Notes and Editorial Reviews
Johann Sebastian Bach
THE WELL-TEMPERED CLAVIER, Books I and II
Book I: Preludes and Fugues Nos. 1-12
Andrei Gavrilov, piano
Recorded at the New Art Gallery, Walsall
Book I: Preludes and Fugues Nos. 13-24
Joanna MacGregor, piano
Recorded at the Palau Güell, Barcelona
Book II: Preludes and Fugues Nos. 1-12
Nikolai Demidenko, piano
Recorded at the Palazzo Labia, Venice
Book II: Preludes and Fugues Nos. 13-24
Angela Hewitt, piano
Recorded at Wartburg, Eisenach
Picture format: NTSC 16:9
Sound format: PCM Stereo / Dolby Digital 5.1 / DTS 5.1
code: 0 (worldwide)
Running time: 260 mins
No. of DVDs: 2
R E V I E W S:
The Well-Tempered Clavier
, Books 1 and 2,
Andrei Gavrilov, Joanna MacGregor, Nikolai Demidenko, Angela Hewitt
EUROARTS 2050308 (2 DVDs: 260:00)
Hearing music without being able to see the performer is a 20th-century phenomenon that has become increasingly more the norm since the time of the first recordings.
The Well-Tempered Clavier
is often looked upon as a cerebral or spiritual journey from beginning to end, one that is perhaps best experienced with one’s eyes closed in the confines of home, making it a more personal “event.” This makes the director’s task a great deal harder when trying to match some sort of visual image with the aural experience, bringing back the full relationship between the performer, the music, and the audience. In this recording, the entire cycle of 48 preludes and fugues is divided among four pianists: Andrei Gavrilov (1–12), Joanna MacGregor (13–24), Nikolai Demidenko (25–36), and Angela Hewitt (37–48). Originally released for the Bach anniversary year in 2000, the recording was also shot in four different locations, respectively, the New Art Gallery in Walsall, the Palau Güell in Barcelona, the Palazzo Labia in Venice, and the Wartburg in Eisenach. As the sites used within the various locations constantly change, the directors (Karen Whiteside for the Book 1, and Peter Mumford for Book 2) seem to hope to not only film a concert, but to visually capture the musical character of each prelude and fugue as well. This is done not only by varying the setting, but also by shifting camera angles and the attire worn by the performers—sometimes even, and to rather corny effect, adding spirit-like images that dance around the instrument as the pianist is performing. More often than not, the best moments occur when the stunning rooms in the various locations can be seen in their full grandeur, or when the viewer gets the opportunity to study the dancing hands on the keyboard. Both directors also favor the use of various types of lighting, from the extreme white daylight used in the first C-Major pair to the dark candle-lit chamber of the second F?-Minor pair. If this were just a film of mood-scenes, then this release would surely get high marks, but it is, most importantly, about the music.
Each pianist has come to Bach in his or her own way, and as they all have unique personalities, each prelude and fugue tends to sound like the person performing them. As with any complete
, this usually makes for a mixed bag, though here the positives far outweigh the negatives. Though I would normally describe Andrei Gavrilov as an aggressive player, here he tends to hold back a bit. The C-Major Prelude and Fugue both sound ethereal in the slow, contemplative, almost deliberate manner in which he plays them, while the C?-Major pair is both light and airy. Joanna MacGregor was perhaps the real revelation on this recording, though perhaps not to those who know her previous recordings of the French Suites and
The Art of Fugue
. She has a rather sensuous sound, though not one that obscures the lines, but rather one that gives a radiant shimmer to the overall sound quality. This is not to say that she is overly reverential; she can clearly have fun, as can be witnessed in her bouncy, easygoing approach to the G-Major set, or the rather emotionally stark way with the Prelude and Fugue in B?-Minor, a manner that I found particularly ideal for the piece. Nikolai Demidenko was not originally a name I expected to find on a recording of this kind, but I’m happy that I did. He tends to be slightly more fleet-fingered and assertive in his approach; for much of his contribution, this works well. His D-Major pieces are particularly well contrasted in manner. The prelude maintains a lively tempo throughout (finally!), while the fugue is rather more leisurely paced, with a real sense of arrival by its conclusion. He shows a slightly more muted and laid-back side to himself with the F-Major pair. Angela Hewitt is no stranger to the world of Bach, as she has recorded his entire keyboard oeuvre for Hyperion. She has a serious demeanor, though that’s not to say that she can’t lighten the mood when needed. Her F?-Minor Prelude and Fugue are at once romantic and brooding, firm and yet flexible, yet, her way with the great B?-Major set is much more relaxed and free, yet with a fine momentum toward the final tranquil conclusion. There are, of course, certain pieces that I prefer in other performances, but overall this is an intriguing project, one that is in the least entertaining, at its best enlightening. Since Hewitt is the only one of these four who has recorded
The Well-Tempered Clavier
in its entirety (twice now for Hyperion), if one is interested in hearing these other artists in this repertoire, then this is your only choice. (Here’s my endorsement for a complete
by Joanna MacGregor.) If one is not interested in the visuals, keeping one’s eyes closed here would also certainly do the trick, and for music-making of this caliber, it would be worth the effort.
