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Francisco Javier - The Route Of The Orient / Savall, Et Al


Release Date: 01/08/2008 
Label:  Alia Vox   Catalog #: 9856   Spars Code: n/a 
Composer:  AnonymousPedro de EscobarJuan PonçeJohn Lloyd,   ... 
Performer:  Fahmi AlqhaiJordi SavallSergi CasademuntPascal Bertin,   ... 
Conductor:  Jordi SavallLahoucine Baquir
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de CatalunyaHespèrion XXI
Number of Discs: 2 
Recorded in: Multi 
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Notes and Editorial Reviews



THE ROUTE TO THE ORIENT Jordi Savall, dir; Hespèrion XXI; La Capella Reial de Catalunya ALIA VOX 9856 (2 Hybrid multichannel SACDs: 154:43 Text and Translation)


I have not seen a more lavishly packaged set of CDs than this. The hardcover book of 276 pages is almost eight inches tall, with the CDs inserted in the front and back covers. Above the title is “Francis Xavier 1506–1553 [ sic ].” Xavier was the Jesuit priest who preached the gospel in India and Read more Japan and died on the way to China in December 1552. The musical program illustrates the events of church and state that occurred during his 46 years. Born in Navarre, he studied at the University of Paris, where he met Ignatius Loyola. He was a close collaborator of Ignatius in founding the order of Jesuit priests, approved in 1540 in the midst of the Reformation. While Jesuits in Europe took a leading role in the Counter-Reformation, Xavier launched the order’s missionary activity by traveling along the Portuguese colonies on the African coast to Goa in India, which became his headquarters. From there he went to Malaya and the Indies, then Japan. After returning to Goa, he set out for China but died of a fever on the way.


The book unfolds a story that embraces not just the life of the saint but the principal events of the first half of the 16th century. Xavier was born in Navarre, hence that principality’s conquest by France is one of the first events noted. European intellectual life from Xavier’s birth to the foundation of the Jesuits is marked by Erasmus’s “Praise of Folly,” Macchiavelli’s “The Prince,” Thomas More’s “Utopia,” and Luther’s 95 theses, all of which are quoted at length in the book. Other texts printed here that mark his missionary journeys include parts of the constitutions of the Jesuit order, decrees of the Council of Trent, the Koran, the Bhagavad-Gita, Buddha’s writings, Confucius’s writings, and Xavier’s letters commenting on his experiences.


The music chosen to illustrate each step of the way is varied and appropriate. The birth of St. Francis is marked by a vilancico of Pedro de Escobar, the death of King Ferdinand by an anonymous vilancico, and Luther’s 95 theses by an Isaac song. Beginning with Xavier’s departure for Africa and the Far East, invited guests join the ensemble with music of local origin. The second disc begins with Xavier’s arrival in Japan, signaled by Japanese musicians who first performed with Savall in 1996 in Spain and Japan to commemorate that cultural encounter. Both Eastern and Western music is heard in the rest of the program. The death of Pope Paul III, who had approved the Society of Jesus, is marked by music from the Office of the Dead by Morales, the longest selection of all. The hymn O gloriosa Domina runs through most of the program like a refrain, significant because it was in the first Catholic hymnal printed in Japan in 1605. Xavier’s death is marked by another excerpt from the Morales Office. The program concludes with a pentatonic Chinese setting of Ave Maria . Xavier’s unfulfilled desire to bring Christianity to China, still closed to foreigners at the time, logically leads to another CD of this kind, “Messe des Jesuites de Pekin” (31:2), which marked their welcome to China in 1582 and Beijing in 1598.


These discs are not for casual listening. The vast difference in musical forms and styles, even from one track to the next, demands that some attention be paid to the book. Filled with color pages devoted to the art of the period as well as photographs of the artists, it is a delight to read. The contents are listed in detail. They serve to illustrate Xavier’s openness to Oriental cultures and non-Christian religions, as described in detail in the lengthy essay. The occasion for this elaborate issue, of course, is the quincentenary of Xavier’s birth. It is magnificent, enhanced greatly by the Super Audio surround sound. Admittedly, the size of the book is due primarily to repetition of the notes in five languages, and Alia Vox appears to have issued two equally elaborate packages, devoted to Miguel de Cervantes and Christopher Columbus, that I have not seen. This is a recording to treasure.


