Arturo Toscanini

Composers

Biography

Born: March 25, 1867; Parma, Italy   Died: January 16, 1957; New York, NY  
Few orchestral conductors have attained the public recognition accorded Arturo Toscanini, due in part to his many recordings and frequent broadcast performances, but also to his dedication to the art of music-making. In a career spanning 68 years, he did more than anyone to revive the popular image of the all-powerful maestro.

In 1885, at age 19, he graduated from the Parma Conservatory as a cellist, and joined an opera company for a tour
Read more of South America. When in Rio de Janeiro, the incompetence of the Brazilian conductor engaged for the tour so incensed the Italian singers and players that he was forced to resign, and the 20-year-old cellist was asked to take the baton for Verdi's Aida. By the end of the tour he had led 26 performances of 11 operas, all from memory.

Between 1887 and 1895, Toscanini conducted in many Italian opera houses, and in 1896 became the principal conductor of Turin's Regio Opera House, leading the first Italian performances of Wagner's Götterdämmerung, Tristan and Isolde and Die Walküre, and the premičre of Puccini's La Bohčme, as well as a series of highly successful orchestral concerts. He was the principal conductor at La Scala, Milan, from 1900 to 1908, and first appeared at New York's Metropolitan Opera in 1915, where he conducted the premičre of Puccini's La fanciulla del West. In the same year he made his debut in the U.S. as a symphonic conductor.

Recalled to La Scala in 1919, he reformed the orchestra and took it on a triumphant tour of the U.S., conducting 67 concerts in 77 days, followed by an Italian tour in which he led 38 concerts in 56 days. From 1926-1927, he was a guest conductor with the New York Philharmonic Orchestra, and in 1929 left La Scala to become its permanent conductor, a post he filled until 1939.

In 1937 Toscanini was invited by NBC to conduct broadcast concerts in America with a new symphony orchestra specifically created for the purpose. He then toured with that orchestra to South America in 1940 and throughout the United States in 1950. He also conducted a memorable series of concerts with the BBC Symphony Orchestra in London between 1935 and 1939.

Toscanini's opposition to Fascism and Nazism was implacable. In 1931, he was attacked for refusing to play the Giovanezza, a Fascist anthem. In the same year he was the first non-German conductor to appear at the Wagner Festspielhaus in Bayreuth, but refused to return in 1933 in protest of the Nazi's treatment of Jewish musicians. He also turned his back on the Salzburg Festival because the Jewish conductor Bruno Walter's performances there were not broadcast in Germany. In 1938-1939, he conducted without fee at a festival in Lucerne, Switzerland, where the orchestra was composed entirely of musicians who had fled German persecution.

Toscanini's conducting style featured a precise, vigorous beat and vivid body-language, which orchestras understood and responded to with dramatic results. By the end of his career he had memorized 250 symphonic works, and over 100 operas. Though he enthusiastically embraced post-Romantic, twentieth century music, he virtually ignored the Second Viennese School and the new breed of American composers that were making their mark by the 1950s. It was not false modesty, but genuine humility that led him to say in an interview "I am no genius. I have created nothing. I play the music of other men. I am just a musician." Read less

There are 188 Arturo Toscanini recordings available.

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Composers

Formats & Featured

Biography

Born: March 25, 1867; Parma, Italy   Died: January 16, 1957; New York, NY  
Few orchestral conductors have attained the public recognition accorded Arturo Toscanini, due in part to his many recordings and frequent broadcast performances, but also to his dedication to the art of music-making. In a career spanning 68 years, he did more than anyone to revive the popular image of the all-powerful maestro.

