Baltimore Symphony Orchestra

Biography

Active: February 11, 1916 - ; Baltimore, MD
The Baltimore Symphony Orchestra was established as a municipal ensemble with funding from local government agencies. The orchestra's first concert took place at the Lyric Theatre on February 11, 1916; its players were mostly local musicians joined by a few members of the Philadelphia Orchestra. Gustav Strube was appointed the group's first musical director in 1917. During his 13-year tenure, the number of concerts gradually increased, children's Read more concerts were established in 1924, and several famous artists and guest conductors were attracted, including Siegfried Wagner, son of the composer. Strube's departure in 1930 resulted in a period of uncertainty for the orchestra, worsened by the national depression. His successor was George Siemonn, who worked vigorously for increased municipal funding and for the introduction of new compositions at concerts. He also conducted the orchestra's historic first radio broadcast concerts. Ernest Schelling was appointed music director in 1935 and became the first BSO conductor to lead a performance of Handel's Messiah during Christmas week. Following Schelling, Werner Janssen was appointed music director in 1937. He would become well-known for his film scores, which included Jean Renoir's 1945 The Southerner and the Marx Brothers' 1946 comedy A Night in Casablanca. He was succeeded by Harold Barlow in 1939, but neither of these two conductors could overcome the financial and morale problems plaguing the orchestra. In 1942, the director of Baltimore's Peabody Conservatory, Reginald Stewart, was appointed music director of the BSO. A talented pianist and conductor, the Scottish-born Stewart initiated many changes. By 1945, with the help of Eleanor Roosevelt and Met star Rosa Ponselle, the orchestra's size was increased to 90 members, its schedule of concerts expanded, and its repertory broadened. By the early 1950s, however, deficits and other problems precipitated Stewart's resignation and the departure of several orchestra members. Italian conductor Massimo Freccia took the reins in 1952 and immediately set diligently to work for solutions to the many difficulties facing the orchestra. He often presented concert versions of operas and conducted other large-scale works, drawing in sizable audiences. Peter Herman Adler succeeded Freccia in 1959. Under his directorship, regular subscription concerts and youth and children's concerts substantially increased and numerous new compositions were presented or premiered. In 1964, the orchestra began performing with the Baltimore Civic Opera Company. Romanian-born Sergiu Comissiona was appointed music director in 1968 by philanthropist Joseph Meyerhoff, who had become president of the symphony orchestra organization three years earlier. These two figures guided the orchestra to some of its greatest artistic triumphs, as well as to financial stability over the next decade and a half. Comissiona made numerous recordings with the orchestra and led many successful tours abroad. Meyerhoff donated $10.5 million toward the construction of a new hall, covering nearly half its final cost. The orchestra gave its first concert in Meyerhoff Symphony Hall on September 16, 1982. American David Zinman, previously conductor of the Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra, was appointed music director in 1985 and maintained the high standards set during the Comissiona era. He also made numerous recordings, and the orchestra began regular radio broadcasts in 1986. Zinman and the BSO won several Grammy awards, the first in 1987 in a collaborative effort with Yo-Yo Ma featuring cello concertos by Britten and Barber. Russian conductor Yuri Temirkanov succeeded Zinman in 1999. Temirkanov and the orchestra are frequently heard on NPR's Performance Today and regularly make recordings. Read less

