Esa-Pekka Salonen

Biography

Born: Jun 30, 1958; Finland  
Esa-Pekka Salonen emerged as one of the most exciting and fast-rising major conductors of the last two decades of the twentieth century. He entered the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki 1973, studying horn with Holgar Fransman. Having graduated in 1977, Salonen remained to take composition with Einojuhani Rautavaara and conducting with Jorma Panula. He also studied composition with Franco Donatoni in Siena, attended the summer course at Darmstadt, Read more and, from 1980 to 1981, studied with Niccolň Castiglioni.
Although he is primarily known as a conductor, Salonen views composition as his main career. His first large-scale orchestral work was the Concerto for saxophone & orchestra, "...Auf den esten Blick und ohne zu wissen" (1980-1981), based on Kafka's novel The Trial. His second orchestral work, Giro, dates from 1981.The following year, he composed Floof (revised in 1990), a bright work for soprano and ensemble based on texts by the Polish science-fiction writer Stanislaw Lem. This work won the UNESCO Rostrum Prize in 1992. During the 1980s, Salonen composed tape music and music with electronics and instruments combined. Works composed during this period include Baalal, a radiophonic piece, and Yta (Surface), a series of experimental compositions. Although Salonen's burgeoning conducting career somewhat slowed down his composition output, he continued developing as a composer. His 1996 orchestral piece, L.A. Variations, received its triumphant premiere at the Los Angeles Philharmonic in 1997. The following year, he wrote Gambit, an orchestral work dedicated to Magnus Lindberg. In 1999, he completed Five Images after Sappho, a song cycle for soprano and small ensemble. Salonen's music employs up-to-date compositional techniques within a central tonality. Other significant works include Wing on Wing for orchestra and two sopranos (2004) and a Piano Concerto (2007) written for Yefim Bronfman.
Salonen started appearing as a horn soloist and guest conductor beginning in 1982. His conducting career took off in 1983, following his sensational London debut with the Philharmonia. Salonen made his American debut conducting the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra in 1984. He received a record contract with CBS Masterworks (now Sony Classical), as well as the position of principal guest conductor of the Philharmonia (1985-1994).
One of his early projects with Sony was a recording of Messiaen's Turangalila and Lutoslawski's Symphony No. 3, the latter a world premiere recording that won a Gramophone Award for Best Contemporary Record in 1985. He took a second award in 1989 with the Sibelius and Nielsen violin concertos, featuring Cho-Liang Lin as soloist, and won further awards with the complete Stravinsky works for piano and orchestra, with Paul Crossley as soloist.
As a result of his highly successful performances with the L.A. Philharmonic at the Hollywood Bowl in 1989, Salonen was invited to become the orchestra's music director. He assumed that post in 1992, becoming the orchestra's youngest music director, and a successor to such luminaries as Zubin Mehta and Carlo Maria Giulini. Salonen has led the L.A. Philharmonic on major tours, also making a series of highly acclaimed recordings.
Salonen is known especially for his twentieth century music performances, though he is also praised for his interpretations of Haydn, Mahler, and Beethoven. In addition to established modern composers such as Bartók, Messiaen, Stravinsky, and Hindemith, he also frequently performs more recent masters such as Lutoslawski, Ligeti, Lindberg, Saariaho, and Corigliano, whose concerto from the film The Red Violin he recorded with violinist Joshua Bell. Read less