FANFARE: J. F. Weber
This is a hybrid Super Audio CD playable on both regular and Super Audio CD players. Read less

Works on This Recording

1.
Alba and Rotundellus by Anonymous
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
2.
Virgen bendita sin par by Pedro de Escobar
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hespèrion XXI,  La Capella Reial de Catalunya
Period: Renaissance 
Length: 3 Minutes 39 Secs. 
3.
Francia, cuenta tu ganancia by Juan Ponçe
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Period: Renaissance 
Length: 2 Minutes 54 Secs. 
4.
Paduana by Anonymous
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
5.
Dios te salve, Cruz preçiosa by Anonymous
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Period: Renaissance 
Written: Spain 
Length: 4 Minutes 46 Secs. 
6.
Puzzle-canon no 1 by John Lloyd
Performer:  Fahmi Alqhai (Viola da gamba), Jordi Savall (Viola da gamba), Sergi Casademunt (Viola da gamba)
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hespèrion XXI,  La Capella Reial de Catalunya
Period: Renaissance 
Written: 16th Century; England 
Length: 2 Minutes 35 Secs. 
7.
O Welt, Ich muss dich lassen by Heinrich Isaac
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Period: Renaissance 
8.
Pavana La Bataglia by Anonymous
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Period: Renaissance 
9.
Benedic anima mea by Claude de Sermisy
Performer:  Pascal Bertin (Countertenor)
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Period: Renaissance 
Written: France 
Length: 3 Minutes 11 Secs. 
10.
Psalterio by Jordi Savall
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Notes: This selection is an improvisation. 
11.
O gloriosa Domina by Anonymous
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Period: Medieval 
12.
O gloriosa Domina by Luis Venegas de Henestrosa
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
13.
Quod Eva tristis by Anonymous
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
14.
Diferencias sobre "O gloriosa domina" by Luis de Narváez
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Period: Renaissance 
Written: by 1538; Spain 
15.
Tu regis alti ianua by Anonymous
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Period: Medieval 
Length: 0 Minutes 39 Secs. 
16.
In Nomine "Seldom sene" by Christopher Tye
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
17.
Adorámoste, Señor by Francisco de la Torre
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Period: Renaissance 
Written: Spain 
18.
Benedictus by Heinrich Isaac
Performer:  Fahmi Alqhai (Viola da gamba), Jordi Savall (Viola da gamba), Sergi Casademunt (Viola da gamba)
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Period: Renaissance 
Length: 2 Minutes 29 Secs. 
19.
Saltarello by Anonymous
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hespèrion XXI,  La Capella Reial de Catalunya
Period: Medieval 
Length: 1 Minutes 8 Secs. 
20.
Sanctus by Cristóbal de Morales
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
21.
Pues que tú, Reina del cielo by Juan del Encina
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hespèrion XXI,  La Capella Reial de Catalunya
Period: Renaissance 
Written: Spain 
Length: 3 Minutes 30 Secs. 
22.
African Percussion by Traditional
Performer:  Lahoucine Baquir (Percussion)
23.
Impressions by Traditional
Performer:  Driss El Maloumi (Oud)
24.
Senhora del mundo by Anonymous
Performer:  Ken Zuckerman (Sarod), Prahbou Edoart (Tabla)
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Period: Renaissance 
Written: Portugal 
Length: 2 Minutes 42 Secs. 
25.
Raga on "O gloriosa Dominum" by Ken Zuckerman
Performer:  Prahbu Edouart (Tabla), Ken Zuckerman (Sarod)
26.
Shino no netori by Traditional
Performer:  Hiroyuki Koinuma (Shinobue)
Written: Japan 
Length: 3 Minutes 47 Secs. 
27.
Regem cui by Cristóbal de Morales
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
28.
Honnoji by Traditional
Performer:  Yukio Tanaka (Voice), Yukio Tanaka (Biwa)
Written: Japan 
Length: 10 Minutes 38 Secs. 
29.
O gloriosa Domina by Anonymous
Performer:  Ichiro Seki (Shakuhachi)
Period: Medieval 
30.
Quod Eva tristis by Anonymous
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
31.
O gloriosa Domina by Anonymous
Performer:  Hiroyuki Koinuma (Shinobue), Yukio Tanaka (Biwa)
Period: Medieval 
32.
O gloriosa Domina by Anonymous
Performer:  Yukio Tanaka (Biwa), Ichiro Seki (Shakuhachi)
Period: Medieval 
33.
Patri sit Paraclito by Anonymous
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
34.
Reibo "Longing for the Bell" by Traditional
Performer:  Ichiro Seki (Shakuhachi)
Written: Japan 
35.
Adorámoste, Señor by Francisco de la Torre
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Period: Renaissance 