In 1885, at age 19, he graduated from the Parma Conservatory as a cellist, and joined an opera company for a tour
Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso
Andantino simplice
Allegro con fuoco
Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 'Enigma': Theme (Andante)
Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 'Enigma' - I. C.A.E. (L'istesso tempo)
Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 'Enigma': II. H.D.S.-P. ( Hew David Steuart-Powell) (Allegro)
Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 'Enigma': III. R.B.T. (Richard Baxter Townshend) (Allegretto)
Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 'Enigma': IV. W.M.B. (William Meath Baker) (Allegro di molto)
Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 'Enigma': V. R.P.A. (Richard Penrose Arnold) (Presto)
Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 'Enigma': VI. Ysobel (Isabel Fitton) (Andantino)
Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 'Enigma': VII. Troyte (Troyte Griffith) (Presto)
Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 'Enigma': VIII. W.N. (Winifred Norbury) (Allegretto)
Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 'Enigma': IX. Nimrod (A. J. Jaeger) (Moderato)
Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 'Enigma': X. Intermezzo: Dorabella (Dora Penny) (Allegretto)
Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 'Enigma': XI. G.R.S. (George Robertson Sinclair) (Allegro di molto)
Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 'Enigma': XII. B.G.N. (Basil G. Nevinson) (Andante)
Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 'Enigma': XIII. Romanza: * * * [Lady Mary Lygon] (Moderato)
Variations on an Original Theme, Op.36 'Enigma': XIV. Finale: E.D.U. (the composer) (Allegro)
La Mer (1987 Digital Remaster): De l'aube ŕ midi sur la mer
La Mer (1987 Digital Remaster): Jeux de vagues
La Mer (1987 Digital Remaster): Dialogue du vent et de la mer
Symphony No. 2 in D major, Op. 73 (1989 - Remaster): Allegro ma non troppo
Symphony No. 2 in D major, Op. 73 (1989 - Remaster): Adagio non troppo
Symphony No. 2 in D major, Op. 73 (1989 - Remaster): Allegretto grazioso (quasi andantino)
Symphony No. 2 in D major, Op. 73 (1989 - Remaster): Allegro con Spirito
Symphony No. 4 in E minor Op. 98: I. Allegro non troppo
Symphony No. 4 in E minor Op. 98: II. Andante moderato
Symphony No. 4 in E minor Op. 98: III. Allegro giocoso
Symphony No. 4 in E minor Op. 98: IV. Allegro energico e passionato
Requiem: Kyrie
Dies irae
Offertorio
Libera me
Te Deum
I. Adagio molto - Allegro con brio
II. Andante cantabile con moto
III. Menuetto - Allegro molto e vivace
IV. Adagio - Allegro molto e vivace
I. Allegro con brio
II. Marcia funebre: Adagio assai
III. Scherzo: Allegro vivace - Trio
IV. Allegro molto - Poco andante - Presto
I. Adagio - Allegro vivace
II. Adagio
III. Menuetto: Allegro vivace
IV. Allegro ma non troppo
I. Awakening of Cheerful Feelings Upon Arrival in the Country: Allegro ma non troppo
II. Scene by the Brook: Andante molto mosso
III. Merry Gathering of Country Folk: Allegro
IV. Thunderstorm: Allegro
V. Shepherd's Song: Happy and Thankful Feelings after the Storm: Allegretto
I. Allegro con brio
II. Andante con moto
III. Allegro
IV. Allegro
I. Poco sostenuto - Vivace
II. Allegretto
III. Presto, assai meno presto
IV. Allegro con brio
I. Allegro vivace e con brio
II. Allegretto scherzando
III. Tempo di menuetto
IV. Allegro vivace
I. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
II. Molto vivace
III. Adagio molto e cantabile - Andante moderato
IV. Finale: Presto - Allegro assai
I. Allegro con brio
II. Marcia funebre: Adagio assai
III. Scherzo: Allegro vivace
IV. Finale: Allegro molto
I. Allegro con brio
II. Andante con moto
III. Allegro
IV. Allegro
I. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
II. Molto vivace
III. Adagio molto e cantabile - Andante moderato
IV. Presto: O Freunde, nicht diese Traene
I. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
II. Molto vivace