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Biography

Born: Jun 30, 1958; Finland  
Esa-Pekka Salonen emerged as one of the most exciting and fast-rising major conductors of the last two decades of the twentieth century. He entered the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki 1973, studying horn with Holgar Fransman. Having graduated in 1977, Salonen remained to take composition with Einojuhani Rautavaara and conducting with Jorma Panula. He also studied composition with Franco Donatoni in Siena, attended the summer course at Darmstadt, Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
I. Allegro giusto
II. Poco adagio
III. Allegretto misterioso
IV. Allegro vivace
Symphony No. 2: I. Hésitant (Instrumental)
II. Direct (Instrumental)
1. Gong (1)
2. Danse cosmique
Interlude
3. A Slava et Galina
4. Gong (2)
5. De Vincent ŕ Théo
1. Enigme
2. Regard
3. Houles
4. Miroir
5. Hymne
1. Les heures
2. Ariel maléfique
3. Mémoire des ombres
Interlude
4. Vagues de lumičre
5. Dominante bleue?
1. Adagio
2. Alla marcia
3. Andantino
4. Andante
5. Allegro
6. Moderato
7. Alla marcia
8. Allegro moderato
9. Allegretto
10. Agitato
11. Allegretto
1. Allegretto poco moderato - Presto
2. Moderato con moto
3. Largo - Allegro
Du cristal
...a la fumee
...a la fumee
No. 1. Drifting into D major
No. 2. Suddenly in the Room with Chattering Mirrors
No. 3. D major Still Life
No. 4. Confused Dialogues with Woodpecker
No. 5. Suddenly in the Room with Floating Mirrors
No. 6. Into the Great Wide Open
No. 7. Meadow of Sadsongs
No. 8. Toypianos on the Surface of the Sea
No. 9. String Quartet spiralling to the Seafloor
No. 10. Seafloor Meditation (Whispering Mirrors at the Seafloor)
No. 11. Waves, Pulse and Elastic Seabirds
I. -
II. -
Shostakovich: Violin Concerto No.1 in A minor, Op.99 (formerly Op.77) - 1. Nocturne (Moderato)
Shostakovich: Violin Concerto No.1 in A minor, Op.99 (formerly Op.77) - 2. Scherzo (Allegro)
Shostakovich: Violin Concerto No.1 in A minor, Op.99 (formerly Op.77) - 3. Passacaglia (Andante)
Shostakovich: Violin Concerto No.1 in A minor, Op.99 (formerly Op.77) - 4. Burlesque (Allegro con brio - Presto)
Schumann: Piano Concerto In A Minor, Op.54 - 1. Allegro affettuoso
Schumann: Piano Concerto In A Minor, Op.54 - 2. Intermezzo (Andantino grazioso)
Schumann: Piano Concerto In A Minor, Op.54 - 3. Allegro vivace
Schoenberg: Violin Concerto, Op.36 - 1. Poco Allegro
Schoenberg: Violin Concerto, Op.36 - 2. Andante grazioso
Schoenberg: Violin Concerto, Op.36 - 3. Finale. Allegro
Sibelius: Violin Concerto in D minor, Op.47 - 1. Allegro moderato
Sibelius: Violin Concerto in D minor, Op.47 - 2. Adagio di molto
Sibelius: Violin Concerto in D minor, Op.47 - 3. Allegro, ma non tanto
Beethoven: Fantasia For Piano, Chorus And Orchestra In C Minor, Op.80 - 1. Adagio
Beethoven: Fantasia For Piano, Chorus And Orchestra In C Minor, Op.80 - 2. Finale: a) Allegro - Meno allegro - Allegro molto - Adagio ma non troppo - Marcia, assai vivace
1. Poco Allegro
2. Andante grazioso
3. Finale. Allegro
1. Allegro moderato
2. Adagio di molto
3. Allegro, ma non tanto
I. Allegro moderato
II. Adagio di molto
III. Allegro ma non tanto
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra, Op. 33: I. Praeludium. Allegro cavalleresco
II. Poco adagio
Rondo. Allegretto scherzando
Prelude
The City
The Rainstorm
The Madhouse
The Murder
The Water
The Swamp
The Stairs
The Knife
The Cellar
Finale
Allegro maestoso
Quasi Adagio
Allegretto vivace - Allegro animato
Allegro marziale animato
Concerto No. 2 for Piano and Orchestra in A Major: Adagio sostenuto assai - Allegro agitato assai
Allegro moderato
Allegro deciso - Marziale un poco meno Allegro
Allegro animato
Salonen: Foreign Bodies - Part I: Body Language
Salonen: Foreign Bodies - Part II: Language
Salonen: Foreign Bodies - Part III: Dance
I. -
II. -
III. -
I. -
II. -
1. Adagio
2. Finale: a) Allegro - Meno allegro - Allegro molto - Adagio ma non troppo - Marcia, assai vivace
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 2 (1930-1931): I. Allegro (Instrumental)
II. Adagio - Presto - Adagio (Instrumental)
III. Allegro molto (Instrumental)
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 1 (1926): I. Allegro
II. Adagio - Presto - Adagio
III. Allegro molto
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No.3 (1945): I. Allegro moderato - Allegro - Allegro moderato
