Eduard Tubin

Biography

Born: June 18, 1905; Kallaste, Estonia   Died: November 17, 1982; Stockholm, Sweden  
Estonian-born composer Eduard Tubin remained virtually unknown outside of his homeland for most of his life, despite having fled to Western Europe some 40 years before his death in 1982. It was only during the final years of the twentieth century that Western orchestras and soloists began to explore his rather sizeable, rewarding output. Tubin was born in Kallaste in June 1905. Childhood training at the keyboard earned him admission to Tartu Read more College of Music at the age of 19, where he studied both organ and composition with professor Heino Heller. Within months of graduating from the College in 1930 Tubin was hired as conductor of the Tartu City Theater, a post he filled with distinction until 1944. During a trip to Budapest during 1938 Tubin had the opportunity to take some informal lessons from Zoltán Kodály, at whose suggestion he began to explore the riches of Estonian folk music. In 1940, Tubin was hired to teach at Tartu College, but his tenure was cut short when he was forced to flee to Sweden in 1944.

The fame Tubin had achieved in his homeland did little for him in his adopted country, and he was forced to prepare music (mostly the German classics) for the Drottningholm Palace Theater in Stockholm for most of his remaining years. Although he became a Swedish citizen in 1967, Tubin had very little contact with Swedish musical society, and it was only with the award of an Atterberg Fellowship in 1977 -- just five years before his death -- that his music began to earn recognition outside of the Soviet Union, where his operas and the ballet Kratt had remained in the musical repertoire.

Tubin, known during his lifetime as a composer for the stage, gained posthumous recognition for his orchestral music. His symphonic output is substantial, comprising ten complete symphonies and an incomplete 11th. Of these, the Fifth Symphony (1947), written shortly after his emigration to Sweden, has been the most frequently performed. This work, like most of Tubin's instrumental compositions, draws heavily on the Estonian folk music tradition, even incorporating an ancient Estonian hymn into the slow movement, while simultaneously adding a Slavic flavor which, however modified by the decades, clearly manifests its debt to the Dvorák tradition. Tubin's knowledge of folk dance tradition (acquired during a period of study at the Museum of Ethnography in Tartu during the Second World War) served him well during the creation of the lighthearted, entertaining Estonian Dance Suite. Read less

There are 30 Eduard Tubin recordings available.

Select a specific Work or Popular Work below

or

Works

Formats & Featured

Eduard Tubin


MOST POPULAR WORKS
I. Allegro vivace
II. Quasi andante
III. Allegro giocoso, ma non troppo
Ristpulkade tants
Estonian Dance Suite
Setu tants
I. Andante
III. Molto lento
IV. Lento marciale
V. Largo
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Allegro risoluto
I. Old Waltz
II. The Shepherd's Tune
III. The Kantele Player
IV. Horn Tunes
I. Legendaire
III. Tempestoso, ma non troppo allegro (quasi toccata)
I. Largo - Energico
II. Molto allegro e tempestoso
III. Largo, maestoso
I. Molto moderato
II. Allegro con anima
III. Andante un poco maestoso
IV. Allegro
I. Allegro energico
II. Andante
III. Allegro assai
I. Andante sostenuto, ma ritmico
II. Molto allegro
III. Festoso
I. Allegro moderato
II. Larghetto
III. Allegro marciale
I. Andante quasi adagio
II. Allegro moderato
III. Allegro vivace
IV. Lento, tenuto e maestoso
I. Adagio
II. Adagio, lento
WORKS
I. Allegro vivace
II. Quasi andante
III. Allegro giocoso, ma non troppo
I. Allegro, ma molto moderato
II. Andante sostenuto
III. Allegro vivace, quasi presto
I. Andante
II. Allegro marciale vivace
III. Adagio, quasi recitativo - Allegro non troppo, ma energico
Ristpulkade tants
Estonian Dance Suite
Setu tants
Introduction: Train Dance
Waltz from Hiiu
Saaremaa Flat Foot
Waltz with Variations
Sower's Song
Kantele Polka
Thresher's Dance
I. Introduction / Peasant Dance / Dance of the Goblin
II. Long Dance / Peasant Waltz / Buck Dance
III. Interlude / Dance of the Exorcists / The Goat / The Cock / Dance of the Northern Lights
A Sleighing Song
Doll's Dance
The Flight of a Butterfly
I. Sostenuto
II. Dolcissimo
III. Allegro marciale
Prelude No. 1 in B flat minor
Prelude No. 2 in F minor
Prelude No. 3 in F minor
Prelude No. 4 in C major
Prelude No. 5 in D major
Prelude No. 6 in E minor
I. Moderato sostenuto
II. Allegro moderato
III. Allegro molto vivace
IV. Lento moderato
V. Estonian Tune
VI. Valse molto lente
VII. Chaconne
I. Allegro ma no troppo, ma energico
II. Andante
III. Allegro vivace
IV. Fuga. Allegro molto moderato, ma energico
I. Andante
III. Molto lento
IV. Lento marciale
V. Largo
I. Allegro vivace e grazioso
II. Ostinato. Largo
III. Finale. Allegro molto moderato
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Allegro vivace
I. Allegro moderato
II. Vivace
III. Larghetto - Largo
I. Sonata-allegro
II. Scherzo
III. Andante mesto, con passione
I. Rubato e agitato
II. Variations over Laplandian Tunes
III. Allegro
I. Moderato (attacca)
II. Quasi presto, misterioso (attacca)
III. Grave, lento. Ostinato, marciale
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Allegro risoluto
I. Allegro moderato, ma un poco agitato
II. Andante sostenuto, quasi largo
III. Presto
I. Bagpipe Tune
II. By the Shephard's Fire
III. Slow Waltz
IV. Horn Tune
V. Serf's Dance
I. Old Waltz
II. The Shepherd's Tune
III. The Kantele Player
IV. Horn Tunes
I. Shepherd's Lullaby
II. Herd, move on!
III. Song of Rain
IV. Yodelings
V. Graze, Herd!
VI. Herd flocking home
VII. Shepherd's Evening Song
I. Legendaire
III. Tempestoso, ma non troppo allegro (quasi toccata)
I. Largo - Energico
II. Molto allegro e tempestoso
III. Largo, maestoso
I. Molto moderato
II. Allegro con anima
III. Andante un poco maestoso
IV. Allegro
I. Allegro energico
II. Andante
III. Allegro assai
I. Andante sostenuto, ma ritmico
II. Molto allegro
III. Festoso
I. Allegro moderato
II. Larghetto
III. Allegro marciale
I. Andante quasi adagio
II. Allegro moderato
III. Allegro vivace
IV. Lento, tenuto e maestoso
I. Adagio
II. Adagio, lento


YOU MUST BE A SUBSCRIBER TO LISTEN TO ARKIVMUSIC STREAMING.
TRY IT NOW FOR FREE!
Sign up now for two weeks of free access to the world's best classical music collection. Keep listening for only $19.95/month - thousands of classical albums for the price of one! Learn more about ArkivMusic Streaming
Already a subscriber? Sign In