Francesco Geminiani

Biography

Born: December 5, 1687; Lucca, Italy   Died: September 17, 1762; Dublin, Ireland  
Geminiani was an important and influential Italian violinist, composer, and theorist. During his life, he was overshadowed by Handel, and Vivaldi, and he is still relatively obscure today in spite of the great originality and beauty of his compositions and his considerable place in music history's march. Geminiani, a student of Corelli, expanded the art of violin playing to a level previously thought unattainable. Many of the techniques he Read more introduced or developed are now part of the standard technique of the violinist. Likewise, his practical treatises on music inspired numerous successors. The most important one, The Art of Playing on the Violin (1751), was the first instruction manual addressed to advanced players from a professional viewpoint, as opposed to a primer for beginners. His The Art of Accompaniment on the Harpsichord is likewise unique for its point of view, being framed from the soloist's perspective rather than the accompanist's. Geminiani published a number of other treatises on harmony, guitar playing, and further aspects of violin playing. As a composer, Geminiani accomplished little in the way of structural innovation. Mostly, he followed Corelli's models in his numerous sonatas and concertos, but his music is generally richer, harmonically somewhat more complex, and substantially more difficult to play than that of his former teacher, with a certain free and creative flair. The underestimation of his influence was not just a result of the Romantic eclipse of all things Baroque, but began even in his own day: Geminiani somehow incurred the critical wrath of the most influential British music writer of the day, Charles Burney.

Geminiani was born in 1687 and began his studies in Milan, but he encountered his most important teachers, Corelli and Alessandro Scarlatti, when he moved to Rome. Before 1714, he held several posts in Italy, including those in Lucca and Naples, but met with little success. In 1714, his career took a sharp turn upward when he moved to London. He quickly met with acclaim as a virtuoso performer and soon earned ongoing support from several influential patrons. Between 1716, when his Op. 1 violin sonatas were published and 1726, when his arrangements of Corelli's sonatas were published as Op. 5, little is known of Geminiani's whereabouts or activities. From 1727 through the middle or late 1740s, Geminiani continued to live in London, making several trips to Ireland and publishing more sonatas and concertos. He was also most active during this time as a soloist and conductor. Although he continued to perform occasionally, his later years were spent primarily in teaching and writing and publishing his various treatises. In 1759, he moved to Dublin, and he returned to England only once more before his death in 1762. Read less

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Works

Francesco Geminiani


MOST POPULAR WORKS
WORKS
1st movement: Andante
2nd movement: Grave
3rd movement: Allegro
1. Grave - Allegro - Adagio
2. Allegro
3. Largo
4. Allegro
1. Adagio
2. Allegro
3. Vivace
4. Adagio
5. Vivace
1. Adagio
2. Allegro
3. Adagio
4. Allegro
1. Adagio
2. Allegro
3. Vivace
4. Adagio
5. Allegro
1. Adagio
2. Vivace
3. Adagio
4. Allegro
1. Adagio
2. Allegro
3. Adagio
4. Allegro
1. Preludio: Vivace
2. Corrente: Allegro
3. Sarabanda: Largo
4. Giga: Allegro
1. Preludio: Largo
2. Allemanda: Allegro
3. Sarabanda: Largo
4. Giga: Allegro
1. Preludio: Largo
2. Giga: Allegro
3. Adagio
4. Tempo di Gavotta: Allegro
1. Preludio: Adagio
2. Allemanda: Allegro
3. Sarabanda: Largo
4. Gavotta: Allegro
5. Giga: Allegro
1. Preludio: Adagio
2. Allegro
3. Adagio
4. Vivace
5. Gavotta: Allegro
Concerto grosso No.12 in D minor "La Follia" - Arr. from Corelli's Sonata Op. 5 No.12 (rev. Franz Giegling)
1. Adagio
2. Vivace
3. Adagio
4. Allegro
1a. Adagio
1b. (Allegro)
2. Adagio
3. Allegro
1. Adagio
2. Allegro
3. Adagio
4. Allegro
I. Adagio
II. Allegro
III. Adagio
IV. Allegro
I. Adagio
II. Allegro
III. Andante
IV. Allegro
I. Adagio
II. Allegro
III. Adagio
IV. Allegro
I. Largo e staccato
II. Allegro
III. Adagio
IV. Allegro
I. Adagio e staccato - II. Allegro
III. Adagio
IV. Allegro
I. Largo e staccato - Allegro - Largo - Allegro
II. Vivace
I. Adagio
II. [Allegro]
III. Adagio
IV. Allegro
I. Adagio - Allegro - Adagio
II. Allegro
I. Adagio
II. Allegro
III. Adagio
IV. Allegro
I. Largo e staccato
II. Allegro
III. Adagio
IV. Allegro
I. Largo e staccato
II. Allegro
III. Adagio
IV. Allegro
1. Largo e staccato
2. Allegro
3. Vivace
1. Adagio e staccato
1b. Allegro
2. Adagio
3. Allegro
I. Allegro moderato
II. Allegro - Adagio
III. Giga - Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Moderato affettuoso
I. Andante - Allegro
II. Andante
III. Allegro cantabile
IV. Allegro - Grave - Allegro
V. Allegro moderato
I. Andante - Canone infinito alla 12
II. Grave
III. Allegro moderato
IV. Grave
V. Allegro moderato
I. Andante - Allegro moderato
II. Moderato affettuoso
I. Andante
II. Canone infinito - Spiritoso
I. Grave
II. Allegro
III. Grave
IV. Gigue: Allegro
Sonata in la minor Op. 4 No. 5: I Andante
Sonata in la minor Op. 4 No. 5: II Presto
Sonata in la minor Op. 4 No. 5: III Allegro affetuoso
Andante
Allegro
Andante
Allegro
Andante
Presto
Adagio
Allegro
Andante
Allegro
Affetuoso
Allegro
Andante
Allegro moderato
Adagio
Allegro
Adagio
Allegro moderato
Adagio
Allegro
Adagio
Allegro assai
Grave
Allegro
I. Andante
II. Allegro
III. Andante
IV. Allegro
I. Andante
II. Presto
III. Adagio
IV. Allegro
I. Andante
II. Allegro
III. Affetuoso
IV. Allegro
I. Andante
II. Allegro moderato
III. Grave
IV. Allegro
I. Adagio
II. Allegro moderato
III. Adagio
IV. Allegro
I. Adagio
II. Allegro assai
IV. Allegro
I. Adagio - Presto
II. Allegro
III. Grave -
III. Allegro
I. Adagio
II. Allegro
III. Adagio
IV. Allegro
I. Adagio
II. Allegro
III. Adagio
IV. Allegro
I. Vivace
II. Affettuoso
III. Allegro
I. Grave
II. Allegro
III. Adagio
IV. Allegro
I. Adagio
II. Allegro
III. Grave
IV. Allegro
Allegro in D Major (after Violin Sonata in D Major, Op. 1, No. 4)
I. Affettuoso
II. Allegro moderato
III. Grave - Andante
IV. Allegro
I. Tendrement
II. Lentement
III. Vivement
I. Andante
II. Vivace
I. Vivace
II. Andante
III. Allegro
I. Largo - Andante
II. Andante
III. Allegro


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