Federico Mompou

Biography

Born: April 16, 1893; Barcelona, Spain   Died: June 30, 1987; Barcelona, Spain  
Mompou was a Catalan composer of lyric songs and piano miniatures whose music is characterized by Impressionist elegance, simple and direct melody, and the haunting, deep emotions of folk music.

Mompou studied piano at the Conservatorio del Liceo in Barcelona and gave his first concert at the age of 15. Three years later, with a letter of recommendation from composer Granados, he went to Paris to study piano and harmony. While there, he
Read more wrote his first piano pieces, the Impresiones intimas (1911-1914).

He became very taken with Debussy and the modern French composers, especially the spare melodiousness of Erik Satie. Mompou characterized this Satie quality in his music as "recomençament" (starting over at the beginning), a return to a kind of fundamental, basic state of realization. In emulation of Satie, Mompou adopted his method of scoring (in many of the piano works) by eliminating bar lines and key signatures, and (like Bartók and other composers) placing accidentals only before the notes to which they immediately apply. He also picked up the idea of inserting unusual and often illogically humorous comments, directions, and surreal images in the score, which actually serve to suggest the mood of a passage more adequately than the normal emotional and articulation markings -- some of Mompou's directions were "Chantez avec le fraîcheur de l'herbe humide" and "Donnez des excuses."

When World War I broke out, Mompou returned to Barcelona, where he continued composing from 1914-1921. His works at that time include the song L'hora grisa (1915) to words by Blancafort, and the piano sets Pessebres (1914-1917), Scènes d'enfants (1915-1918), Cants mágìcs (1917-1919), Fêtes lointaines (1920), and Charmes (1920-1921). Suburbis (1916-1917) contains musical portraits of people encountered during Mompou's long walks. They were richly orchestrated by Manuel Rosenthal in 1936. In El carrer, el guitarrista i el cavall (The road, the guitarist and the old horse) a trumpet tune suggests the slow progress of a cart loaded with stone drawn by a weary horse "with large, sad eyes." An old man grinds a (wonderfully imitated) barrel organ. Gitane I and Gitane II draw portraits of two female gypsy friends, La Fana and La Chatuncha, through teasing dance music. La cegueta expresses gentle empathy for "the little blind girl" whose slow, uncertain walk is expressed by mirrored patterns. In L'home de l'Aristó (The ariston player) we hear a jolly pieces played again by the wandering beggar musician.

In 1921 Mompou returned to Paris where he remained 20 years, and then returned permanently to Barcelona. He was made a Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres by the French government, and elected to the Royal Academy of San Jorge in Barcelona and of San Fernando in Madrid.

The creation of many piano sets extended over large time spans: the 12 Cançons i dansas (1921-1928, 1942-1962), the ten Préludes (1927-1930, 1943-1951), Variaciones sobre un tema di Chopin (1938-57), the brilliant and evocative Paisajes (1942-1960), and Música callada (1959-1967).

Several of his significant songs include the Comptines I-VI (1931, 1943), Combat del somni (1942-1948), and Llueve sobre el rio, Pastoral (1945). His works for chorus are the Cantar del alma (1951) with text from St. John of the Cross, and Improperios (1963) for chorus and orchestra. Read less
Hommage À Chopin - Liszt, Mompou, Schumann, Etc / Kocyan
Release Date: 09/27/2005   Label: Dux Records  
Catalog: 487   Number of Discs: 1
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There are 146 Federico Mompou recordings available.

