Artur Rubinstein

Biography

Born: January 28, 1887; Poland   Died: December 20, 1982; Switzerland  
Warm, lyrical, and aristocratic in his interpretations, Artur Rubinstein performed impressively into extremely old age, and he was a keyboard prodigy almost from the time he could climb onto a piano bench. He came from a mercantile rather than a musical family, but fixated on the piano as soon as he heard it. At age three he impressed Joseph Joachim, and by the age of seven he was playing Mozart, Schubert, and Mendelssohn at a charity concert in Read more his hometown. In Warsaw, he had piano lessons with Alexander Róóycki; then in 1897 he was sent to Berlin to study piano with Heinrich Barth and theory with Robert Kahn and Max Bruch, all under Joachim's general supervision. In 1899 came his first notable concerto appearance in Potsdam. Soon thereafter, just barely a teenager, he began touring Germany and Poland.
After brief studies with Paderewski in Switzerland in 1903, Rubinstein moved to Paris, where he met Ravel, Dukas, and Jacques Thibaud, and played Saint-Saëns' G minor Concerto to the composer's approval. That work would remain a flashy Rubinstein vehicle for six decades, and it was the concerto he offered in his American debut with the Philadelphia Orchestra in New York's Carnegie Hall in 1906. His under-prepared American tour was not especially well-received, though, so he withdrew to Europe for further study. Rubinstein became an adept and sensitive chamber musician and accompanist; his 1912 London debut was accompanying Pablo Casals, and during World War I he toured with Eugčne Ysa˙e.
He gave several successful recitals in Spain during the 1916-1917 season, and soon toured Latin America. Along the way he developed a great flair for Hispanic music; Heitor Villa-Lobos went so far as to dedicate to Rubinstein his Rudepoema, one of the toughest works in the repertory. Although Rubinstein would later be somewhat typecast as a Chopin authority, his readings of Falla, Granados, and Albéniz would always be equally idiomatic.
Rubinstein's international reputation grew quickly, although he was by his own account a sloppy technician. In the mid-1930s he withdrew again and drilled himself in technique. By 1937 he reemerged as a musician of great discipline, poise, and polish -- qualities he would mostly retain until his farewell recital in London in 1976, at the age of 89. Rubinstein's temperament had sufficient fire for Beethoven but enough poetry for Chopin; his tempos and dynamics were always flexible, but never distorted. His 1960s recordings for RCA of nearly all Chopin's solo piano music have been considered basic to any record collection since their release, and his version of Falla's Nights in the Gardens of Spain is another classic, as are his various late collaborations with the Guarneri Quartet.
Rubinstein became a naturalized American citizen in 1946, but he maintained residences in California, New York, Paris, and Geneva; two of his children were born in the United States, one in Warsaw, and one in Buenos Aires. He had married Aniela Mlynarska in 1932, but womanizing remained integral to his reputation as an irrepressible bon vivant. He maintained that the slogan "wine, women, and song" as applied to him meant 80 percent women and only 20 percent wine and song.
Still, there was a serious side to his life. After World War II, he refused ever again to perform in Germany, in response to the Nazi extermination of his Polish family. Rubinstein became a strong supporter of Israel; in gratitude, an international piano competition in his name was instituted in Jerusalem in 1974. His honors included the Gold Medal of the Royal Philharmonic Society of London, the U.S. Medal of Freedom (1976), and membership in the French Legion of Honor. Read less

