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Holst: The Hymn Of Jesus, Choral Symphony, The Wandering Scholar


Release Date: 10/06/2009 
Label:  Emi Classics   Catalog #: 68929   Spars Code: n/a 
Composer:  Gustav Holst
Performer:  Felicity PalmerMichael RipponRichard SuartPeter Hall,   ... 
Conductor:  Sir Charles GrovesSir Adrian BoultSteuart BedfordDavid Atherton
Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic OrchestraEnglish Opera GroupEnglish Chamber Orchestra,   ... 
Number of Discs: 2 
Recorded in: Stereo 
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Notes and Editorial Reviews

EMI Classics take us on another generous romp through their 1970s back catalogue. To the accompaniment of a completely unobtrusive analogue 'hush' we encounter two rare operas and two ambitious choral works by Holst.

Speaking of the operas I am surprised that EMI never got around to recording his fairytale satire The Perfect Fool nor the early and allegedly ‘Wagnerian-bawling’ Sanskrit grand opera Sita. We ‘know’ The Perfect Fool from the much recorded ballet music but there's much more to it than that. Now that his friend Vaughan Williams
Read more has had Chandos record the equally satirical and delightful Poisoned Kiss it is well past time for a studio recording of The Fool. As for Sita, Chandos have done his perhaps similarly-styled Cloud Messenger cantata. The magical Rig Veda hymns have been recorded for years - try the Imogen Holst version on Decca-Argo and the Willcocks on Unicorn-Kanchana. No doubt the creation of fully integrated sets of performing materials for Sita would be a great expense of time and funding. Yet I have every expectation that the listening public would flock to the standard once a recording was put on sale.

Speaking of the Holst Indian connection brings us to exoticism of The Hymn of Jesus which for me links to later works such as Szymanowski's Song of the Night and Stabat Mater. EMI, in making this recording, were setting themselves in competition with the still superb-sounding Boult 1960s Decca which can be heard in honest FFRR magnificence on the Decca Holst set. The EMI sound has great impact and good stereo spread in a work that moves in angelic antiphonal delights. The range from organ profundity to the soft silver of the female voices is wonderful. You can sample this in the Give ye heed unto my dancing finale (tr. 5). Good to see Richard Hickox's name mentioned as director of the St Paul's Choristers. This piece is vintage Holst with many hallmarks in ebullient and sensitive evidence. Those final billowing lighter-than-air Amens are magical. In fact the usually-Liverpool-based Groves might well here have had one of his most successful sessions. The spun silver and gold filaments that twine and mesmerise remind us what a superb composer Holst was. This is music of mysticism and a striding ecstasy. It makes a generous companion to A Choral Symphony.

The 1925 Choral Symphony to words by Keats has been a personal favourite since a friend bought the LP when it was first issued. It's a piece I have great affection for and while I have often been nonplussed by the stark Choral Fantasia the lovingly couched word settings move me still. This Boult recording - its premiere - the second came in 1993 with Davan-Wetton in Guildford - Hyperion Helios CDH55104. It's as pleasing as the Boult and yet the Abbey Road acoustic is more transparent than Hyperion’s Henry Wood Hall. Again the wide range of sound impresses - from the lissom soprano voice of Felicity Palmer to the rampant Bacchus's crew. The second movement is a setting of the sustained, stilling and distant emotional cool of Ode on a Grecian Urn - part Venus-part Neptune. The music at 4:10 is incredibly moving and one wonders what emotional reactions it must have touched off among the War-bereaved audiences of the 1920s. The quicksilver feyness listeners will know from Mercury is engaged by the full-throttle delicate Scherzo - a tour de force in tongue-twisting acceleration. The grand finale has golden majesty, poetry and inspired musical invention. The music blazes with exultation intermittently over a typically trudging Holstian ostinato. It’s the sort of ostinato we also hear in his very moving Whitman setting Dirge for Two Veterans. One of the most beautiful moments in all music comes with the words from 13:34 onwards - “Underneath large bluebells tented where the daises are rose-scented.” It gives me goose-pimples every time I hear it. Some of the very same listeners of the 1920s may well have mapped their own experiences and need for consolation into the words in the finale and those valedictory and tellingly tolled-out words: “Bards of passion and of mirth, Ye have left your souls on earth, Ye have souls in Heaven too, Double lived in regions new.”

A change of gear comes with CD 2. The Wandering Scholar shows Holst's vitality borne along in kinship with his friend RVW's Sir John in Love. The lingua franca is pretty much identical. The plot is based on Helen Waddell's Chaucerian medieval tales. The pretty tame bawdiness would hardly raise an eyebrow now. The vocal acting here is vividly done and the enunciation very clearly done without preciousness. I liked the klaxon masculinity of the start of Someone is coming. Tear as The Scholar is in pretty good voice despite the constriction at the strained top of his range. Tracked in eleven segments this is ideal for pleasure and study.

