Bruno Walter

Biography

Born: Sep 15, 1876; Germany   Died: Feb 17, 1962; USA  
Bruno Walter helped to shape the very essence of interpretive style among conductors. He was born Bruno Schlesinger to an average, middle-class Jewish family. His talent was discovered early, and at age nine he entered the Stern Conservatory to study piano, making his debut at 13 with the Berlin Philharmonic. Impressed with Hans von Bülow's handling of the orchestra in Berlin, the boy decided to take up conducting. At age 17 in 1893, Schlesinger Read more made his conducting debut with the Cologne Opera. In 1894, Schlesinger moved to Hamburg and worked under Gustav Mahler, whose influence would prove central to the development of his approach and ideals. After leaving Hamburg, the young conductor worked a succession of provincial European opera houses; in Breslau Schlesinger changed his name to Walter, Schlesinger being too common a surname in Silesia.
In 1900, Walter succeeded Schalk at the Berlin State Opera and made his first recordings, beginning a career that would stretch into the era of stereo and number in the hundreds of titles. He also conducted his first orchestral concert, the featured work being Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique. In 1901, Walter decided he was ready to take advantage of Mahler's open invitation to join the Vienna Court Opera as an assistant. Walter stayed in Vienna until 1913, taking Austrian citizenship in 1911. After Mahler died, Walter mounted the premieres of Das Lied von der Erde (Munich, 1911) and the Mahler Ninth (Vienna, 1912).
In 1913, Walter moved to Munich to lead the Bavarian Court Opera, and this is where his conducting career took wing. He revived the long-neglected Mozart operas, attracted worldwide attention for his careful handling of operas by Wagner and Verdi, and premiered significant new operas by Korngold and Pfitzner. Walter abruptly left Munich in 1923, embarking upon a variety of destinations, including the United States, Great Britain, Paris, Rome, and the U.S.S.R. In 1925, he helped institute the Salzburg Festival and was named musical director of the Berlin Municipal Opera. In 1929, Walter had a falling out with the Berlin management, and departed to succeed Wilhelm Furtwängler at the Leipzig Gewandhaus. When the National Socialists came to power under Hitler in 1933, Bruno Walter was stripped of his post in Leipzig and took refuge in Vienna. He was a guest conductor with the Vienna State Opera and was named musical director of the Vienna Philharmonic in 1935; during this time he also frequently appeared with the Amsterdam Concertgebouw. When the Nazis took Austria without firing a shot in 1938, Walter was on the run again, this time to France and the Paris Conservatoire. His stay in France proved brief, as in 1939 Walter escaped to the United States.
Walter settled in Los Angeles, and remained based out of Southern California for the rest of his long life. While Walter's American period is most readily associated with the New York Philharmonic, he conducted a number of American orchestras in these years, especially the Los Angeles Philharmonic, but also the Minneapolis Symphony, the NBC Symphony, and at the Metropolitan Opera in New York. After the war, Walter made a number of return visits to Vienna and other European cities, and in London recorded Mahler's lieder with Kathleen Ferrier, his own favorites among his recordings. A heart attack in 1957 caused Walter to curtail his engagements, and he made his official "farewell" appearance in Vienna in 1960 conducting Mahler's Fourth, although his true final engagement was with the Los Angeles Philharmonic in an all-Brahms program given December 4, 1960.
Walter's catalog of original works contains two symphonies, choral works, and a violin sonata; however, all of his endeavors as a composer were completed before 1911. Read less

There are 175 Bruno Walter recordings available.

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Biography

Born: Sep 15, 1876; Germany   Died: Feb 17, 1962; USA  
Bruno Walter helped to shape the very essence of interpretive style among conductors. He was born Bruno Schlesinger to an average, middle-class Jewish family. His talent was discovered early, and at age nine he entered the Stern Conservatory to study piano, making his debut at 13 with the Berlin Philharmonic. Impressed with Hans von Bülow's handling of the orchestra in Berlin, the boy decided to take up conducting. At age 17 in 1893, Schlesinger Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
I. Langsam, schleppend
II. Kraftig bewegt, doch nicht zu schnell
III. Feierlich und gemessen, ohne zu schleppen
IV. Sturmisch bewegt
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1998 Remastered Version): Nun will die Sonn' so hell aufgeh'n
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1998 Remastered Version): Nun will die Sonn' so hell aufgeh'n
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1998 Remastered Version): Nun seh' ich wohl, warum so dunkle Flammen
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1998 Remastered Version): Wenn dein Mütterlein, tritt zur Tür herein
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1998 Remastered Version): Oft denk' ich, sie sind nur ausgegangen!
