Columbia Symphony Orchestra

Composers

Biography

; United States of America
The Columbia Symphony Orchestra was a name linked to numerous ensembles recording at different times for Columbia Records. The name itself was an artifact from a time in which record labels and radio networks assembled and named their own orchestras, or used the name as a "cover" for the use of an orchestra that was contracted elsewhere.

The Columbia Symphony Orchestra name was used by Columbia Masterworks in the 1950s on New York
Read more recording sessions with an orchestra comprised of members of the New York Philharmonic, the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra, and the NBC Symphony. The label could hire members of those orchestras as freelance players, assemble an orchestra every bit as good as (and perhaps better than) the New York Philharmonic, and pay them for their work without having to pay royalties against sales to the Philharmonic or any of the players other than the conductor or soloist. This orchestra -- as it appeared on monaural recordings made by Bruno Walter in New York between 1954 and early 1956, and with other New York-based conductors into the early 1960s -- was a good ensemble, a match for the Philharmonic in the studio. Indeed, one of the most highly acclaimed and best selling recordings by Leonard Bernstein on the Columbia label -- of George Gershwin's An American In Paris -- was a Columbia Symphony Orchestra recording.

However, the Columbia Orchestra which appeared on Bruno Walter's stereo recordings from 1957 onward was something different and very special. Walter (1876-1962) had retired at age 80 after a very successful career recording with the New York Philharmonic, where he served as Musical Advisor from 1947 to 1949, and as a frequent guest conductor over the following seven years. In 1957, while living in California, he was approached by Columbia's executives with a new proposal. Told of the advent of stereo recording and the threat that it constituted to the future sales of monaural records, Walter was asked to undertake a new series of recordings in stereo to preserve his interpretations in the most modern sound possible, and to allow them to reach new generations of listeners.

The result was a new Columbia Symphony Orchestra, chosen specifically by and for Walter. This group was an ensemble of 50 to 70 members, assembled from the best freelance musicians on the West Coast, many of whom typically never took on orchestral work, but made the exception to work with Walter. It was one of the best recording orchestras ever assembled in the United States, incorporating many of the best characteristics of the Vienna Philharmonic and the Leipzig Gewandhaus -- which Walter had conducted in Austria and Germany during the 1920s and 1930s -- as well as the New York Philharmonic. This orchestra recorded much of the core Classical and Romantic repertoire under Walter's baton, including the late Mozart symphonies, Mahler's symphonies Nos. 1 and 9, the four Brahms symphonies, Dvorak's Symphonies Nos. 8 and 9, Schubert's Ninth, the Wagner orchestral music, and the complete Beethoven symphonies. Read less

There are 198 Columbia Symphony Orchestra recordings available.

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Biography

; United States of America
The Columbia Symphony Orchestra was a name linked to numerous ensembles recording at different times for Columbia Records. The name itself was an artifact from a time in which record labels and radio networks assembled and named their own orchestras, or used the name as a "cover" for the use of an orchestra that was contracted elsewhere.

