Carl Stamitz

Biography

Born: May 8, 1745; Mannheim, Germany   Died: November 9, 1801; Jena, Germany  
The career of composer Carl Stamitz is closely associated with the Mannheim school, whose distinguished members included Carl's father Johann and brother Anton, and Ignaz Holzbauer, Franz Xaver Richter, and Johann Christian Cannabich. Carl Stamitz is generally considered to be the leading figure of the second generation of these composers, among which Cannabich and Stamitz's younger brother Anton are to be counted.

Born probably
Read more in early May 1745 (he was baptized on May 8), Carl Stamitz received his first music lessons from his father, then a member -- but soon to be leader -- of the Mannheim Orchestra, an ensemble connected with the Court of the Elector Palatine. Johann died when Carl was only 11, leaving the boy's further music education to Holzbauer, Richter, and Cannabich. In 1762, young Carl became a member of the Mannheim Orchestra, serving as a second violinist throughout his eight-year tenure there. Some of his earliest works date to this period, including the Three Symphonies, Op. 2. Shortly after his departure from the Mannheim Orchestra in 1770, Carl and Anton traveled to Paris, where in 1771 he accepted the dual post of court composer and conductor for the Duke Louis of Noailles. Stamitz turned out a number of works during his French years, including the Symphony, La promenade royale, written in Versailles in 1772; several other program symphonies; numerous quartets for various instruments; and other symphonic and chamber compositions. He also toured regularly as a violinist during the 1770s, making visits to Vienna (1772), Frankfurt (1773), and to Augsburg, Strasbourg, and back to Vienna (1774). Along with playing in concerts on these tours, he sometimes delivered manuscripts of new works, as he did on the Strasbourg visit, to satisfy a commission from Prince Kraft Ernst of Oettingen-Wallerstein. In 1777, Stamitz journeyed to London, where he lived for two years. He found less success there, though he apparently received substantial fees for the publication of numerous works, including many duos and trios for various instrumental combinations, the majority of which, however, were not published until well after his departure in 1779 or 1780. In about 1780, Stamitz settled in the Hague. There he began performing as a violist at the Court of William V of Orange, appearing in one concert with the 12-year-old Beethoven, who accompanied on fortepiano. Throughout the 1780s, Stamitz toured abroad, generally as a violist, visiting Hamburg (1785), Leipzig and Berlin (1786), and Dresden and Prague (1787). Probably in the late 1780s, Stamitz married Maria Josepha Pilz, who was 19 years his junior. The newlyweds settled in Greiz, Germany. Maria was in frail health after the birth of a son in 1790 and a daughter two years later, and Stamitz thus had to curtail his travels. He made a meager living selling his compositions to the King of Prussia and to royalty at smaller courts. He returned to Mannheim in 1795 and secured several commissions. That same year, he accepted the post of concertmaster at Jena, where he then moved his family. He also taught at the university there, but both positions yielded him only a modest income. He began to sink deeply into debt and made heroic efforts at arranging tours and concerts, but could not bring them off. Stamitz's wife died in January 1801 and he succumbed later that year. Read less

There are 84 Carl Stamitz recordings available.

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Works

Carl Stamitz


MOST POPULAR WORKS
I. Allegro
II. Andante moderato
III. Allegro
I. Allegro con spirito
II. Romance: Andantino
III. Rondo: Allegretto
I. Allegro con spirito
II. Andante poco moderato
III. Rondo: Allegro
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante moderato
III. Rondo
I. Allegro
II. Andante moderato
III. Rondeau: Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Andante sostenuto
III. Rondo - Poco allegro
I. Allegro
II. Aria - Andante moderato
III. Rondo alla Schas - Allegro moderato
Klarinettenkonzert Nr.3 B-dur: I. Allegro moderato
Klarinettenkonzert Nr.3 B-dur: II. Romanze
Klarinettenkonzert Nr.3 B-dur: III. Rondo
I. Allegro
II. Andante moderato
III. Rondo - Tempo di minuetto
I. Allegro
II. Andante non troppo moderato
III. Rondo: Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Andante moderato
III. Rondeau
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Rondo: Allegro
Sinfonia Concertante for Violin, Viola and Orchestra in D Major: I. Allegro
II. Romance
III. Rondeau
I. Grave - Allegro
II. Andante
III. Allegro moderato - Presto
WORKS
I. Allegro
II. Andante moderato
III. Allegro
I. Allegro con spirito
II. Romance: Andantino
III. Rondo: Allegretto
I. Allegro con spirito
II. Andante poco moderato
III. Rondo: Allegro
I. Allegro con spirito
II. Andante poco moderato
III. Rondo: Allegro
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante moderato
III. Rondo
I. Allegro
II. Andante moderato
III. Rondeau: Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Andante sostenuto
III. Rondo - Poco allegro
I. Allegro
II. Aria - Andante moderato
III. Rondo alla Schas - Allegro moderato
Klarinettenkonzert Nr.3 B-dur: I. Allegro moderato
Klarinettenkonzert Nr.3 B-dur: II. Romanze
Klarinettenkonzert Nr.3 B-dur: III. Rondo
I. Allegro
II. Andante moderato
III. Rondo - Tempo di minuetto
1. -
2. Adagio
3. Rondo
I. Allegro
II. Andante non troppo moderato
III. Rondo: Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Andante moderato
III. Rondeau
I. Allegro
II. Andantino
III. Menuetto
IV. Rondeau: Allegro
I. Allegro ma non tanto
II. Allegretto
III. Menuetto
IV. Rondeau: Allegretto
I. Allegro con spirito
II. Andantino
III. Rondo: Presto
I. Allegro assai
II. Andante moderato
III. Allegro assai
I. Allegro
II. Largo - III. Allemande
I. Allegro
II. Andante poco moderato
III. Allegretto
I. Allegro non molto
II. Rondo allegretto
I. Allegro poco moderato
II. Andante poco moderato
III. Rondo
Quartet in D Major, Op. 8
Quartet in D Major, Op. 8
Quartet in D Major, Op. 8
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Rondo: Allegro
I. Allegro con spirito
II. Andante gracioso
III. Presto
I. Allegreo poco moderato
II. Rondo - Poco moderato - Allegro assai
I. Allegro con spirito
II. Andante gracioso
III. Presto
I. Allegro assai
II. Andante di molto
III. Poco presto
I. Allegro assai
II. Andante ma allegretto
III. Presto assai
I. Adagio
II. Allegro
III. Adagio
IV. Menuetto
Sinfonia Concertante for Violin, Viola and Orchestra in D Major: I. Allegro
II. Romance
III. Rondeau
I. Grave - Allegro assai
II. Andante moderato -
III. Allegretto [Allegro assai]
I. Presto
II. Andantino
III. Prestissimo
I. Grave - Allegro assai
II. Andante grazioso
III. Allegro
I. Grave - Allegro
II. Andante
III. Allegro moderato - Presto
Concerto in B flat for violin and orchestra: I. Allegro
Concerto in B flat for violin and orchestra: II. Adagio
Concerto in B flat for violin and orchestra: III. Rondo


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