Claudio Arrau

Biography

Born: February 6, 1903; Chillán, Chile   Died: June 9, 1991; Mürzzuschlag, Austria  
A patrician artist whose matinee-idol appearance was as elegant as his playing, Claudio Arrau achieved a major reputation for his performances of Brahms and Liszt. Indeed, few Romantic-period composers, from Beethoven onward, were beyond his grasp. In addition to that repertory, his Debussy was regarded by many connoisseurs as exemplary. Arrau believed that his abiding interest in psychoanalysis aided him in probing the intent of those whose Read more works he performed. Certainly, Arrau's performances were marked by a balance between heart and intellect.

Arrau was born in Chillán, Chile, on February 6, 1903. He received piano instruction from his mother at an early age, making his debut performance in Santiago at the age of five playing Mozart, Beethoven, and Chopin. At the age of 10 the Chilean government sent him to Berlin, where he enrolled in Stern's Conservatory of Music. His teacher there was Martin Krause. While studying he entered competitions, and won the Ibach Prize and the Gustav Holländer Medal. He also began giving recitals in Germany and Scandinavia, earning excited comment over the excellence of his technique, and the maturity of his interpretations. In 1918 he made a major European tour, giving concertos accompanied by illustrious conductors such as Nikisch, Furtwängler, and Mengelberg. He returned to South America in 1921, and made a triumphal tour beginning in Santiago de Chile. He made his first North American tour in 1924, appearing with the Boston Symphony Orchestra and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. He joined the faculty of the Stern Conservatory in 1924. He won the Grand Prix Internationale des Pianistes in Geneva in 1927, and toured in the Soviet Union in 1929, and again in 1930.

He continued a notable concertizing career throughout the 1930s, including a famous series in 1935 and 1936 in Berlin, in which he played the complete keyboard works of J.S. Bach followed by the complete keyboard works of Mozart. He then announced that he would no longer play Bach, asserting that his music was not conceived for the modern grand piano. In 1938 he played all of the Beethoven piano sonatas and five piano concertos in a series of recitals in Mexico City, and repeated the feat during the next two years in Buenos Aires and Santiago. When World War II broke out he ended his association with the Stern Conservatory and returned to Chile, founding a piano school there. But the next year, after a tour of the United States where he received the highest critical acclaim, he and his family moved permanently to New York. He devoted himself to concertizing, teaching, and recording. His complete Beethoven cycles became legendary; in 1952 he performed such a series, in which each recital was broadcast live by the BBC.

After World War II his concert tours included Australia, Czechoslovakia, Romania, India, South Africa, Israel, and Japan. In the 1960s he made definitive recordings of the complete Beethoven piano sonatas; he also supervised the editing and publication of an Urtext edition of the same sonatas. In the 1970s, Chile, which had enjoyed a record as one of South America's most democratic nations, fell to the military government of Pinochet. In protest, Arrau gave up his Chilean citizenship in 1978, and became a naturalized citizen of the U.S. Despite this, or perhaps because of it, he continued to be a revered figure in Chile; in 1983 he was awarded the Chilean National Arts Prize. He returned at the age of 81 to tour Chile in 1984, his first performances there in 17 years. He died in Mürzzuschlag, Austria, on June 9, 1991. Read less
Claudio Arrau Plays Beethoven: Sonata No. 23, Schumann: Fantasia, Liszt: Gnomenreigen
Release Date: 05/12/2015   Label: Idi  
Catalog: 6695   Number of Discs: 1
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Biography

