Erwin Schulhoff

Biography

Born: June 8, 1894; Prague, Czech Republic   Died: August 18, 1942; Würzburg, Germany  
It was only 60 years after his death in the Wülzburg concentration camp that Czech composer Erwin Schulhoff began to be recognized. One of many composers whose works the Nazi regime labeled as "Entartete Musik" (degenerate music), he was effectively silenced by the stark political and social workings of fascism in the 1930s and 1940s. Schulhoff was indeed possessed of radical ideas, both political and musical, and was a founding Read more member of the Dresden-based Werkstatt der Zeit (Workshop of the Time), but he is now known to be a composer of remarkable variety and invention whose works spanned the aesthetic void between the late romanticism of Max Reger and Scriabin and the experimental modernism of John Cage. During the 30 years of his active career he wrote sonatas, quartets, sextets, jazz piano pieces, stage music, an opera, eight symphonies, and at least one oratorio.

Schulhoff's works divide roughly into four periods that manifest wildly different stylistic and ideological principles. His early works, composed after his studies at the Prague Conservatory, betray a great debt to Reger, Dvorák, and Brahms, and are in a generally serious vein. Following his service in World War I, he found new resonance in the ideas of the Second Viennese School (Arnold Schoenberg and his pupils), but soon embraced the emerging trend of dadaism as more representative of his philosophies. This "second period" in his creative development shows a dual allegiance to these two schools of thought, resulting in rather austere serial works as well as more vigorously anti-establishment works that included experimental notation systems and an emerging sense of musical humor.

By 1923 Schulhoff had moved into yet a third creative phase that was partly inspired by his exposure (in Dresden via recordings) to American jazz. This new influence was incorporated into a maturing synthesis of European trends, combined with a renewed interest in the music of his native Czechoslovakia. During this time many of his works took on a straightforward, almost Neo-classical sound that left the complexity of serialism behind.

Schulhoff's final creative phase was precipitated by a visit to the Soviet Union in 1933, and his resulting political conversion to Stalinism. His late works betray a concerted effort to communicate in plain, unpretentious ways and to glorify the ideals of communism through the use of greatly simplified musical means. Ultimately these cannot be judged his most successful experiments. The German occupation of Czechoslovakia in 1939 resulted in Schulhoff's arrest and imprisonment in 1941. He died only months later of tuberculosis. Read less
Schulhoff: Ogelala, Suite, Symphony No 2 / Dohnanyi, Viotti
Release Date: 06/13/2006   Label: Arte Nova  
Catalog: 278020   Number of Discs: 1
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There are 98 Erwin Schulhoff recordings available.

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Works

Erwin Schulhoff


MOST POPULAR WORKS
I. Melancolia
II. Perpetuum mobile
III. Fuga
I. Andante con moto
II. Furiant
III. Andante
IV. Rondino
I. Moderato
II. Zingaresca: Allegro giocoso
III. Andantino
IV. Moderato
1. --
2. --
3. --
4. --
5. --
6. --
7. --
8. --
9. --
10. --
I. Lento
II. Allegro molto
III. Lento
IV. Allegretto
V. Deciso - Allegro ma non troppo
VI. Andantino rubato
VII. Moderato
VIII. Adagio espressivo
IX. Presto leggiero
X. Andantino
XI. Moderato brutalemente
I. Tempo di Fox
II. Jazz-like
III. Tango-Rag
IV. Tempo di Fox a la Hawai
V. Boston
VI. Tempo di Rag
VII. Tango
VIII. Shimmy-Jazz
No. 1. Alla Valse Viennese
No. 2. Alla Serenata
No. 3. Alla Czeca
No. 4. Alla Tango Milonga
No. 5. Alla Tarantella
I. Presto con fuoco
II. Allegretto con moto e con malinconia grotesca
III. Allegro giocoso alla slovacca
IV. Andante molto sostenuto
I. Allegro risoluto
II. Tranquillo: Andante
III. Burlesca: Allegro molto con spirito
IV. Molto adagio
I. Allegro moderato
II. Scherzo: Allegro giocoso
III. Aria: Andante
IV. Finale: Allegro molto gajo
I. Allegro con fuoco
II. Andante cantabile
III. Scherzo: Allegretto grazioso
IV. Finale: Allegro risoluto
Stomp
Strait
Waltz
Tango
Slow
Fox-trot
WORKS
I. Melancolia
II. Perpetuum mobile
III. Fuga
I. Andante con moto
II. Furiant
III. Andante
IV. Rondino
1. Allegro moderato
2. Largo
3. Allegro con brio/Tempo di Slow Fox/Tempo come primo
I. Moderato
II. Zingaresca: Allegro giocoso
III. Andantino
IV. Moderato
1. --
2. --
3. --
4. --
5. --
6. --
7. --
8. --
9. --
10. --
I. Lento
II. Allegro molto
III. Lento
IV. Allegretto
V. Deciso - Allegro ma non troppo
VI. Andantino rubato
VII. Moderato
VIII. Adagio espressivo
IX. Presto leggiero
X. Andantino
XI. Moderato brutalemente
Charleston
Blues
Chanson
Tango
Toccata sur le shimmy 'Kitten on the keys' de Zez Confrey
1. "Sangen Geigen übern See"
2. "Schließe deine Augen zu"
3. "Weißt du, dass der Sonnenmüde"
I. Vorspiel
II. Thema mit variationen
III. Vivo e giocoso
IV. Nachspiel
I. Tempo di Fox
II. Jazz-like
III. Tango-Rag
IV. Tempo di Fox a la Hawai
V. Boston
VI. Tempo di Rag
VII. Tango
VIII. Shimmy-Jazz
No. 1. Alla Valse Viennese
No. 2. Alla Serenata
No. 3. Alla Czeca
No. 4. Alla Tango Milonga
No. 5. Alla Tarantella
No. 1. Foxtrott
No. 2. Ragtime
No. 3. In futurum
No. 4. One-Step
No. 5. Maxixe
I. Presto con fuoco
II. Allegretto con moto e con malinconia grotesca
III. Allegro giocoso alla slovacca
IV. Andante molto sostenuto
I. Allegro risoluto
II. Tranquillo: Andante
III. Burlesca: Allegro molto con spirito
IV. Molto adagio
I. Frisch
II. Langsam und getragen
III. Fliessend, im Tempo di Menuetto
IV. Rondo
I. Allegro moderato
II. Scherzo: Allegro giocoso
III. Aria: Andante
IV. Finale: Allegro molto gajo
I. Allegro molto
II. Molto tranquillo - Allegro agitato
III. Allegro moderato grotesco
IV. Allegro molto
I. Allegro impetuoso
II. Andante
III. Burlesca
IV. Finale
I. Allegro con fuoco
II. Andante cantabile
III. Scherzo: Allegretto grazioso
IV. Finale: Allegro risoluto
Stomp
Strait
Waltz
Tango
Slow
Fox-trot
I. Preludio (Allegro Moderato)
II. Melodia (Andantino)
III. Toccatina (Allegro molto)
IV. Pastorale (Andante con moto)
V. Gigue (Allegro furioso)
I. Preludio
II. Air
III. Zingara
IV. Improvisazione
V. Finale
Thema
Variation 1
Variation 2
Variation 3
Variation 4
Variation 5
Variation 6
Variation 7
Variation 8
Variation 9
Variation 10
Variation 11
Variation 12
Variation 13
Variation 14
Variation 15
Finale: Fugato


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