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Biography

Active: February 11, 1916 - ; Baltimore, MD
The Baltimore Symphony Orchestra was established as a municipal ensemble with funding from local government agencies. The orchestra's first concert took place at the Lyric Theatre on February 11, 1916; its players were mostly local musicians joined by a few members of the Philadelphia Orchestra. Gustav Strube was appointed the group's first musical director in 1917. During his 13-year tenure, the number of concerts gradually increased, children's Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
I. The Protecting Veil
II. Annunciation
III. The Incarnation
IV. Lament of the Mother of God at the Cross
V. Christ is Risen!
VI. The Dormition of the Mother of God
VII. The Protecting Veil
Copland: Billy The Kid - Complete Ballet - Introduction: The Open Prairie
Copland: Billy the Kid - complete ballet - Street In A Frontier Town
Copland: Billy the Kid - complete ballet - Mexican Dance And Finale
Copland: Billy the Kid - complete ballet - Prairie Night (Card Game At Night)
Copland: Billy the Kid - complete ballet - Gun Battle
Copland: Billy the Kid - complete ballet - Celebration - Billy In Prison - Waltz
Copland: Billy the Kid - complete ballet - Billy's Death
Copland: Billy the Kid - complete ballet - The Open Prairie Again
I. Langsam, schleppend
II. Kraftig bewegt, doch nicht zu schnell
III. Feierlich und gemessen, ohne zu schleppen
IV. Sturmisch bewegt
I. Introduzione: Andante non troppo - Allegro vivace
II. Giuoco delle coppie: Allegretto scherzando
III. Elegia: Andante non troppo
IV. Intermezzo interrotto: Allegretto
V. Finale: Presto
I. Andante tranquillo
II. Allegro
III. Adagio
IV. Allegro molto
Cadenza
IV. Burlesque. Allegro con brio
III. Rondo. Allegro
I. Allegro non tanto
II. Adagio
III. Scherzo: Presto
IV. Finale: Allegro con spirito
I. Allegro maestoso
II. Poco adagio
III. Scherzo: Vivace - Poco meno mosso
IV. Finale: Allegro
I. Allegro con brio
II. Adagio
III. Allegretto grazioso - Molto vivace
IV. Allegro ma non troppo
1. Allegro
2. Adagio - Andante con moto
3. Allegro agitato
Devotions before : Antiphon: Kyrie eleison (High Soprano, Bass, Soprano 2, Alto, Tenor, Baritone)
Devotions before : Hymn and Psalm, "A Simple Song" (Celebrant)
Devotions before : Responsory, "Alleluia" (Soprano 1, Soprano 2, Alto, Tenor, Baritone, Bass)
First Introit: Prefatory Prayers (Street Chorus, Soprano 1, Soprano 2, Soprano, Celebrant, Boy Soprano, Boys' Choir)
First Introit: Thrice-Triple Canon: Dominus vobiscum (Celebrant, Boys' Choir, Street Chorus)
Second Introit: In nomine Patris (Boys' Choir, Chorus, Celebrant)
Second Introit: Prayer for the Congregation, "Almighty Father" (Chorus)
Second Introit: Epiphany (Celebrant)
Confession: Confiteor (Chorus)
Confession: Trope, "I Don't Know" (First Rock Singer and Descant, Second Rock Singer, Male Street Chorus)
Confession: Trope, "Easy" (First Blues Singer, Second Rock Singer, Second Blues Singer, Third Rock Singer, Third Blues Singer, First Rock Singer and Descant, Celebrant, Chorus)
Meditation No. 1
Gloria: Gloria tibi (Celebrant, Boys' Choir)
Gloria: Gloria in Excelsis (Chorus)
Gloria: Trope, "Half of the People" (Street Chorus, Chorus)
Gloria: Trope, "Thank You" (Soprano, Street Chorus)
Meditation No. 2
Epistle: "The Word of the Lord" (Celebrant, A Young Man, Another Young Man, Street Chorus, An Older Man, A Young Woman)