II. Andante
III. Allegro molto
I. Delicato
II. Impetuoso
Château de l'âme: I. La Liane (Voice)
II. A La Terre (Voice)
III. La Liane (Voice)
IV. Pour repousser l'esprit (Voice)
V. Les formules (Voice)
Amers: Part 1: Libero, dolce, misterioso
Part 2: Sempre molto energico, ma espressivo
Concerto in D minor for Violin and Orchestra, Op. 47: I. Allegro moderato
II. Adagio di molto
III. Allegro, ma non tanto
Concerto No. 1 in A minor for Violin and Orchestra, Op. 28: I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante
III. Moderato - Allegretto
I. Das Trinklied vom Jammer der Erde
II. Der Einsame im Herbst
III. Von der Jugend
IV. Von der Schönheit
V. Der Trunkene im Frühling
VI. Der Abschied
I. Allegro moderato
II. Lento
III. Moderato
IV. Allegro con brio
Concerto No. 2 in F Major for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 102: I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Allegro
Anna's Theme
Main Title
Death of Anna
Birth of the Red Violin
The Red Violin
The Monastery
Kaspar's Audition; Journey To Vienna
Etudes; Death of Kaspar
The Gypsies; Journey Across Europe
Pope's Gypsy Cadenza
Coitus Musicalis; Victoria's Departure
Pope's Concert
Pope's Betrayal
Journey To China
People's Revolution; Death Of Chou Yuan
Morritz Discovers The Red Violin
Morritz's Theme
The Theft
End Titles
La Noche De Los Mayas (1939): I. Noche de los Mayas. - Molto sostenuto
II. Noche de Jaranas. - Scherzo
III. Noche de Yucatan. - Andante espressivo
IV. Noche de encantamiento. - Tema y variaciones
Homenaje a Federico Garcia Lorca for Chamber Orchestra: I. Baile (Dance) - Lento (quasi recitativo) - Allegro
II. Duelo (Sorrow)
III. Son (Sound)
First Little Serious Piece
Second Little Serious Piece - Tempo di Valse - Lento
I. (Introduzione). Andante non troppo
II. (Giuoco delle coppie). Allegro scherzando
III. (Elegia). Andante, non troppo
IV. (Intermezzo interrotto). Allegretto
V. (Finale). Pesante - Presto
Music for String Instruments, Percussion and Celeste: I. Andante tranquillo
II. Allegro
III. Adagio
IV. Allegro molto
I. Andantino
II. Scherzo. Vivacissimo
III. Moderato
Concerto in D for Violin and Orchestra: I. Toccata
II. Aria I
III. Aria II
IV. Capriccio
I. Preludium: Allegro molto
II. Andante espressivo
III. Scherzo. Allegro vivace
IV. Marcia - Tempo di marcia, molto ritmico
I. Allegro
II. Adagio cantabile
III. Allegro vivace
IV. Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Andante sostenuto - Allegro - Tempo primo
III. Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Molto adagio, espressivo
III. Coda: Allegro
Prologue: Spectateurs! Vous allez entendre une version latine d' Oedipe-Roi
Act One: Caedit nos pestis
Liberi vos liberabo
Respondit deus
Non reperias vetus scelus
Oedipe interroge la fontaine de verite
Dicere non possum
Rex peremptor regis est - Invidia fortunam odit
Gloria!
Act Two: La dispute des princes attire Jocaste
Gloria!
Nonn' erubescite, reges
Ne probentur oracula
Cave oracula! - Trivium, trivium
Oracula mentiuntur
Le témoin du meurtre sort de l'ombre
Adest omniscius pastor
Oportebat tacere
Nonne monstrum rescituri
In monte reppertus est
Natus sum quo nefastum est
Et maintenant, vous allez entendre
Divum Iocastea caput mortuum!
Ekke! Regem Oedipoda
Introduction (Molto moderato)
Scene 1: Katchei's Enchanted Garden
The Firebird Appears, Pursued by Prince Ivan (Allegro assai)
Dance of the Firebird
The Firebird is Captured by Prince Ivan
The Firebird's Pleading (Adagio)
Appearance of the Thirteen Enchanted Princesses
Scene II: The Princesses Play with the Golden Apples (Scherzo: Allegretto)
Prince Ivan Suddenly Appears (Larghetto)
Round Dance of the Princesses (Moderato)
Daybreak (Piu mosso)
Prince Ivan Enters Kastchei's Palace. Fairy Carillon. Kastchei's Monsters Appear and Capture Prince Ivan
Arrival of Kastchei the Immortal (Sostenuto)
Dialogue Between Kastchei and Prince Ivan (Poco meno mosso)
The Princesses Intercede (Andantino dolente)
The Firebird Appears
The Dance of Kastchei's Court, Bewitched by the Firebird (Allegro)
Infernal Dance of Kastchei's Subjects (Allegro feroce)
Berceuse
Kastchei Awakens
Death of Kastchei
Scene III: The Palace and Creatures of Kastchei Disappear. The Petrified Knights Come to Life. General Rejoicing
Jeu de cartes: First Deal
Second Deal
Third Deal


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