Erich Kleiber

Biography

Born: August 5, 1890; Vienna, Austria   Died: January 27, 1956; Zurich, Switzerland  
Erich Kleiber decided to become a conductor while still a student at the Prague Conservatory after hearing Gustav Mahler conducting his Sixth Symphony. As choirmaster at the German Theater in Prague, he made his conducting début in 1911 directing the music for a stage comedy. A composer in his student years, his works include violin and piano concertos, orchestral and chamber works.

Following a series of appointments as conductor at
Read more Darmstadt, Barmen-Eberfeld, Düsseldorf, and Mannheim, he became general music director of the Berlin State Opera in 1923. In addition to the mainstream repertory, Kleiber introduced unfamiliar works such as Schoenberg's Pierrot Lunaire, Janacek's Jenufa, Bittner's Das Rosengärtlein, and, after an astounding 132 rehearsals, gave the first U.S. performance of Berg's Wozzeck in 1924. His U.S. debut as an orchestral conductor was with the New York Philharmonic Orchestra in 1930.

As conductor of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra and a friend of Alban Berg, Kleiber was planning a Berlin performance of the five symphonic interludes from Berg's opera Lulu, but, incensed by the Nazi regime's hostility to atonal music and growing political interference in his choice of programs, he resigned his Berlin post in 1934, left Germany, and appeared as guest conductor in London, Prague, Brussels, Buenos Aires, Amsterdam, and Salzburg. In 1939, Kleiber took up residence in Buenos Aires and became an Argentine citizen. He conducted opera at the Teatro Colón, trained the Buenos Aires Symphony Orchestra and toured extensively in South America with various orchestras. From 1943 he was with the Havana Philharmonic Orchestra, leaving for Europe in 1948.

In postwar Europe, Kleiber was ready to return to his roots. In 1951, he accepted the position of conductor at the Berlin State Opera, then located in the Communist sector of East Berlin, and from 1950 to 1953 conducted at London's Covent Garden opera house. Once again, however, he became dissatisfied with the atmosphere of repression and resigned his Berlin post in 1955. Before his relatively early death, he appeared as guest conductor of orchestras in London, Vienna, Cologne, Stuttgart, and other European centers.

Despite his early enthusiasm for twentieth century music, Kleiber is best remembered for minutely rehearsed and finely balanced interpretations of Beethoven, Mahler, and Bruckner. Even when in Berlin, where much of the Classical and Romantic repertory was familiar to the performers, he usually called five rehearsals before a concert. A perfectionist by nature, he insisted on complete faithfulness to the score. In his words, "[t]here are only two enemies of good performance: one is routine and the other improvisation."

Kleiber's recorded performances are confined mainly to the last 10 years of his life when under contract to Decca. His Beethoven Fifth Symphony has been called the finest recorded interpretation of this much-recorded work. His son Carlos, himself a distinguished conductor, made an equally celebrated recording of the same work in 1975. Nevertheless, Erich Kleiber was never satisfied with his own interpretation of Beethoven's Third ("Eroica") Symphony, and would not allow Decca to release it. After his death, a performance by the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra became available on CD, as did the Rosenkavalier he recorded in 1954. Read less

There are 49 Erich Kleiber recordings available.

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Biography

Born: August 5, 1890; Vienna, Austria   Died: January 27, 1956; Zurich, Switzerland  
Erich Kleiber decided to become a conductor while still a student at the Prague Conservatory after hearing Gustav Mahler conducting his Sixth Symphony. As choirmaster at the German Theater in Prague, he made his conducting début in 1911 directing the music for a stage comedy. A composer in his student years, his works include violin and piano concertos, orchestral and chamber works.

