Fritz Reiner

Biography

Born: Dec 19, 1888; Hungary   Died: Nov 15, 1963; USA  
Fritz Reiner was a legend among conductors. Universally admired for his music-making, widely disliked for his aggressive and exacting temperament, and survived by a legacy of definitive recorded performances, he was largely responsible for the artistic ascendancy of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, and exerted considerable influence on generations of musicians.
Born in Budapest in 1888, he studied piano with his mother and, at the age of
Read more 15, entered the Franz Liszt Academy -- an institution that also boasts Bela Bartók, Zoltan Kodály, Ernst von Dohnányi, George Szell, Eugene Ormandy, Georg Solti and Antal Dorati as graduates. Reiner gained conducting experience at a number of regional opera houses before eventually returning to Budapest in 1911 to serve at the city's Volksoper, where his reputation as a conductor of special abilities finally emerged.
In 1914 Reiner accepted a position at the Dresden Court Opera, where he formed a fortuitous relationship with both the conductor Arthur Nikisch and the composer Richard Strauss; Reiner would eventually give the German premier of Strauss' Die Frau ohne Schatten, and would remain a devoted interpreter of the composer's works throughout his career. The economic chaos and emergent anti-Semitism that followed the First World War made Reiner anxious to leave Europe, and an invitation (in 1921) to become the music director of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra provided just the right opportunity. From that point onward, Reiner's career was firmly rooted in the United States, where he became a citizen in 1928.
After resigning his post at Cincinnati Reiner became a professor of conducting at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia, where his students included both the young Leonard Bernstein and Lukas Foss; Bernstein, in particular, credited Reiner with a great deal of influence in his development.
In 1938 he became the director of the Pittsburgh Symphony -- one of several positions that established Reiner as a fine builder of orchestras, with a talent for steering ensembles toward new levels of quality and success. A number of Reiner's well-known recordings stem from his tenure there. Guest appearances during his Pittsburgh years include those at Covent Garden and the San Francisco Symphony. From Pittsburgh he moved to the Metropolitan opera, where he remained on the conductor roster until 1953; his advocacy of Strauss' operas was especially strong there, and his performances of Salome and Elektra number among the most memorable evenings in the Met's history.
1953 was a watershed year for Reiner, since it was then that he assumed the directorship of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. This was to become his signature partnership, and the position that would establish his lasting legacy. His relationship with the orchestra was never a smooth one -- he was known for hostility and impatience in rehearsal, and for firing musicians for mistakes in concerts -- but he undeniably raised the ensemble from its status as a good American orchestra to that of one of the finest in the world. Unlike a number of other prominent conductors who excelled in narrow corners of the musical canon, Reiner maintained his excellent standards and clarifying precision throughout an especially broad repertory that crossed boundaries of nationality and style. He was as renowned for his performances of new works, such as Bartók's Concerto for Orchestra -- a piece that Reiner himself commissioned from the dying composer -- and Alan Hovhaness' Mysterious Mountain as he was for his Mahler, Strauss and Haydn. His tenure in Chicago also resulted in what was then an unprecedented volume of fine recordings, some of which still remain as favorites, despite the improved fidelity of modern competitors. Reiner resigned from Chicago in 1962 (after only nine seasons), and died the following year of heart failure. Read less
Wagner: Die Meistersinger Von Nürnberg / Reiner, Schöffler
Release Date: 11/29/2005   Label: Orfeo D'or  
Catalog: 667054   Number of Discs: 4
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Vienna Opera Festival 1955 / Böhm, Kubelik, Reiner, Knappertsbusch
Release Date: 11/29/2005   Label: Orfeo D'or  
Catalog: 666053   Number of Discs: 3
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There are 144 Fritz Reiner recordings available.

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Biography

Born: Dec 19, 1888; Hungary   Died: Nov 15, 1963; USA  
Fritz Reiner was a legend among conductors. Universally admired for his music-making, widely disliked for his aggressive and exacting temperament, and survived by a legacy of definitive recorded performances, he was largely responsible for the artistic ascendancy of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, and exerted considerable influence on generations of musicians.
Born in Budapest in 1888, he studied piano with his mother and, at the age of
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WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
The Hero
The Hero's Adversaries
The Hero's Companion
The Hero's Battlefield
The Hero's Works of Peace
The Hero's Retreat from the World and Fulfillment
I. Maestoso
II. Adagio
III. Rondo - Allegro non troppo
Falstaff - Highlights: Act I: Falstaff! Olŕ!
Act I: Sei polli, sei scellini
Act I: Ehi! Paggio!
Act I: Alice ... Meg ... Nanetta
Act I: "Fulgida Alice! Amor t'offro..."
