Bedrich Smetana

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Biography

Born: Mar 2, 1824; Czech Republic   Died: May 12, 1884; Czech Republic   Period: Romantic
Bedrich Smetana was one of the great composers of his country's history and one of the leaders of the movement toward musical nationalism. His father was a violin teacher who gave Bedrich his first lessons and referred him to keyboard, harmony, and composition lessons when the boy requested them. His father tried to get Bedrich to apply himself in academics, but Bedrich was too focused on music to be a good student.
Bedrich Kittl,
Read more director of the Prague Conservatory, in 1844 found Smetana a job as a music teacher to the family of Count Leopold Thun while continuing music studies. He remained with the count for three and a half years, but he quit to undertake a concert tour, which turned out to be a financial failure.
Franz Liszt aided Smetana in finding a publisher for some early piano music and in 1848, Smetana founded a successful piano school.
Although he established a strong local reputation as a pianist, his piano compositions (mostly lighter works) did not earn him any special distinction as a composer.
In 1860, the Austro-Hungarian Empire granted internal political autonomy to Bohemia. A movement began to search for a genuine Czech voice in arts, including the establishment of a national theater. In 1862-1863, Smetana composed The Brandenburgers in Bohemia, his first opera, which was a success at its premiere on January 5, 1866. His next opera was Prodaná nevesta (The Bartered Bride), his most famous and enduring opera today, but a failure when it premiered on May 30, 1866.
In 1866, Smetana became conductor of the Provisional Theater, re-forming its administration and attempting to raise standards. His next opera, Dalibor (1871), was criticized for its Wagnerian elements. He had also written Libuse, but could find no producer. But in 1874, he had a large success with a light, popular opera, The Two Widows.
However, a severe whistling in the ears (graphically depicted in his autobiographical string quartet From My Life) led to deafness by the end of that year, symptoms of tertiary syphilis. He continued to compose and wrote his orchestral masterpiece Má Vlast (My Country) from 1874 to 1879. Three more operas were premiered successfully, including Libuse, but the last was The Devil's Wall (1882). By now, Smetana was seriously ill. The brain damage from syphilis led to madness, and he was confined to an asylum where he died. National mourning was proclaimed and he was given a burial at the Vyshehrad, one of the national sites depicted in Má Vlast. Read less
Smetana: The Bartered Bride / Ancerl, Blachut, Kalas, Et Al
Release Date: 07/02/2002   Label: Opera D'oro  
Catalog: 1354   Number of Discs: 2
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Smetana: Dalibor / Krips, Rysanek, Spiess, Et Al
Release Date: 09/13/2005   Label: Opera D'oro  
Catalog: 1434   Number of Discs: 2
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Smetana, Janacek, Schubert: String Quartets / Alexander
Release Date: 06/12/2007   Label: Arte Nova  
Catalog: 340360   Number of Discs: 1
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Smetana: Ma Vlast / Mund, Kyoto Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 11/13/2007   Label: Arte Nova  
Catalog: 699630   Number of Discs: 1
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Dvorak, Smetana  / Zuzanna Szambelan
Release Date: 04/14/2015   Label: Dux Records  
Catalog: 804   Number of Discs: 1
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There are 560 Bedrich Smetana recordings available.

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Bedrich Smetana


WORKS
1. Vysehrad (The High Castle)
2. Vltava (The Moldau)
3. Sarka
4. Z ceskych luhu a haju (From Bohemia's Meadows and Forests)
5. Tábor
6. Blanik


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