Frank Martin

Biography

Born: September 15, 1890; Geneva, Switzerland   Died: November 21, 1974; Naarden, The Netherlands  
Martin's long, quietly productive career reflected a quest to reconcile creative imperatives with stylistic integrity in an era of unprecedented technical challenges, experiments, and fragmentation. A conventionally trained musician would have been less liable to brook such challenges as an ethical dilemma or to see in them an almost paralyzing array of possibilities, while Martin, the tenth child of a Calvinist pastor, felt both keenly. Martin Read more began composing at 8, was overwhelmed by a performance of Bach's St. Matthew Passion at 10, and by his 16th year knew that music was his destiny. While formally studying mathematics and physics at his parents' behest, he pursued music privately with the distinguished Swiss composer Joseph Lauber, who introduced him to the rudiments of piano, harmony, and composition. Martin became an able interpreter at the piano and harpsichord and, in later life, proved well enough equipped to make a definitive recording of his difficult Preludes (8) for piano. In 1918 Martin moved to Zurich, then on to Rome and Paris, returning to Geneva in 1926 with the experience of jazz hot in the ear. A meeting that year with Émile Jaques-Dalcroze, founder of eurhythmics, went hand-in-hand with exploration of Hindu and Bulgarian rhythms, issuing in the orchestral triptych Rhythmes (1926) an element of rhythmic nervosité as a persistent feature of his music. Modal and serial elements also informed his work without being slavishly adopted. That the fairly prolific Martin achieved his first characteristic work -- the secular oratorio Le vin herbé (1938-1941) -- only as he passed his 50th year owes as much, perhaps, to the German-dominated insularity of Swiss musical life as to the search for an ideal purity of utterance. The impact of Debussy and Ravel, for instance, was brought to bear only during the Great War through the revelations of Swiss conductor Ernest Ansermet, who performed Martin's Les dithyrambes in 1918 and became a champion of his work, making several classic recordings of it. Recognition came in the form of teaching posts, directorship of the Technicum Moderne de Musique, president of the Swiss Musicians' Union 1943-1946, a composition class at the Cologne Hochschule für Musik 1950-1957, and commissions (e.g., by Geneva Radio for the oratorio In terra pax for broadcast on armistice day). In 1943 he married his third wife, Maria Boeke, and in 1946 moved with her to Amsterdam, and later to Naarden. Masterworks flowed from his pen between concert tours that carried his music worldwide. Read less

There are 192 Frank Martin recordings available.