At the Boar's Head is a problematic one-acter - more of a lyric interlude than a grand drama. It sits comfortably alongside RVW's Sir John in Love (EMI; Chandos) but while Sir John is a satisfying full evening the Holst is, at about the same duration as the Choral Symphony, half an evening ... if that. Its delights are well shaped and marshalled in this sole recording. While making a pleasing companion to RVW's Sir John it is lower key even in the majestic bombast of How Now and Harry is Valiant (trs. 20-21). There is at least one moment of Puccinian heat towards the end of the work - though I doubt Holst would have accepted that description. The tunes, we are told, are in large part from Playford's English Dancing Master of 1651 yet Holst assimilates them so completely that their adventitious origin does not intrude.

Sadly, for four works that entail singing, there are no texts provided though you may be able to find some of the words on the internet. The notes are by Imogen Holst, Colin Matthews and the composer. If you still and irrationally have not been able to bear parting with the LPs you will be able to refer to the little booklets of words.

Two eccentric operas not without modest enchantment and two blazing choral masterworks.

-- Rob Barnett, MusicWeb International Read less

Works on This Recording

1. The Hymn of Jesus, Op. 37/H 140 by Gustav Holst
Conductor:  Sir Charles Groves
Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1917; England 
Length: 21 Minutes 34 Secs. 
2. First Choral Symphony, Op. 41/H 155 by Gustav Holst
Performer:  Felicity Palmer (Soprano)
Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult
Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1923-1924; England 
Length: 49 Minutes 30 Secs. 
3. The Wandering Scholar, Op. 50/H 176 by Gustav Holst
Performer:  Michael Rippon (Baritone)
Conductor:  Steuart Bedford
Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Opera Group,  English Chamber Orchestra
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1929-1930; England 
Length: 22 Minutes 32 Secs. 
4. At the Boar's Head, Op 42 by Gustav Holst
Performer:  Richard Suart (Baritone), Peter Hall (Tenor), Michael George (Bass),
David Wilson-Johnson (Baritone)
Conductor:  David Atherton
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1924; England 
Length: 49 Minutes 5 Secs. 

Sound Samples

The Hymn of Jesus H140 (Op. 37), Prelude: Vexilla Regis proderunt (words by Bishop Venantius Fortunatus: AD 530-809)
The Hymn of Jesus H140 (Op. 37), Hymn (text translated from the Greek Apocryphal Acts of St John by the composer): Glory to thee, Father!
The Hymn of Jesus H140 (Op. 37), Hymn (text translated from the Greek Apocryphal Acts of St John by the composer): Fain would I be saved
The Hymn of Jesus H140 (Op. 37), Hymn (text translated from the Greek Apocryphal Acts of St John by the composer): Divine Grace is dancing
The Hymn of Jesus H140 (Op. 37), Hymn (text translated from the Greek Apocryphal Acts of St John by the composer): Give ye heed unto my dancing
Choral Symphony H155 (Op. 41) (1985 Digital Remaster): Prelude (Invocation to Pan)
Choral Symphony H155 (Op. 41) (1985 Digital Remaster): I. Song and Bacchanale
Choral Symphony H155 (Op. 41) (1985 Digital Remaster): II. Ode to a Grecian Urn
Choral Symphony H155 (Op. 41) (1985 Digital Remaster): III. Scherzo (Fancy - Folly's Song)
Choral Symphony H155 (Op. 41) (1985 Digital Remaster): IV. Finale
The Wandering Scholar H176 (Op. 50): When boughs are green in April (Louis)
The Wandering Scholar H176 (Op. 50): Ho there, old dog (Louis)
The Wandering Scholar H176 (Op. 50): The most beautiful piece (Alison)
The Wandering Scholar H176 (Op. 50): The time, then, was well chosen (Philippe)
The Wandering Scholar H176 (Op. 50): Someone is coming! (Alison)
The Wandering Scholar H176 (Op. 50): Before that I was twenty (Pierre)
The Wandering Scholar H176 (Op. 50): So learnèd a clerk (Alison)
The Wandering Scholar H176 (Op. 50): Heigho, a pretty knave! (Alison)
The Wandering Scholar H176 (Op. 50): He'll lie all day in the sun (Louis)
The Wandering Scholar H176 (Op. 50): As I was walking (Pierre)
The Wandering Scholar H176 (Op. 50): Monster! Villain! (Louis)
At the Boar's Head H 156 (Op. 42): Of all the birds (Bardolph)
At the Boar's Head H 156 (Op. 42): Are you not a coward? (Falstaff)
At the Boar's Head H 156 (Op. 42): I am a rogue (Falstaff)
At the Boar's Head H 156 (Op. 42): We two saw you four (Prince)
At the Boar's Head H 156 (Op. 42): I know you all (Prince)
At the Boar's Head H 156 (Op. 42): Do thou stand (Prince)
At the Boar's Head H 156 (Op. 42): I' faith, sweetheart (Hostess)
At the Boar's Head H 156 (Op. 42): Devouring Time (Prince)
At the Boar's Head H 156 (Op. 42): How now! What news? (Prince)
At the Boar's Head H 156 (Op. 42): Harry is valiant (Falstaff)
At the Boar's Head H 156 (Op. 42): For God's sake (Doll)
At the Boar's Head H 156 (Op. 42): Now comes in the sweetest morsel (Falstaff)

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