The Columbia Symphony Orchestra name was used by Columbia Masterworks in the 1950s on New York
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WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Introduction
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Harbingers of Spring (Dances of the Adolescents)
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Ritual of Abduction
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Spring Rounds
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Games of the Rival Tribes
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Procession of the Wise Elder
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Adoration of the Earth (Wise Elder)
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Dance of the Earth
Part II: The Sacrifice: Introduction (Pagan Night)
Part II: The Sacrifice: Mystic Circles of the Young Girls
Part II: The Sacrifice: Glorification of the Choosen One
Part II: The Sacrifice: Summoning of the Ancients
Part II: The Sacrifice: Ritual of the Ancients
Part II: The Sacrifice: Sacrificial Dance (Chosen One)
Le sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring): Part One: The Adoration of the Earth - Introduction
Auguries of Spring (Dances of the Young Girls)
Mock Abduction
Spring Khorovod (Round Dance)
Games of the Rival Clans
Procession of the Wise Elder
Adoration of the Earth (The Wise Elder)
Dance of the Earth
Part Two: The Sacrifice - Introduction
Mystical Circles of the Young Girls
Glorification of the Chosen One
The Summoning of the Ancients
Ritual of the Ancients
Sacrificial Dance (The Chosen Victim)
The Rite of Spring: Part I: Introduction
Part I: Dance of the Young Boys and Girls
Part I: Mock Abduction
Part I: Spring Rounds
Part I: Games of the Rival Towns
Part I: Procession of the Wise Elders
Part I: Adoration of the Earth
Part I: Dance of the Earth
Part II: Introduction
Part II: Mystic Circles of the Young Girls
Part II: Glorification of the Chosen One
Part II: Summoning of the Ancients
Part II: Ritual of the Ancients
Part II: Sacrificial Dance
Stravinsky: Le sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring): Le sacre du printemps: The Adoration of the Earth: Introduction
Le sacre du printemps: The Adoration of the Earth: Harbingers of Spring (Dances of the Adolescents)
Le sacre du printemps: The Adoration of the Earth: Ritual of Abduction
Le sacre du printemps: The Adoration of the Earth: Spring Rounds
Le sacre du printemps: The Adoration of the Earth: Games of the Rival Tribes
Le sacre du printemps: The Adoration of the Earth: Procession of the Wise Elder
Le sacre du printemps: The Adoration of the Earth: Adoration of the Earth (Wise Elder)
Le sacre du printemps: The Adoration of the Earth: Dance of the Earth
Le sacre du printemps: The Sacrifice: Introduction (Pagan Night)
Le sacre du printemps: The Sacrifice: Mystic Circles of the Young Girls
Le sacre du printemps: The Sacrifice: Glorification of the Choosen One
Le sacre du printemps: The Sacrifice: Summoning of the Ancients
Le sacre du printemps: The Sacrifice: Ritual of the Ancients
Le sacre du printemps: The Sacrifice: Sacrificial Dance (Chosen One)
Le sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring): Part One: The Adoration of the Earth - Introduction
Auguries of Spring (Dances of the Young Girls)
Mock Abduction
Spring Khorovod (Round Dance)
Games of the Rival Clans
Procession of the Wise Elder
Adoration of the Earth (The Wise Elder)
Dance of the Earth
Part Two: The Sacrifice - Introduction
Mystical Circles of the Young Girls
Glorification of the Chosen One
The Summoning of the Ancients
Ritual of the Ancients
Sacrificial Dance (The Chosen Victim)
The Rite of Spring: Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Introduction
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Harbingers of Spring (Dances of the Young Girls)
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Mock Abduction
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Spring Khorovod (Round Dances)
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Games of the Rival Tribes
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Procession of the Wise Elder
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Adoration of the Earth (Wise Elder)
Part I: The Adoration of the Earth: Dance of the Earth
Part II: The Sacrifice: Introduction
Part II: The Sacrifice: Mystic Circles of the Young Girls
Part II: The Sacrifice: Glorification of the Chosen Victim
Part II: The Sacrifice: Summoning of the Ancestors
Part II: The Sacrifice: Ritual of the Ancestors
Part II: The Sacrifice: Sacrificial Dance (Chosen One)
Le sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring): Introduction (1947 version)
Danses des adolescentes (1947 version)
Jeu du rapt (1947 version)
Rondes printanieres (1947 version)
Jeux des cites rivales (1947 version)
Cortege du sage (1947 version)
L'Adoration de la terre (1947 version)
Danse de la terre (1947 version)
Introduction (1947 version)
Cercles mysterieux des adolescentes (1947 version)
Glorification de l'Elue (1947 version)
Evocation des ancetres (1947 version)
Action rituelle des ancetres (1947 version)