Biography

Born: January 28, 1887; Poland   Died: December 20, 1982; Switzerland  
Warm, lyrical, and aristocratic in his interpretations, Artur Rubinstein performed impressively into extremely old age, and he was a keyboard prodigy almost from the time he could climb onto a piano bench. He came from a mercantile rather than a musical family, but fixated on the piano as soon as he heard it. At age three he impressed Joseph Joachim, and by the age of seven he was playing Mozart, Schubert, and Mendelssohn at a charity concert in Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
Allegro moderato
Scherzo: Allegro
Andante cantabile ma pero con moto
Allegro moderato
Allegro moderato
Andante un poco mosso
Scherzo: Allegro
Rondo: Allegro vivace
Beethoven: Piano Concerto No.1 in C major, Op.15 - 1. Allegro con brio
Beethoven: Piano Concerto No.1 in C major, Op.15 - 2. Largo
Beethoven: Piano Concerto No.1 in C major, Op.15 - 3. Rondo (Allegro scherzando)
Sonata for Violin and Piano in A major: I. Allegretto ben moderato
Sonata for Violin and Piano in A major: II. Allegro
Sonata for Violin and Piano in A major: III. Recitativo - Fantasia (Ben moderato - Molto lento)
Sonata for Violin and Piano in A major: IV. Allegretto poco mosso
19 Nocturnes (2008 Digital Remaster): No. 1 in B flat minor Op. 9 No. 1
19 Nocturnes (2008 Digital Remaster): No. 2 in E flat major Op. 9 No. 2
19 Nocturnes (2008 Digital Remaster): No. 3 in B major Op. 9 No. 3
19 Nocturnes (2008 Digital Remaster): No. 4 in F Major Op. 15 No. 1
19 Nocturnes (2008 Digital Remaster): No. 5 in F sharp major Op. 15 No. 2
19 Nocturnes (2008 Digital Remaster): No. 6 in G minor Op. 15 No. 3
19 Nocturnes (2008 Digital Remaster): No. 7 in C sharp minor Op. 27 No. 1
19 Nocturnes (2008 Digital Remaster): No. 8 in D flat major Op. 27 No. 2
19 Nocturnes (2008 Digital Remaster): No. 9 in B major Op. 32 No. 1
19 Nocturnes (2008 Digital Remaster): No. 10 in A flat major Op. 32 No. 2
19 Nocturnes (2008 Digital Remaster): No. 13 in C minor Op. 48 No. 1
19 Nocturnes (2008 Digital Remaster): No. 14 in F sharp minor Op. 48 No. 2
19 Nocturnes (2008 Digital Remaster): No. 15 in F minor Op. 55 No. 1
19 Nocturnes (2008 Digital Remaster): No. 16 in E flat major Op. 55 No. 2
19 Nocturnes (2008 Digital Remaster): No. 17 in B major Op. 62 No. 1
19 Nocturnes (2008 Digital Remaster): No. 18 in E major Op. 62 No. 2
Allegro maestoso
Romance
Rondo
Piano Concerto No. 2 in F Minor, Op. 21: Maestoso
Larghetto
Allegro vivace
I. Allegro con brio
II. Largo
III. Rondo: Allegro
Allegro molto moderato
Adagio
Allegro moderato molto
Concerto No. 2 for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 18 in C Minor: Moderato - Allegro
Adagio sostenuto
Allegro scherzando
Allegro non troppo
Andante, un poco adagio
Scherzo: Allegro
Finale: Poco sostenuto - Allegro non troppo - Presto non troppo
Piano Quintet, Op. 81 in A: Allegro, ma non tanto
Dumka: Andante con moto
Scherzo: Furiant - Molto vivace
Finale: Allegro
No. 1 in C-sharp minor
No. 2 in E-flat minor
Polonaises, Op. 40: No. 1 in A
No. 2 in C minor
Andante Spianato and Grande Polonaise, Op. 22 in E-flat: Andante Spianato
Grande Polonaise
Allegro non troppo
Allegro appassionato
Andante
Allegretto grazioso
Concerto No. 1 for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 15 in D Minor: Maestoso
Adagio
Rondo: Allegro non troppo
Allegro affettuoso
Intermezzo: Andantino grazioso
Allegro vivace
Symphonic Etudes, Op. 13: Andante
Etude I
Etude II
Etude III
Etude IV
Etude V
Etude VI
Etude VII
Etude VIII
Etude IX
Etude X
Etude XI
Etude XII
Allegro con brio
Largo
Rondo: Allegro scherzando
Concerto No. 2 for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 19, in B-flat: Allegro con brio
Adagio
Rondo: Molto allegro
Concerto No. 3 for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 37, in C Minor: Allegro con brio
Largo
Rondo: Allegro
Allegro con brio
Adagio
Rondo: Molto allegro
Concerto No. 5 for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 73, in E-flat: Allegro
Adagio un poco mosso
Rondo: Allegro
Piano Sonata No. 18, Op. 31, No. 3 in E-flat: Allegro
Scherzo: Allegretto vivace
Menuetto: Moderato e grazioso
Presto con fuoco
No. 1
No. 2
No. 3
No. 4
Mazurkas, Op. 7: No. 1
No. 2
No. 3
No. 4
No. 5
Mazurkas, Op. 17: No. 1
No. 2
No. 3
No. 4
Mazurkas, Op. 24: No. 1
No. 2
No. 3
No. 4
Mazurkas, Op. 30: No. 1
No. 2
No. 3
No. 4
Mazurkas, Op. 33: No. 1
No. 2
No. 3
No. 4
Mazurkas, Op. 41: No. 1
No. 2
No. 3
No. 4
Mazurkas, Op. 50: No. 1
No. 2
No. 3
Mazurkas, Op. 56: No. 1
No. 2
No. 3
No. 1
No. 1
No. 2
No. 3
No. 4
No. 5
Mazurkas, Op. 67: No. 1
No. 2
No. 3
No. 4
Mazurkas, Op. 68: No. 1
No. 2
No. 3
No. 4
No. 1, "Valse brillante", in A-flat
No. 2, "Valse brillante", in A Minor
No. 3, "Valse brillante", in F


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