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Works

Federico Mompou


MOST POPULAR WORKS
Plany I
Plany II
Plany III
Plany IV
Ocell trist
La barca
Bressol
Secret
Gitano
I. Angelico
II. Lent
III. Placide
IV. Afflitto e penoso
V. Quarter Note = 54
VI. Lento
VII. Lento
VIII. Semplice
IX. Lento
X. Lento - cantabile
XI. Allegretto
XII. Lento
XIII. Tranquillo - tres calme
XIV. Severo - serieux
XV. Lento - plaintif
XVI. Calme
XVII. Lento
XVIII. Luminoso
XIX. Tranquillo
XX. Calme
XXI. Lento
XXII. Molto lento e tranquillo
XXIII. Calme, avec clarte
XXIV. Moderato
XXV. Quarter Note = 100
XXVI. Lento
XXVII. Lento molto
XXVIII. Lento
I. Preludio
II. Coral
III. Cuna
IV. Recitativo
V. Cancion
VI. Muneira
Theme (Andantino)
Variation I (Tranquillo e molto amabile)
Variation II (Gracioso)
Variation III (Pour la main gauche - Lento)
Variation IV (Espressivo)
Variation V (Tempo di Mazurka)
Variation VI (Recitativo)
Variation VII (Allegro leggiero)
Variation VIII (Andante dolce espresivo)
Variation IX (Valse)
Variation X (Evocation)
Variation XI (Lento dolce e legato)
Variation XII (Galope y Epilogo)
WORKS
No. 1. Hoy la tierra y los cielos me sonrien
No. 2. Los invisibles atomos del aire
No. 3. Yo soy ardiente, yo soy morena
No. 4. Yo se cual el objeto
No. 5. Volveran las oscuras golondrinas
No. 6. Olas gigantes
Canco i dansa No. I
Canco i dansa No. II
Canco i dansa No. III
Canco i dansa No. IV
Canco i dansa No. V
Canco i dansa No. VI
Canco i dansa No. VII
Canco i dansa No. VIII
Canco i dansa No. IX
Canco i dansa No. X
Canco i dansa No. XI
Canco i dansa No. XII
Canco i dansa No. XIV
Canco
Dansa
Energic
Obscur
Profound - lent
Misterios
Calma
Pour endormir la souffrance
Pour penetrer les ames
Pour inspirer l'amour
Pour les guerisons
Pour evoquer l'image du passe
Pour appeler la joie
Combat del somni: Damunt de tu, només les flors
Combat del somni: Aquesta nit un mateix vent
Combat del somni: Jo et pressentia com la mar
No. 1. Dalt d'un cotxe
No. 2. Margot la pie
No. 3. He vist dins la lluna
No. 1. Aserrin, Aserran
No. 2. Petite fille de Paris
No. 3. Pito, pito, colorito
I Calme
II Vif
III Rythme
IV Vif
V Lentement
VI Vif
Plany I
Plany II
Plany III
Plany IV
Ocell trist
La barca
Bressol
Secret
Gitano
I. Preludio
II. "Popule meus"
III. "Hágios o Theós / Sanctus Deus"
IV. "Quia eduxite per desertum"
V. "Sanctus Deus" - "Quid ultra debui facere tibi"
VI. "Ego propter te flagellavi Aegyptum"
VII. "Ego te potavi aqua saultis de petra"
VIII. Antífona. "Crucem tuam adoramus"
I. Angelico
II. Lent
III. Placide
IV. Afflitto e penoso
V. Quarter Note = 54
VI. Lento
VII. Lento
VIII. Semplice
IX. Lento
X. Lento - cantabile
XI. Allegretto
XII. Lento
XIII. Tranquillo - tres calme
XIV. Severo - serieux
XV. Lento - plaintif
XVI. Calme
XVII. Lento
XVIII. Luminoso
XIX. Tranquillo
XX. Calme
XXI. Lento
XXII. Molto lento e tranquillo
XXIII. Calme, avec clarte
XXIV. Moderato
XXV. Quarter Note = 100
XXVI. Lento
XXVII. Lento molto
XXVIII. Lento
La fuente y la campana
El lago
Carros de Galicia
Dansa
L'ermita
El pastor
Cris dans la rue
Jeux sur la plage
Jeu II
Jeu III
Jeunes filles au jardin
Entree
Tableaux de statistiques
La planetaire
Pavillon de l'elegance
El carrer, el guitarrista i el vell cavall
Gitanes I
Gitanes II
La cegueta
L' home de l' aristo
I. Preludio
II. Coral
III. Cuna
IV. Recitativo
V. Cancion
VI. Muneira
Theme (Andantino)
Variation I (Tranquillo e molto amabile)
Variation II (Gracioso)
Variation III (Pour la main gauche - Lento)
Variation IV (Espressivo)
Variation V (Tempo di Mazurka)
Variation VI (Recitativo)
Variation VII (Allegro leggiero)
Variation VIII (Andante dolce espresivo)
Variation IX (Valse)
Variation X (Evocation)
Variation XI (Lento dolce e legato)
Variation XII (Galope y Epilogo)


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