Danse sacrale - L'Elue (1947 version)
The Rite of Spring (Scenes of Pagan Russia in two parts): Part One - Adoration of the Earth: Introduction. Lento
Part One - Adoration of the Earth: The Augurs of Spring
Part One - Adoration of the Earth: Mock Abduction
Part One - Adoration of the Earth: Spring Round Dances
Part One - Adoration of the Earth: Games of the Rival Tribes
Part One - Adoration of the Earth: Procession of the Wise Elders
Part One - Adoration of the Earth: Adoration of the Earth (Wise Elder)
Part One - Adoration of the Earth: Dance of the Earth
Part Two - The Sacrifice: Introduction. Largo
Part Two - The Sacrifice: Mystical Circles of the Young Girls
Part Two - The Sacrifice: Glorification of the Chosen Victim
Part Two - The Sacrifice: Summoning of the Ancestors
Part Two - The Sacrifice: Ritual of the Ancestors
Part Two - The Sacrifice: Sacrificial Dance (The Chosen Victim)
The Rite of Spring: Part One: The Adoration of the Earth - Introduction
The Augurs of Spring - Dances of the Young Girls
Ritual of Abduction
Spring Rounds
Ritual of the Rival Tribes
Procession of the Sage
The Sage
Dance of the Earth
Part Two: The Sacrifice - Introduction
Mystic Cycle of the Young Girls
Glorification of the Chosen One
Evocation of the Ancestors
Ritual Action of the Ancestors
Sacrificial Dance (The Chosen One)
Le sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring): Premičre partie: L'adoration de la terre (Part I: Adoration of the Earth): Introduction
Premičre partie: L'adoration de la terre (Part I: Adoration of the Earth): Les augures printaniers, Danses des adolescentes (The Augurs of Spring, Dances of the Young Girls)
Premičre partie: L'adoration de la terre (Part I: Adoration of the Earth): Jeu du rapt (Ritual of Abduction)
Premičre partie: L'adoration de la terre (Part I: Adoration of the Earth): Rondes printaničres (Spring Rounds)
Premičre partie: L'adoration de la terre (Part I: Adoration of the Earth): Jeux des cités rivales (Ritual of the Rival Tribes)
Premičre partie: L'adoration de la terre (Part I: Adoration of the Earth): Cortčge du sage (Procession of the Sage)
Premičre partie: L'adoration de la terre (Part I: Adoration of the Earth): Le sage (The Sage)
Premičre partie: L'adoration de la terre (Part I: Adoration of the Earth): Danse de la terre (Dance of the Earth)
Seconde partie: Le sacrifice (Part II: The Sacrifice): Introduction
Seconde partie: Le sacrifice (Part II: The Sacrifice): Cercles mysterieux des adolescentes (Mystic Circles of the Young Girls)
Seconde partie: Le sacrifice (Part II: The Sacrifice): Glorification de l'élue (Glorification of the Chosen One)
Seconde partie: Le sacrifice (Part II: The Sacrifice): Evocation des ancętres (Evocation of the Ancestors)
Seconde partie: Le sacrifice (Part II: The Sacrifice): Action rituelle des ancętres (Ritual Action of the Ancestors)
Seconde partie: Le sacrifice (Part II: The Sacrifice): Danse sacrale, L'élue (Sacrificial Dance, The Chosen One)
I. Allegro con brio
II. Largo
III. Rondo: Allegro scherzando
Concerto No. 2 in B-flat Major for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 19: I. Allegro con brio
II. Adagio
III. Rondo. Molto allegro
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante con moto
III. Rondo - Vivace
I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Allegro
Keyboard Concerto No. 2 in E Major, BWV 1053: I. [Allegro]
II. Siciliano
III. Allegro
Keyboard Concerto No. 3 in D Major, BWV 1054: I. (Allegro)
II. Adagio e piano sempre
III. Allegro
Keyboard Concerto No. 4 in A Major, BWV 1055: I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Allegro ma non tanto
I. [Allegro]
II. Siciliano
III. Allegro
Keyboard Concerto No. 7 in G minor, BWV 1058: I. (Allegro)
II. Andante
III. Allegro assai
Silent Night, Holy Night
Silent Night (Stille Nacht)
Symphony No. 9 in D minor: I. Feierlich, Misterioso (Edition: Leopold Nowak)
II. Scherzo. Bewegt, lebhaft - Trio. Schnell (Edition: Leopold Nowak)
III. Adagio. Langsam, feierlich (Edition: Leopold Nowak)
I. Allegro
II. Allegretto
III. Allegro assai
Concerto No. 20 Piano and Orchestra in D minor, K. 466: I. Allegro
II. Romance
III. Rondo. Allegro assai
I. Adagio molto - Allegro con brio
II. Andante cantabile con moto
III. Menuetto. Allegro molto e vivace
IV. Finale. Adagio - Allegro molto e vivace
Symphony No. 2 in D Major, Op. 36: I. Adagio molto - Allegro con brio
II. Larghetto
III. Scherzo. Allegro
IV. Allegro molto
Three German Dances, K. 605: No. 1 in D Major
No. 2 in G Major
No. 3 in C Major "Sleigh ride"
I. Allegro con brio
II. Andante con moto
III. Allegro
IV. Allegro
Keyboard Concerto No. 1 in D minor, BWV 1052: I. Allegro
II. Adagio
III. Allegro
Keyboard Concerto No. 4 in A Major, BWV 1055: I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Allegro ma non tanto
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 5 in F minor, BWV 1056: I. [Allegro]
II. Largo
III. Presto
I. [Allegro]
II. Siciliano
III. Allegro
Keyboard Concerto No. 3 in D Major, BWV 1054: I. (Allegro)
II. Adagio e piano sempre
III. Allegro
Keyboard Concerto No. 7 in G minor, BWV 1058: I. (Allegro)
II. Andante
III. Allegro assai


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