Alfred Cortot

Biography

Born: September 26, 1877; Nyon, Switzerland   Died: June 15, 1962; Lausanne, France  
Pianist Alfred Denis Cortot's father was French and his mother Swiss. He studied at the Paris Conservatory with Decambes and others, winning first prize in piano in 1896. He made his debut the same year in Beethoven's Third Piano Concerto. Soon he became widely acclaimed as a performer of Beethoven concertos, appearing as a soloist in two prominent Parisian concert series. In 1898 he went to Bayreuth to study Wagner's music and was hired as a Read more choral coach and then as an assistant conductor. Cortot brought Wagner to Paris, leading the first Paris performance of Götterdämmerung (May 1902), and a remarkable performance of Tristan und Isolde the next month. Also in 1902 he established his own concert series, the Association des Concerts A. Cortot. Although it lasted only two years, it did a lot towards breaking down the conservative French resistance to Wagner, particularly with a concert performance of Parsifal, and even the first French performances of Beethoven's Missa Solemnis and Brahms' Requiem. He also served contemporary French music by premiering works of Roussel, Magnard, and others.

In 1904 he became the conductor of the Concerts Populaires at Lille, and the following year he joined with cellist Pablo Casals and violinist Jacques Thibaud to form one of the greatest of permanently established piano trios, one which became a model of its type, touring frequently. This drew him back to the piano, which he had never given up despite his fame as a conductor. In 1907 he joined the faculty of the Paris Conservatory, teaching piano, but remained very active as a piano soloist and chamber music player. He gave up that position in 1917, feeling that his busy concert schedule had made it impossible to devote sufficient uninterrupted periods to teaching. In 1919 he founded the Ecole Normale de Musique, assembling a faculty of famous musicians. As the director, he taught a summer course in interpretation, which became famous. He continued a career performing piano around the world, including lecture recitals, and also guest conducted many orchestras. He also continued to premiere new French piano music. Cortot was a skillful and scholarly editor of great piano music, famous for his editions of most of Chopin's piano music. Cortot's teacher was a student of Chopin, and the grace of his Chopin performances, especially, remains breathtaking and should be recommended to all students of the piano; he also had a remarkable way with the music of Robert Schumann.

In 1943 Cortot founded the Chamber Music Society of the Paris Conservatory Concerts. However, his admiration for German culture served him ill when Germany occupied France between from 1940 to 1944, and he appeared to cooperate with them willingly. This led to his being shunned after the war both in France and elsewhere. By the time he returned to the concert stage, some years later, it was clear that his memory was failing. His main legacy remains in the records he made in the 1920s and 1930s. In addition, he was an avid collector and amassed, among other items, a large quantity of autograph scores and printed music. After his death, this collection was divided among several important libraries and universities; it remains an interesting view into the mind of a musician who was both a living link to Romantic Paris and a key figure of the twentieth century. Read less