Act I: In due parole
Act I: Pst, pst. Nanetta.
Act I: Falstaff m'ha canzonata
Act I: Torno all'assalto
Act I: Udrai quanta egli sfoggia magniloquenza altera
Act II: Siam pentiti e contriti
Act II: Alice č mia!
Act II: Signore, v'assista il cielo
Act II: C'č a Windsor una dama
Act II: Č sogno? O realtŕ...
Act II: Presenteremo un bill per una tassa al parlamento
Act II: Olŕ! Ned! Will!
Act II: Alfin t'ho colto raggiante fior
Act II: Mia signora
Act II: C'č. C'č. Se t'agguanto!
Falstaff - Highlights: Act III: Ehi! Taverniere!
Act III: Reverenza. La bella Alice
Act III: Brava! Quelle corna saranno la mia gioia!
Act III: Dal labbro il canto estasiato vola
Act III: Una, due, tre
Act III: Ninfe! Elfi!... Sul fil d'un soffio etesio
Act III: Alto lŕ! Chi va lŕ!
Act III: Ogni sorta di gente dozzinale
Act III: Tutto nel mondo č burla
Prelude
Act I: Sur la place, chacun passe
Avec la garde montante
C'est bien lŕ, n'est-ce pas
La cloche a sonné - Dans l'air nous suivons des yeux
Quand je vous aimerai? . . . L'amour est un oiseau rebelle (Habanera)
Carmen! Sur tes pas nous nous pressons tous!
Quels regards! Quelle effronterie!
Parle-moi de ma mčre!
Qui sait de quel démon j'allais ętre la proie!
Reste-lŕ maintenant, pendant que je lirai
Que se pass-t-il donc lŕb-as? - Au secours! Au secours!
Tra, la la, la, la, la . . . Coupe-moi, brűle-moi
Prčs des remparts de Séville (Seguidilla)
Voici l'ordre, partez
Act II: Entr'acte
Les tringles des sistres tintaient (Gypsy Song)
Messieurs, Pastia me dit ... Vivat, vivat le Toréro!
Votre toast, je peux vous le rendre ... Toréador, en garde! (Toreador Song)
La belle, un mot
Nous avons en tęte une affaire
Mais qui donc attends-tu?..Halte-lŕ! Qui va lŕ?
Je vais danser en votre honneur
Carmen: Au quartier! Pour l'appel!
La fleur que tu m'avais jetée
Non! tu ne m'aimes pas!
Holŕ! Carmen! Holŕ! Holŕ!
Act III: Entr'acte
Écoute, écoute, compagnon, écoute!
Reposon-nous une heure ici
Męlons! Męlons! Coupons! Coupons! (Card Trio)
Eh bien? - Quant au douanier, c'est notre affaire!
C'est des contrebandiers . . . Je dis que rien ne m'épouvante
Je ne me trompe pas . . . Elle avait pour amant
Holŕ! Holŕ! José!
Moi, je viens te chercher!
Act IV: Entr'acte
A deux cuartos!
Les voici! Les voici!
Si tu m'aimes, Carmen
C'est toi? C'est moi!
Victoire! Oů vas-tu? Laisse-moi!
Das Trinklied vom Jammer der Erde (The Drinking Song of Earth's Misery)
Der Einsame im Herbst (Autumn Loneliness)
Von der Jugend (Of Youth)
Von der Schönheit (Of Beauty)
Der Trunkene im Frühling (The Drunkard in Spring)
Der Abschied (The Farewell)
I. Allegro non troppo
II. Adagio
III. Allegro giocoso, ma non troppo vivace
Violin Concerto in D, Op. 35: Allegro moderato
Canzonetta: Andante
Allegro vivacissimo
I. Adagio - Allegro molto
II. Largo
III. Scherzo - Molto vivace
IV. Allegro con fuoco
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 2 in B flat Op. 83: I. Allegro non troppo
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 2 in B flat Op. 83: II. Allegro appassionata
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 2 in B flat Op. 83: III. Andante
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 2 in B flat Op. 83: IV. Allegretto grazioso
Symphony No. 36 in C 'Linz' K425: I. Adagio - Allegro spiritoso
Symphony No. 36 in C 'Linz' K425: II. Andante
Symphony No. 36 in C 'Linz' K425: III. Menuetto & Trio
Symphony No. 36 in C 'Linz' K425: IV. Presto
Le Tombeau de Couperin: I. Prélude. Vif
Le Tombeau de Couperin: II. Forlane. Allegretto
Le Tombeau de Couperin: III. Menuet. Allegro moderato
Le Tombeau de Couperin: IV. Rigaudon. Assez vif
El amor brujo: Introduccíon y Escena
El amor brujo: En la cueva: La noche
El amor brujo: Canción del amor dolido
El amor brujo: Canción del amor dolido
El amor brujo: El aparecido
El amor brujo: Danza del terror