Born: February 6, 1903; Chillán, Chile   Died: June 9, 1991; Mürzzuschlag, Austria  
A patrician artist whose matinee-idol appearance was as elegant as his playing, Claudio Arrau achieved a major reputation for his performances of Brahms and Liszt. Indeed, few Romantic-period composers, from Beethoven onward, were beyond his grasp. In addition to that repertory, his Debussy was regarded by many connoisseurs as exemplary. Arrau believed that his abiding interest in psychoanalysis aided him in probing the intent of those whose Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
I. Allegro assai
II. Andante con moto
III. Allegro ma non troppo - Presto
I. Durchaus phantastisch und leidenschaftlich vorzutragen
II. Massig - Durchaus energisch
III. Langsam getragen
I. Maestoso
II. Adagio
III. Rondo: Allegro non troppo
Beethoven: Piano Concerto No.5 in E flat major Op.73 -"Emperor" - 1. Allegro
Beethoven: Piano Concerto No.5 in E flat major Op.73 -"Emperor" - 2. Adagio un poco mosso
Beethoven: Piano Concerto No.5 in E flat major Op.73 -"Emperor" - 3. Rondo (Allegro)
I. Presto
II. Largo e mesto
III. Menuetto: Allegro
IV. Rondo: Allegro
I. Andante
II. Allegro molto e vivace
III. Adagio con espressione
IV. Allegro vivace
I. Allegro assai
II. Andante con moto
III. Allegro ma non troppo
Variation 11
Variation 12
Variation 13
Variation 14
Variation 15
Finale: Alla Fuga
I. Vivace ma non troppo
I. Vivace ma non troppo
II. Prestissimo
II. Prestissimo
III. Gesangvoll, mit innigster Empfindung: Andante molto cantabile ed espressivo
III. Gesangvoll, mit innigster Empfindung: Andante molto cantabile ed espressivo
I. Maestoso - Allegro con brio ed appassionato
I. Maestoso - Allegro con brio ed appassionato
II. Arietta: Adagio molto semplice e cantabile
II. Arietta: Adagio molto semplice e cantabile
I. Introduzione: Un poco adagio - Allegro vivace - Piu lento
II. Aria
III. Scherzo - Intermezzo
IV. Finale: Allegro un poco maestoso
I. Allegro maestoso
II. Andante
III. Scherzo
IV. Intermezzo (Ruckblick)
V. Finale: Allegro moderato ma rubato
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.1 in F minor, Op.2 No.1 - 1. Allegro
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.1 in F minor, Op.2 No.1 - 2. Adagio
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.1 in F minor, Op.2 No.1 - 3. Menuetto (Allegretto)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.1 in F minor, Op.2 No.1 - 4. Prestissimo
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.2 in A, Op.2 No.2 - 1. Allegro vivace
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.2 in A, Op.2 No.2 - 2. Largo appassionato
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.2 in A, Op.2 No.2 - 3. Scherzo (Allegretto)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.2 in A, Op.2 No.2 - 4. Rondo (Grazioso)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.5 in C minor, Op.10 No.1 - 1. Allegro molto e con brio
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.5 in C minor, Op.10 No.1 - 2. Adagio molto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.5 in C minor, Op.10 No.1 - 3. Finale (Prestissimo)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.3 in C, Op.2 No.3 - 1. Allegro con brio
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.3 in C, Op.2 No.3 - 2. Adagio
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.3 in C, Op.2 No.3 - 3. Scherzo (Allegro)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.3 in C, Op.2 No.3 - 4. Allegro assai
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.4 in E flat, Op.7 - 1. Allegro molto e con brio
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.4 in E flat, Op.7 - 2. Largo, con gran espressione
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.4 in E flat, Op.7 - 3. Allegro
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.4 in E flat, Op.7 - 4. Rondo (Poco allegretto e grazioso)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.6 in F, Op.10 No.2 - 1. Allegro
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.6 in F, Op.10 No.2 - 2. Allegretto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.6 in F, Op.10 No.2 - 3. Presto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.7 in D, Op.10 No.3 - 1. Presto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.7 in D, Op.10 No.3 - 2. Largo e mesto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.7 in D, Op.10 No.3 - 3. Menuetto (Allegro)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.7 in D, Op.10 No.3 - 4. Rondo (Allegro)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.8 in C minor, Op.13 -"Pathétique" - 1. Grave - Allegro di molto e con brio
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.8 in C minor, Op.13 -"Pathétique" - 2. Adagio cantabile
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.8 in C minor, Op.13 -"Pathétique" - 3. Rondo (Allegro)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.9 in E, Op.14 No.1 - 1. Allegro
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.9 in E, Op.14 No.1 - 2. Allegretto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.9 in E, Op.14 No.1 - 3. Rondo (Allegro comodo)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.10 in G, Op.14 No.2 - 1. Allegro
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.10 in G, Op.14 No.2 - 2. Andante
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.10 in G, Op.14 No.2 - 3. Scherzo (Allegro assai)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.11 in B flat, Op.22 - 1. Allegro con brio
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.11 in B flat, Op.22 - 2. Adagio con molto espressione