Following a series of appointments as conductor at
Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
Act I: Overture
Act I: A te, ciel natio, con dolce desio (Chorus, Tebaldo, Roberto, Bethune)
Act I: Qual s'offre al mio sguardo del ciel vaga stella? (Vaudemont, Bethune, Danieli)
Act I: O mio fratel, Federigo! o nobil alma! (Elena, Roberto, Tebaldo, Ninetta)
Act I: In alto mare e battuto dai venti (Elena, Chorus)
Act I: D'ira fremo all'aspetto tremendo (Elena, Ninetta, Danieli, Monforte)
Act I: O donna! (Arrigo, Elena, Ninetta, Monforte)
Act I: Qual e il tuo nome? (Monforte, Arrigo)
Act II: O patria, o cara patria, alfin ti veggo! (Procida)
Act II: O tu, Palermo, terra adorata (Procida)
Act II: Miei fidi amici, alfin io vi riveggo! (Procida, Elena, Arrigo)
Act II: Quale, O prode, Al Tuo coraggio (Elena, Arrigo)
Act II: Cavalier, questo foglio il vicere v'invia! (Bethune, Arrigo, Elena, Procida, Roberto, Tebaldo, Chorus)
Act II: Le vaghe spose affe! (Roberto, Procida, Tebaldo, Chorus)
Act II: Il rossor mi copri! ... Per lui non ebbi oltraggio! (Chorus, Danieli, Elena, Procida, Monforte)
Act III: Si, m'abboriva ed a ragion! (Monforte, Bethune)
Act III: In braccio alle dovizie (Monforte)
Act III: Sogno, o son desto? (Arrigo, Montforte)
Act III: Ma che? fuggi il mio sguardo, o figlio? (Monforte, Arrigo)
Act III: Primo Ballabile (L'Inverno) - Quarto Ballabile (L'Autunno)
Act III: O splendide feste! (Chorus, Procida, Arrigo, Elena)
Act III: Di tai piacer, per te novelli (Monforte, Arrigo, Procida, Chorus)
Act III: Colpo orrendo inaspettato! (Procida, Elena, Danieli, Chorus, Arrigo, Monforte)
Act IV: Prelude
Act IV: E di Monforte il cenno (Arrigo)
Act IV: Giorno di pianto, di fier dolore! (Arrigo)
Act IV: O sdegni miei, tacete (Elena, Arrigo)
Act IV: Arrigo! Ah, parli a un core (Elena)
Act IV: Pensando a me! (Arrigo, Elena)
Act IV: Mano leal, sollievo al martir nostro (Procida, Elena, Bethune, Monforte, Arrigo)
Act IV: Addio, mia patria, invendicato (Procida, Monforte, Arrigo, Elena)
Act IV: De profundis clamavi ad te Domine! (Chorus, Procida, Elena, Arrigo, Monforte)
Act IV: Ministro di morte, arresta! (Monforte, Elena, Procida, Arrigo, Chorus)
Act V: Si celebri alfine tra canti, tra fior (Chorus)
Act V: Merce, dilette amiche (Elena, Chorus)
Act V: La brezza aleggia intorno (Arrigo, Elena)
Act V: Al tuo cor generoso, o donna (Procida, Elena)
Act V: Ecco, per l'aura spiegasi di Francia il gran vessillo (Arrigo, Elena)
Act V: Sorte fatal! Oh, fier cimento! (Elena, Procida, Arrigo)
Act V: In fra di noi si oppone una barriera eterna (Elena, Arrigo, Procida)
Act V: Ah! vieni; il mio mortale dolor ti mova (Arrigo, Monforte, Procida, Elena, Chorus)
Introduction
"Wie du warst!"
"Marie Theres'!" - "Octavian!"
"Quinquin, es ist mein Mann!"
"Selbstverständlich empfängt mich Ihro Gnaden"
"Hat Sie schon einmal mit einem Kavalier"
"Nein, er agiert mir gar zu gut!"
"I komm' glei"
"Di rigori armato il seno"
"Als Morgengabe"
"Mein lieber Hippolyte"
"Da geht er hin"
"Ach! Du bist wieder da!"
Die Zeit ist...Mein schöner Schatz...Ich werde jetzt
"Ich hab' ihn nicht einmal geküßt
Introduction - "Ein ernster Tag"
"In dieser feierlichen Stunde"
"Mir ist die Ehre widerfahren"
"Ich kenn' Ihn schon recht wohl"
"Jetzt aber kommt mein Herr Zukünftiger"
Eh bien! Nun plauder Sie . . . Wir kommen über Nacht
"Wird Sie das Mannsbild da heiraten"
"Herr Baron von Lerchenau!"
"Mord! Mord! Mein Blut!"
Herr Schwiegersohn! Wie ist ihm denn?
Blamage! Mir auseinander meine Eh'
"Is gut! Is gut! Ein Schluck"
"Da lieg' ich!"
"Ohne mich, ohne mich, jeder Tag dir so bang"
Introduction and Pantomime
"Hab'n Euer Gnaden noch weitre Befehle?"
Nein, nein, nein . . . Die schöne Musi!
"Es ist ja eh all's eins"