El amor brujo: El círculo mágico: Romance del pescador
El amor brujo: El círculo mágico: Romance del pescador
El amor brujo: A media noche: Los sortilegios
El amor brujo: Danza ritual del fuego: Para ahuyentar los malos espiritus
El amor brujo: Escena
El amor brujo: Canción del fuego fatuo
El amor brujo: Pantomima
El amor brujo: Danza del juego del amor
El amor brujo: Final: Las campanas del amanecer
Allegro non troppo
Adagio
Allegro giocoso, ma non troppo vivace
Piano Concerto No. 3, Op. 30 in D Minor: Allegro ma non tanto
Intermezzo: Adagio
Finale: Alla breve
I. Allegro affettuoso
II. Intermezzo - Andantino grazioso
III. Allegro vivace
1. Requiem
2. Dies irae
2. Tuba mirum
2. Liber scriptus
2. Quid sum miser
2. Rex tremendae
2. Recordare
2. Ingemisco
2. Confutatis
2. Lacrymosa
Offertorium: Domine, Jesu Christe
Offertorium: Hostias
4. Sanctus
5. Agnus Dei
6. Lux aeterna
Libera me: Libera me
Libera me: Dies irae
Libera me: Requiem aeternam
Libera me: Libera me
Maestoso
Adagio
Rondo: Allegro non troppo
Russia Under the Mongolian Yoke
Song About Alexander Nevsky
The Crusaders in Pskov
Arise, Ye Russian People
The Battle on the Ice
Field of the Dead
Alexander's Entry Into Pskov
Concerto No. 2 for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 18 in C Minor: Moderato: Allegro
Adagio sostenuto
Allegro scherzando
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini, Op. 43: Introduction
Variation I (Precedente)
Theme
Variation II
Variation III
Variation IV
Variation V
Variation VI
Variation VII
Variation VIII
Variation IX
Variation X
Variation XI
Variation XII
Variation XIII
Variation XIV
Variation XV
Variation XVI
Variation XVII
Variation XVIII
Variation XIX
Variation XX
Variation XXI
Variation XXII
Variation XXIII
Variation XXIV
Symphony No. 4 in G: Bedächtig. Nicht eilen
In gemächlicher Bewegung. Ohne Hast
Ruhevoll
Sehr behaglich
Allegro
Adagio; Andante sostenuto
Finale; Allegro guerriero
Violin Concerto Op. 35, in D Major: Allegro moderato
Canzonetta: Andante
Allegro vivacissimo
Introduction: Allegro vivace; Varaiation I: (Precedente)
Tema: L'istesso tempo
Variation II: L'istesso tempo
Variation III: L'istesso tempo
Variation IV: Piů vivo
Variation V: Tempo precedente
Variation VI: L'istesso tempo
Variation VII: Meno mosso, a tempo moderato
Variation VIII: Tempo I
Variation IX: L'istesso tempo
Variation X: Poco marcato
Variation XI: Moderato
Variation XII: Tempo di minuetto
Variation XIII: Allegro
Variation XIV: L'istesso tempo
Variation XV: Piů vivo scherzando
Variation XVI: Allegretto
Variation XVII: [Allegretto]
Variation XVIII: Andante cantabile
Variation XIX: A tempo vivace
Variation XX: Un poco piů vivo
Variation XXI: Un poco piů vivo
Variation XXII: Un poco piů vivo (Alla breve)
Variation XXIII: L'istesso tempo
Variation XXIV: A tempo un poco meno mosso
Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, Op.67: Allegro con brio
Andante con moto
Allegro
Allegro maestoso
Symphony No. 7 in A, Op. 92: Poco sostenuto - Vivace
Allegretto
Presto - Assai meno presto
Allegro con brio
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini, Op. 43: Introduction: Allegro vivace
Variation I (Precedente)
Tema: L'istesso tempo
Variation II: L'istesso tempo
Variation III: L'istesso tempo
Variation IV: Piů vivo
Variation V: Tempo precedente
Variation VI: L'istesso tempo
Variation VII: Meno mosso, a tempo moderato
Variation VIII: Tempo I
Variation IX: L'istesso tempo
Variation X: Poco marcato
Variation XI: Moderato
Variation XII: Tempo di minuetto
Variation XIII: Allegro
Variation XIV: L'istesso tempo
Variation XV: Piů vivo scherzando
Variation XVI: Allegretto
Variation XVII: (Allegretto)
Variation XVIII: Andante cantabile
Variation XIX: A tempo vivace
Variation XX: Un poco piů vivo
Variation XXI: Un poco piů vivo
Variation XXII: Un poco piů vivo (Alla breve)