Written: Spain 
36.
Senhora del mundo by Ken Zuckerman
Performer:  Ken Zuckerman (Sarod), Prahbu Edouart (Tabla)
37.
Ne Recorderis by Cristóbal de Morales
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
38.
Fantasia by Anonymous
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hespèrion XXI,  La Capella Reial de Catalunya
Period: Renaissance 
Length: 1 Minutes 52 Secs. 
39.
Rangyoku by Traditional
Performer:  Hiroyuki Koinuma (Nokan)
Written: Japan 
Length: 6 Minutes 45 Secs. 
40.
Ave Maria by Anonymous
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Period: Medieval 
41.
Consort from Henry VIII's Booke-Anon by Anonymous
Performer:  Sergi Casademunt (Viola da gamba), Fahmi Alqhai (Viola da gamba), Jordi Savall (Viola da gamba)
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hespèrion XXI
Length: 1 Minutes 47 Secs. 
42.
Paduana del Re by Anonymous
Performer:  Jordi Savall (Viola da gamba), Sergi Casademunt (Viola da gamba), Fahmi Alqhai (Viola da gamba)
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hespèrion XXI
Period: Renaissance 
Written: Italy 
Length: 3 Minutes 0 Secs. 
43.
Heinrich Isaac by John Lloyd
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Period: Renaissance 
Length: 2 Minutes 51 Secs. 
44.
Pavana "La Battaglia" by Anonymous
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hespèrion XXI
Period: Renaissance 
Length: 2 Minutes 6 Secs. 
45.
Introduction & Conclusion to "O gloriosa Domina": Introduction by Begoña Olavide
Performer:  Begoña Olavide (Zither)
Length: 1 Minutes 14 Secs. 
46.
Venegas de Henestrosa by Anonymous
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Period: Medieval 
Length: 1 Minutes 47 Secs. 
47.
Diferencias (3) por otra parte: no 1 by Luis de Narváez
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Length: 0 Minutes 58 Secs. 
48.
Introduction & Conclusion to "O gloriosa Domina": Conclusion by Begoña Olavide
Performer:  Begoña Olavide (Zither)
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Length: 0 Minutes 27 Secs. 
49.
In Nomine "Seldom sene" by Christopher Tye
Performer:  Jordi Savall (Viola da gamba), Paolo Pandolfo (Viola da gamba), Sergi Casademunt (Viola da gamba)
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hespèrion XXI
Length: 2 Minutes 8 Secs. 
50.
Adoramus te, Señor by Anonymous
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Period: Renaissance 
Length: 3 Minutes 33 Secs. 
51.
Missa "Mille regretz": Sanctus by Cristóbal de Morales
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya
Period: Renaissance 
Written: by 1544; Italy 
Length: 3 Minutes 31 Secs. 
52.
African Drumming by Traditional
Performer:  Lahoucine Baquir (Percussion), Dmitri Psonis (Percussion), David Mayoral (Percussion),
Pedro Estevan (Percussion)
Conductor:  Lahoucine Baquir
Written: Africa 
Length: 2 Minutes 23 Secs. 
53.
Impressions by Driss El Maloumi
Performer:  Driss El Maloumi (Oud)
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Length: 4 Minutes 24 Secs. 
54.
Officium defunctorum: Regem cui by Cristóbal de Morales
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Period: Renaissance 
Written: 16th Century; Spain 
Length: 13 Minutes 7 Secs. 
55.
Improvisations (3) to "O Gloriosa Domina": Improvisation no 1 by Ichiro Seki
Performer:  Ichiro Seki (Shakuhachi)
Length: 2 Minutes 4 Secs. 
56.
O gloriosa Domina: Quod Eva tristis by Anonymous
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya
Period: Medieval 
Length: 0 Minutes 38 Secs. 
57.
Improvisations (3) to "O Gloriosa Domina": Improvisation no 2 by Ichiro Seki
Performer:  Ichiro Seki (Shakuhachi)
Length: 3 Minutes 15 Secs. 
58.
O gloriosa Domina: Tu regis alti ianua by Anonymous
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya
Period: Medieval 
Length: 0 Minutes 39 Secs. 
59.
O gloriosa Domina: Patri sit Paraclito by Anonymous
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya
Period: Medieval 
Length: 0 Minutes 40 Secs. 
60.
Reibo by Traditional
Performer:  Ichiro Seki (Shakuhachi)
Written: Japan 
Length: 10 Minutes 50 Secs. 
61.
Adorámoste, Señor by Francisco de la Torre
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Period: Renaissance 
Written: Spain 
Length: 3 Minutes 57 Secs. 
62.
Improvisation by Yukio Tanaka
Performer:  Ken Zuckerman (Sarod), Prahbou Edoart (Tabla)
Length: 0 Minutes 59 Secs. 
63.
Officium defunctorum: Ne recorderis by Cristóbal de Morales
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Period: Renaissance 
Written: 16th Century; Spain 
Length: 5 Minutes 1 Secs. 
64.
Ave Maria (Pentatonic) by Anonymous
Performer:  Montserrat Figueras (Soprano)
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI
Length: 4 Minutes 54 Secs. 

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