Erich Leinsdorf

Biography

Born: February 4, 1912   Died: September 11, 1993   Country: Austria  
Erich Leinsdorf was one of the most respected (if not always well-liked) European-born conductors and music directors to achieve prominence in America after World War II. He was an acclaimed operatic conductor, whose recordings of Turandot and Madama Butterfly from the late '50s remain among the most popular in the catalog; his reputation as a conductor of orchestral music hasn't survived quite as well.

He was born Erich Landauer in
Read more Vienna, Austria, and by the age of 5 was enrolled in a local music school. He studied music at the University of Vienna and the Vienna Conservatory, making his conducting debut at the Musikvereinsaal upon graduation. Leinsdorf became the assistant conductor of the Workers' Chorus in Vienna in 1933, and a year later successfully auditioned before Bruno Walter and Arturo Toscanini at the Salzburg Festival, where he was appointed Toscanini's assistant.

Leinsdorf's American debut took place at the Metropolitan Opera when he conducted Wagner's Die Walküre on January 21, 1938. His success with Wagnerian operas led to his appointment at the Met in 1939 as head of the company's German repertoire. While at the Met he began to develop a reputation as a strict taskmaster, requiring increased rehearsal time from his singers and extremely precise fidelity to the written score from musicians; although audiences generally appreciated the results, many of the performers he worked with resented his demands.

He took American citizenship in 1942. The following year he was appointed music director of the Cleveland Orchestra, but was soon inducted into the United States Army. Discharged in 1944, he returned to the Met. During 1945 and 1946, he also conducted the Cleveland Orchestra on several occasions, and returned to Europe where, as one of a group of major Austrian-born conductors who had no connections with the Nazis, he was engaged to conduct the Vienna Philharmonic. He found his reception in his home city, destitute in the immediate wake of World War II, to be less than entirely cordial.

By 1947, Leinsdorf was back in the United States as music director of the Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra in upstate New York, a post he held until 1955. Leinsdorf served as music director of the New York City Opera for part of 1956, before returning to the Met as a conductor and musical consultant. In 1962, Leinsdorf acceded to one of the most prestigious musical posts in America, succeeding Charles Munch as music director of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. Leinsdorf's tenure at Boston was extremely productive, but stormy. He found the political considerations of a music directorship -- juggling the demands of individual musicians, their unions and existing work and rehearsal rules, and the board of directors -- to be a distraction from his musical goals. Leinsdorf also became known for open criticism his musicians' educational shortcomings, and of errors made by his fellow conductors and by editors of musical scores.

He resigned the Boston post with the 1968-1969 season, happy, in his own words, to have exited with his health intact. Leinsdorf conducted opera and concert performances throughout the United States and Europe for the next two decades. In 1978, he took up his first permanent post in Europe, becoming principal conductor of the Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra, a post he held until 1980. In 1976, he published Cadenza: A Musical Career, a memoir as notable for its candid, brutally honest assessments of himself and his fellow musicians as for its biographical contents. Read less

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Biography

Born: February 4, 1912   Died: September 11, 1993   Country: Austria  
Erich Leinsdorf was one of the most respected (if not always well-liked) European-born conductors and music directors to achieve prominence in America after World War II. He was an acclaimed operatic conductor, whose recordings of Turandot and Madama Butterfly from the late '50s remain among the most popular in the catalog; his reputation as a conductor of orchestral music hasn't survived quite as well.