Variation XXIII: L'istesso tempo
Variation XXIV: A tempo un poco meno mosso
I. Vivace
II. Andante cantabile
III. Allegro vivace
Don Quixote, Op. 35: Introduction
Theme: Don Quixote, the Knight of the Sorrowful Countenance
Sancho Panza
The Adventure with the Windmills: Variation I
The Battle with the Sheep: Variation II
Dialogue of the Knight and Squire: Variation III
The Adventure with the Penitents: Variation IV
The Knight's Vigil: Variation V
The False Dulcinea: Variation VI
The Ride Through the Air: Variation VII
The Adventure with the Enchanted Boat: Variation VIII
The Combat with the Two Magicians: Variation IX
The Defeat of Don Quixote by the Knight of the White Moon: Variation X
The Death of Don Quixote: Finale
The Sea and Sinbad's Ship
The Story of the Kalender Prince
The Young Prince and the Young Princess
Festival in Bagdad; The Sea; The Ship Goes to Pieces on a Rock Surmounted by a Bronze Warrior (Shipwreck); Conclusion
Song of the Nightingale: Presto
Chinese March
Song of the Nightingale
The Mechanical Nightingale
The Emperor's displeasure at the departure of the real nightingale
The Emperor's sickroom
The real nightingale returns to thwart Death
Funeral march and Finale
I. Adagio - Allegro non troppo
II. Allegro con grazia
III. Allegro molto vivace
IV. Adagio lamentoso
Russia under the Mongolian Yoke
Song about Alexander Nevsky
The Crusaders in Pskov
Arise, ye Russian People
The Battle on the IceThe Battle
Field of the Dead
Alexander's Entery Into Pskov
Der Rosenkavalier "Waltzes"
Der Rosenkavalier "Waltzes"
The Sea and Sinbad's Ship
The Story of the Kalender Prince
The Young Prince and the Young Princess
Festival in Bagdad; The Sea; The Ship Goes to Pieces on a Rock Surmounted by a Bronze Warrior (Shipwreck); Conclusion
Allegro moderato
Canzonetta: Andante
Allegro vivacissimo
Violin Concerto, Op. 77, in D: Allegro, non troppo
Adagio
Allegro giocoso, ma non troppo vivace
From Dawn Till Noon on the Sea
Play of the Waves
Dialogue of the Wind and the Sea
Fountains of Rome: The Fountain of Valle Giulia at Dawn
The Triton Fountain at Morning
The Fountain of Trevi at Midday
The Villa Medici Fountain at Sunset
Pines of Rome: The Pines of the Villa Borghese
Pines Near a Catacomb
The Pines of the Janiculum
The Pines of the Appian Way
Andante
Double Fugue: Moderato maestoso
Double Fugue: Allegro vivo
Andante espressivo
The Fairy's Kiss: Divertimento: Sinfonia
Danses suisses
Scherzo
Pas de deux
Lieutnant Kijé, Op. 60: The Birth of Kijé
Romance
Kijé's Wedding
Troika
The Burial of Kijé
Adagio; Allegro molto
Largo
Scherzo: Molto vivace
Allegro con fuoco
I. Allegro
II. Adagio un poco mosso
III. Rondo - Allegro
Piano Concerto No. 2 in C Minor, Op. 18: Moderato; Allegro
Adagio sostenuto
Allegro scherzando
Promenade
Gnomus
Promenade
Il vecchio castello
Promenade
Tuileries
Bydlo
Promenade
Ballet of the Chicks in Their Shells
Samuel Goldenberg and Schmuyle
The Marketplace at Limoges
Catacombae, sepulchrum romanum
Con mortuis in lingua mortua
The Hut on Fowl's Legs
The Great Gate at Kiev
Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
Molto vivace
Adagio molto e cantabile; Andante moderato
Presto; Allegro assai
Concerto for Orchestra, Sz.116: Introduzione: Andante non troppo; Allegro vivace
Giuoco delle coppie: Allegretto scherzando
Elegia: Andante non troppo
Intermezzo interroto: Allegretto
Finale: Pesante; Presto
Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta, Sz.106: Andante tranquillo
Allegro
Adagio
Allegro molto
Hungarian Sketches: An Evening in the Village
Bear Dance
Melody
Slighty Tipsy
Swineherd's Dance
Allegro non troppo
Adagio
Allegro giocoso, ma non troppo vivace
Violin Concerto in D, Op. 35: Allegro moderato
Canzonetta: Andante
Allegro vivacissimo


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