Franz Xaver Richter

Biography

Born: December 1, 1709; Holleschau, Moravia   Died: September 12, 1789; Strasbourg, France  
F.X. Richter was a central figure in the so-called Mannheim School of the early classical period, but little is known about him until the 1740s. From 1722 to 1727, he studied at the Jesuit seminary at Ungarisch Hradisch; immediately after that, until 1736, he spent some time in Italy and possibly in Vienna, where he may have studied with Fux.

Richter became a professional singer, a bass, who toiled in minor provincial German posts during
Read more the 1730s. In 1740 he began working as vice-Kapellmeister to the Prince-Abbot Anselm von Reichlin-Meldegg in Kempten, Allgau, although it's not known exactly how long he remained there. By 1747 he was working as a court musician, certainly as a singer (of both opera and sacred music), and possibly also a violinist for the Elector Palatine Carl Theodor in Mannheim. That is when he began to make his mark as a composer. He already had a set of symphonies published in Paris by 1744, but in Mannheim he gradually developed a reputation as a composer of sacred music, although he continued to write stylish secular pieces, including string quartets, symphonies, and concertos. Richter was also a noted teacher, and in the 1760s he wrote a composition method book based on Fux's Gradus ad Parnassum. In 1768 he seems to have given up performing to become a court chamber composer.

Despite his court duties, Richter had time for extensive travel, and he had little trouble getting his music published abroad. Perhaps this is because it was rather conservative, rooted, though certainly not trapped, in the Baroque style. He was the odd man out among Mannheim composers, resisting his colleagues' reliance on virtuoso special effects. Fed up, in 1769 he got a job as Kapellmeister at Strasbourg Cathedral, and focused more on sacred music during this final phase of his career, although he also supervised secular music at the prince-bishop's court and directed the municipal orchestra. Read less

There are 35 Franz Xaver Richter recordings available.

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Works

Franz Xaver Richter


MOST POPULAR WORKS
Richter: Trumpet Concerto in D - 1. Allegro moderato
Richter: Trumpet Concerto in D - 2. Andante
Richter: Trumpet Concerto in D - 3. Allegro
I. -
II. Andantino
III. Tempo di Menuetto
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Presto fugato
I. Allegro
II. Andantino
III. Allegro
I. Allegro ma poco
II. Tempo giusto
III. Allegro
I. Adagio - Allegro molot
II. Andante
III. Presto
WORKS
Richter: Trumpet Concerto in D - 1. Allegro moderato
Richter: Trumpet Concerto in D - 2. Andante
Richter: Trumpet Concerto in D - 3. Allegro
laudamus
Pleni sunt coeli
Te gloriosus
Patrem immensae majestatis
Sanctum quoque paraclitum
Tu rex gloriae
Tu devicto
Te ergo quaesumus
Aeterna fac
Salvum fac populum
Per singulos dies
In te Domine speravi
I. Allegro con brio
II. Andante poco
III. Rincontro: Presto
I. Poco allegretto
II. Poco andante
III. Fugato: Presto
I. Allegretto
II. Andante
III. Tempo di menuetto
I. -
II. Andantino
III. Tempo di Menuetto
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Presto fugato
I. Allegro
II. Andantino
III. Allegro
I. Allegro ma poco
II. Tempo giusto
III. Allegro
I. Spiritoso
II. Andante e piano
III. Tempo di Menuet
I. Adagio - Allegro molot
II. Andante
III. Presto
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Presto
I. Allegro ma non molto
II. Andante
III. Presto
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Alla breve
I. Allegro non troppo
II. Andante grazioso
III. Tempo di minuetto
I. Presto assai
II. Andatino sempre piano
III. Presto assai
I. Allegro
Ii. Andantino
III. Presto assai
I. Allegro con spirito
II. Andante poco
III. Allegro molto
I. Allegro assai
II. Andante
III. Presto
I. Adagio
II. Fuga: Allegro ma non presto
III. Andante
IV. Tempo di Menuet


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