III. Adagio molto e cantabile
IV. Finale: Presto -
IV. Finale: Allegro assai -
IV. Finale: Presto -
IV. Finale: Allegro assai vivace -
IV. Finale: Andante maestoso -
IV. Finale: Allegro energico, sempre ben marcato -
IV. Finale: Allegro ma non tanto -
IV. Finale: Poco allegro, stringendo il tempo, sempre piu allegro
Un poco sostenuto; Allegro
Andante sostenuto
Un poco allegretto e grazioso
Adagio; Piů andante; Allegro non troppo ma con brio
Symphony No. 2, Op. 73 in D: Allegro non troppo
Adagio non troppo
Allegretto grazioso (Quasi andantino)
Allegro con spirito
Symphony No. 4 in E minor Op. 98: I. Allegro non troppo
Symphony No. 4 in E minor Op. 98: II. Andante moderato
Symphony No. 4 in E minor Op. 98: III. Allegro giocoso - Poco meno presto - Tempo I
Symphony No. 4 in E minor Op. 98: IV. Allegro energico e passionato - Piů Allegro
Symphony No. 6 in F 'Pastoral' Op. 68 (2004 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro ma non troppo (Awakening of cheerful feelings on arriving in the country)
Symphony No. 6 in F 'Pastoral' Op. 68 (2004 Digital Remaster): II. Andante molto moto (Scene by the brook)
Symphony No. 6 in F 'Pastoral' Op. 68 (2004 Digital Remaster): III. Allegro (Merry gathering of the country folk) -
Symphony No. 6 in F 'Pastoral' Op. 68 (2004 Digital Remaster): IV. Allegro (Storm and tempest) -
Symphony No. 6 in F 'Pastoral' Op. 68 (2004 Digital Remaster): V. Allegretto (Shepherds' Song. Happy and thankful feelings after the storm)
I. Allegro con brio
II. Marcia funebre: Adagio assai
III. Scherzo: Allegro vivace
IV. Finale: Allegro molto
I. Lento lugubre - Moderato con moto
II. Vivace con spirito
III. Andante con moto
IV. Allegro con fuoco
Act I: Prelude
Act I: Introduction
Act I: Brindisi
Act I: Valzer - Duetto nell' Introd. Atto I
Act I: Streeti dell' Introd. Atto. I
Act I: Scene ed Aria Violetta - Finale to Act I
Act II: Scena ed Aria Alfredo
Act II: Scena e Duetto
Act II: Scena - Violetta
Act II: Scena ed Aria Germont
Adagio molto: Allegro con brio
Andante cantabile con moto
Menuetto: Allegro molto e vivace
Adagio: Allegro molto e vivace
Symphony No. 2, Op. 36 in D major: Adagio molto; Allegro con brio
Larghetto
Scherzo; Trio
Allegro molto
Symphony No. 3, Op. 55, "Eroica", in E-flat: Allegro con brio
Marcia funebre: Adagio assai
Scherzo: Allegro vivace; Trio
Finale: Allegro molto; Poco andante; Presto
Adagio molto; Allegro con brio
Larghetto
Scherzo; Trio
Allegro molto
Symphony No. 5, Op. 67 in C Minor: Allegro con brio
Andante con moto
Allegro
Allegro
Symphony No. 6, Op. 68, "Pastorale", in F: Erwachen heiterer Gefühle bei der Ankunft auf dem Lande (Happy Feelings Aroused Upon Arriving in the Country)
Szene am Bach (Scene by the Brook)
Lustiges Zusammensein der Landleute (Peasants' Merry-Making)
Gewitter, Sturm (Thunderstorm)
Frohe, dankbare Gefühle nach dem Sturm (Shepherds' Song: Joyous Thanksgiving after the Storm)
Symphony No. 7, Op. 92 in A: Poco sostenuto; Vivace
Allegretto
Presto; Assai meno presto; Presto
Allegro con brio
Symphony No. 8, Op. 93 in F: Allegro vivace e con brio
Allegretto scherzando
Tempo di Menuetto
Allegro vivace
Symphony No. 9, Op. 125 in D Minor: Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
Molto vivace
Adagio molto e cantabile; Andante moderato
Presto; Allegro assai
I. Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso
II. Andantino seplice
III. Allegro con fuoco
I. Adagio (Harold in the Mountains. Scenes of Melancholy, Happiness and Joy)
II. Allegretto (March of the Pilgrims Singing the Evening Prayer)
III. Allegro Assai (Serenade of an Abruzzi Mountain-Dweller to his Mistress)
IV. Allegro Frenetico (Orgy of Brigands. Memories of Scenes Past)
Kyrie
Gloria
Credo
I. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
II. Molto vivace
III. Adagio molto e cantabile - Andante moderato
IV. Finale: Presto -
IV. Allegro assai -
IV. Allegro assai vivace. Alla marcia (Bar 195) -
IV. Andante maestoso - Adagio ma non troppo, ma divoto - Prestissimo
I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Gavotte: Non troppo allegro