Gospel-Sermon: "God Said" (Preacher, Street Chorus, 5 Solo Voices)
Credo: Credo in unum Deum (Celebrant, Chorus)
Credo: Trope: "Non Credo" (Street Chorus Male Group, Baritone) - "Crucifixus" (Chorus)
Credo: Trope, "Hurry" (Mezzo-soprano) - Sedet ad dexteram Patris (Chorus)
Credo: Trope, "World without End" (Street Chorus, Mezzo-soprano) - Et in Spiritum Sanctum (Chorus, 3 Solo Voices)
Credo: Trope, "I Believe in God" (3 Solo Voices, Street Chorus, Rock Singer, Chorus)
Meditation No. 3 (De profundis, Part 1) (Chorus, Celebrant)
Offertory (De profundis, Part 2) (Boys' Choir, Chorus)
I. Adagio - Allegro molto
II. Largo
III. Scherzo: Molto vivace
IV. Allegro con fuoco
I. Chaconne
II. Pianissimo Scherzo
III. Andante Flautando
IV. Accelerando Finale
Barber: Concerto for Violin & Orchestra, Op.14 - 1. Allegro
Barber: Concerto for Violin & Orchestra, Op.14 - 2. Andante
Barber: Concerto for Violin & Orchestra, Op.14 - 3. Presto in moto perpetuo
Bloch: Baal Shem (Nigun) - 1. Vidui (Contrition)
Bloch: Baal Shem (Nigun) - 2. Nigun (Improvisation)
Bloch: Baal Shem (Nigun) - 3. Simchas Torah (Rejoicing)
Walton: Concerto for Violin & Orchestra - 1. Andante tranquilo
Walton: Concerto for Violin & Orchestra - 2. Presto capriccioso alla napolitana
Walton: Concerto for Violin & Orchestra - 3. Vivace
Concerto in D Major for Violin and Orchestra, Op. 61: I. Allegro ma non troppo
II. Larghetto
III. Rondo. Allegro
I. Phaedrus. Pausanias (Lento - Allegro)
II. Aristophanes (Allegretto)
III. Eryximachus (Presto)
IV. Agathon (Adagio)
I. Allemande
Copland: Rodeo - 1. Buckaroo Holiday
Copland: Rodeo - 2. Corral Nocturne
Copland: Rodeo - 3. Saturday Night Waltz
Copland: Rodeo - 4. Hoe-Down
Barber: Adagio For Strings, Op.11
Barber: Adagio For Strings, Op.11
Barber: Adagio For Strings, Op.11
Barber: Adagio For Strings, Op.11
Adagio For Strings, Op.11
Barber: Adagio For Strings, Op.11
I. The Protecting Veil
II. Annunciation
III. The Incarnation
IV. Lament of the Mother of God at the Cross
V. Christ is Risen!
VI. The Dormition of the Mother of God
VII. The Protecting Veil
Barber: Concerto for Violin & Orchestra, Op.14 - 1. Allegro
Barber: Concerto for Violin & Orchestra, Op.14 - 2. Andante
Barber: Concerto for Violin & Orchestra, Op.14 - 3. Presto in moto perpetuo
Bloch: Baal Shem (Nigun) - 1. Vidui (Contrition)
Bloch: Baal Shem (Nigun) - 2. Nigun (Improvisation)
Bloch: Baal Shem (Nigun) - 3. Simchas Torah (Rejoicing)
Walton: Concerto for Violin & Orchestra - 1. Andante tranquilo
Walton: Concerto for Violin & Orchestra - 2. Presto capriccioso alla napolitana
Walton: Concerto for Violin & Orchestra - 3. Vivace
1. Lex
2. Krypton
3. MXYZPTLK
4. Oh, Lois!
5. Red Cape Tango
Copland: Billy The Kid - Complete Ballet - Introduction: The Open Prairie
Copland: Billy the Kid - complete ballet - Street In A Frontier Town
Copland: Billy the Kid - complete ballet - Mexican Dance And Finale
Copland: Billy the Kid - complete ballet - Prairie Night (Card Game At Night)
Copland: Billy the Kid - complete ballet - Gun Battle
Copland: Billy the Kid - complete ballet - Celebration - Billy In Prison - Waltz
Copland: Billy the Kid - complete ballet - Billy's Death
Copland: Billy the Kid - complete ballet - The Open Prairie Again
Allegro, ma non troppo
Allegro molto
Andante tranquilo
Con moto
Symphony for Cello and Orchestra, Op. 68: I. Allegro maestoso
II. Presto inquieto
III. Adagio
IV. Passacaglia: Andante allegro


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