Notes and Editorial Reviews
Tobias and the Angel
David Charles Abell, cond; Omar Ebrahim (
); Hyacinth Nicholls (
); Darren Abrahams (
); James Laing (
); Kevin West (
); Maureen Braithwaite (
); Karina Lucas (
); Rodney Clarke (
); Ch & Ins Ens
CHANDOS 10606 (75:18
Text and Translation)
The story of Tobias and the angel, from the so-called Apocrypha, has inspired a number of composers. Haydn’s oratorio
Il Ritorno di Tobia
is a substantial work well worth hearing (the performance issued by Naxos, conducted by Andreas Spering, 8.570300, is excellent). Simone Mayr also wrote on the subject in a piece called
The Marriage of Tobias
(again, available on Naxos, 8.570752). Jonathan Dove, who has made a name for himself in opera (perhaps his most famous so far is the airport opera
) brings his identifiably contemporary but always approachable sound to his reading of Tobit’s tale. Influences are discernible, Stravinsky perhaps above all, but Dove’s own voice remains clear.
Tobias and the Angel
was premiered in 1999 at Christ Church, Islington (London) during the Almeida Festival; in 2005 it was taken up by the Young Vic/English Touring Opera with a production that involved the local community in Waterloo (the area around the South Bank Center). This opera also opened the newly redecorated Young Vic (also Waterloo area) and it was this production that formed the basis of this recording. Dove refers to the piece as a “Church Opera in one act.” The action shifts between Nineve and Ecbatane. The story has mystical elements that appealed to the composer, but also it “has the character of a Jewish folktale, especially the scene in which Tobit is threatened by a huge fish, kills it, and is instructed to eat its heart and gall—which turn out to have magical properties.” Dove scores for a chamber group of only nine players, whose abilities he exploits to the full. He includes an organ as well as an onstage klezmer band of clarinet, accordion, and double bass.
Tobias is set against the oppression of the Jews in Nineve. The action moves quickly, in almost filmic fashion, between Nineve, where Tobit is blinded, and Ecbatane, where Sara discovers her husband has died in his sleep. Sara is actually possessed by the demon Ashmodeus. Both Sara and Tobit pray to be released from their situations. Tobias makes a journey to Ecbatane to reclaim money and is guided by a disguised Raphael, who attempts to help Tobias hear the sounds of Nature around him. En route, Tobias kills a fish (represented by children’s voices) and here he finally understands a message (although professing not to have heard it). Raguel cannot pay back the money he owes, but sets up a marriage between Tobias and Sara (the wedding song is decidedly klezmer). Sara’s demon is exorcised; later, Tobit’s sight is restored, magically, by the gall of the fish previously killed by Tobias.
The Biblical here meets the Londoner (“I spent my money on a barrel of stout,” the song goes) in a virtuoso libretto that effortlessly moves from location to location. Dove’s music easily matches this virtuosity. Although purely instrumental passages are rare, and arias proper do not exist, there is not a single moment of miscalculation or ennui. Dove paces the music perfectly. That his cast and players in this Chandos recording seem so attuned to his thoughts is a massive advantage, of course. It was inspired to use a countertenor (the excellent James Laing) for the part of Raphael. All singers are excellent and strong; the important choral contributions are brilliantly rendered. Perhaps it is Laing who deserves special mention for the purity of his delivery and his clear attunement to his role.
The lavish booklet (which includes full libretto) mirrors the professionalism of the entire project. The recording is miraculously present, and reproduces Dove’s often beautiful textures magnificently. One can hear all the various lines of the opera’s poignant ending perfectly, and with a wonderful sense of perspective. A memorable issue.
FANFARE: Colin Clarke
My first thought on listening to this CD was how marvellous to have commissioned such a wonderful piece of music.
Tobias and the Angel was written in 1989 as a church opera, with community involvement, being premièred at the Almeida Theatre. Jonathan Dove's music and David Lan's libretto proved to have life beyond the initial first run. The work was taken up by churches in the UK and America. Then in 2005 a collaboration between the Young Vic and English Touring Opera generated a production which involved the local Waterloo Community and this same production re-opened the new re-vamped Young Vic Theatre in 2006.
David Lan's libretto provides a concise but poetic re-telling of the story of Tobias from the Book of Tobit (from the Apocrypha). The Biblical story is a curious tale, which mixes the mystical with elements of Jewish Folk tale. Lan gives us a quite straightforward narrative, but one which uses direct language and vivid images. A persistent image in the libretto is the idea of listening and the equating of hearing with enlightenment.
Dove brings to this his usual approachable style, using distinctive timbres and musical textures to characterise the various groups. Granted, some passages sound quite similar to other bits of his work, and at least one passage seems to owe something to John Adams. Also some of the angel Raphael's more mystical moments are highly akin to Britten's Oberon, perhaps because Dove is using a counter-tenor (James Laing) as Raphael. But Dove weaves all these together into a charming whole, managing to conclude with a spiritual message at the end which is uplifting but not mawkish.
The forces involved are professional opera singers, an ensemble of nine musicians (supplemented by four more on the recording) and three choirs. There is a children's chorus, who play the sparrows and the fish; an adult chorus which sings in unison, playing the mountain, the river and the wedding guests; and an adult chorus which sings in four parts, playing the people in the market, the trees and angels. Dove gives highly singable music to these four groups, never seeming limited by any restrictions that abilities might have place on him. But also displays a wonderfully deft hand at combining material. So that the opera is musically complex without being over-complicated.
