Ferenc Fricsay

Biography

Born: August 9, 1914; Budapest, Hungary   Died: February 20, 1963; Basel, Switzerland  
Ferenc Fricsay's career lasted barely 20 years, but during that time, he became one of the most acclaimed conductors of his generation and left behind a body of recordings that are still admired. Fricsay studied at the Budapest Academy of Music under both Zoltán Kodály and Béla Bartók, whose music he later championed. His first conducting appointment came in 1936, in Szeged, where he remained until 1944. His debut conducting the Budapest Opera Read more was in 1939 and in 1945 he was appointed the company's music director, taking the parallel appointment with the Budapest Philharmonic. At the 1947 Salzburg Festival, when conductor Otto Klemperer was forced to withdraw from conducting the premiere of Gottfried Von Einem's opera Dantons Tod, Fricsay stepped in, receiving international accolades for a sterling performance. The next year he conducted the world premiere of Frank Martin's Zaubertrank, and the year after that Carl Orff's Antigone. In 1948, Fricsay made his Berlin debut with Verdi's Don Carlos in a production that also featured the debut of baritone Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau. Thereafter he served as a guest conductor throughout Europe, based in Berlin, where he served as music director of the Stadtische Oper and the American Sector Symphony Orchestra (RIAS), later renamed the Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra. Fricsay was best known in Europe as an operatic conductor, acclaimed for his Mozart and Verdi, among other composers, but in America he made his debut with the Boston Symphony Orchestra in 1953. He was conductor of the Houston Symphony Orchestra in 1954, but resigned after one season due to policy disagreements with the board of directors. In 1956, Fricsay became music director of the Bavarian State Opera and after two seasons, returned to Berlin to resume the music directorship of the Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra. In 1961, Fricsay conducted a performance of Mozart's Don Giovanni to commemorate the re-opening of the Deutsche Oper.

Fricsay's approach to conducting was influenced heavily by Toscanini, whose relationship with the NBC Symphony he used as a model for his own work with the Berlin Radio Symphony. He emphasized strict tempos and precise playing, with a close adherence to the score. As an operatic conductor, however, he was not afraid to challenge customs and conventions, both in his conception of a work and his way of realizing performances of striking vitality.

Fricsay began developing serious health problems in the 1950s. The vivaciousness of his earlier performances was replaced by a more measured, reflective approach to music as his physical condition deteriorated, and by the end of the 1950s, when he would normally have been expected to be in his prime as a conductor and recording artist, his strength was beginning to fail him. When he died, Fricsay left behind a small, precious body of recordings.

Fricsay had signed an exclusive contract with Deutsche Grammophon in 1948 and during the next decade or so, delivered a body of work heavy with award-winning recordings. Fricsay's remarkable textural clarity was captured on record with the help of his close understanding of recording techniques. Perhaps his most-acclaimed record was Mozart's The Magic Flute, made in 1955 with Rita Streich, Maria Stader, Ernst Haefliger, and Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (who, though completely unsuited for the role physically, sings up a storm as Pagageno), which remains a highly recommended performance. His recording of Don Giovanni from 1958 is also considered a definitive performance. He was also one of the most-acclaimed interpreters of Bartók, his reputation (and those of his recordings) rivalling that of Fritz Reiner, whose work with the composer is often cited as definitive. Read less