IV. Finale: Molto vivace
I. Lento lugubre - Moderato con moto
II. Vivace con spirito
III. Andante con moto
IV. Allegro con fuoco
VI. Samuel Goldenberg and Schmuyle
VII. The Market Place at Limoges
VIII. Catacombae: Sepulchrum romanum
Cum mortuis in lingua mortua
IX. The Hut on Fowl's Legs (Baba-Yaga)
X. The Great Gate of Kiev
Allegro con brio
Largo
Rondo
Adagio molto: Allegro con brio
Andante cantabile con moto
Menuetto: Allegro molto e vivace
Adagio: Allegro molto e vivace
Agnus Dei
Larghetto
Scherzo; Trio
Allegro molto
Symphony No. 3, Op. 55, "Eroica", in E-flat: Allegro con brio
Marcia funebre: Adagio assai
Kyrie (Remastered version)
Finale: Allegro molto; Poco andante; Presto
Adagio molto; Allegro con brio
Larghetto
Scherzo; Trio
Allegro molto
Symphony No. 5, Op. 67 in C Minor: Allegro con brio
Andante con moto
Allegro
Gloria (Non-remastered version)
Symphony No. 6, Op. 68, "Pastorale", in F: Erwachen heiterer Gefühle bei der Ankunft auf dem Lande (Happy Feelings Aroused Upon Arriving in the Country)
Szene am Bach (Scene by the Brook)
Lustiges Zusammensein der Landleute (Peasants' Merry-Making)
Gewitter, Sturm (Thunderstorm)
Frohe, dankbare Gefühle nach dem Sturm (Shepherds' Song: Joyous Thanksgiving after the Storm)
Symphony No. 7, Op. 92 in A: Poco sostenuto; Vivace
Allegretto
Presto; Assai meno presto; Presto
Allegro con brio
Gloria (Remastered version)
Allegretto scherzando
Tempo di Menuetto
Allegro vivace
Symphony No. 9, Op. 125 in D Minor: Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
Molto vivace
Adagio molto e cantabile; Andante moderato
Presto; Allegro assai
Missa Solemnis, Op. 123: Kyrie
Gloria
Credo
Sanctus
Agnus Dei
Missa Solemnis: Kyrie (Non-remastered version)
Missa Solemnis in D major, op. 123: Kyrie (Remastered version)
Missa Solemnis: Gloria (Non-remastered version)
Missa Solemnis in D major, op. 123: Gloria (Remastered version)
I. Allegro non troppo
II. Allegro appassionato
III. Andante
IV. Allegretto grazioso
I. Allegro con brio
II. Andante
III. Poco allegretto
IV. Allegro
Act I: Scene 1: Falstaff!
Act I: Scene 1: Ssss. Sei polli: sei scellini
Act I: Scene 1: So che se andiam
Act I: Scene 1: V'č noto un tal
Act I: Scene 1: L'Onore! Ladri!
Act I: Scene 1: Ma, per tornare a voi
Act I: Scene 2: Alice - Meg
Act I: Scene 2: Fulgida Alice! Amor t'offro
Act I: Scene 2: Quell'otre! quel tino!
Act I: Scene 2: Č un ribaldo, un furbo, un ladro
Act I: Scene 2: Pst, pst, Nanetta
Act I: Scene 2: Falstaff m'ha canzonetta
Act I: Scene 2: Torno all'assalto
Act I: Scene 2: Udrai quanta eglie sfoggia
Act I: Scene 2: Del tuo barbaro diagnostico
Act I: Scene 2: Qui piů non si vagoli
Act II: Scene 1: Siam pentiti e contriti
Act II: Scene 1: Alice č mia!
Act II: Scene 1: Padron; di lŕ c'č un certo Maestro Fontana
Act II: Scene 1: Signore, v'assista il cielo!
Act II: Scene 1: Io l'amo e lei non m'ama
Act II: Scene 1: Il diavolo se lo porti all'inferno
Act II: Scene 1: Č sogno? o realtŕ?
Act II: Scene 1: Eccomi qua
Falstaff: Act II: Scene 2: Presenteremo un bill, per una tassa
Act II: Scene 2: Giunta all'Albergo della Giarrettiera
Act II: Scene 2: Nannetta, e tu non ridi?
Act II: Scene 2: Gaie comari di Windsor!
Act II: Scene 2: alfin t'ho colto
Act II: Scene 2: Quand'ero paggio
Requiem & Kyrie
Dies Irae: Dies Irae
Dies Irae: Tuba mirum
Dies Irae: Mors stupebit
Dies Irae: Liber scriptus
Dies Irae: Quid sum miser
Dies Irae: Rex tremendae
Dies Irae: Recordare
Dies Irae: Ingemisco
Dies Irae: Confutatis
Dies Irae: Lacrymosa
Offertorio: Domine Jesu Christe
Offertorio: Hostias
Sanctus
Agnus dei
Lux aeterna
Libera me: Libera me, Domine
Libera me: Dies Irae
Libera me: Libera me, Domine
The pines of the villa Borghese
Pines near a catacomb
The pines of Janiculum
The pines of the Appian way
Fountains of Rome: The fountain of Valle Giulia at dawn
The Triton fountain at morning
The fountain of Trevi at midday
The villa Medici fountain at sunset
Roman Festivals: Circuses
The Jubilee
The October Festival
Epiphany


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