Biography

Born: September 26, 1877; Nyon, Switzerland   Died: June 15, 1962; Lausanne, France  
Pianist Alfred Denis Cortot's father was French and his mother Swiss. He studied at the Paris Conservatory with Decambes and others, winning first prize in piano in 1896. He made his debut the same year in Beethoven's Third Piano Concerto. Soon he became widely acclaimed as a performer of Beethoven concertos, appearing as a soloist in two prominent Parisian concert series. In 1898 he went to Bayreuth to study Wagner's music and was hired as a Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 1 in C major (Agitato)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 2 in A minor (Lento)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 3 in G major (Vivace)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 4 in E minor (Largo)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 5 in D major (Allegro molto)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 6 in B minor (Lento assai)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 7 in A major (Andantino)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 8 in F sharp minor (Molto agitato)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 9 in E major (Largo)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 10 in C sharp minor (Allegro molto)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 11 in B major (Vivace)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 12 in G sharp minor (Presto)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 13 in F sharp major (Lento)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 14 in E flat minor (Allegro)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 15 in D flat major (Sostenuto)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 16 in B flat minor (Presto con fuoco)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 17 in A flat major (Allegretto)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 18 in F minor (Allegro molto)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 19 in E flat major (Vivace)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 20 in C minor (Largo)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 21 in B flat major (Cantabile)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 22 in G minor (Molto agitato)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 23 in F major (Moderato)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 24 in D minor (Allegro appassionato)
Piano Trio in B flat 'Archduke' Op. 97 (1991 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro moderato
Piano Trio in B flat 'Archduke' Op. 97 (1991 Digital Remaster): II. Scherzo (Allegro) & Trio
Piano Trio in B flat 'Archduke' Op. 97 (1991 Digital Remaster): III. Andante cantabile, ma però con moto
Piano Trio in B flat 'Archduke' Op. 97 (1991 Digital Remaster): IV. Allegro moderato - Presto
Piano Trio No. 1 in B flat D898 (1991 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro moderato
Piano Trio No. 1 in B flat D898 (1991 Digital Remaster): II. Andante un poco mosso
Piano Trio No. 1 in B flat D898 (1991 Digital Remaster): III. Scherzo (Allegro) & Trio
Piano Trio No. 1 in B flat D898 (1991 Digital Remaster): IV. Rondo (Allegro vivace - Presto)
Children's Corner (2008 - Remaster): I. Doctor Gradus ad Parnassum
Children's Corner (2008 - Remaster): II. Jimbo's Lullaby
Children's Corner (2008 - Remaster): III. Serenade for the Doll
Children's Corner (2008 - Remaster): IV.The Snow is Dancing
Children's Corner (2008 - Remaster): V. The Little Shepherd
Children's Corner (2008 - Remaster): VI. Golliwogg's Cake Walk
Danseuses de Delphes
Voiles - from 24 Préludes
Le vent dans la plaine
Les sons et les parfums tournent dans l'air du soir - from 24 Préludes
Les collines d'Anacapri - from 24 Préludes
Des pas sur la neige - Préludes Livre I, 6
Ce qu'a vu le vent d'ouest - from 24 Préludes
La fille aux cheveux de lin
La sérénade interrompue from 24 Préludes
La cathédrale engloutie - from 24 Préludes
La danse de Puck - from 24 Préludes
Minstrels from 24 Préludes
Sonatine (2008 - Remaster): 1. Modéré
Sonatine (2008 - Remaster): 2. Mouvement de menuet
Sonatine (2008 - Remaster): 3. Animé
Sonata for Violin and Piano in A (1989 Digital Remaster): I. Allegretto ben moderato
Sonata for Violin and Piano in A (1989 Digital Remaster): II. Allegro
Sonata for Violin and Piano in A (1989 Digital Remaster): III. Recitativo - Fantasia (Ben moderato - Molto lento)
Sonata for Violin and Piano in A (1989 Digital Remaster): IV. Allegretto poco mosso
Sonata for Violin and Piano (1989 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro vivo
Sonata for Violin and Piano (1989 Digital Remaster): II. Intermède: Fantasque et léger
Sonata for Violin and Piano (1989 Digital Remaster): III. Finale: Très animé
Violin Sonata No. 1 in A major Op. 13 (1989 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro molto
Violin Sonata No. 1 in A major Op. 13 (1989 Digital Remaster): II. Andante
Violin Sonata No. 1 in A major Op. 13 (1989 Digital Remaster): III. Allegro vivo
Violin Sonata No. 1 in A major Op. 13 (1989 Digital Remaster): IV. Allegro quasi presto
Trio No. 25 in G (Sonata) Hob. XV: 25 (Op. 73 No. 2) (1991 Digital Remaster): I. Andante
Trio No. 25 in G (Sonata) Hob. XV: 25 (Op. 73 No. 2) (1991 Digital Remaster): II. Poco adagio, cantabile
Trio No. 25 in G (Sonata) Hob. XV: 25 (Op. 73 No. 2) (1991 Digital Remaster): III. Rondo all'ongarese (Presto)
Violin Sonata No. 9 in A, 'Kreutzer' Op. 47 (1991 Digital Remaster): I. Adagio sostenuto - Presto
Violin Sonata No. 9 in A, 'Kreutzer' Op. 47 (1991 Digital Remaster): II. Andante con variazioni 1-4
Violin Sonata No. 9 in A, 'Kreutzer' Op. 47 (1991 Digital Remaster): III. Finale (Presto)
Piano Trio No. 1 in D minor Op.49 (1991 Digital Remaster): I. Molto allegro ed agitato
Piano Trio No. 1 in D minor Op.49 (1991 Digital Remaster): II. Andante con moto tranquillo
Piano Trio No. 1 in D minor Op.49 (1991 Digital Remaster): III. Scherzo (Leggiero e vivace)
Piano Trio No. 1 in D minor Op.49 (1991 Digital Remaster): IV. Finale (Allegro assai appassionato)
Piano Trio No. 1 in D minor Op. 63 (1991 Digital Remaster): I. Mit Energie und Leidenschaft
Piano Trio No. 1 in D minor Op. 63 (1991 Digital Remaster): II. Lebhaft, doch nicht zu rasch
Piano Trio No. 1 in D minor Op. 63 (1991 Digital Remaster): III. Langsam, mit inniger Empfindung
Piano Trio No. 1 in D minor Op. 63 (1991 Digital Remaster): IV. Mit Feuer