Bartok: Bluebeard's Castle / Fricsay, Nilsson, Et Al
Release Date: 03/22/2005   Label: Opera D'oro  
Catalog: 1430   Number of Discs: 1
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Einem: Dantons Tod / Schoffler, Patzak, Cebolari, Fricsay
Release Date: 10/02/2001   Label: Opera D'oro  
Catalog: 1316   Number of Discs: 2
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Biography

Born: August 9, 1914; Budapest, Hungary   Died: February 20, 1963; Basel, Switzerland  
Ferenc Fricsay's career lasted barely 20 years, but during that time, he became one of the most acclaimed conductors of his generation and left behind a body of recordings that are still admired. Fricsay studied at the Budapest Academy of Music under both Zoltán Kodály and Béla Bartók, whose music he later championed. His first conducting appointment came in 1936, in Szeged, where he remained until 1944. His debut conducting the Budapest Opera Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 1. Requiem
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 2. Dies irae
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 2. Tuba mirum
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 2. Liber scriptus
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 2. Quid sum miser
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 2. Rex tremendae
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 2. Recordare
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 2. Ingemisco
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 2. Confutatis
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 2. Lacrymosa
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 3. Offertorium
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 4. Sanctus
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 5. Agnus Dei
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 6. Lux aeterna
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 7. Libera me
Verdi: 4 Sacred Pieces (Quattro pezzi sacri) - Ave Maria
Verdi: 4 Sacred Pieces (Quattro pezzi sacri) - Stabat Mater
Verdi: 4 Sacred Pieces (Quattro pezzi sacri) - Laudi alla vergine Maria
Verdi: 4 Sacred Pieces (Quattro pezzi sacri) - Te Deum
I. Overture
II. Adagio
IV. Gavotte
I. Allegro non troppo
II. Andante tranquillo
III. Allegro molto
No. 1. Egy idealis (One Ideal)
No. 2. Egy torz (One Grotesque)
I. Volt egy oreg apo (Once there was an old man): Molto moderato
II. Az erdoket jarta, hej-haj! (Through forest aroving, hey-yah!): Andante
III. Volt egy oreg apo (Once there was an old man): Moderato
V. Commodo
VI. Finale: Allegro
I. Allegro non troppo
I. Allegro non troppo
II. Molto adagio
II. Molto adagio
III. Allegro assai
III. Allegro assai
I. Allegro
II. Adagio - Presto - Adagio
III. Allegro molto
I. Allegretto
II. Adagio religioso - Poco piu mosso - Tempo I
III. Allegro vivace
Tritsch-Tratsch-Polka, Op.214 (Arr. Fr. Schimak)
Tritsch-Tratsch-Polka, Op.214 (Arr. Fr. Schimak)
Mozart: Piano Concerto No.20 in D minor, K.466 - 1. Allegro
Mozart: Piano Concerto No.20 in D minor, K.466 - 2. Romance
Mozart: Piano Concerto No.20 in D minor, K.466 - 3. Rondo (Allegro assai)
Mozart: Piano Concerto No.20 in D minor, K.466 - 1. Allegro
Mozart: Piano Concerto No.20 in D minor, K.466 - 2. Romance
Mozart: Piano Concerto No.20 in D minor, K.466 - 3. Rondo (Allegro assai)
