Glenn Gould

Biography

Born: September 25, 1932   Died: October 4, 1982   Country: Canada  
The defining moment of Glenn Gould's career came in 1964 when, at the age of 31, he withdrew from all public performance. The move was viewed by audiences and critics as willful and bewildering, and was seen as evidence that despite his demonstrably supreme artistry he was, in the argot of the common man, a nut.

But, as George Szell once said of him, "That nut [was] a genius." In his short international career, which spanned only 24
Read more years, Glenn Gould changed the way the music world thought about performance practice, recording, and the music of Johann Sebastian Bach.

Glenn Gould was born to comfortable middle-class parents in Toronto in 1932. A pampered only child, Gould demonstrated his remarkable talents quite early and in 1943 entered the Toronto Conservatory of Music, where he quickly came to the attention of its director, Sir Ernest MacMillan. On MacMillan's recommendation, Gould was taken on as a student by the Chilean-born pedagogue Alberto Guerrero, whose own style was partly the basis for Gould's own sensitive touch. Gould once described Guerrero's keyboard technique as not so much striking the keys as "pulling them down." The other influence on Gould's technique was his experience playing the organ, wherein the tracker action is particularly responsive to variations in finger pressure.

Gould made his debut at the age of 16, playing Beethoven's fourth piano concerto in Toronto. He followed this triumph with tours across Canada and frequent broadcast performances over the CBC, introducing him to the studio enviroment which would remain a focus of his life thereafter. Gould leaped into international acclaim, in fact, through a studio production: his now-legendary 1955 Columbia Masterworks recording of Bach's Goldberg Variations. This recording, which has never been out of print in the 50 years since its first release, established Gould as a performer who combined penetrating insight (his Goldberg Variations was nothing short of a complete rethinking of the piece) and artistic daring with daunting technical prowess.

Gould's immediate fame brought international demand, and he responded with worldwide concert appearances; he met these with considerable reluctance, however, and quickly gained a reputation for last-minute cancellations. His dislike of performing in public, of being "looked at" by audiences, allowed a natural tendency of hypochondria to blossom (it was a convenient cancellation excuse), and he soon became the habitue of specialists ranging from chiropractors to psychiatrists. Long before quitting the stage forever, Gould had made frequent threats to do so, so that his 1964 decision was no surprise to those who knew him.

Following his withdrawal, Gould threw himself into a frenzy of recording, writing, and radio documentary production. His method of splicing together single performances from dozens of takes was initially viewed as something of an artistic fraud, though the technique was eventually adopted, in less exhaustive form, by the recording industry in subsequent years. His radio documentaries were less successful: a trilogy about life in Canada's northern territories combined multiple interviews in contrapuntal ways, an interesting idea that nevertheless rendered the sense of what was being said more or less unintelligible.

Though plagued by many imaginary maladies, Gould suffered from a very real hypertension that eventually led to a massive stroke, which he suffered in 1982, and from which he never recovered. He died in Toronto General Hospital, one week after being stricken, on October 4, 1982, at age 50. Read less
Glenn Gould Live In Stockholm 1958 / Georg Jochum
Release Date: 12/06/1995   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 323   Number of Discs: 2
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Mozart Piano Sonatas - Salzburg / Gould, Gilels, Arrau, Haskil, Curzon
Release Date: 11/28/2006   Label: Orfeo D'or  
Catalog: 712062   Number of Discs: 2
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Biography

Born: September 25, 1932   Died: October 4, 1982   Country: Canada  
The defining moment of Glenn Gould's career came in 1964 when, at the age of 31, he withdrew from all public performance. The move was viewed by audiences and critics as willful and bewildering, and was seen as evidence that despite his demonstrably supreme artistry he was, in the argot of the common man, a nut.

