silence (Frère Léon)
"Autre est l'éclat de la lune, autre est l'éclat du "Au
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1999 Digital Remaster): I: Nun will die Sonn' so hell aufgeh'n
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1999 Digital Remaster): II: Nun seh' ich wohl, warum so dunkle Flammen
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1999 Digital Remaster): III: Wenn dein Mütterlein, tritt zur Tür herein
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1999 Digital Remaster): IV: Oft denk' ich, sie sind nur augesgangen!
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1999 Digital Remaster): V: In diesem Wetter, in diesem Braus
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (1999 Digital Remaster): I: Wenn mein Schatz Hochzeit macht
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (1999 Digital Remaster): II: Ging heut' Morgen übers Feld
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (1999 Digital Remaster): III: Ich hab' ein glühend Messer
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (1999 Digital Remaster): IV: Die zwei blauen Augen
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): Introduction (Slow. Pastoral)
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): I. Theme (with easy movement)
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): Variation 1
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): Variation 2
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): Variation 3
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): Variation 4
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): Variation 5
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): Variation 6
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): II. Interlude (Slow and very quietly)
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): III. Variation 7 (Rather quicker but not hurried)
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): Variation 8
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): Variation 9 (With easy movement)
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): Variation 10
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): Variation 11 (Slow. With solemnity)
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): Variation 12 (Maestoso)
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): Transition
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): IV. Variation 13 (Gaily)
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): Variation 14
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): Variation 15
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): Variation 16
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): Transition (Rather quicker)
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): Variation 17 (Rather slower. Very broadly)
Brigg Fair - An English Rhapsody (1994 Digital Remaster): Coda (Very quietly)


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