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 1 in C major (Agitato)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 2 in A minor (Lento)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 3 in G major (Vivace)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 4 in E minor (Largo)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 5 in D major (Allegro molto)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 6 in B minor (Lento assai)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 7 in A major (Andantino)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 8 in F sharp minor (Molto agitato)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 9 in E major (Largo)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 10 in C sharp minor (Allegro molto)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 11 in B major (Vivace)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 12 in G sharp minor (Presto)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 13 in F sharp major (Lento)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 14 in E flat minor (Allegro)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 15 in D flat major (Sostenuto)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 16 in B flat minor (Presto con fuoco)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 17 in A flat major (Allegretto)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 18 in F minor (Allegro molto)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 19 in E flat major (Vivace)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 20 in C minor (Largo)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 21 in B flat major (Cantabile)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 22 in G minor (Molto agitato)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 23 in F major (Moderato)
Preludes Op. 28 (2006 Digital Remaster): No. 24 in D minor (Allegro appassionato)
I. Praeludium
II. Allemande
III. Corrente
IV. Sarabande
V. Menuet I & II
VI. Giga
Sonata No. 11 in A Major for Piano, K. 331 (300i): I. Tema. Andante grazioso e variazioni (Live)
II. Menuetto - Trio (Live)
III. (Rondo) alla Turca. Allegretto (Live)
Sonata No. 8 in A Minor for Piano, K. 310: I. Allegro maestoso (Live)
II. Andante cantabile con espressione (Live)
III. Presto (Live)
Sonata No. 26 in E-flat Major for Piano, Op. 81a, "Les Adieux": I. Das Lebewohl/Les Adieux. Adagio - Allegro (Live)
II. Abwesenheit/L'absence. Andante espressivo (Live)
III. Das Wiedersehn/Le retour. Vivacissimamente (Live)
Sonata No. 27 in E minor for Piano, Op. 90: I. Mit Lebhaftigkeit und durchaus mit Empfindung und Ausdruck (Live)
II. Nicht zu geschwind und sehr singbar vorgetragen (Live)
Sonata No. 28 in A Major for Piano, Op. 101: I. Etwas lebhaft, und mit der innigsten Empfindung. Allegretto ma non troppo (Live)
II. Lebhaft, Marschmässig. Vivace alla marcia (Live)
III. Langsam und sehnsuchtsvoll. Adagio, ma non troppo, con affetto (Live)
IV. Geschwind, doch nicht zu sehr, und mit Entschlossenheit. Allegro (Live)
Sonata No. 30 in E Major for Piano, Op. 109: I. Vivace, ma non troppo (Live)
II. Prestissimo (Live)
III. Andante molto cantabile ed espressivo. Variations I - IV (Live)
I. Moderato cantabile molto espressivo
II. Allegro molto
III. Adagio ma non troppo
IV. Fuga. Allegro ma non troppo
Sonata No. 2 in B-Flat minor for Piano, Op. 35: I. Grave - Doppio movimento (Live)
II. Scherzo (Live)
III. Marche funèbre. Lento (Live)
IV. Presto (Live)
Sonata No. 3 in B minor for Piano, Op. 58: I. Allegro maestoso (Live)
II. Scherzo. Molto vivace (Live)
III. Largo (Live)
IV. Finale. Presto non tanto (Live)
I. Allegro non tanto
II. Scherzo: Allegro molto
III. Adagio cantabile - Allegro vivace
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 1 in C major (Agitato)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 2 in A minor (Lento)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 3 in G major (Vivace)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 4 in E minor (Largo)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 5 in D major (Allegro molto)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 6 in B minor (Lento assai)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 7 in A major (Andantino)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 8 in F sharp minor (Molto agitato)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 9 in E major (Largo)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 10 in C sharp minor (Allegro molto)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 11 in B major (Vivace)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 12 in G sharp minor (Presto)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 13 in F sharp major (Lento)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 14 in E flat minor (Allegro)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 15 in D flat major (Sostenuto)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 16 in B flat minor (Presto con fuoco)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 17 in A flat major (Allegretto)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 18 in F minor (Allegro molto)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 19 in E flat major (Vivace)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 20 in C minor (Largo)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 21 in B flat major (Cantabile)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 22 in G minor (Molto agitato)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 23 in F major (Moderato)
Preludes Op. 28 (1988 Digital Remaster): No. 24 in D minor (Allegro appassionato)
Piano Trio in B flat major, Op. 97 "Archduke" (1999 Digital Remaster): Allegro moderato
Piano Trio in B flat major, Op. 97 "Archduke" (1999 Digital Remaster): Scherzo (Allegro) & Trio
Piano Trio in B flat major, Op. 97 "Archduke" (1999 Digital Remaster): Andante cantabile
Piano Trio in B flat major, Op. 97 "Archduke" (1999 Digital Remaster): Allegro moderato
Piano Trio No. 1 in B flat major, D. 898 (1999 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro moderato
Piano Trio No. 1 in B flat major, D. 898 (1999 Digital Remaster): II. Andante un poco mosso
Piano Trio No. 1 in B flat major, D. 898 (1999 Digital Remaster): III. Scherzo (Allegro) & Trio
Piano Trio No. 1 in B flat major, D. 898 (1999 Digital Remaster): IV. Rondo (Allegro vivace - Presto)


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