But, as George Szell once said of him, "That nut [was] a genius." In his short international career, which spanned only 24
Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
No. 1, Désir
No. 2, Caresse dansée
Sonatina for Piano in F-Sharp Minor, Op. 67 No. 1: I. Allegro
II. Largo
III. Allegro Moderato
Sonatina for Piano in E, Op. 67 No. 2: I. Allegro
II. Andantino
III. Allegro
Sonatina for Piano in B-Flat Minor, Op. 67 No. 3: I. Andante
II. Andante - Allegretto
3 Lyric Pieces for Piano, Op. 41, "Kyllikki": I. Largamente - Allegro
II. Andantino
III. Commodo - Tranquillo
Suite No. 1 in A Major, HWV 426: I. Prelude
II. Allemande
III. Courante
IV. Gigue
I. Adagio (attacca)
II. Allegro
III. Adagio (attacca)
IV. Allegro (Fuga)
Suite No. 3 in D minor HWV 428: I. Prelude. Presto {attacca
II. Allegro {Fugue
III. Allemande {attacca
IV. Courante
V. Air
Variation 1
Variation 2
Variation 3
Variation 4
Variation 5
VI. Presto
Suite No. 4 in E minor, HWV 429: I. Allegro {Fugue
II. Allemande {attacca
III. Courante
IV. Sarabande
V. Gigue
Piano Sonata No. 3 in F-Sharp minor, Op. 23: I. Drammatico
II. Allegretto
III. Andante - attacca:
IV. Presto con fuoco - Maestoso
Piano Sonata No. 7 in B-flat Major, Op. 83 (1942): I. Allegro inquieto - Andantino
II. Andante caloroso
III. Precipitato
Sonata in E minor for Piano, Op. 7: I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante molto
III. Alla Menuetto ma poco piu lento
IV. Finale. Molto allegro
Sonata for Piano No. 3, Op. 92 No. 4: I. Allegretto piacavole, animato e flessibile
II. Theme, Canons and Variations. Andantino - Agitato - Allegretto
III. Scherzo. Vivace ma non troppo
IV. Adagio
Variations Chromatiques (de concert): Theme. Moderato maestoso -
Var. 1. Un pochissimo piu allegretto -
Var. 2. a tempo rubato -
Var. 3. a tempo risoluto -
Var. 4. Con fuoco -
Var. 5. -
Var. 6. Agitato -
Var. 7. -
Var. 8. Con espressione -
Var. 9. Un peu plus vite -
Var. 10. Alla Polacca -
Var. 11. Andante -
Var. 12. Plus anime -
Var. 13. Mouvt. des Ires Variations -
Var. 14. appassionato -
Coda. semplice - Un peu plus lent - Quasi recitativo - a tempo
I. Mässig
II. Mässige
III. Bewegt
Giocoso - Moderato [bar 329]
V. Geübtes Herz
VI. Freihold
IV. Schwungvoll. Mässige
V. Walzer
Sechs Kleine Klavierstücke Op. 19: I. Leicht, zart
II. Langsam
III. Sehr langsam
IV. Rasch, aber leicht
V. Etwas rasch
VI. Sehr langsam
Suite fur Klavier Op. 25: Präludium. Rasch
Gavotte. Etwas langsam nicht hastig - Musette. Rascher - Gavotte da capo
Intermezzo
Menuett. Moderato - Trio - Menuett da capo
Gigue. Rasch
Zwei Klavierstücke Op. 33a & b: a) Mässig
b) Mässig langsam
b) Mässig langsam
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 42: Andante
Molto allegro [Bar 176]
II. Sehr rasch
III. Langsam
Zwei Gesänge, Op. 1: I. Dank (Voice)
II. Abschied (Voice)
Vier Lieder, Op. 2: I. Erwartung (Voice)
II. Schenk mir deinen goldenen Kamm (Voice)
III. Erhebung (Voice)
IV. Waldsonne (Voice)
I. Unterm schutz von dichtem blättergründen
II. Hain in diesen paradiesen
I. Leicht, zart
II. Langsam
III. Sehr langsam
IV. Rasch, aber leicht
V. Etwas rasch
VI. Sehr langsam
IX. Streng ist uns das glück und spröde
X. Das schöne beet betracht ich mir im harren
XI. Als wir hinter dem beblümten tore
XII. Wenn sich bei heilger ruh in tiefen matten
XIII. Du lehnest wider eine silberweide
XIV. Sprich nicht immer
XV. Wir bevölkerten die abenddüstern lauben
Sechs Lieder, Op. 3: I. Wie Georg von Frundsberg von sich selber sang*
II. Die Aufgeregten
III. Warnung
IV. Hochzeitslied
V. Geübtes Herz
VI. Freihold
Zwei Balladen, Op. 12: I. Jane Grey
II. Der verlorene Haufen*
Drei Lieder, Op. 48: I. Sommermüd
II. Tot
III. Mädchenlied
I. Ich darf nicht dankend
II. In diesen Wintertagen
Gavotte. Etwas langsam nicht hastig - Musette. Rascher - Gavotte da capo
Intermezzo
Menuett. Moderato - Trio - Menuett da capo
Gigue. Rasch
V. Ghasel
VI. Am Wegrand
VII. Lockung
VIII. Der Wanderer
Aria
Variatio 1 a 1 Clav.
Variatio 2 a 1 Clav.
Variatio 3 a 1 Clav. Canone all'Unisono
Variatio 4 a 1 Clav.
Variatio 5 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
Variatio 6 a 1 Clav. Canone alla Seconda