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1998 Remastered Version): In diesem Wetter, in diesem Braus
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1998 Remastered Version): In diesem Wetter, in diesem Braus
I. Feierlich, misterioso
II. Scherzo: Bewegt, lebhaft - Trio: Schnell, Scherzo da capo
III. Adagio: Langsam, feierlich
I. Allegro maestoso
II. Andante moderato
III. In ruhig fliessender Bewegung
IV. Urlicht
V. Im Tempo des Scherzos
I. Allegro con brio
II. Marcia funebre: Adagio assai
III. Scherzo: Allegro vivace - Trio
IV. Finale: Allegro molto; poco andante
I. Allegro molto appassionato -
II. Andante -
III. Allegretto non troppo - Allegro molto vivace
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Rondo: Allegro
I. Das Trinklied vom Jammer der Erde (The Drinking Song of Earth's Misery)
II. Der Einsame im Herbst (The Lonely One in Autumn)
III. Von der Jugend (Of Youth)
IV. Von der Schonheit (Of Beauty)
V. Der Trunkene im Fruhling (The Drunkard in Spring)
VI. Der Abschied (The Farewell)
I. Allegro ma non troppo
II. Larghetto
III. Rondo: Allegro
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante con moto
I. Heiter Bedachtig, nicht eilen
II. In gemachlicher Bewegung, ohne Hast
No. 5. Ich bin der Welt abhanden gekommen
No. 5. Ich bin der Welt abhanden gekommen
I. Das Trinklied vom Jammer der Erde (The Drinking Song of Earth's Misery)
II. Der Einsame im Herbst (The Lonely One in Autumn)
III. Von der Jugend (Of Youth)
IV. Von der Schonheit (Of Beauty)
V. Der Trunkene im Fruhling (The Drunkard in Spring)
VI. Der Abschied (The Farewell)
Symphony No. 9 in D (2004 Digital Remaster): I. Andante comodo
Symphony No. 9 in D (2004 Digital Remaster): II. Im Tempo eines gemächlichen Ländlers
Symphony No. 9 in D (2004 Digital Remaster): III. Rondo-Burleske
Symphony No. 9 in D (2004 Digital Remaster): IV. Adagio
Kyrie: Assai sostenuto (Mit Andancht)
Gloria: Allegro vivace
Credo: Allegro ma non troppo
Sanctus: Adagio (Mit Andacht)
Agnus Dei: Adagio
Symphony No. 9 in D minor: I. Feierlich, Misterioso (Edition: Leopold Nowak)
II. Scherzo. Bewegt, lebhaft - Trio. Schnell (Edition: Leopold Nowak)
III. Adagio. Langsam, feierlich (Edition: Leopold Nowak)
Te Deum in C Major for Voices, Organ, Orchestra and Chorus: I. Te Deum. Allegro moderato
II. Te ergo. Moderato
III. Aeterna fac. Allegro. Moderato. Feierlich, mit Kraft
IV. Salvum fac. Moderato
Per singulos dies benedicimus te. Allegro moderato
V. In te, Domine, speravi. Mäßig bewegt
In te, Domine, speravi. Fuge. Im gleichen gemäßigten Tempo - Alla breve
I. Adagio molto - Allegro con brio
II. Andante cantabile con moto
III. Menuetto - Allegro molto e vivace
IV. Adagio - Allegro molto e vivace
I. Allegro con brio
II. Marcia funebre: Adagio assai
III. Scherzo: Allegro vivace - Trio
IV. Allegro molto - Poco andante - Presto
I. Adagio molto - Allegro con brio
II. Andante cantabile con moto
III. Menuetto. Allegro molto e vivace
IV. Finale. Adagio - Allegro molto e vivace
Symphony No. 2 in D Major, Op. 36: I. Adagio molto - Allegro con brio
II. Larghetto