He was born Erich Landauer in
Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
Vorspiel. Gebt?s uns a Holz zum Subendfeuer
Lassts den seltsamen Nachbarn
Ihr Kindlein, ungestüme
Dass ich den Zauber lerne
Pfuch! Schamts euch, Junker Übermut!
Pockszigel! Was wüst? Gelärm!
Feuersnot! Minnegebot!
Mittsommernacht! Wehvolle Wacht
Leise, leise lasst uns schauen
Höllenspuk! Satanstrug!
Oh weh, Herr Schweiker von Gundelfing
Habt Ihr?s gehört?
Zwischenspiel und Finale
Act I: Preludio
Act I: Scene 1: Introduzione e scena - Sì, corre voce che l'Etiope
Act I: Scene 1: Romanza - Se quel guerrier io fossi! ... Celeste Aida
Act I: Scene 1: Quale insolita gioia nel tuo sguardo!
Act I: Scene 1: Dessa!
Act I: Scene 1: Ohimè! Di guerra fremere
Act I: Scene 1: Alta cagion v'aduna
Act I: Scene 1: Il sacro suolo dell'Egitto è invaso
Act I: Scene 1: Su! Del Nilo al sacro lido
Act I: Scene 1: Scena e romanza - Ritorna vincitor! ... Numi, pieta
Act I: Scene 2: Possente, possente Fthà
Act I: Scene 2: Danza sacra delle sacerdotesse - Immenso Fthà
Act I: Scene 2: Mortal, diletto ai numi
Act I: Scene 2: Nume, custode e vindice
Act II: Scene 1: Scena e coro di donne - Chi mai fra gl'inni e i plausi
Act II: Scene 1: Danza degli schiavi mori
Act II: Scene 1: Vieni, sul crin ti piovano
Act II: Scene 1: Fu la sorte dell'armi
Act II: Scene 1: Pietà ti prenda del mio dolor
Act II: Scene 1: Su! Del Nilo al sacro lido
Act II: Scene 2: Gloria all'Egitto, ad Iside - Marcia trionfale
Act II: Scene 2: Ballabile
Act II: Scene 2: Vieni, o guerriero vindice
Act II: Scene 2: Salvator della patria
Act II: Scene 2: Concedi in pria
Act II: Scene 2: Che veggo! Egli? Mio padre!
Act II: Scene 2: Quest'assisa ch'io vesto vi dica
Act II: Scene 2: Ma tu, re, tu, signore possente
Act II: Scene 2: O re, pei sacri numi
Act II: Scene 2: Gloria all'Egitto ad Iside
Act II: Scene 2: Fa' cor - della tua patria
Act III: Introduzione e preghiera - O tu che sei d'Osiride
Act III: Vieni d'Iside al tempio
Act III: Romanza - Qui Radamès verrà!
Act III: O patria mia
Act III: Duetto - Ciel! Mio padre!
Act III: Rivedrai le foreste imbalsamate
Act III: In armi ora si desta il popol nostro
Act III: Padre, a costoro schiava non sono
Act III: Duetto - Pur ti riveggo, mia dolce Aida
Act III: Nel fiero anelito di nuova guerra
Act III: Fuggiam gli ardori inospiti
Act III: Aida! Tu non m'ami
Act III: Ah no! Fuggiamo!
Act III: Ma, dimmi
Act III: Ah no! Ti calma, ascoltami
Act III: Muori! Arresta insano!
Act IV: Scene 1: L'aborrita rivale a me sfuggia
Act IV: Scene 1: Io l'amo, io l'amo sempre
Act IV: Scene 1: Già i sacerdoti adunansi
Act IV: Scene 1: Ah! Tu dêi vivere!
Act IV: Scene 1: Chi ti salva, sciagurato
Act IV: Scene 1: Ohimè! Morir mi sento
Act IV: Scene 1: Spirto del nume, sovra noi discendi!
Act IV: Scene 1: Radamès! Radamès! Radamès!
Act IV: Scene 1: A lui vivo, la tomba!
Act IV: Scene 2: La fatal pietra sova me si chiuse
Act IV: Scene 2: Presago il core della tua condanna
Act IV: Scene 2: Vedi? Di morte l'angelo
Act IV: Scene 2: O terra, addio - addio, valle di pianti
Macbeth - Highlights: Prelude
Act I: Che faceste? Dite su!
Act I: Giorno non vidi mai sì fiero e bello!
Act I: Due vaticini compiuti or sono
Act I: S' allontanarono!
Act I: Nel dì della vittoria io le incontrai...
Act I: Vieni! t'affretta!
Act I: Al cader della sera il Re qui giunge ... Or tutti sorgete
Act I: Oh donna mia!
Act I: Sappia la sposa mia
Act I: Fatal mia donna!
Act I: Di destarlo per tempo il re m'impose