Variatio 7 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
Variatio 8 a 2 Clav.
Variatio 9 a 1 Clav. Canone alla Terza
Variatio 10 a 1 Clav. Fughetta
Variatio 11 a 2 Clav.
Variatio 12 Canone alla Quarta
Variatio 13 a 2 Clav.
Variatio 14 a 2 Clav.
Variatio 15 a 1 Clav. Canone alla Quinta. Andante
Variatio 16 a 1 Clav. Ouverture
Variatio 17 a 2 Clav.
Variatio 18 a 1 Clav. Canone alla Sesta
Variatio 19 a 1 Clav.
Variatio 20 a 2 Clav.
Variatio 21 Canone alla Settima
Variatio 22 a 1 Clav. Alla breve
Variatio 23 a 2 Clav.
Variatio 24 a 1 Clav. Canone all'Ottava
Variatio 25 a 2 Clav.
Variatio 26 a 2 Clav.
Variatio 27 a 2 Clav. Canone alla Nona
Variatio 28 a 2 Clav.
Variatio 29 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
Variatio 30 a 1 Clav. Quodlibet
Aria da capo
Three-Part Inventions (Sinfonias), BWV 788-801: Sinfonia 2 in C minor, BWV 788
Sinfonia 5 in E-flat Major, BWV 791
Sinfonia 14 in B-flat Major, BWV 800
Sinfonia 11 in G minor, BWV 797
Sinfonia 10 in G Major, BWV 796
Sinfonia 15 in B minor, BWV 801
Sinfonia 7 in E minor, BWV 793
Sinfonia 6 in E Major, BWV 792
Sinfonia 12 in A Major, BWV 798
Sinfonia 13 in A minor, BWV 799
Sinfonia 3 in D Major, BWV 789
Sinfonia 4 in D minor, BWV 790
Sinfonia 8 in F Major, BWV 794
Sinfonia 9 in F minor, BWV 795
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 1 in D minor, BWV 1052: I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Allegro
I. Allegro con brio
II. Adagio
III. Rondo. Molto allegro
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Allegro
Sonata No. 2 in F Major for Piano, K. 280: I. Allegro assai
II. Adagio
III. Presto
Sonata No. 3 in B-flat Major for Piano, K. 281: I. Allegro
II. Andante amoroso
III. Rondo: Allegro
Sonata No. 4 in E-flat Major for Piano, K. 282: I. Adagio
II. Menuetto I & II
III. Allegro
Sonata No. 5 in G Major for Piano, K. 283: I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Presto
Sonata No. 6 in D Major for Piano, K. 284: I. Allegro
II. Rondeau en Polonaise: Andante
III. Theme and Variations
Sonata No. 7 in C Major for Piano, K. 309: I. Allegro con spirito
II. Andante un poco Adagio
III. Rondo: Allegretto grazioso
I. Allegro assai
II. Adagio
III. Presto
Sonata No. 9 in D Major for Piano, K. 311: I. Allegro con spirito
II. Andante con espressione
III. Rondo: Allegro
Sonata No. 10 in C Major for Piano, KV. 330 (300h): I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante cantabile
III. Allegretto
Sonata No. 11 in A Major for Piano, K. 331: I. Tema: Andante grazioso
II. Menuetto; Trio
III. Alla Turca: Allegretto
Sonata No. 12 in F Major for Piano, KV. 332 (300k): I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Allegro assai
I. Allegro
II. Andante amoroso
III. Rondo: Allegro
Sonata No. 14 in C minor for Piano, KV. 457: I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Molto allegro
Sonata No. 15 in F Major for Piano, KV. 533: I. Allegro, KV. 533
II. Andante, KV. 533
III. Rondo. Allegretto, KV. 494
Sonata No. 16 in C Major for Piano, K. 545: I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Rondo. Allegretto
Sonata No. 17 in B-flat Major for Piano, KV. 570: I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Allegretto
I. Adagio
II. Menuetto I & II
III. Allegro
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 24 in C minor, K.491: I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. {Allegretto
Fantasia (Prelude) and Fugue for Piano in C Major, K.394 (383a): I. Adagio
II. {Fuga. Andante maestoso
IV. Finale. Allegretto vivo
"So these were wed" (Voice)
Allegro appasionato (Voice)
Tranquillo (Voice)
Annie's dream. Langsam. (Voice)
Part Two / Zweiter Teil - Prelude. Allegro moderato (Voice)
"Thus over Enoch's early-silvering head" (Voice)
Allegro agitato (Voice)
Langsam (Voice)
Sonata for Piano in B minor, Op. 5: I. Allegro molto appassionato
II. Adagio cantabile
III. Scherzo. Presto - Trio. Un poco piu lento
Part One / Erster Teil - Prelude. Andante
"So these were wed"
Allegro appasionato
Tranquillo
Annie's dream. Langsam.
Part Two / Zweiter Teil - Prelude. Allegro moderato


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