Mozart: Piano Concerto No.19 in F, K.459 - 1. Allegro vivace - Cadenza: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Mozart: Piano Concerto No.19 In F, K.459 - 2. Allegretto
Mozart: Piano Concerto No.19 In F, K.459 - 3. Allegro assai - Cadenza: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Mozart: Piano Concerto No.27 In B Flat, K.595 - 1. Allegro
Mozart: Piano Concerto No.27 in B flat, K.595 - 2. Larghetto
Mozart: Piano Concerto No.27 in B flat, K.595 - 3. Allegro
I. Allegro moderato
II. Canzonetta: Andante
III. Finale: Allegro vivacissimo
1. Allegro - Cadenza: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
2. Allegretto
3. Allegro assai - Cadenza: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
1. Allegro
2. Larghetto
3. Allegro
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 1. Requiem
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 2. Dies irae
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 2. Tuba mirum
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 2. Liber scriptus
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 2. Quid sum miser
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 2. Rex tremendae
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 2. Recordare
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 2. Ingemisco
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 2. Confutatis
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 2. Lacrymosa
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 3. Offertorium
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 4. Sanctus
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 5. Agnus Dei
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 6. Lux aeterna
Verdi: Messa da Requiem - 7. Libera me
Der Fruhling (Spring): Introduction and Recitative: Seht, wie der strenge Winter (Simon, Lukas, Hanne)
Der Fruhling (Spring): Komm, holder Lenz! (Chorus)
Der Fruhling (Spring): Recitative: Vom Widder strahlet jetzt (Simon)
Der Fruhling (Spring): Aria: Schon eilet froh der Ackermann (Simon)
Der Fruhling (Spring): Recitative: Der Landmann hat sein Werk vollbracht (Lukas)
Der Fruhling (Spring): Trio: Sei nun gnadig, milder Himmel! (Lukas, Simon, Hanne, Chorus)
Der Fruhling (Spring): Recitative: Erhort ist unser Flehn (Hanne)
Der Fruhling (Spring): Trio: Song of Joy: O wie lieblich ist der Anblick (Hanne, Lukas, Simon, Chorus)
Der Fruhling (Spring): Ewiger, machtiger, gutiger Gott! (Chorus, Hanne, Lukas, Simon)
Der Sommer (Summer): Recitative: In grauem Schleier ruckt heran (Lukas, Simon)
Der Sommer (Summer): Aria: Der munt're Hirt versammelt nun (Simon) - Recitative: Die Morgenrote bricht hervor (Hanne)
Der Sommer (Summer): Trio: Sie steigt herauf, die Sonne (Hanne, Lukas, Simon, Chorus)
Der Sommer (Summer): Recitative: Nun regt und bewegt sich alles umher (Simon)
Der Sommer (Summer): Recitative: Die Mittagssonne brennet jetzt (Lukas)
Der Sommer (Summer): Cavatina: Dem Druck' erlieget die Natur (Lukas)
Der Sommer (Summer): Recitative: Willkommen jetzt, o dunkler Hain (Hanne)
Der Sommer (Summer): Aria: Welche Labung fur die Sinne (Hanne)
Der Sommer (Summer): Recitative: O seht, es steiget in der schwulen Luft (Simon, Lukas, Hanne)
Der Sommer (Summer): Ach! das Ungewitter naht (Chorus)
Der Sommer (Summer): Trio: Die dustren Wolken trennen sich (Lukas, Hanne, Simon, Chorus)
Der Winter (Winter): Recitative: Vom durren Osten dringt (Simon)
Der Winter (Winter): Aria: Erblicke hier, betorter Mensch (Simon)
Der Winter (Winter): Recitative: Die bleibt allein (Simon)
Der Winter (Winter): Trio and Double Chorus: Dann bricht der grosse Morgen an (Simon, Lukas, Hanne, Chorus)
1. Adagio - Allegro molto
2. Largo
3. Scherzo (Molto vivace)
4. Allegro con fuoco
1. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
2. Molto vivace
3. Adagio molto e cantabile
4. Presto
4. Presto - Allegro assai
Stravinsky: Capriccio For Piano & Orchestra - 1. Presto
Stravinsky: Capriccio For Piano & Orchestra - 2. Andante Rapsodico
Stravinsky: Capriccio For Piano & Orchestra - 3. Allegro Capriccioso
Bartók: Piano Concerto No.3, BB 127, Sz. 119 - 1. Allegretto
Bartók: Piano Concerto No.3, BB 127, Sz. 119 - 2. Adagio religioso
Bartók: Piano Concerto No.3, BB 127, Sz. 119 - 3. Allegro vivace
1. Exsultate, jubilate
2. Fulget amica dies
3. Tu virginum corona
4. Alleluia
1. Andante sostenuto - Moderato con anima - Moderato assai, quasi Andante - Allegro vivo
2. Andantino in modo di canzone
3. Scherzo. Pizzicato ostinato - Allegro
4. Finale (Allegro con fuoco)
1. Scene - Swan Theme
2. Valse In A
3. Danse des petits cygnes
4. Scene
5. Danse Hongroise (Czardas)
Introduction
The Augurs Of Spring: Dances Of The Young Girls
Ritual Of Abduction
Spring Rounds
Ritual Of The Rival Tribes
Procession Of The Sage
Adoration Of The Earth
Dance Of The Earth
Introduction (Largo)
Mystical Circles Of The Young Girls
Glorification Of The Chosen Victim
Summoning Of The Elders
Ritual Of The Elders
Sacrificial Dance (The Chosen One)
The Shrovetide Fair - The Crowds - The Conjuring-Trick
Russian Dance
Petrouchka's Room
The Moor's Room - Dance Of The Ballerina
Waltz (The Ballerina And The Moor)
The Shrovetide Fair (Evening)
Dance Of The Wet-Nurses
Dance Of The Peasant And The Bear
The Merchant And The Gipsies
Dance Of The Coachmen And The Grooms
The Masqueraders
1. Adagio - Andante - Appassionato (Allegro moderato) - Agitato - Largamente - Allegro moderato con fuoco - Adagio
2. Presto - Allegro assai (Fuge I)- Tempo II- Fuge III - Coda
Thema. Quasi Presto - Variations 1-3
Variations 4-7
Variation 8
Variations 9-12
Variations 13-16
Ouverture
No. 1 Choeur: "O wenn in diesen dunklen Hainen"
No. 2 Récitatif: "O Freunde, dieses Klagen"
No. 3 Pantomine
No. 4 Choeur: "Oh, wenn in diesen dunklen Hainen"
No. 5 Récitatif: "Lasst mich allein!"
No. 6 Ritournelle
No. 7 Aria: "So klag' ich ihren Tod"
No. 8 Récitatif: "Eurydike, teurer Schatten!"
No. 9 Aria: "Wehklagend irr' ich so"
No. 10 Récitatif: "Eurydike, dein suesser Name"
No. 11 Aria: "Weinend gedenk ich dein"
No. 12 Récitatif: "Grausame Goetter"
No. 13 Aria: "Deines Harfenspiels Harmonien"
No. 14 Récitatif: "Wie, ich soll sie wiedersehn!"
No. 15 Aria: "Mit Freuden den Willen der Goetter erfuellen"
No. 16 Récitatif: "Was hoer' ich? Ist es wahr?"
No. 18 Danse des furies
No. 19 Jeu de harpe, Choeur: "Wer ist der Sterbliche"
No. 20 Danse des furies
No. 21 Choeur: "Wer ist der Sterbliche"
No. 22 Solo avec Choeur: "Ach, erbarmt euch mein!"
No. 23 Choeur: "Jammernder Sterblicher, was willst, was suchst du hier"
No. 24 Aria: "Tausend Qualen, drohende Schatten"
No. 25 Choeur: "Welch' ungewohnter Trieb"
No. 26 Aria: "Todesgoetter, hoeret gnaedig"
No. 27 Choeur: "Sein sanftes Trauerlied"
No. 28 Danse des furies
No. 29 Ballet
No. 30 Ballet
No. 32 Aria avec Choeur: "Diese Auen sind seligem Frieden und der Ruhe nur geweiht"
No. 33 Aria: "Welch reiner Himmel"
No. 34 Choeur: "Komm ins Reich beglueckter Schatten"
No. 36 Récitatif et Choeur: "O selige, beglueckte Schatten"
No. 37 Choeur: "Aus dem Reich beglueckter Schatten"
No. 38 Récitatif: "So komm Eurydike, folge mir"
No. 39 Duo: "Komm und vertrau meiner Treue"
No. 40 Récitatif: "Ach, warum bleibt er in diesem starren Schweigen?"
No. 41 Aria et Duo: "Welch' grausame Wandlung"
No. 42 Récitatif: "Ach, nun erneut sich mein Jammer!"
No. 43 Aria: "Ach, ich habe sie verloren"
No. 44 Récitatif: "So mag der tiefe Schmerz mit meinem Leben enden!"