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.11 in B flat, Op.22 - 3. Menuetto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.11 in B flat, Op.22 - 4. Rondo (Allegretto)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.12 in A flat, Op.26 - 1. Andante con variazioni
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.12 in A flat, Op.26 - 2. Scherzo (Allegro molto)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.12 in A flat, Op.26 - 3. Marcia funebre sulla morte d'un Eroe
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.12 in A flat, Op.26 - 4. Allegro
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.13 in E flat, Op.27 No.1 - 1. Andante - Allegro - Tempo I
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.13 in E flat, Op.27 No.1 - 2. Allegro molto e vivace
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.13 in E flat, Op.27 No.1 - 3. Adagio con espressione
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.13 in E flat, Op.27 No.1 - 4. Allegro vivace - Tempo I - Presto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.14 in C sharp minor, Op.27 No.2 -"Moonlight" - 1. Adagio sostenuto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.14 in C sharp minor, Op.27 No.2 -"Moonlight" - 2. Allegretto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.14 in C sharp minor, Op.27 No.2 -"Moonlight" - 3. Presto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.15 in D, Op.28 -"Pastorale" - 1. Allegro
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.15 in D, Op.28 -"Pastorale" - 2. Andante
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.15 in D, Op.28 -"Pastorale" - 3. Scherzo (Allegro assai)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.15 in D, Op.28 -"Pastorale" - 4. Rondo (Allegro ma non troppo)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.16 in G, Op.31 No.1 - 1. Allegro vivace
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.16 in G, Op.31 No.1 - 2. Adagio grazioso
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.16 in G, Op.31 No.1 - 3. Rondo (Allegretto)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.17 in D minor, Op.31 No.2 -"Tempest" - 1. Largo - Allegro
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.17 in D minor, Op.31 No.2 -"Tempest" - 2. Adagio
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.17 in D minor, Op.31 No.2 -"Tempest" - 3. Allegretto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.18 in E flat, Op.31 No.3 -"The Hunt" - 1. Allegro
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.18 in E flat, Op.31 No.3 -"The Hunt" - 2. Scherzo (Allegretto vivace)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.18 in E flat, Op.31 No.3 -"The Hunt" - 3. Menuetto (Moderato e grazioso)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.18 in E flat, Op.31 No.3 -"The Hunt" - 4. Presto con fuoco
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.19 in G minor, Op.49 No.1 - 1. Andante
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.19 in G minor, Op.49 No.1 - 2. Rondo (Allegro)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.20 in G, Op.49 No.2 - 1. Allegro ma non troppo
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.20 in G, Op.49 No.2 - 2. Tempo di Menuetto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.21 in C, Op.53 -"Waldstein" - 1. Allegro con brio
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.21 in C, Op.53 -"Waldstein" - Introduzione (Adagio molto) - Rondo (Allegretto moderato - Prestissimo)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.22 in F, Op.54 - 1. In Tempo d'un Menuetto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.22 in F, Op.54 - 2. Allegretto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.22 in F, Op.54 - 3. Più Allegro
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.25 in G, Op.79 - 1. Presto alla tedesca
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.25 in G, Op.79 - 2. Andante
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.25 in G, Op.79 - 3. Vivace
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.23 in F minor, Op.57 -"Appassionata" - 1. Allegro assai
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.23 in F minor, Op.57 -"Appassionata" - 2. Andante con moto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.23 in F minor, Op.57 -"Appassionata" - 3. Allegro ma non troppo
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.24 in F sharp, Op.78 "For Therese" - 1. Adagio cantabile - Allegro ma non troppo
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.24 in F sharp, Op.78 "For Therese" - 2. Allegro vivace
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.26 in E flat, Op.81a -"Les adieux" - 1. Das Lebewohl (Adagio - Allegro)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.26 in E flat, Op.81a -"Les adieux" - 2. Abwesendheit (Andante espressivo)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.26 in E flat, Op.81a -"Les adieux" - 3. Das Wiedersehn (Vivacissimamente)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.27 in E minor, Op.90 - 1. Mit Lebhaftigkeit und durchaus mit Empfindung und Ausdruck
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.27 in E minor, Op.90 - 2. Nicht zu geschwind und sehr singbar vorgetragen
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.28 in A, Op.101 - 1. Etwas lebhaft und mit der innigsten Empfindung (Allegretto ma non troppo)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.28 in A, Op.101 - 2. Lebhaft, marschmäßig (Vivace alla marcia)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.28 in A, Op.101 - 3. Langsam und sehnsuchtsvoll (Adagio ma non troppo, con affetto)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.28 in A, Op.101 - 4. Geschwind, doch nicht zu sehr und mit Entschlossen- heit (Allegro)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.29 in B flat, Op.106 -"Hammerklavier" - 1. Allegro