Da und da und da und da
"Halt! Keiner rührt sich!"
"Zur Stelle! Was wird von mir gewünscht?"
"Sind desto eher im klaren"
Bin glücklich über Massen
"Laß er nur gut sein und verschwind Er"
"Leopold, wir gehn!"
"Mein Gott, es war nicht mehr als eine Farce"
"Marie Theres'!" - "Hab mir's gelobt, Ihn lieb zu haben"
"Ist ein Traum, kann nicht wirklich sein" - "Spür nur dich"
Kyrie: Assai sostenuto (Mit Andacht)
Gloria: Allegro vivace
Credo: Allegro ma non troppo
Sanctus: Adagio (Mit Andacht)
I. Allegro con brio
II. Andante con moto
III. Allegro
IV. Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Scherzo: Prestissimo. Trio: Allegretto
III. Andante
IV. Finale: allegro
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 in E flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 1. Allegro con brio
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 in E flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 2. Marcia funebre (Adagio assai)
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 in E flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 3. Scherzo (Allegro vivace)
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 in E flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 4. Finale (Allegro molto)
Beethoven: Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op.67 - 1. Allegro con brio
Beethoven: Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op.67 - 2. Andante con moto
Beethoven: Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op.67 - 3. Allegro
Beethoven: Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op.67 - 4. Allegro
Beethoven: Symphony No.6 in F, Op.68 -"Pastoral" - 1. Erwachen heiterer Empfindungen bei der Ankunft auf dem Lande: Allegro ma non troppo
Beethoven: Symphony No.6 in F, Op.68 -"Pastoral" - 2. Szene am Bach: (Andante molto mosso)
Beethoven: Symphony No.6 in F, Op.68 -"Pastoral" - 3. Lustiges Zusammensein der Landleute (Allegro)
Beethoven: Symphony No.6 in F, Op.68 -"Pastoral" - 4. Gewitter, Sturm (Allegro)
Beethoven: Symphony No.6 in F, Op.68 -"Pastoral" - 5. Hirtengesang. Frohe und dankbare Gefühle nach dem Sturm: Allegretto
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 in D minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 1. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 in D minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 2. Molto vivace
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 in D minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 3. Adagio molto e cantabile
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 in D minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 4. Presto - Allegro assai
Mozart: Symphony No.40 in G minor, K.550 - 1. Molto allegro
Mozart: Symphony No.40 in G minor, K.550 - 2. Andante
Mozart: Symphony No.40 in G minor, K.550 - 3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
Mozart: Symphony No.40 in G minor, K.550 - 4. Finale (Allegro assai)
Mozart: Symphony No.39 in E flat, K.543 - 1. Adagio - Allegro
Mozart: Symphony No.39 in E flat, K.543 - 2. Andante con moto
Mozart: Symphony No.39 in E flat, K.543 - 3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
Mozart: Symphony No.39 in E flat, K.543 - 4. Finale (Allegro)
Schubert: Symphony No.9 in C, D.944 - "The Great" - 1. Andante - Allegro ma non troppo
Schubert: Symphony No.9 in C, D.944 - "The Great" - 2. Andante con moto
Schubert: Symphony No.9 in C, D.944 - "The Great" - 3. Scherzo (Allegro vivace)
Schubert: Symphony No.9 in C, D.944 - "The Great" - 4. Allegro vivace
I. Allegro
II. Andante con moto
III. Menuetto: Allegro molto
IV. Allegro vivace
IV. Allegro vivace
Geschichten aus dem Wienerwald (Tales from the Vienna Woods), Op. 325