III. Scherzo. Allegro
IV. Allegro molto
Three German Dances, K. 605: No. 1 in D Major
No. 2 in G Major
No. 3 in C Major "Sleigh ride"
I. Allegro con brio
II. Andante con moto
III. Allegro
IV. Allegro
I. Allegro moderato
II. Scherzo: Allegro moderato
III. Adagio: Feierlich langsam, doch nicht schleppend
IV. Finale: Feierlich, nicht schnell
I. Feierlich, misterioso
II. Scherzo: Bewegt; lebhaft - Trio: Schnell, Scherzo da capo
III. Adagio: Langsam, feierlich
Symphony No. 6 in F 'Pastoral' Op. 68 (2002 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro ma non troppo (Awakening of cheerful feelings on arriving in the country)
Symphony No. 6 in F 'Pastoral' Op. 68 (2002 Digital Remaster): II. Andante molto moto (Scene by the brook)
Symphony No. 6 in F 'Pastoral' Op. 68 (2002 Digital Remaster): III. Allegro (Merry gathering of the country folk) -
Symphony No. 6 in F 'Pastoral' Op. 68 (2002 Digital Remaster): IV. Allegro (Storm and tempest) -
Symphony No. 6 in F 'Pastoral' Op. 68 (2002 Digital Remaster): V. Allegretto (Shepherds' Song. Happy and thankful feelings after the storm)
Symphony No. 2 in D Op. 73 (2002 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro non troppo
Symphony No. 2 in D Op. 73 (2002 Digital Remaster): II. Adagio non troppo
Symphony No. 2 in D Op. 73 (2002 Digital Remaster): III. Allegretto grazioso (Quasi andantino) - Presto, ma non assai
Symphony No. 2 in D Op. 73 (2002 Digital Remaster): IV. Allegro con spirito
Symphony No. 92 in G, 'Oxford' (2002 Digital Remaster): I. Adagio - Allegro spiritoso
Symphony No. 92 in G, 'Oxford' (2002 Digital Remaster): II. Adagio
Symphony No. 92 in G, 'Oxford' (2002 Digital Remaster): III. Menuet
Symphony No. 92 in G, 'Oxford' (2002 Digital Remaster): IV. Presto
I. Molto allegro
II. Andante
III. Menuetto: Allegretto
IV. Allegro assai
I. Bedachtig, nicht eilen
II. In gemachlicher Bewegung
III. Ruhevoll
IV. Sehr behaglich
1. Das Trinklied vom Jammer der Erde
2. Der Einsame im Herbst
3. Von der Jugend
4. Von der Schönheit
5. Der Trunkene im Frühling
6. Der Abschied
I. Ziemlich langsam - Lebhaft
II. Romanze: Ziemlich langsam
III. Scherzo: Lebhaft
IV. Langsam - Lebhaft
I. Andante - Allegro con anima
II. Andante cantabile con alcuna licenza
III. Valse: Allegro moderato
IV. Finale: Andante maestoso - Allegro vivace
I. Reveries - Passions
II. Un Bal (A ball)
III. Scene aux Champs (Scenes in the country)
IV. Marche au Supplice (March to the gallows)
V. Songe d'une Nuit du Sabbat (Dream of the witches' sabbath)
I. Adagio - Allegro molto
II. Largo
III. Molto vivace
IV. Allegro con fuoco
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1998 Digital Remaster): Nun will die Sonn' so hell aufgeh'n
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1998 Digital Remaster): Nun seh' ich wohl, warum so dunkle Flammen
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1998 Digital Remaster): Wenn dein Mütterlein, tritt zur Tür herein
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1998 Digital Remaster): Oft denk' ich, sie sind nur ausgegangen!