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.29 in B flat, Op.106 -"Hammerklavier" - 2. Scherzo (Assai vivace - Presto - Prestissimo - Tempo I)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.29 in B flat, Op.106 -"Hammerklavier" - 3. Adagio sostenuto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.29 in B flat, Op.106 -"Hammerklavier" - 4. Largo - Allegro risoluto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.30 in E, Op.109 - 1. Vivace ma non troppo-Adagio espressivo-Tempo I 2. Prestissimo
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.30 in E, Op.109 - 3. Gesangvoll, mit innigster Empfindung (Andante molto cantabile ed espressivo)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.31 in A flat, Op.110 - 1. Moderato cantabile molto espressivo
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.31 in A flat, Op.110 - 2. Allegro molto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.31 in A flat, Op.110 - 3. Adagio ma non troppo
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.31 in A flat, Op.110 - 4. Fuga (Allegro ma non troppo)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.32 in C minor, Op.111 - 1. Maestoso - Allegro con brio ed appassionato
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.32 in C minor, Op.111 - 2. Arietta (Adagio molto semplice e cantabile)
Beethoven: 15 Piano Variations and Fugue in E flat, Op.35 -"Eroica Variations" - Introduzione col Basso del Tema: Allegretto vivace
Beethoven: 15 Piano Variations and Fugue in E flat, Op.35 -"Eroica Variations" - Variations 1-15
Beethoven: 15 Piano Variations and Fugue in E flat, Op.35 -"Eroica Variations" - Finale alla Fuga: Allegro con brio - Andante con moto
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Tema (Vivace)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation I (Alla marcia maestoso)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation II (Poco allegro)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation III (L'istesso tempo)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation IV (Un poco più vivace)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation V (Allegro vivace)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation VI (Allegro ma non troppo e serioso)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation VII (Un poco più allegro)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation VIII (Poco vivace)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation IX (Allegro pesante e risoluto)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation X (Presto)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XI (Allegretto)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XII (Un poco più moto)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XIII (Vivace)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XIV (Grave e maestoso)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XV (Presto scherzando)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XVI (Allegro)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XVII
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XVIII (Poco moderato)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XIX (Presto)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XX (Andante)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XXI (Allegro con brio - Meno allegro - Tempo I)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XXII (Allegro molto): Alla "Notte e giorno faticar" di Mozart
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XXIII (Allegro assai)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XXIV: Fughetta (Andante)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XXV (Allegro)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XXVI
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XXVII (Vivace)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XXVIII (Allegro)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XXIX (Adagio ma non troppo)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XXX (Andante, sempre cantabile)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XXXI (Largo, molto espressivo)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XXXII: Fuga (Allegro - Poco adagio)
Beethoven: 33 Piano Variations in C, Op.120 on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli - Variation XXXIII (Tempo di minuetto moderato, ma non tirarsi dietro)
1. Allegro
2. Scherzo (Assai vivace - Presto - Prestissimo - Tempo I)
3. Adagio sostenuto
4. Largo - Allegro risoluto
1. Grave - Allegro di molto e con brio
2. Adagio cantabile
3. Rondo (Allegro)
1. Adagio sostenuto
2. Allegretto
3. Presto agitato
1. Allegro assai
2. Andante con moto
3. Allegro ma non troppo
1. Das Lebewohl (Adagio - Allegro)
2. Abwesenheit (Andante espressivo)
3. Das Wiedersehen (Vivacissimamente)
1. Adagio sostenuto
2. Allegretto
3. Presto agitato
1. Das Lebewohl (Adagio - Allegro)
2. Abwesenheit (Andante espressivo)
3. Das Wiedersehen (Vivacissimamente)
I. Allegro maestoso
II. Romanza: Larghetto
III. Rondo: Vivace
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante con moto
III. Rondo: Vivace
Brahms: Piano Concerto No.1 in D minor, Op.15 - 1. Maestoso - Poco più moderato
Brahms: Piano Concerto No.1 in D minor, Op.15 - 2. Adagio
Brahms: Piano Concerto No.1 in D minor, Op.15 - 3. Rondo (Allegro non troppo)
Brahms: Piano Concerto No.2 in B flat, Op.83 - 1. Allegro non troppo
Brahms: Piano Concerto No.2 in B flat, Op.83 - 2. Allegro appassionato
Brahms: Piano Concerto No.2 in B flat, Op.83 - 3. Andante - Più adagio
Brahms: Piano Concerto No.2 in B flat, Op.83 - 4. Allegretto grazioso - Un poco più presto


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