Geschichten aus dem Wienerwald (Tales from the Vienna Woods), Op. 325
(The Gypsy Baron): Overture
(The Gypsy Baron): Overture
I. Andante sostenuto - Moderato con anima
II. Andantino in modo di canzone
III. Scherzo: Pizzicato ostinato - Allegro
IV. Finale: Allegro con fuoco
I. Allegro con brio
II. Marcia funebre: Adagio assai
III. Scherzo: Allegro vivace
IV. Finale: Allegro molto
Symphony No. 5 in B flat D485 (2002 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro
Symphony No. 5 in B flat D485 (2002 Digital Remaster): II. Andante con moto
Symphony No. 5 in B flat D485 (2002 Digital Remaster): III. Menuetto (Allegro molto) & Trio
Symphony No. 5 in B flat D485 (2002 Digital Remaster): IV. Allegro vivace
Symphony No. 6 in F 'Pastoral' Op. 68 (2002 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro ma non troppo (Awakening of cheerful feelings on arriving in the country)
Symphony No. 6 in F 'Pastoral' Op. 68 (2002 Digital Remaster): II. Andante molto moto (Scene by the brook)
Symphony No. 6 in F 'Pastoral' Op. 68 (2002 Digital Remaster): III. Allegro (Merry gathering of the country folk) -
Symphony No. 6 in F 'Pastoral' Op. 68 (2002 Digital Remaster): IV. Allegro (Storm and tempest) -
Symphony No. 6 in F 'Pastoral' Op. 68 (2002 Digital Remaster): V. Allegretto (Shepherds' Song. Happy and thankful feelings after the storm)
Symphony No. 40 in G minor K550 (2002 Digital Remaster): Molto allegro
Symphony No. 40 in G minor K550 (2002 Digital Remaster): Andante
Symphony No. 40 in G minor K550 (2002 Digital Remaster): Menuetto
Symphony No. 40 in G minor K550 (2002 Digital Remaster): Allegro assai
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Overture
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: A te, ciel natio
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Qual s'offre al mio sguardo
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: In alto mare e battuto dai venti
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: O donna!
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Qual'e il tuo nome?
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: O Patria, o cara patria
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: O tu, Palermo
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Ai nostri fidi nunzio? Santo amor
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Quale, o prode, al tuo coraggio
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Cavalier, questo foglio il vicere v'invia!
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Il rossot mi copri; il terrore ho nel sen
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Si, m'aborriva ed a ragion!
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: In braccio alle dovizie
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Sogno o son desto!? Mentre contemplo
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Ma che! Fuggi il mio sguardo? Ah!? Figlio, invano
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Ballet
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: O splendide feste! O notti feconde
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Colpo orrendo, inaspeettato!
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: E di Monforte il cenno!
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Giorno di pianto
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: O sdegni miei, tacete!
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Arrigo! Ah, parli a un core
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Pensando a me! E dolce raggio
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Amica man, sollievo al martir
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Addio mia patria, invendicato
