Antonio Soler

Biography

Born: December 3, 1729; Olot, Gerona, Spain   Died: December 20, 1783; El Escorial, Spain  
Antonio Francisco Javier Jose Soler was an eighteenth century Catalan composer, priest, monk, student, teacher, mathematician, inventor, and organist. His life was spent serving both the Catholic Church and music. He was a prolific composer with over 400 compositions credited to him by the time of his death at age 54. Soler spent most of his life at monasteries, particularly El Escorial, the magnificent royal palace, chapel, and monastery built Read more by King Philip II outside of Madrid two centuries earlier.

Soler apparently came from a musical family. His brother, Mateu, played bassoon in the monastery of Las Descalzas Reales and then in the court of Carlos III, and finally in the Capilla Real. His musical training began at a very early age. In 1736, he became a student at the Benedictine monastery choir school at Montserrat where he learned organ and composition. Between 1752 and 1757, while in his early twenties, Soler studied with Domenico Scarlatti, the Italian composer who served the Spanish court of Ferdinand VI and Maria Barbara.

Prior to going to El Escorial, where he spent the rest of his life, Soler was the maestro de capilla at Lerida and was ordained subdeacon in 1752. Later that same year, he joined the Hieronymite order of monks at El Escorial monastery and professed to the order in 1753.

Soler performed many duties at El Escorial. In 1757, he became maestro de capilla. In addition, he performed as first organist, wrote much of the church music, and taught music. Perhaps his most prestigious student was the son of Carlos III, Don Gabriel de Bourbon. Soler taught the young Don Gabriel keyboard and many of the Soler's harpsichord sonatas were written for him.

It is difficult for most to grasp Soler's level of productivity, particularly in light of his many other duties and interests. His musical compositions included over 120 sonatas for harpsichord, six quintets for organ and strings, six double organ concertos, 10 masses, five requiems, 132 villancicos, and many other works. His most famous was a sonata for harpsichord entitled Fandango.

Soler also wrote a treatise on harmony, Llave de la Modulación (1762) whose concepts remain valid today. This treatise, however, caused considerable controversy and rebuke by some of his peers. These criticisms caused Soler such dismay that in 1765, he responded with a written retort, Satisfacción a los reparos precisos, which spanned 67 pages and was supported by such noted authorities as Morales, Palestrina, and Scarlatti. The controversy did not end until a final defense was provided in Jose Vila's Respuestra y dictamen in 1766.

He developed another treatise in 1771 that demonstrated his interest and skill in mathematics. This book was on Castilian and Catalan currency exchange and was published in honor of Carlos III. Soler was a man of other talents in addition to those mentioned. He invented a tuning box that was used to demonstrate differences between tones and semitones to Don Gabriel. He was also expert in organ design and construction. In 1776, he developed the specifications for an organ for the Malaga Cathedral. Read less
Antonio Soler: Complete Keyboard Sonatas; Six Concertos For Two Organs
Release Date: 04/28/2015   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 95143   Number of Discs: 1
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There are 109 Antonio Soler recordings available.

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Works

Antonio Soler


MOST POPULAR WORKS
I. Andante
II. Minuet
I. Andante - Allegro
II. Allegro
II. Tempo de Minuet
I. Andantino
II. Minuet
I. Afectuoso - Andante non Largo
II. Minuet
I. Cantabile
II. Minuet
I. Allegro - Andante - Allegro - Andante
II. Minuet
WORKS
I. Andante
II. Minuet
I. Andante - Allegro
II. Allegro
II. Tempo de Minuet
I. Andantino
II. Minuet
I. Afectuoso - Andante non Largo
II. Minuet
I. Cantabile
II. Minuet
I. Allegro - Andante - Allegro - Andante
II. Minuet
Soler: Concerto I - 1. Andante
Soler: Concerto I - 2. Minue
I. Andantino
II. Minue
I. Afectuoso - Andante non Largo
II. Minue
I. Allegro - Andante - Allegro - Andante
II. Minue
Largo majestuoso
Et exultavit: Andante
Et misericordia: Largo
Fecit potentiam: Andante
Gloria Patri: Largo
Sicut erat: Andante
I. Allegretto
II. Andantino
III. Allegretto en fuga
IV. Minuetto (Allegretto)
V. Allegro
I. Cantabile con moto
II. Minuetto: Allegretto
II. Allegro - Divertimento: Andantino - Allegro
I. Allegretto
II. Largo
III. Allegro pastorile
IV. Andantino grazioso
V. Allegro subito
I. Cantabile
II. Allegro Presto
III. Minuetto and Quartetto
IV. Rondo: Allegretto
I. Andante con moto
II. Allegro di molto
III. Minuetto I (Andante maestoso) - Minuetto II (Allegro)
IV. Allegro pastoril
I. Andante con moto
II. Presto assai
III. Minuetto I (Andante largo) - Minuetto II (Allegro)
IV. Allegro pastoril
I. Andante amabile espressivo
II. Allegro ma non presto
III. Minuetto I (Maestoso) - Minuetto II (Allegro)
IV. Allegro molto
I. Andantino gracioso e con moto
II. Allegro non troppo
III. Minuets I and II
IV. Allegro
I. Andante grazioso con moto
II. Allegro espressivo non presto
III. Minuetto I (Maestoso) - Minuetto II (Allegro)
IV. Allegro pastoril
I. Andante gracioso
II. Allegro cantabile
III. Minuetto I: suo tempo - Minuetto II: Allegro
IV. Pastoral: Allegro non molto
I. Allegretto
II. Minuettos I and II
III. Rondo: Andantino con moto
IV. Allegro
I. Allegretto
II. Minuets I and II
III. Rondo (Andantino)
IV. Allegro
I. Andantino
II. Minuets I and II
III. Rondo pastoril (Allegretto)
IV. Allegro
Sonata En Re Menor: Nin, I- No. 1
Sonata En Re Mayor: Nin, I No. 5
Sonata En Fa Sostenido Menor: Nin, I No. 6
Sonata En Fa Mayor: Nin, I-No.10
Sonata En Fa Sostenido Mayor: Nin, I-No. 12
Sonata En Do Sostenido Menor: Nin, I-No. 2
Sonata En Sol Menor: Nin, I-No. 8
Sonata En Re Bemol Mayor: Nin, I-No. 9


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