Act I: Schiudi, inferno, la bocca ed inghiotti
Act II: Perchè mi sfuggi
Act II: La luce langue
Act II: Chi v'impose unirvi a noi?
Act II: Studia il passo, o mio figlio! ... Come dal ciel precipita
Act II: Salve, o Re!
Act II: Si colmi il calice di vibo eletto
Act II: Voi siete demente!
Act II: Sangue a me quell'ombra chiede
Macbeth - Highlights: Act III: Tre volte miagola la gatta in fregola
Act III: Che fate voi, misteriose donne?
Act III: Qual concento! Parlate!
Act III: Ove son io?
Act IV: Patria oppressa!
Act IV: O figli, o figli miei! ... Ah, la paterna mano
Act IV: Dove siam? Che bosco è quello?
Act IV: Vegliammo invan due notti
Act IV: Una macchia è qui tuttora
Act IV: Perfidi! All' anglo contro me v'unite
Act IV: Pietà, rispetto, amore
Act IV: Ella è morta!
Act IV: Mal per me che m'affidai
Act IV: Vittoria! vittoria!
Piano Concerto: First Movement: Fantastico
Second Movement: Molto giusto
I. Allegro non troppo
Allegro appassionato
Andante
Allegretto grazioso
Allegro Moderato
Canzonetta: Andante
Finale: Allegro vivacissimo
Violin Concerto, Opus 47 in D Minor: Allegro moderato
Adagio di molto
Allegro, ma non tanto
Wagner: Die Walküre / Act 1 - Orchestervorspiel
Wagner: Die Walküre / Act 1 - Wes Herd dies auch sei...Kühlende Labung gab mir
Wagner: Die Walküre / Act 1 - Szene 2: "Müd am Herd fand ich den Mann"
Wagner: Die Walküre / Act 1 - Friedmund darf ich nicht heißen...Aus dem Wald trieb
Wagner: Die Walküre / Act 1 - "Ich weiß ein wildes Geschlecht"
Wagner: Die Walküre / Act 1 - Szene 3: "Ein Schwert verhieß mir der Vater"
Wagner: Die Walküre / Act 1 - "Schläfst du, Gast?"
Wagner: Die Walküre / Act 1 - "Der Männer Sippe saß hier im Saal"
Wagner: Die Walküre / Act 1 - "Winterstürme wichen dem Wonnemond"
Wagner: Die Walküre / Act 1 - Du bist der Lenz
Wagner: Die Walküre / Act 1 - War Wälse dein Vater
Wagner: Die Walküre / Act 1 - Siegmund heiß ich und Siegmund bin ich
Wagner: Die Walküre - Zweiter Aufzug - Vorspiel
Wagner: Die Walküre - Zweiter Aufzug - Nun zäume dein Ross, reisige Maid
Wagner: Die Walküre - Zweiter Aufzug - Dir rat' ich, Vater, rüste dich selbst
Wagner: Die Walküre - Zweiter Aufzug - "Der alte Sturm, die alte Müh'"
Wagner: Die Walküre - Zweiter Aufzug - So ist es denn aus mit den ewigen Göttern
Wagner: Die Walküre - Zweiter Aufzug - In wildem Leiden erwuchs er such selbst
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Introduction (Allegro vivace)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation I (Precedente)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Thema (L'istesso tempo)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation II (L'istesso tempo)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation III (L'istesso tempo)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation IV (Più vivo)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation V (Tempo precedente)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation VI (L'istesso tempo)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation VII (Meno mosso, a tempo moderato)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation VIII (Tempo I)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation IX (L'istesso tempo)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation X