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Works

Frank Martin


MOST POPULAR WORKS
Martin: Trois Chants de Noël (Albert Rudhardt) - 1. Les Cadeaux
Martin: Trois Chants de Noël (Albert Rudhardt) - 2. Image de Noël
Martin: Trois Chants de Noël (Albert Rudhardt) - 3. Les Bergers
I. Allegro
II. Adagietto: Misterioso ed elegante
III. Allegro vivace
1. Allegro tranquilo
2. Andante molto moderato
3. Presto
I. Act I, sc.2 - Molto tranquillo
II. Act I, sc.2 - Très calme
III. Act IV, sc.1 - Allegro molto
IV. Act III, sc.3 - Allegro
V. Act V, sc.1 - Allegretto grazioso
Part I: Andante maestoso (Chorus)
Part I: Les Rameaux: Comme Jesus cheminait approchant de Jerusalem (Bass, Soprano, Chorus)
Part I: Le discours au temple: Quand serai-je assez heureuse (Bass)
Part I: La Sainte Cene: Le jour des pains levain, Jesus prit place a ... (Tenor, Bass)
Part I: Gethsemane: Voici l'Agneau divin (Tutti)
Part II: Lento
Part II: Jesus devant le Sanhedrin: Christ! Divin Sauveur (Tutti)
Part II: Jesus devant Pilate: Ils menerent alors Jesus devant Pilate (Bass, Tenor, Chorus)
Part II: Le Calvaire: O mon Seigneur (Chorus, Tenor)
Part II: Epilogue: O mort, ou est ton aiguillon? (Tutti)
Kyrie
Gloria
Credo
Sanctus
Agnus Dei
1. Ist alls zu End das Freudenmahl
2. Ach Gott, wie graust mir vor dem Tod
3. Ist als wenn eins gerufen hätt
4. So wollt ich ganz zernichtet sein
5. Ja! Ich glaub: solches hat er vollbracht
6. O ewiger Gott! O göttliches Gesicht!
1. Adagio - Allegro con moto
2. Adagio
3. Allegretto alla marcia
I. Grave
II. Allegro tranquillo
III. Tranquillo ma con moto
IV. Allegro
V. Vivace
VI. Andantino grazioso
VII. Lento
VIII. Vivace
WORKS
Martin: Trois Chants de Noël (Albert Rudhardt) - 1. Les Cadeaux
Martin: Trois Chants de Noël (Albert Rudhardt) - 2. Image de Noël
Martin: Trois Chants de Noël (Albert Rudhardt) - 3. Les Bergers
I. Allegro
II. Adagietto: Misterioso ed elegante
III. Allegro vivace
I. Lento - Allegro moderato - Lento
II. Adagietto
III. Vivace selvaggio ed aspro - Cadenza - Vivace
1. Allegro tranquilo
2. Andante molto moderato
3. Presto
I. Act I, sc.2 - Molto tranquillo
II. Act I, sc.2 - Très calme
III. Act IV, sc.1 - Allegro molto
IV. Act III, sc.3 - Allegro
V. Act V, sc.1 - Allegretto grazioso
Part I: Andante maestoso (Chorus)
Part I: Les Rameaux: Comme Jesus cheminait approchant de Jerusalem (Bass, Soprano, Chorus)
Part I: Le discours au temple: Quand serai-je assez heureuse (Bass)
Part I: La Sainte Cene: Le jour des pains levain, Jesus prit place a ... (Tenor, Bass)
Part I: Gethsemane: Voici l'Agneau divin (Tutti)
Part II: Lento
Part II: Jesus devant le Sanhedrin: Christ! Divin Sauveur (Tutti)
Part II: Jesus devant Pilate: Ils menerent alors Jesus devant Pilate (Bass, Tenor, Chorus)
Part II: Le Calvaire: O mon Seigneur (Chorus, Tenor)
Part II: Epilogue: O mort, ou est ton aiguillon? (Tutti)
Prologue. Ch?ur "Seigneurs, vous plaît-il"
1er Tableau. Ch?ur "Quand le temps arriva"
2e Tableau. Ch?ur "La nef tranchant les vagues profondes"
3e Tableau. Basse "Un jour les vents tombèrent"
4e Tableau. Ch?ur "De nouveau la nef cinglait vers Tintagel"
5e Tableau. Ch?ur "Iseut l'aimait"
6e Tableau. Ch?ur "Au Le vin herbé: Troisième jour"
1er Tableau. Ch?ur "Iseut est reine"
2e Tableau. Basse "Un jour, guidé par un forestier"
3e Tableau. Altos et basse "A trois jours de là"
4e Tableau. Sopranos et altos "Dans le fourré clos de ronces"
5e Tableau. Altos et basse "Elle entendit alors"
1er Tableau. Sopranos et altos "Les amants ne pouvaient vivre"
2e Tableau. Baryton "Or, il advint que Tristan"
3e Tableau. Ténors et basse "Il manda Kaherdin en secret"
4e Tableau. Ch?ur "Ecoutez, Seigneurs"
5e Tableau. Sopranos "Tristan était trop faible"
6e Tableau. Ch?ur "Sur la mer le vent s'était levé"
7e Tableau. Ch?ur "Quand le roi Marc apprit la mort des amants"
Epilogue. Ch?ur "Seigneurs, les bons trouvères d'antan"
Kyrie
Gloria
Credo
Sanctus
Agnus Dei
1. Ist alls zu End das Freudenmahl
2. Ach Gott, wie graust mir vor dem Tod
3. Ist als wenn eins gerufen hätt
4. So wollt ich ganz zernichtet sein
5. Ja! Ich glaub: solches hat er vollbracht
6. O ewiger Gott! O göttliches Gesicht!
1. Adagio - Allegro con moto
2. Adagio
3. Allegretto alla marcia
I. Grave
II. Allegro tranquillo
III. Tranquillo ma con moto
IV. Allegro
V. Vivace
VI. Andantino grazioso
VII. Lento
VIII. Vivace
I. Lento
II. Prestissimo
III. Larghetto
IV. Allegretto leggero
I. Allegro molto agitato - Poco piu mosso ma tranquillo - Piu mosso - Allegro
II. Largo
III. Scherzo: Allegro molto - Trio: Meno mosso
IV. Finale: Largo - Allegro ritmico - Largo


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