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: De profundis clamavi ad te, Domine!
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Ministro di morte, arresta!
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Si celebri alfine tra canti
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Merce, dilette amiche ("Bolero")
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: La brezza aleggia intorno
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Al tuo cor generoso
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Ecco, per l'aura spiegasi
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: In fra di noi si oppone
Verdi: I vespri siciliani: Deh! Vieni; il mio mortale dolor
1. Allegro con brio
2. Marcia funebre (Adagio assai)
3. Scherzo (Allegro vivace)
4. Finale (Allegro molto)
1. Allegro con brio
2. Andante con moto
3. Allegro
4. Allegro
Introduction
"Wie du warst!"
"Marie Theres'!" - "Octavian!"
"Quinquin, es ist mein Mann!"
"Selbstverständlich empfängt mich Ihro Gnaden"
"Hat Sie schon einmal mit einem Kavalier"
"Nein, er agiert mir gar zu gut!"
"I komm' glei"
"Di rigori armato il seno"
"Als Morgengabe"
"Mein lieber Hippolyte"
"Da geht er hin"
"Ach! Du bist wieder da!"
Die Zeit ist...Mein schöner Schatz...Ich werde jetzt
"Ich hab' ihn nicht einmal geküßt
Introduction - "Ein ernster Tag"
"In dieser feierlichen Stunde"
"Mir ist die Ehre widerfahren"
"Ich kenn' Ihn schon recht wohl"
"Jetzt aber kommt mein Herr Zukünftiger"
Eh bien! Nun plauder Sie . . . Wir kommen über Nacht
"Wird Sie das Mannsbild da heiraten"
"Herr Baron von Lerchenau!"
"Mord! Mord! Mein Blut!"
Herr Schwiegersohn! Wie ist ihm denn?
Blamage! Mir auseinander meine Eh'
"Is gut! Is gut! Ein Schluck"
"Da lieg' ich!"
"Ohne mich, ohne mich, jeder Tag dir so bang"
Introduction and Pantomime
"Hab'n Euer Gnaden noch weitre Befehle?"
Nein, nein, nein . . . Die schöne Musi!
"Es ist ja eh all's eins"
Da und da und da und da
"Halt! Keiner rührt sich!"
"Zur Stelle! Was wird von mir gewünscht?"
"Sind desto eher im klaren"
Bin glücklich über Massen
"Laß er nur gut sein und verschwind Er"
"Leopold, wir gehn!"
"Mein Gott, es war nicht mehr als eine Farce"
"Marie Theres'!" - "Hab mir's gelobt, Ihn lieb zu haben"
"Ist ein Traum, kann nicht wirklich sein" - "Spür nur dich"
Overture
"Cinque... deci... venti..." - "Cosa stai misurando"
"Se a caso Madama la notte ti chiama"
Bravo, signor padrone...Se vuol ballare...Ed aspettaste
"La vendetta" - "Tutto ancor non ho perso"
"Via resti servita" - "Va là, vecchia pedante"
Non so più...Ah, son perduto!
Cosa sento!...Basilio, in traccia tosto...Giovani
"Non più andrai"
Porgi amor...Vieni, cara Susanna
"Voi che sapete" - "Bravo! che bella voce!"
Venite! Inginocchiatevi...Quante buffonerie!
"Che novità!"
"Susanna, or via, sortite" - "Dunque, voi non aprite"
"Aprite, presto, aprite" - "O guarda il demonietto!"
"Tutto è come io lasciai"
"Esci, ormai, garzon malnato" - "Susanna!... Signore!"
"Signore, di fuori" - "Ah! signore... signor!"
"Voi signor, che giusto siete"
"Che imbarazzo è mai questo" - "Via, fatti core"
"Crudel! perché finora" - "E perché fosti meco"
Hai già vinta la causa!...Vedrò mentr'io sospiro...
"Riconosci in questo amplesso" - "Eccovi, o caro amico" - "Andiamo, andiam, bel paggio"
E Susanna non vien...Dove sono i biei momenti...Io
Cosa mi narri!...Che soave zeffiretto...Piegato è
Ecco la marcia...Eh, già, solita usanza
L'ho perduta...Barbarina, cos'hai?
Il capro e la capretta...Nel padiglione a manca
"In quegli anni in cui val poco"
"Tutto è disposto"
Giunse alfin il momento...Deh, vieni, non tardar...
Pian pianin le andrò più presso...Tutto è tranquillo
"Gente, gente, all'armi"


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