Kindertotenlieder (Rückert) (1998 Digital Remaster): In diesem Wetter, in diesem Braus
I. Allegro con brio
II. Adagio
III. Allegretto grazioso
IV. Allegro ma non troppo
I. Moderately fast
II. Geschwindmarsch by Beethoven
III. Colloquy
IV. Gay
I. Allegro con brio
II. Adagio
III. Allegretto grazioso - Molto vivace
IV. Allegro ma non troppo
Symphony No. 9 in E minor, Op. 95 "From the New World": I. Adagio - Allegro molto
II. Largo
III. Scherzo. Molto vivace
IV. Allegro con fuoco
I. Allegro non troppo
II. Adagio non troppo
III. Allegretto grazioso (Quasi Andantino) - Presto ma non assai
IV. Allegro con spirito
Symphony No. 3 in F Major, Op. 90: I. Allegro con brio
II. Andante
III. Poco Allegretto
IV. Allegro
I. Adagio - Allegro
II. Andante con moto
III. Menuetto. Allegretto - Trio
IV. Finale. Allegro
Symphony No. 40 in G minor, K. 550: I. Molto allegro
II. Andante
III. Menuetto. Allegretto - Trio
IV. Allegro assai
Symphony No. 41 in C Major, K. 551 "Jupiter": I. Allegro vivace
II. Andante cantabile
III. Menuetto. Allegretto - Trio
IV. Molto Allegro
I. Allegro non troppo
II. Andante moderato
III. Allegro giocoso - Poco meno presto - Tempo I
IV. Allegro energico e passionato - Più Allegro
I. Allegro con brio
II. Andante
III. Menuetto - Trio
IV. Allegro
Symphony No. 28 in C Major, K. 200 (189k): I. Allegro spiritoso
II. Andante
III. Menuetto. Allegretto - Trio
IV. Presto
Symphony No. 29 in A Major, K. 201 (186a): I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante
III. Menuetto - Trio
IV. Allegro con spirito
Symphony No. 35 in D Major, K. 385 "Haffner": I. Allegro con spirito
II. Andante
III. Menuetto - Trio
IV. Finale. Presto
I. Selig sind, die da Leid tragen ( Poco andante, e con espressione)
II. Denn alles Fleisch es ist wie Gras (Moderato, in modo di marcia - Un poco sostenuto - Allegro non troppo)
III. Herr, lehre doch mich (Andante moderato)
IV. Wie lieblich sind deine Wohnungen (Con moto moderato)
V. Ihr habt nun Traurigkeit (Andante)
VI. Denn wir haben hie keine bleibende Statt ( Andante - Vivace - Allegro)
VII. Selig sind die Toten, die in dem Herren sterben (Maestoso)
I. Adagio molto - Allegro con brio
II. Andante cantabile con moto
III. Menuetto. Allegro molto e vivace
IV. Finale. Adagio - Allegro molto e vivace
Symphony No. 2 in D Major, Op. 36: I. Adagio molto - Allegro con brio
II. Larghetto
III. Scherzo. Allegro
IV. Allegro molto
I. Allegro con brio
II. Marcia funebre. Adagio assai
III. Scherzo. Allegro vivace
IV. Finale. Allegro molto
Symphony No. 8 in F Major, Op. 93: I. Allegro vivace e con brio
II. Allegretto scherzando
III. Tempo di Menuetto
IV. Allegro vivace
I. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
II. Molto vivace
III. Adagio molto e cantabile
IV. Presto
Rezitativo - Allegro assai (text: Schiller's Ode to Joy "An die Freude")
Part I: I. Trauermarsch. In gemessenem Schritt. Streng. Wie ein Kondukt
II. Sturmisch bewegt. Mit grosster Vehemenz
Part II: III. Scherzo. Kräftig, nicht zu schnell
Part III: IV. Adagietto. Sehr langsam
V. Rondo-Finale. Allegro
I. Allegro ma non troppo
II. Larghetto
III. Rondo. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Allegretto non troppo - Allegro molto vivace
I. Allegro con brio
II. Marcia funebre: Adagio assai
III. Scherzo: Allegro vivace
IV. Finale: Allegro molto


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