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation XI (Moderato)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation XII (Tempo di Minuetto)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation XIII (Allegro)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation XIV (L'istesso tempo)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation XV (Più vivo. Scherzando)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation XVI (Allegretto)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation XVII
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation XVIII (Andante cantabile)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation XIX (A tempo vivace)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation XX (Un poco più vivo)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation XXI (Un poco più vivo)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation XXII (Un poco più vivo - Alla breve)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation XXIII (L'istesso tempo)
Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op. 43 (2001 Digital Remaster): Variation XXIV (A tempo un poco meno mosso)
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 23 in B-flat Minor: Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso
Andantino simplice
Allegro con fuoco
A Survivor from Warsaw, Op. 46
Allegro ma non toppo, un poco maestoso
Molto vivace
Adagio molto e cantabile; Andante moderato
Presto; Allegro assai
Allegro Moderato
Canzonetta: Andante
Finale: Allegro vivacissimo
Violin Concerto, Opus 47 in D Minor: Allegro moderato
Adagio di molto
Allegro, ma non tanto
Act I: Ah! Finalmente
Act I: E sempre lava!
Act I: Dammi i colori, recondita armonia
Act I: Voi! Cavaradossi!
Act I: Mario, Mario, Mario!
Act I: Non la sospiri la nostra casetta
Act I: Or lasciami al lavoro
Act I: Ah, quelgli occhi!
Act I: E buona la mia Tosca
Act I: Tutta qui la cantoria! Presto!
Act I: Un tal baccano in chiesa!
Act I: Tosca? Che non mi vida
Act I: Tres sbirri, una carozza (Te deum)
Tosca: Act II: Tosca è un buon falco!
Act II: O galantuomo
Act II: Egli è la - Sale, ascende l'uman canico
Act II: Dov'e e Angelotti?
Act II: Ed or fra noi parliamo
Act II: Ahime!-Mario, consenti ch'io parli?
Act II: Nel pozzo-nel giardino!
Act II: Floria!-Amore.-Sei tu?
Act II: Vittoria! Vittoria!
Act II: Quanto?-Quanto?-Il prezzo
Act I: Preludio
Act I: Scene 1: Introduzione e scena - Sì, corre voce che l'Etiope
Act I: Scene 1: Romanza - Se quel guerrier io fossi! ... Celeste Aida
Act I: Scene 1: Quale insolita gioia nel tuo sguardo!
Act I: Scene 1: Dessa!
Act I: Scene 1: Ohimè! Di guerra fremere
Act I: Scene 1: Alta cagion v'aduna
Act I: Scene 1: Il sacro suolo dell'Egitto è invaso
Act I: Scene 1: Su! Del Nilo al sacro lido
Act I: Scene 1: Scena e romanza - Ritorna vincitor! ... Numi, pieta
Act I: Scene 2: Possente, possente Fthà
Act I: Scene 2: Danza sacra delle sacerdotesse - Immenso Fthà
Act I: Scene 2: Mortal, diletto ai numi
Act I: Scene 2: Nume, custode e vindice
Aida: Act II: Scene 1: Chai mai fra gl'inni i plausi
Act II: Scene 1: Dance of the young Moorish slaves
Act II: Scene 1: Vieni: sul crin ti piovano
Act II: Scene 1: Fu la sorte dell'armi
Act II: Scene 1: Pietà, ti prenda del mio dolor
Act II: Scene 1: Su! Del Nilo al sacro lido
Act II: Scene 2: Gloria all'Egitto
Act II: Scene 2: Ballet
Act II: Scene 2: Vieni, o guerriero vindic
Act II: Scene 2: Salvator della patria
Act II: Scene 2: Concedi in pria
Act II: Scene 2: Che veggio! ... Egli? ... Mio padre!
Act II: Scene 2: Quest'assisa ch'io vesto
Act II: Scene 2: Ma tu, re, tu signore possente
Act II: Scene 2: O re, pei, sacri numi