The piece opens and closes with an older Tobit - Omar Ebrahim in warm and authoritative voice - narrating the story. Tobit and his wife Anna (Hyacinth Nichols) and son Tobias (Darren Abrahams) live in Nineve where the King is killing the Jews and forbidding them to be buried. Tobit insists on burying Jews in secret, much to the puzzlement of his family. Tobit is blinded by the sparrows (children's chorus) shitting in his eyes; a curious moment but one which must surely have appealed to the scatological element present in most children. Tobias has to cross the mountain to visit Tobit's cousin Raguel (Kevin West) to call in a debt, as Tobit can no longer work.
Lan's libretto intercuts the Nineve scenes with those in Raguel's home in Ecbatane, so that by the time Tobias does reach Ecbatane we are entirely aware that Raguel's daughter Sara (Karina Lucas) is possessed by a demon (Rodney Clarke) which kills her husbands on their wedding night. As Raguel is a rich man, so far seven husbands have been attracted and then killed.
But this is not an adventure story. Whilst dancing in the market place - cue some wonderful klezmer-like dance music - Tobias encounters a stranger (in fact the Angel Raphael played by James Laing) and on their journey to Ecbatane Raphael tries to inculcate some enlightenment into Tobias. Raphael insists that Tobias listen to the silence, to the song of the mountain, the river and the trees. Tobias hears none of these. Though
we do as Dove gives each some distinctive music, sung by one of the choruses. Abrahams manages to make Tobias a charming and feckless character, who lives for the moment. But when he actually falls into the river he is attacked by a large fish. Though he claims not to have heard the song of the fish, he understands it enough to be able to kill it. On Raphael's instruction he keeps the heart and the gall.
With the help of the heart Tobias removes the demon from Sara and with the help of his love for Sara he does hear the sound of the silence. Once back at home he understands to use the gall to cure his father's blindness. The piece finishes with Raphael taking his leave of Tobit and his family, instructing them to write the story in a book.
Laing and Abrahams are the heart of this piece and it is their relationship which carries the work. Laing has a slightly feminine sounding counter-tenor voice, one which is comfortable in the higher reaches, which gives Raphael a suitably ambiguous quality, both male and female.
They are well supported by the remainder of the cast. All the singers have memorable moments and create a strong, believable ensemble. The community choruses combine enthusiasm with the sort of accuracy that you need on a recording. All is held together by conductor David Charles Abell.
This isn't a work which pushes the boundaries of music, but it is one that combines the enthusiasm of a community with some vivid music-making. The piece also works at another level, surely the reason why it has been so popular. It makes you think, creating a resonant narrative about Tobias's enlightenment, his journey to responsible caring adult-hood. All this is clothed in Dove's melodically pleasing music.
Do try this piece. I took up the disc prepared to admire but in fact I was charmed and entranced. I hope you will be too.
--Robert Hugill, MusicWeb International
Works on This Recording
Tobias and the Angel by Jonathan Dove
Darren Abrahams (Tenor),
James Laing (Counter Tenor),
Kevin West (Tenor),
Hyacinth Nicholls (Mezzo Soprano),
Maureen Brathwaite (Mezzo Soprano),
Karina Lucas (Mezzo Soprano),
Omar Ebrahim (Baritone),
Rodney Clarke (Baritone)
David Charles Abell
The Young Vic
Tobias and the Angel: My name is Tobit (Tobit)
Tobias and the Angel: The king kills Jews (People in market, Tobit, Anna, Tobias)
Tobias and the Angel: Or find out who is playing that tune? (Tobias, People in market, Raphael, Raguel, Edna)
Tobias and the Angel: Time to get up! (Sparrows, Tobit, Tobias, Sara, Edna, Raguel)
Tobias and the Angel: What a delightful night, what a restful night (Ashmodeus, Raguel, Raguel's men, Edna, Anna, Tobias, Tobit, Sara)
Tobias and the Angel: Without his eyes how can he work? (Anna, Tobias, Tobit, Raphael)
Tobias and the Angel: What do you hear? (Raphael, Tobias, Sara, Tobit)
Tobias and the Angel: How hard is wood but slow is good (Trees, Tobias, Raphael, Sara, Tobit)
Tobias and the Angel: Not even the mountains? (Raphael, Tobias, The Mountain, Sara, Ashmodeus, Anna, Tobit)
Tobias and the Angel: Descending a mountain there are many things to listen to (Raphael, Tobias, The River, The Fish)
Tobias and the Angel: What did the fish sing? (Raphael, Tobias)
Tobias and the Angel: Master's house has an iron gate (Raguel's men, Tobias, Raphael)
Tobias and the Angel: So this is Ecbatane (Tobias, Edna, Raguel)
Tobias and the Angel: You're welcome. Here's cheese (Sara, Tobias, Raphael, Raguel, Edna)
Tobias and the Angel: Hurrah! (Guests, Tobias, Sara, Raphael, Ashmodeus, Raguel's men, Raguel, Edna)
Tobias and the Angel: Husband, come in (Sara, Tobias, Ashmodeus, Raphael, Guests, Raguel's men, Edna, Raguel)
Tobias and the Angel: Time to get up! (Sparrows, Tobias, Raguel, Edna, Guests, Ashmodeus, Sara, Raphael, The Trees, Anna, Tobit)
Tobias and the Angel: Ah! (Tobit, Angels, Tobias, Sara, Raphael)
Tobias and the Angel: Turn to Him with your ears (Chorus, Ashmodeus, Tobit, Raphael)
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