No. 45 Choeur et solistes: "Triumph sei Amor"
Brahms: Piano Concerto No.2 In B Flat, Op.83 - 1. Allegro non troppo
Brahms: Piano Concerto No.2 In B Flat, Op.83 - 2. Allegro appassionato
Brahms: Piano Concerto No.2 In B Flat, Op.83 - 3. Andante - Piů adagio
Brahms: Piano Concerto No.2 In B Flat, Op.83 - 4. Allegretto grazioso - Un poco piů presto
Bartók: Rhapsody For Piano And Orchestra, (Op.1) Sz. 27 - 1. Adagio molto
Bartók: Rhapsody For Piano And Orchestra, (Op.1) Sz. 27 - 2. Poco allegretto
1. Andante sostenuto - Moderato con anima - Moderato assai, quasi Andante - Allegro vivo
2. Andantino in modo di canzone
3. Scherzo. Pizzicato ostinato - Allegro
4. Finale (Allegro con fuoco)
1. Scene - Swan Theme
2. Valse In A
3. Danse des petits cygnes
4. Scene
5. Danse Hongroise (Czardas)
Introduction
The Augurs Of Spring: Dances Of The Young Girls
Ritual Of Abduction
Spring Rounds
Ritual Of The Rival Tribes
Procession Of The Sage
Adoration Of The Earth
Dance Of The Earth
Introduction (Largo)
Mystical Circles Of The Young Girls
Glorification Of The Chosen Victim
Summoning Of The Elders
Ritual Of The Elders
Sacrificial Dance (The Chosen One)
The Shrovetide Fair - The Crowds - The Conjuring-Trick
Russian Dance
Petrouchka's Room
The Moor's Room - Dance Of The Ballerina
Waltz (The Ballerina And The Moor)
The Shrovetide Fair (Evening)
Dance Of The Wet-Nurses
Dance Of The Peasant And The Bear
The Merchant And The Gipsies
Dance Of The Coachmen And The Grooms
The Masqueraders
1. Adagio - Andante - Appassionato (Allegro moderato) - Agitato - Largamente - Allegro moderato con fuoco - Adagio
2. Presto - Allegro assai (Fuge I)- Tempo II- Fuge III - Coda
Thema. Quasi Presto - Variations 1-3
Variations 4-7
Variation 8
Variations 9-12
Variations 13-16
1. Allegro
2. Largo -
3. Rondo alla Polacca
1. Allegro
2. Andante
3. Vivace non troppo - Poco meno allegro - Tempo I
1. Allegro molto appassionato
2. Andante
3. Allegro non troppo - Allegro molto vivace
1. Allegro con brio
2. Menuetto (Allegretto) - Canone In Diapason
3. Adagio
4. Finale (Presto)
1. Allegro moderato
2. Andante
3. Menuetto
4. Finale (Vivace)
1. Adagio - Allegro
2. Adagio
3. Menuetto (Allegro)
4. Finale (Presto)
1. Adagio molto - Allegro con brio
2. Andante cantabile con moto
3. Menuetto (Allegro molto e vivace)
4. Finale (Adagio - Allegro molto e vivace)
1. Allegro
2. Larghetto
3. Gavotta (Non troppo allegro)
4. Finale (Vivace)
Ich bin der Welt abhanden gekommen
Ich atmet' einen linden Duft
Blicke mir nicht in die Lieder
Liebst du um Schönheit
Um Mitternacht
1. Adagio - Allegro non troppo
2. Allegro con grazia
3. Allegro molto vivace
4. Finale (Adagio lamentoso - Andante)
1. Overture
4. Tarantella
5. Mazurka
7. Cossack Danse
9. Can-Can
11. Valse lente
13. Nocturne
14. Galop
15. Finale
1. Largo e maestoso
2. Lento
3. Andantino quasi allegretto
4. Allegro molto


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