Act II: Scene 2: Gloria all'Egitto ad Iside
Act II: Scene 2: Fa cor: della tua patria
Aida: Act III: O tu che sei d'Osiride
Act III: Vieni d'Iside al tempio
Act III: Qui Radamès verrà
Act III: O patria mia
Act III: Ciel! Mio Padre!
Act III: Rivedrai le foreste imbalsamate
Act III: In armi ora si desta il popol nostro
Act III: Padre! O costoro schiava non sono
Act III: Pur ti riveggo, mia dolce Aida
Act III: Nel fiero anelito di nuova guerra
Act III: Fuggiam gli ardori inospiti
Act III: Aida! Tu non m'ami
Act III: Ah no! Fuggiamo!
Act III: Ma, dimmi
Act III: Ah, no! Ti calma, ascolta
Act III: Muori! Arresta insano!
Act IV: Scene 1: L'abborita rivale a me sfuggia
Act IV: Scene 1: Io l'amo, io l'amo sempre
Act IV: Scene 1: Già i sacerdoti adunansi
Act IV: Scene 1: Ah! tu dêi vivere!
Act IV: Scene 1: Chi ti salva schiagurato
Act IV: Scene 1: Ohime! Morir mi sento
Act IV: Scene 1: Spirto del nume, sovra noi discendi!
Act IV: Scene 1: Radamès!
Act IV: Scene 1: A lui vivo la tomba!
Act IV: Scene 2: La fatal pietra sova me si chiuse
Act IV: Scene 2: Presago il core della tua condanna
Act IV: Scene 2: Vedi? Di morte l'angelo
Act IV: Scene 2: O terra addio
Introduzione I. - Andante non troppo; Allegro vivace
Giuoco delle coppie II. - Allegretto scherzando
Elegia III. - Andante, non troppo
Intermezzo Interrotto IV. - Allegretto
Finale V. - Pesante; Presto
Variations on a Hungarian Folksong, "The Peacock": Theme: Moderato
Variation I: Con brio
Variation II: Pianissimo
Variation III: Forte (appassionato)
Variation IV: Poco calmato
Variation V: Forte appassionato
Variation VI: Calmato
Variation VII: Vivo
Variation VIII: Piu vivo
Variation IX: Piano
Variation X: Molto vivo
Variation XI: Andante espressivo
Variation XII: Adagio
Variation XIII: Tempo di Marcia funebre
Variation XIV: Andante, poco rubato
Variation XV: Allegro giocoso
Variation XVI: Maestoso
Finale: Vivace
Questo Mar Rosso
Nei cieli bigi
Già dell' Apocalisse appariscono I segni
Pensier profondo!
Legna! - Sigari! - Bordò!
Si può? - Chi è là? - Benoit!
Timido in gioventù
Chi è là - Scusi. - Una donna!
Oh! sventata!
Che gelida manina
Mi chiamano Mimì
Ehi! Rodolfo!
O soave fanciulla
Aranci, nonnoli!
Questa è Mimì
Una cuffietta a pizzi
Oh! - Essa! - Musetta!
Quando me'n vo' (Musetta's Waltz Song)
Gioventù mia - Sciogli, siaccia!
Caro! - Fuori il danaro!
Eine kleine Nachtmusik (A Little Night Music): Allegro
Romanze: Andante
Menueto: Allegro
Rondo: Allegro
Allegro non troppo
Allegro appassionato
Andante
Allegro grazioso
Suite: The Firebird: Introduction
The Firebird and Its Dance
Variation of the Firebird
Pas de deux (Firebird and Ivan Csarevich)
Scherzo (Dance of the Princesses)
The Round of the Princesses
Infernal Dance of King Kastchei
Berceuse
Finale
Orchestra Opening
E soffitto e pareti
Dovunque al mondo lo Yankee
Amore o grillo
Ancora un passo or via (Butterfly's Entrance)
Gran ventura
L'Imperial Commissario
Vieni, amor mio!
Ieri son salita tutta sola
Tutti zitti!
Madama Butterfly
Cio-Cio-San!
Bimba, bimba, non piangere
Bimba dagli occhi
Vogliatemi bene
E Izaghi ed Izanami
Un bel dì
Madama Butterfly: C'è. Entrate.
Yamadori, ancor le pene
Ora a noi
Due cose porei far
Ah! M'ha scordata?
Io scendo al piano
Il cannone del porto!
Tutti i fior? (Flower Duet)
Or vienmi ad adornar
Humming Chorus
Oh eh! Oh eh!
Già il sole!
Io so che alle sue pene
Addio, fiorito asil
Suzuki, Suzuki!
Come una mosca
Con onor muore... (Death of Butterfly)


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