FANFARE: Scott Noriega
Well-Tempered Clavier is one of my favourite works, it’s not something that’s apt to
in extenso listening. At over two-and-a-half hours for the two books, neither is it a work that lends itself to a filmed performance. Naturally, one can break it down into the two books - which one should, in fact, since they were composed at different periods of Bach’s career - but this still doesn’t seem the right kind of music to listen to while watching on TV.
Part of this feeling is because so many films of pianists are drab and dull. It’s clear that the producers of this set took this into account in an attempt to present this music in a way that would highlight the music while maintaining a level of interest for the visual dimension.
Four pianists are featured, each performing a half a book of the Well-Tempered Clavier, or 12 preludes and fugues. This ringing of the changes is the first element that makes the set unique. While their interpretations are not that diverse, they do bring slightly different styles to the music. Some listeners might prefer a single performer for the work but this approach injects variety to make things more visually engaging. Not only are there four pianists but each performs in a different location.
We begin with Andrei Gavrilov, performing at the New Art Gallery in Walsall, England. In this very modernistic location, we quickly see the approach taken by the directors. Each pair of pieces - one prelude and fugue - is performed in a different part of the building, each with its own distinctive lighting. There are even changes of clothing and hair-styles. This sets the tone for all four parts of the set: each of the performers changes location, lighting and clothes for each pair of pieces. In addition, the camera-work is varied from one set of pieces to the next. Some are tight shots, others slow boom shots, and others distant shots from odd angles.
The second performer is Joanna McGregor playing in the Palau Güell in Barcelona. This older, more traditional building is darker and has, at different times, wooden beams, stone arches and marble columns. It’s exactly the opposite of the angular, minimalist New Art Gallery and exudes age.
Nikolai Demidenko opens book 2 in the Palazzo Labia in Venice. This baroque palace is quintessential Venice: with wall tapestries, marble floors, chandeliers and frescos, this building is attractive and is well used in this film. Some shots show the building from the outside, then peer in to watch Demidenko playing through a window. Others show the water of the canal lapping at the feet of the palazzo. Prelude & Fugue no. 10 is interspersed with shots of someone assembling a piano, something that is very out of tone here; I don’t know what the director was thinking, interrupting what had been, up until then, nothing but films of performances … and the occasional outdoor shot of the canal. I guess that, since Demidenko is playing a Fazioli piano, there might have been some contractual need to show the company’s factory - if it is, indeed, the Fazioli factory we see.
Closing book 2 is Angela Hewitt, playing at the Wartburg in Eisenach. This classical German castle stands high on a precipice overlooking the town of Eisenach, where Bach was born, and where he lived until age ten. Shots in this section include some by candlelight in small rooms, others in sunlight in a large hall, and others in sombre settings.
The sound throughout this set is very good, but is somewhat inconsistent, which, given the multiple locations, is natural. It’s worth noting that Demidenko’s Fazioli piano has a harsh sound, unlike the Steinways that the other three performers play. It seems to privilege the treble and diminish the lower tones.
If I had seen a description of this set - with different locations, clothes and lighting for each prelude and fugue pair - the idea would probably have made me hesitate. But after watching it, I have to admit that it’s a unique way to present this music. Unlike, say, a performance of some Beethoven sonatas, which are longer works, the fragmentary nature of the Well-Tempered Clavier lends itself to this sort of approach. While the concept is odd, I found that I got used to it very quickly, and enjoyed it.
A few things stood out, however. Only Gavrilov is playing in a modern building; the other locations fit the music better. The two performers of book 1 play from scores; on book 2, Demidenko and Hewitt don’t use them. I’m surprised by the former: surely, for a project of this sort the musicians should know the music well enough to be able to eschew scores. Only Hewitt is physically demonstrative in her playing; the other performers are relatively static; this is not a bad thing either way, simply an observation. The use of two men and two women is a good way to show the range of pianists who perform this work. What might have been more interesting, and perhaps a bit more daring, would be to have two performers play piano and two play harpsichord. While I’m not a fundamentalist about Bach’s keyboard music being played on the harpsichord, and I enjoy piano recordings, the contrast would have added to this set. And why not go even further: harpsichord, clavichord, fortepiano and modern piano.
As for the actual performances, this is not the place to judge the merits of these excellent pianists. One does not buy this set for the interpretations as much as for the overall experience. If the former were the case, one would avoid a set with four performers. They all play this music very well, and I have no gripes about style or interpretation. Of the four performers, Gavrilov is perhaps furthest from my ideal, with Hewitt being more in line with what I like, but for this set I’m more than happy to listen to this variety.
This is a fine initiative that presents in a new light extraordinary music that many people may not be very familiar with. If you’re a fan of Bach, there’s a good chance that you’ll appreciate this approach and the unique way the music is presented.
It’s worth noting that this set is a re-release; Tony Haywood reviewed the previous release in 2005. I only read his review after completing mine, and I find that, while he addresses specific issues of performance that I don’t, we tend to agree overall.
-- Kirk McElhearn, MusicWeb International
Works on This Recording
Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1, BWV 846-869 by Johann Sebastian Bach
Andrei Gavrilov (Piano),
Joanna MacGregor (Piano)
Written: 1722; Cöthen, Germany
Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2, BWV 870-893 by Johann Sebastian Bach
Nikolai Demidenko (Piano),
Angela Hewitt (Piano)
Written: 1738-1742; Leipzig, Germany
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