Georges Bizet

Biography

Born: 1838   Died: 1875   Country: France   Period: Romantic
Known for one of the world's most popular operas, Carmen, Georges Bizet deserves attention as well for other works of remarkable melodic charm. Many of his works received cool receptions on their premieres but are now considered central to the repertory of classical music.

Bizet was born in Paris on October 25, 1838, and grew up in a happy, musical family that encouraged his talents. He learned to read music at the same time he learned to
Read more read letters, and equally well. Entering the Paris Conservatory before he was ten, he earned first prize in solfège within six months, a first prize in piano in 1852, and eventually, the coveted Prix de Rome in 1857 for his cantata Clovis et Clotilde. His teachers had included Marmontel for piano and Halévy for composition, but the greatest influence on him was Charles Gounod, of whom Bizet later said "You were the beginning of my life as an artist." Bizet himself hid away his Symphony in C, written when he was 17, feeling it was too much like its models, Gounod's symphonies. The two years spent in Rome after winning his prize, would be the only extensive time, and a greatly impressionable one, that Bizet would spend outside of Paris in his brief life. When he returned to Paris, he lost confidence in his natural talents and began to substitute dry Germanic or academic writing for his own developing idiom. He composed a one-act opera for production at the Opéra-Comique, but the theater's director engaged him to write a full-length opera instead, Les pêcheurs de perles (The Pearl Fishers). It was not a success at the time, but despite a few weaknesses, the work was revived in 1886, and its sheer beauty has earned it a respected position among the lesser-played operatic repertory. In 1863 Bizet's father bought land outside Paris where he built two bungalows, one of which Bizet frequently used as a compositional retreat. He began a friendship (apparently not a physical one) with a neighbor-woman named Céleste Mogador, a former actress, author, courtesan, circus rider, and dance-hall girl. She is said to have been the model for his masterpiece's title role of Carmen. Bizet earned his living as an accompanist and publishing house arranger. Meanwhile, he poured his creative efforts into an immense five-act opera in the grand tradition, Ivan IV, but it was never performed. This proved to be a pattern for the rest of his career. Bizet would work hard to get an opera produced, and even if he did, it would usually receive only a handful of performances. Bizet's corpus of unfinished works is large, and testifies to his unsettled existence and his difficulty in finding a place in France's notoriously hierarchical and conservative musical world. In 1869 Bizet married Geneviève Halévy, daughter of his teacher. The marriage did not turn out to be a happy one, primarily due to her family's history of mental illness. In 1872, Bizet's splendid incidental music for the play L'arlèsienne was poorly received, but when the composer assembled the music into an orchestral suite for a November performance, it found great acclaim. At last confident of his creative vision, Bizet was able to steer his final masterpiece through various obstacles, including the objections of singers and theater directors who were shocked by Carmen's subject matter. When the opera had its premiere on March 3, 1875, it was received barely well enough to hang on for future productions. Although it took audiences only a few weeks to catch on, Bizet died convinced it was a failure. Read less
Bizet: Carmen / Bernstein, Horne, Baldwin, Gibbs, Gramm
Release Date: 03/10/2015   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186216   Number of Discs: 2
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There are 1,602 Georges Bizet recordings available.

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Composition Types

Georges Bizet


WORKS
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster): Ouverture
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 1: Sur la place
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 1: Avec la garde montante
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 1: C'est bien là, n'est-ce pas?
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 1: La cloche a sonné....Dans l'air
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 1: L'amour est un oiseau rebelle (Habanera)
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 1: Carmen! sur tes pas
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 1: Quels regardes! Quelle effronterie!
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 1: Duo: Parle-moi de ma mère!
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 1: Reste là, maintenant, pendant que je lirai
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 1: Que se passe-t-il donc là-bas?...Au secours!
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 1: Mon officier, c'était une querelle
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 1: Séguidille: Près des ramparts de Séville
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 1: Voici l'ordre; partez
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 1: Entr'acte
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 2: Chanson bohème: les tringles des sistres tintaient
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 2: Messieurs, Pastia me dit
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 2: Vivat! vivat le Toréro!
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 2: Couplets du Toréador; Votre toast, je peux vous le rendre
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 2: La belle, un mot
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 2: Eh bien! vite, quelles nouvelles?.....Nous avons en tête un affaire
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 2: Mais qui donc attends-tu?
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 2: Halte là!
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 2: Enfin c'est toi!...Tout doux, Monsieur
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 2: Air de la fleur: La fleur que tu m'avais jetée...Non, tu ne m'aimes pas
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 2: Holà Carmen!
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 2: Entr'acte
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 3: Ecoute, écoute, compagnon, écoute
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 3: Reposons-nous une heure ici, mes camarades
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 3: Trio des Cartes: Mêlons! Coupons!
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 3: Eh bien?
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 3: Quant au douanier, c'est notre affaire
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 3: C'est des contrebandiers....Air de Micaëla:Je dis, que rien ne m'épouvante
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 3: Je ne me trompe pas
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 3: Quelques lignes plus bas
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 3: Entr'acte
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 4: A deux cuartos!
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 4: Les voici! voici la quadrille!
Carmen (1997 Digital Remaster), Act 4: C'est toi!...Viva! viva! la course est belle!
L'Arlésienne - Incidental Music, Suite No.1 (2000 Digital Remaster): Prélude
L'Arlésienne - Incidental Music, Suite No.1 (2000 Digital Remaster): Menuet
L'Arlésienne - Incidental Music, Suite No.1 (2000 Digital Remaster): Adagietto
L'Arlésienne - Incidental Music, Suite No.1 (2000 Digital Remaster): Carillon
L'Arlésienne - Suite No.2 (orch. Ernest Guiraud) (2000 Digital Remaster): Pastorale
L'Arlésienne - Suite No.2 (orch. Ernest Guiraud) (2000 Digital Remaster): Intermezzo
L'Arlésienne - Suite No.2 (orch. Ernest Guiraud) (2000 Digital Remaster): Minuet (from 'La jolie fille de Perth')
L'Arlésienne - Suite No.2 (orch. Ernest Guiraud) (2000 Digital Remaster): Farandole
Bizet: Carmen - Overture (Prelude)
Bizet: Carmen - Entracte (between Act I & II)
Bizet: Carmen - Entracte (Between Act II & III)
Bizet: Carmen / Act 3 - Entr'acte
Symphony in C (2000 Digital Remaster): Allegro vivo
Symphony in C (2000 Digital Remaster): Adagio
Symphony in C (2000 Digital Remaster): Allegro vivace & Trio
Symphony in C (2000 Digital Remaster): Allegro vivace


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